# Crazy Rows （贪心）

Crazy Rows

You are given an N x N matrix with 0 and 1 values. You can swap any two adjacentrows of the matrix.

Your goal is to have all the 1 values in the matrix below or on the main diagonal. That is, for each X where 1 ≤ X ≤ N, there must be no 1 values in row X that are to the right of column X.

Return the minimum number of row swaps you need to achieve the goal.

Input

The first line of input gives the number of cases, TT test cases follow.
The first line of each test case has one integer, N. Each of the next N lines contains N characters. Each character is either 0 or 1.

Output

For each test case, output

Case #X: K

where X is the test case number, starting from 1, and K is the minimum number of row swaps needed to have all the 1 values in the matrix below or on the main diagonal.

You are guaranteed that there is a solution for each test case.

Limits

1 ≤ T ≤ 60

1 ≤ N ≤ 8

 Input Output 321011300110001041110110011001000 Case #1: 0Case #2: 2Case #3: 4

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<algorithm>
#include<cstring>

using namespace std;

const int maxn=50;

char m[maxn][maxn];
int a[maxn];

int main()
{
int t,casen=0;
scanf("%d",&t);
while(t--){
memset(a,0,sizeof(a));//这里的处理很关键，因为多组输入，a会残留上次的结果
int n;
scanf("%d",&n);
for(int i=1;i<=n;i++){
scanf("%s",m[i]+1);
}
for(int i=1;i<=n;i++){
for(int j=1;j<=n;j++){
if(m[i][j]=='1'){
a[i]=j;
}
}
}
/*	for(int i=1;i<=n;i++){
cout<<a[i]<<" ";
}
cout<<endl;*/
int res=0;
for(int i=1;i<=n;i++){
int pos=-1;
for(int j=i;j<=n;j++){
if(a[j]<=i){//本题最核心的东西，找到即跳出
pos=j;
break;
}
}
for(int k=pos;k>i;k--){
res++;
swap(a[k],a[k-1]);
}
}
printf("Case #%d: %d\n",++casen,res);
}
return 0;
}