SpringBoot整合Canal数据同步

在这里插入图片描述

1、Linux安装Mysql

链接地址:https://www.jianshu.com/p/276d59cbc529

2、Mysql设置binLog配置

(1)检查binlog功能是否有开启
(2)如果显示状态为OFF表示该功能未开启,开启binlog功能

mysql> show variables like 'log_bin';
+---------------+-------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+---------------+-------+
| log_bin | OFF |
+---------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

1,修改 mysql 的配置文件 my.cnf
vi /etc/my.cnf
追加内容:

log-bin=mysql-bin #binlog文件名
binlog_format=ROW #选择row模式
server_id=1 #mysql实例id,不能和canal的slaveId重复

2,重启 mysql:
service mysql restart

3,登录 mysql 客户端,查看 log_bin 变量

mysql> show variables like 'log_bin';
+---------------+-------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+---------------+-------+
| log_bin | ON|
+---------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

如果显示状态为ON表示该功能已开启

(3)在mysql里面添加以下的相关用户和权限

CREATE USER 'canal'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'canal';
GRANT SHOW VIEW, SELECT, REPLICATION SLAVE, REPLICATION CLIENT ON *.* TO
'canal'@'%';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

3、Linux下载安装Canal服务

下载地址:
https://github.com/alibaba/canal/releases
(1)下载之后,放到目录中,解压文件

mkdir /usr/local/canal
cd /usr/local/canal
canal.deployer-1.1.4.tar.gz
tar zxvf canal.deployer-1.1.4.tar.gz

(2)修改配置文件
vi conf/example/instance.properties

#需要改成自己的数据库信息
canal.instance.master.address=39.106.224.236:3306
#需要改成自己的数据库用户名与密码
canal.instance.dbUsername=canal
canal.instance.dbPassword=canal
#需要改成同步的数据库表规则
  #1、同步所有的表
canal.instance.filter.regex=.*\\..*
  #2、需要同步的那个库中的那个表
#canal.instance.filter.regex=guli_ucenter.ucenter_member

mysql 数据解析关注的表,Perl正则表达式.
多个正则之间以逗号(,)分隔,转义符需要双斜杠(\)
常见例子:

  1. 所有表:.* or .\…
  2. canal schema下所有表: canal\…*
  3. canal下的以canal打头的表:canal\.canal.*
  4. canal schema下的一张表:canal.test1
  5. 多个规则组合使用:canal\…*,mysql.test1,mysql.test2 (逗号分隔)
    注意:此过滤条件只针对row模式的数据有效(ps. mixed/statement因为不解析sql,所以无法准确提
    取tableName进行过滤).

(3)进入bin目录下启动

./startup.sh

4、Boot项目中引入依赖

 <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!--mysql-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-dbutils</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-dbutils</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-jdbc</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba.otter</groupId>
            <artifactId>canal.client</artifactId>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

5 、修改properties配置文件

# mysql数据库连接
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/guli?serverTimezone=GMT%2B8
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=123456

6、修改Application启动类

在这里插入图片描述

7、创建Canal配置类自动监听

注意:run()方法中自行修改Linux虚拟机Ip地址后直接使用!

package com.atguigu.canal.client;

import com.alibaba.otter.canal.client.CanalConnector;
import com.alibaba.otter.canal.client.CanalConnectors;
import com.alibaba.otter.canal.protocol.CanalEntry.*;
import com.alibaba.otter.canal.protocol.Message;
import com.google.protobuf.InvalidProtocolBufferException;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.DbUtils;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.QueryRunner;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import javax.annotation.Resource;
import javax.sql.DataSource;
import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Queue;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentLinkedQueue;

@Component
public class CanalClient {
    //sql队列
    private Queue<String> SQL_QUEUE = new ConcurrentLinkedQueue<>();
    @Resource
    private DataSource dataSource;
    /**
     * canal入库方法
     */
    public void run() {
        CanalConnector connector = CanalConnectors.newSingleConnector(new
        /*
        * 此处Ip地址为linux虚拟机地址
        * 端口号为固定 11111
        * 其他不用修改
        */
                InetSocketAddress("39.106.224.236",
                11111), "example", "", "");
        int batchSize = 1000;
        try {
            connector.connect();
            connector.subscribe(".*\\..*");
            connector.rollback();
            try {
                while (true) {
                    //尝试从master那边拉去数据batchSize条记录,有多少取多少
                    Message message = connector.getWithoutAck(batchSize);
                    long batchId = message.getId();
                    int size = message.getEntries().size();
                    if (batchId == -1 || size == 0) {
                        Thread.sleep(1000);
                    } else {
                        dataHandle(message.getEntries());
                    }
                    connector.ack(batchId);
                    //当队列里面堆积的sql大于一定数值的时候就模拟执行
                    if (SQL_QUEUE.size() >= 1) {
                        executeQueueSql();
                    }
                }
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (InvalidProtocolBufferException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();

            }
        } finally {
            connector.disconnect();
        }
    }
    /**
     * 模拟执行队列里面的sql语句
     */
    public void executeQueueSql() {
        int size = SQL_QUEUE.size();
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            String sql = SQL_QUEUE.poll();
            System.out.println("[sql]----> " + sql);
            this.execute(sql.toString());
        }
    }
    /**
     * 数据处理
     * @param entrys
     */
    private void dataHandle(List<Entry> entrys) throws
            InvalidProtocolBufferException {
        for (Entry entry : entrys) {
            if (EntryType.ROWDATA == entry.getEntryType()) {
                RowChange rowChange = RowChange.parseFrom(entry.getStoreValue());
                EventType eventType = rowChange.getEventType();
                if (eventType == EventType.DELETE) {
                    saveDeleteSql(entry);
                } else if (eventType == EventType.UPDATE) {
                    saveUpdateSql(entry);
                } else if (eventType == EventType.INSERT) {
                    saveInsertSql(entry);
                }
            }
        }
    }
    /**
     * 保存更新语句
     * @param entry
     */
    private void saveUpdateSql(Entry entry) {
        try {
            RowChange rowChange = RowChange.parseFrom(entry.getStoreValue());
            List<RowData> rowDatasList = rowChange.getRowDatasList();
            for (RowData rowData : rowDatasList) {
                List<Column> newColumnList = rowData.getAfterColumnsList();
                StringBuffer sql = new StringBuffer("update " +
                        entry.getHeader().getTableName() + " set ");
                for (int i = 0; i < newColumnList.size(); i++) {
                    sql.append(" " + newColumnList.get(i).getName()
                            + " = '" + newColumnList.get(i).getValue() + "'");
                    if (i != newColumnList.size() - 1) {
                        sql.append(",");
                    }
                }
                sql.append(" where ");
                List<Column> oldColumnList = rowData.getBeforeColumnsList();
                for (Column column : oldColumnList) {
                    if (column.getIsKey()) {
//暂时只支持单一主键
                        sql.append(column.getName() + "=" + column.getValue());
                        break;
                    }
                }
                SQL_QUEUE.add(sql.toString());
            }
        } catch (InvalidProtocolBufferException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    /**
     * 保存删除语句
     *
     * @param entry
     */
    private void saveDeleteSql(Entry entry) {
        try {
            RowChange rowChange = RowChange.parseFrom(entry.getStoreValue());
            List<RowData> rowDatasList = rowChange.getRowDatasList();

            for (RowData rowData : rowDatasList) {
                List<Column> columnList = rowData.getBeforeColumnsList();
                StringBuffer sql = new StringBuffer("delete from " +
                        entry.getHeader().getTableName() + " where ");
                for (Column column : columnList) {
                    if (column.getIsKey()) {
//暂时只支持单一主键
                        sql.append(column.getName() + "=" + column.getValue());
                        break;
                    }
                }
                SQL_QUEUE.add(sql.toString());
            }
        } catch (InvalidProtocolBufferException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    /**
     * 保存插入语句
     *
     * @param entry
     */
    private void saveInsertSql(Entry entry) {
        try {
            RowChange rowChange = RowChange.parseFrom(entry.getStoreValue());
            List<RowData> rowDatasList = rowChange.getRowDatasList();
            for (RowData rowData : rowDatasList) {
                List<Column> columnList = rowData.getAfterColumnsList();
                StringBuffer sql = new StringBuffer("insert into "+entry.getHeader().getTableName() + " (");
                for (int i = 0; i < columnList.size(); i++) {
                    sql.append(columnList.get(i).getName());
                    if (i != columnList.size() - 1) {
                        sql.append(",");
                    }
                }
                sql.append(") VALUES (");
                for (int i = 0; i < columnList.size(); i++) {
                    sql.append("'" + columnList.get(i).getValue() + "'");
                    if (i != columnList.size() - 1) {
                        sql.append(",");
                    }

                }
                sql.append(")");
                SQL_QUEUE.add(sql.toString());
            }
        } catch (InvalidProtocolBufferException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    /**
     * 入库
     * @param sql
     */
    public void execute(String sql) {
        Connection con = null;
        try {
            if(null == sql) return;
            con = dataSource.getConnection();
            QueryRunner qr = new QueryRunner();
            int row = qr.execute(con, sql);
            System.out.println("update: "+ row);
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            DbUtils.closeQuietly(con);
        }
    }
}
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