EF下lambda与linq查询&&扩展方法

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1. linq查询数据

WebTestDBEntities db = new WebTestDBEntities();

1.1 linq查询所有列数据

            var userInfoList = from u in db.UserInfo
                               where u.ID == 10
                               select u;

1.2 linq查询部分列数据

            var userInfoList = from u in db.UserInfo
                               where u.ID >= 1
                               select new { Name = u.UserName, Pwd = u.UserPass };

            foreach (var userInfo in userInfoList)
            {
                Response.Write(userInfo.Name + ":" + userInfo.Pwd + "<br/>");
            }

2. lambda查询数据

2.1 lambda查询所有列数据

            var userInfoList = db.UserInfo.Where<UserInfo>(u => u.ID > 0);
            foreach (var userInfo in userInfoList)
            {
                Response.Write(userInfo.UserName + ":" + userInfo.UserPass + "<br/>");
            }

2.2 lambda查询部分列数据

            var userInfoList = db.UserInfo.Where<UserInfo>(u => u.ID > 0).Select(a => new { Name = a.UserName, Pwd = a.UserPass });
            foreach (var userInfo in userInfoList)
            {
                Response.Write(userInfo.Name + ":" + userInfo.Pwd + "<br/>");
            }

3. 排序

            var userInfoList = db.UserInfo.Where<UserInfo>(c => true).OrderBy<UserInfo, int>(u => u.ID).Select(u => new { Name = u.UserName,Email=u.Email });//升序排序

            var userInfoList = db.UserInfo.Where<UserInfo>(c => true).OrderByDescending<UserInfo, int>(u => u.ID).Select(u => new { Name = u.UserName, Email = u.Email });//降序排序

            var userInfoList = (from u in db.UserInfo
                                select u).OrderByDescending<UserInfo, int>(c => c.ID).Select(u => new { Name = u.UserName, Email = u.Email });

4. 分页查询示例:

            int pageIndex = 2;
            int pageSize = 2;
            var userInfoList = db.UserInfo.Where<UserInfo>(c => true).OrderBy<UserInfo, int>(u => u.ID).Skip<UserInfo>((pageIndex - 1) * pageSize).Take<UserInfo>(pageSize);
            foreach (var userInfo in userInfoList)
            {
                Response.Write(userInfo.UserName + "<br/>");
            }

5、扩展方法

语法要求:

  • 扩展方法所在的类必须是static
  • 扩展方法必须是一个静态方法
  • 扩展方法的第一个参数,必须用this关键字修饰,而且类型是所扩展的类型
        public static string ShowMsg(this string ext, string msg)
        {
            return string.Format("<span style='color:red'>{0}</span>", msg);
        }
            string tempStr = string.Empty;
            string resultStr = tempStr.ShowMsg("扩展方法示例");
            Response.Write(resultStr);

EF&linq&lambda&扩展方法.zip

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