Hexo部署github博客

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/zhengyong15984285623/article/details/82380735

Hexo部署github博客

一、简介

使用github创建一个仓库为github.io就能变成一个使用域名能够访问的博客站点。然后我们通过Hexo创建文章,发布到github.io仓库,Hexo 是一个快速、简洁且高效的博客框架。Hexo 使用 Markdown(或其他渲染引擎)解析文章,在几秒内,即可利用靓丽的主题生成静态网页。Hexo能够快速生成博客和部署博客,使创建博客更加简单。

二、安装清单(Mac OS)

安装环境 安装原因
git 给github上传文章
Node.js Hexo基于Node.js开发
Hexo 生成博客静态页面

三、创建github.io网站

1)点击New repository

2)输入Repository name,必需为username.github.io格式。username替换为用户名

3)点击按钮Create repository

4)进入仓库username.github.io,点击setting,找到GitHub Pages模块

5)点击choose a theme选择一个页面主题

6)访问https://username.github.io就可以访问博客网站了

四、安装git

下载安装:http://sourceforge.net/projects/git-osx-installer/

验证是否安装成功:

➜  ~ git version
git version 2.15.0

五、安装Node.js

下载安装:https://nodejs.org/en/

验证是否安装成功:

➜  ~ node -v
v8.9.4

六、安装Hexo

安装命令: npm install -g hexo-cli

验证是否安装成功:

➜  ~ hexo -v
hexo-cli: 1.1.0
os: Darwin 17.3.0 darwin x64
http_parser: 2.7.0
node: 8.9.4
v8: 6.1.534.50
uv: 1.15.0
zlib: 1.2.11
ares: 1.10.1-DEV
modules: 57
nghttp2: 1.25.0
openssl: 1.0.2n
icu: 59.1
unicode: 9.0
cldr: 31.0.1
tz: 2017b

七、创建本地博文服务

  1. 然后创建一个空文件夹, 比如:hexo-blog
  2. 进入hexo-blog目录
  3. 执行hexo init初始化博客站点,如果最后一行显示Start blogging with Hexo!,代表创建成功
  4. 执行hexo server 启动博文站点
  5. 访问http://localhost:4000就能打开博文了
  6. Ctrl+C关闭服务器
➜  ~ mkdir hexo-blog
➜  ~ cd hexo-blog
➜  hexo-blog hexo init
INFO  Cloning hexo-starter to ~/hexo-blog
Cloning into '/Users/zhengyong/hexo-blog'...
remote: Counting objects: 68, done.
remote: Total 68 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 67
Unpacking objects: 100% (68/68), done.
Submodule 'themes/landscape' (https://github.com/hexojs/hexo-theme-landscape.git) registered for path 'themes/landscape'
Cloning into '/Users/zhengyong/hexo-blog/themes/landscape'...
remote: Counting objects: 838, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (6/6), done.
remote: Total 838 (delta 1), reused 3 (delta 0), pack-reused 832
Receiving objects: 100% (838/838), 2.55 MiB | 90.00 KiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (441/441), done.
Submodule path 'themes/landscape': checked out '73a23c51f8487cfcd7c6deec96ccc7543960d350'
INFO  Install dependencies
npm WARN deprecated titlecase@1.1.2: no longer maintained
npm WARN deprecated postinstall-build@5.0.3: postinstall-build's behavior is now built into npm! You should migrate off of postinstall-build and use the new `prepare` lifecycle script with npm 5.0.0 or greater.

> fsevents@1.2.4 install /Users/zhengyong/hexo-blog/node_modules/fsevents
> node install

[fsevents] Success: "/Users/zhengyong/hexo-blog/node_modules/fsevents/lib/binding/Release/node-v57-darwin-x64/fse.node" already installed
Pass --update-binary to reinstall or --build-from-source to recompile

> nunjucks@3.1.3 postinstall /Users/zhengyong/hexo-blog/node_modules/nunjucks
> node postinstall-build.js src

npm notice created a lockfile as package-lock.json. You should commit this file.
added 464 packages in 28.659s
INFO  Start blogging with Hexo!
➜  hexo-blog hexo server
INFO  Start processing
INFO  Hexo is running at http://localhost:4000 . Press Ctrl+C to stop.
^CINFO  Good bye

七、Hexo关联github

1)进入hexo-blog根目录

2)安装npm install hexo-deployer-git --save,用Hexo发布博文

3)打开hexo-blog根目录下的_config.yml,拉倒最下面, 修改Deployment方式如下:

# Deployment
## Docs: http://hexo.io/docs/deployment.html
deploy:
  type: git
  repository: https://github.com/username/username.github.io
  branch: master

4)进入hexo-blog根目录执行如下命令(参考:https://hexo.io/zh-cn/docs/commands),第一次上传可能会让你输入git的用户名和密码

hexo clean
hexo generate
hexo deploy

5)如果成功,就可以打开 http://username.github.io,username替换成自己用户名

八、使用Hexo创建和发布文章

1) 进入hexo-blog根目录

2) 创建文章命令:hexo new "文章标题"

➜  blog hexo new "Hexo部署github博客"
INFO  Created: ~/Documents/GitHub/hexo-blog/source/_posts/Hexo部署github博客.md

3) 打开编辑Hexo部署github博客.md文件进行Markdown编辑

open ~/Documents/GitHub/hexo-blog/source/_posts/Hexo部署github博客.md`

4)发布文章:hexo d -g

➜  blog hexo d -g
INFO  Start processing
INFO  Files loaded in 922 ms
INFO  Generated: index.html
INFO  Generated: archives/2018/09/index.html
INFO  Generated: archives/index.html
INFO  Generated: 2018/09/03/hello-world/index.html
INFO  Generated: archives/2018/index.html
INFO  Generated: 2018/09/03/my-first-hexo-blog/index.html
INFO  Generated: fonts/iconfont.8c627f.woff
INFO  Generated: fonts/iconfont.45d7ee.svg
INFO  Generated: fonts/iconfont.16acc2.ttf
INFO  Generated: fonts/default-skin.b257fa.svg
INFO  Generated: fonts/tooltip.4004ff.svg
INFO  Generated: img/default-skin.png
INFO  Generated: img/scrollbar_arrow.png
INFO  Generated: img/preloader.gif
INFO  Generated: fonts/iconfont.b322fa.eot
INFO  Generated: slider.e37972.js
INFO  Generated: mobile.992cbe.js
INFO  Generated: main.0cf68a.js
INFO  Generated: main.0cf68a.css
INFO  Generated: 2018/09/04/Hexo部署github博客/index.html
INFO  20 files generated in 475 ms
INFO  Deploying: git
INFO  Clearing .deploy_git folder...
INFO  Copying files from public folder...
INFO  Copying files from extend dirs...
warning: CRLF will be replaced by LF in fonts/tooltip.4004ff.svg.
The file will have its original line endings in your working directory.
[master d1c205f] Site updated: 2018-09-04 11:11:08
 6 files changed, 835 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 2018/09/04/Hexo部署github博客/index.html
To https://github.com/zyongjava/zyongjava.github.io
   3f0aab7..d1c205f  HEAD -> master
Branch 'master' set up to track remote branch 'master' from 'https://github.com/zyongjava/zyongjava.github.io'.
INFO  Deploy done: git

九、参考文献

  1. https://www.jianshu.com/p/863f3f2d1733
  2. https://hexo.io/zh-cn/docs/commands

十、示列博客

移步:https://zyongjava.github.io/

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