# 学习笔记（4）~java中Scanner的用法

import java.util.Scanner;
public class TextScanner{
public static void main(String [] args){
//创建Scanner对象 接受从控制台输入
Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("请输入名字:");
//接受String型
String name = input.next();
System.out.println("请输入学号");
//接受int型
int id = input.nextInt();//什么类型next后面就接什么 注意大小写
//输出结果
System.out.println("名字为:"+name+"\t学号为:"+id);
}
}
Please note that this documentation is not final and is subject to change.

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 7
DRAFT ea-b59

## java.util Class Scanner

java.lang.Object
java.util.Scanner

All Implemented Interfaces:
Iterator<String>

public final class Scanner
extends Object
implements Iterator<String>

A simple text scanner which can parse primitive types and strings using regular expressions.

A Scanner breaks its input into tokens using a delimiter pattern, which by default matches whitespace. The resulting tokens may then be converted into values of different types using the various next methods.

For example, this code allows a user to read a number from System.in:

     Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
int i = sc.nextInt();


As another example, this code allows long types to be assigned from entries in a file myNumbers:

      Scanner sc = new Scanner(new File("myNumbers"));
while (sc.hasNextLong()) {
long aLong = sc.nextLong();
}

The scanner can also use delimiters other than whitespace. This example reads several items in from a string:

     String input = "1 fish 2 fish red fish blue fish";
Scanner s = new Scanner(input).useDelimiter("\\s*fish\\s*");
System.out.println(s.nextInt());
System.out.println(s.nextInt());
System.out.println(s.next());
System.out.println(s.next());
s.close(); 

prints the following output:

     1
2
red
blue 

The same output can be generated with this code, which uses a regular expression to parse all four tokens at once:

     String input = "1 fish 2 fish red fish blue fish";
Scanner s = new Scanner(input);
s.findInLine("(\\d+) fish (\\d+) fish (\\w+) fish (\\w+)");
MatchResult result = s.match();
for (int i=1; i<=result.groupCount(); i++)="i++)" System.out.println(result.group(i));="System.out.println(result.group(i));" s.close();="s.close();" </PRE="< pre?>Character.isWhitespace.
The reset()
method will reset the value of the scanner's delimiter to the default whitespace
delimiter regardless of whether it was previously changed.
A scanning operation may block waiting for input.
The next() and hasNext()
methods and their primitive-type companion methods (such as nextInt()
and hasNextInt())
first skip any input that matches the delimiter pattern, and then attempt to
return the next token. Both hasNext and next methods may block
waiting for further input. Whether a hasNext method blocks has no
connection to whether or not its associated next method will block.
The findInLine(java.lang.String),
findWithinHorizon(java.lang.String,
int), and skip(java.util.regex.Pattern)
methods operate independently of the delimiter pattern. These methods will
attempt to match the specified pattern with no regard to delimiters in the input
and thus can be used in special circumstances where delimiters are not relevant.
These methods may block waiting for more input.
When a scanner throws an InputMismatchException,
the scanner will not pass the token that caused the exception, so that it may be
retrieved or skipped via some other method.
Depending upon the type of delimiting pattern, empty tokens may be returned.
For example, the pattern "\\s+" will return no empty tokens since it
matches multiple instances of the delimiter. The delimiting pattern
"\\s" could return empty tokens since it only passes one space at a
time.
A scanner can read text from any object which implements the Readable interface.
If an invocation of the underlying readable's Readable.read(java.nio.CharBuffer)
method throws an IOException then the
scanner assumes that the end of the input has been reached. The most recent
IOException thrown by the underlying readable can be retrieved via the
ioException()
method.
When a Scanner is closed, it will close its input source if the
source implements the Closeable interface.
A Scanner is not safe for multithreaded use without external
synchronization.
Unless otherwise mentioned, passing a null parameter into any
method of a Scanner will cause a NullPointerException
to be thrown.
A scanner will default to interpreting numbers as decimal unless a different
radix has been set by using the useRadix(int)
method. The reset() method
will reset the value of the scanner's radix to 10 regardless of
whether it was previously changed.
Localized numbers
An instance of this class is capable of scanning numbers in the standard
formats as well as in the formats of the scanner's locale. A scanner's initial locale
is the value returned by the Locale.getDefault()
method; it may be changed via the useLocale(java.util.Locale)
method. The reset() method
will reset the value of the scanner's locale to the initial locale regardless of
whether it was previously changed.
The localized formats are defined in terms of the following parameters, which
for a particular locale are taken from that locale's DecimalFormat
object, df, and its and DecimalFormatSymbols
object, dfs.

LocalGroupSeparator  The
character used to separate thousands groups, i.e., dfs.getGroupingSeparator()LocalDecimalSeparator  The character used for the decimal point, i.e., dfs.getDecimalSeparator()LocalPositivePrefix  The
string that appears before a positive number (may be empty), i.e., df.getPositivePrefix()LocalPositiveSuffix  The string that appears after a positive
number (may be empty), i.e., df.getPositiveSuffix()LocalNegativePrefix  The string that appears before a negative number (may be empty), i.e., df.getNegativePrefix()LocalNegativeSuffix  The
string that appears after a negative number (may be empty), i.e., df.getNegativeSuffix()LocalNaN  The string that represents not-a-number for floating-point
values, i.e., dfs.getNaN()LocalInfinity  The string that represents infinity for floating-point values, i.e., dfs.getInfinity()
Number syntax
The strings that can be parsed as numbers by an instance of this class are
specified in terms of the following regular-expression grammar, where Rmax is
the highest digit in the radix being used (for example, Rmax is 9 in base 10).

NonASCIIDigit  ::=
A non-ASCII character c for which Character.isDigit(c) returns true Non0Digit  ::= [1-Rmax] | NonASCIIDigit Digit  ::=
[0-Rmax] | NonASCIIDigit GroupedNumeral  ::= ( Non0Digit Digit? Digit? ( LocalGroupSeparator Digit Digit Digit
)+ ) Numeral  ::= ( ( Digit+ ) | GroupedNumeral ) Integer  ::=
( [-+]? ( Numeral ) ) | LocalPositivePrefix Numeral LocalPositiveSuffix | LocalNegativePrefix Numeral LocalNegativeSuffix DecimalNumeral  ::= Numeral | Numeral LocalDecimalSeparator Digit* | LocalDecimalSeparator Digit+ Exponent  ::=
( [eE] [+-]? Digit+ ) Decimal  ::= ( [-+]? DecimalNumeral Exponent?
) | LocalPositivePrefix DecimalNumeral LocalPositiveSuffix Exponent? | LocalNegativePrefix DecimalNumeral LocalNegativeSuffix
Exponent? HexFloat  ::= [-+]? 0[xX][0-9a-fA-F]*\.[0-9a-fA-F]+ ([pP][-+]?[0-9]+)? NonNumber  ::=
NaN | LocalNan | Infinity | LocalInfinity SignedNonNumber  ::= ( [-+]? NonNumber ) | LocalPositivePrefix NonNumber LocalPositiveSuffix | LocalNegativePrefix NonNumber LocalNegativeSuffix Float  ::= Decimal | HexFloat | SignedNonNumber

Whitespace is not significant in the above regular expressions.

Since:
1.5

Constructor SummaryConstructor
and DescriptionScanner(File source)           Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from
the specified file.Scanner(FileRef source)            Constructs a new Scanner that produces
values scanned from the specified file.Scanner(FileRef source, String charsetName)
Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified file.Scanner(File source, String charsetName)
Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified file.Scanner(InputStream source)
Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified input stream.Scanner(InputStream source, String charsetName)
Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified input stream.Scanner(Readable source)
Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified source.Scanner(ReadableByteChannel source)
Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified channel.Scanner(ReadableByteChannel source, String charsetName)
Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified channel.Scanner(String source)
Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified string.
Method SummaryModifier
and TypeMethod and Description voidclose()
Closes this scanner. Patterndelimiter()
Returns the Pattern this Scanner is currently using to match delimiters. StringfindInLine(Pattern pattern)
Attempts to find the next occurrence of the specified pattern ignoring delimiters. StringfindInLine(String pattern)
Attempts to find the next occurrence of a pattern constructed from the specified string, ignoring delimiters. StringfindWithinHorizon(Pattern pattern,
int horizon)           Attempts to find the next occurrence of the specified pattern. StringfindWithinHorizon(String pattern,
int horizon)           Attempts to find the next occurrence of a pattern constructed from the specified string, ignoring delimiters. booleanhasNext()
Returns true if this scanner has another token in its input. booleanhasNext(Pattern pattern)
Returns true if the next complete token matches the specified pattern. booleanhasNext(String pattern)
Returns true if the next token matches the pattern constructed from the specified string. booleanhasNextBigDecimal()
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a BigDecimal using the nextBigDecimal() method. booleanhasNextBigInteger()
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a BigInteger in the default radix using the nextBigInteger() method. booleanhasNextBigInteger(int radix)
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a BigInteger in the specified radix using the nextBigInteger() method. booleanhasNextBoolean()
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a boolean value using a case insensitive pattern created from the string "true|false". booleanhasNextByte()
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a byte value in the default radix using the nextByte() method. booleanhasNextByte(int radix)
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a byte value in the specified radix using the nextByte() method. booleanhasNextDouble()
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a double value using the nextDouble() method. booleanhasNextFloat()
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a float value using the nextFloat() method. booleanhasNextInt()
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as an int value in the default radix using the nextInt() method. booleanhasNextInt(int radix)
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as an int value in the specified radix using the nextInt() method. booleanhasNextLine()
Returns true if there is another line in the input of this scanner. booleanhasNextLong()
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a long value in the default radix using the nextLong() method. booleanhasNextLong(int radix)
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a long value in the specified radix using the nextLong() method. booleanhasNextShort()
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a short value in the default radix using the nextShort() method. booleanhasNextShort(int radix)
Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a short value in the specified radix using the nextShort() method. IOExceptionioException()
Returns the IOException last thrown by this Scanner's underlying Readable. Localelocale()
Returns this scanner's locale. MatchResultmatch()
Returns the match result of the last scanning operation performed by this scanner. Stringnext()
Finds and returns the next complete token from this scanner. Stringnext(Pattern pattern)
Returns the next token if it matches the specified pattern. Stringnext(String pattern)
Returns the next token if it matches the pattern constructed from the specified string. BigDecimalnextBigDecimal()
Scans the next token of the input as a BigDecimal. BigIntegernextBigInteger()
Scans the next token of the input as a BigInteger. BigIntegernextBigInteger(int radix)
Scans the next token of the input as a BigInteger. booleannextBoolean()
Scans the next token of the input into a boolean value and returns that value. bytenextByte()
Scans the next token of the input as a byte. bytenextByte(int radix)           Scans
the next token of the input as a byte. doublenextDouble()           Scans the next token
of the input as a double. floatnextFloat()           Scans the next token of the input
as a float. intnextInt()           Scans the next token of the input as an int. intnextInt(int radix)
Scans the next token of the input as an int. StringnextLine()
Advances this scanner past the current line and returns the input that was skipped. longnextLong()
Scans the next token of the input as a long. longnextLong(int radix)           Scans
the next token of the input as a long. shortnextShort()           Scans the next token
of the input as a short. shortnextShort(int radix)           Scans the next token of the
input as a short. intradix()           Returns this scanner's default radix. voidremove()
The remove operation is not supported by this implementation of Iterator. Scannerreset()
Resets this scanner. Scannerskip(Pattern pattern)
Skips input that matches the specified pattern, ignoring delimiters. Scannerskip(String pattern)
Skips input that matches a pattern constructed from the specified string. StringtoString()
Returns the string representation of this Scanner. ScanneruseDelimiter(Pattern pattern)
Sets this scanner's delimiting pattern to the specified pattern. ScanneruseDelimiter(String pattern)
Sets this scanner's delimiting pattern to a pattern constructed from the specified String. ScanneruseLocale(Locale locale)
Sets this scanner's locale to the specified locale. ScanneruseRadix(int radix)
Methods
inherited from class java.lang.Objectclone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait

Constructor
Detail
Scannerpublic Scanner(Readable source)Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified source. Parameters:source - A character source implementing the Readable interfaceScannerpublic Scanner(InputStream source)Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified input stream. Bytes from the stream are converted into characters using the underlying platform's default charset. Parameters:source - An input stream to be scannedScannerpublic Scanner(InputStream source,
String charsetName)Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified input stream. Bytes from the stream are converted into characters using the specified charset. Parameters:source - An input stream to be scannedcharsetName - The encoding type used to convert bytes from the stream into characters to be scanned Throws: IllegalArgumentException - if the specified character set does not existScannerpublic Scanner(File source)
throws FileNotFoundExceptionConstructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified file. Bytes from the file are converted into characters using the underlying platform's default charset. Parameters:source - A file to be scanned Throws: FileNotFoundException - if source is not foundScannerpublic Scanner(File source,
String charsetName)
throws FileNotFoundExceptionConstructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified file. Bytes from the file are converted into characters using the specified charset. Parameters:source - A file to be scannedcharsetName - The encoding type used to convert bytes from the file into characters to be scanned Throws: FileNotFoundException - if source is not found IllegalArgumentException - if the specified encoding is not foundScannerpublic Scanner(FileRef source)
throws IOExceptionConstructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified file. Bytes from the file are converted into characters using the underlying platform's default charset. Parameters:source - A file to be scanned Throws: IOException - if an I/O error occurs opening sourceSince: 1.7Scannerpublic Scanner(FileRef source,
String charsetName)
throws IOExceptionConstructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified file. Bytes from the file are converted into characters using the specified charset. Parameters:source - A file to be scannedcharsetName - The encoding type used to convert bytes from the file into characters to be scanned Throws: IOException - if an I/O error occurs opening source IllegalArgumentException - if the specified encoding is not foundSince: 1.7Scannerpublic Scanner(String source)Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified string. Parameters:source - A string to scanScannerpublic Scanner(ReadableByteChannel source)Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified channel. Bytes from the source are converted into characters using the underlying platform's default charset. Parameters:source - A channel to scanScannerpublic Scanner(ReadableByteChannel source,
String charsetName)Constructs a new Scanner that produces values scanned from the specified channel. Bytes from the source are converted into characters using the specified charset. Parameters:source - A channel to scancharsetName - The encoding type used to convert bytes from the channel into characters to be scanned Throws: IllegalArgumentException - if the specified character set does not existMethod Detailclosepublic void close()Closes this scanner. If this scanner has not yet been closed then if its underlying readable also implements the Closeable interface then the readable's close method will be invoked. If this scanner is already closed then invoking this method will have no effect. Attempting to perform search operations after a scanner has been closed will result in an IllegalStateException. ioExceptionpublic IOException ioException()Returns the IOException last thrown by this Scanner's underlying Readable. This method returns null if no such exception exists. Returns:the last exception thrown by this scanner's readabledelimiterpublic Pattern delimiter()Returns the Pattern this Scanner is currently using to match delimiters. Returns:this scanner's delimiting pattern.useDelimiterpublic Scanner useDelimiter(Pattern pattern)Sets this scanner's delimiting pattern to the specified pattern. Parameters:pattern - A delimiting pattern Returns:this scanneruseDelimiterpublic Scanner useDelimiter(String pattern)Sets this scanner's delimiting pattern to a pattern constructed from the specified String. An invocation of this method of the form useDelimiter(pattern) behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation useDelimiter(Pattern.compile(pattern)). Invoking the reset() method will set the scanner's delimiter to the default. Parameters:pattern - A string specifying a delimiting pattern Returns:this scannerlocalepublic Locale locale()Returns this scanner's locale. A scanner's locale affects many elements of its default primitive matching regular expressions; see localized numbers above. Returns:this scanner's localeuseLocalepublic Scanner useLocale(Locale locale)Sets this scanner's locale to the specified locale. A scanner's locale affects many elements of its default primitive matching regular expressions; see localized numbers above. Invoking the reset() method will set the scanner's locale to the initial locale. Parameters:locale - A string specifying the locale to use Returns:this scannerradixpublic int radix()Returns this scanner's default radix. A scanner's radix affects elements of its default number matching regular expressions; see localized numbers above. Returns:the default radix of this scanneruseRadixpublic Scanner useRadix(int radix)Sets this scanner's default radix to the specified radix. A scanner's radix affects elements of its default number matching regular expressions; see localized numbers above. If the radix is less than Character.MIN_RADIX or greater than Character.MAX_RADIX, then an IllegalArgumentException is thrown. Invoking the reset() method will set the scanner's radix to 10. Parameters:radix - The radix to use when scanning numbers Returns:this scanner Throws: IllegalArgumentException - if radix is out of rangematchpublic MatchResult match()Returns the match result of the last scanning operation performed by this scanner. This method throws IllegalStateException if no match has been performed, or if the last match was not successful. The various nextmethods of Scanner make a match result available if they complete without throwing an exception. For instance, after an invocation of the nextInt() method that returned an int, this method returns a MatchResult for the search of the Integer regular expression defined above. Similarly the findInLine(java.lang.String), findWithinHorizon(java.lang.String, int), and skip(java.util.regex.Pattern) methods will make a match available if they succeed. Returns:a match result for the last match operation Throws: IllegalStateException - If no match result is availabletoStringpublic String toString()Returns the string representation of this Scanner. The string representation of a Scanner contains information that may be useful for debugging. The exact format is unspecified. Overrides:toString in class Object Returns:The string representation of this scannerhasNextpublic boolean hasNext()Returns true if this scanner has another token in its input. This method may block while waiting for input to scan. The scanner does not advance past any input. Specified by:hasNext in interface Iterator<String> Returns:true if and only if this scanner has another token Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedSee Also:Iteratornextpublic String next()Finds and returns the next complete token from this scanner. A complete token is preceded and followed by input that matches the delimiter pattern. This method may block while waiting for input to scan, even if a previous invocation of hasNext() returned true. Specified by:next in interface Iterator<String> Returns:the next token Throws: NoSuchElementException - if no more tokens are available IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedSee Also:Iteratorremovepublic void remove()The remove operation is not supported by this implementation of Iterator. Specified by:remove in interface Iterator<String> Throws: UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is invoked.See Also:IteratorhasNextpublic boolean hasNext(String pattern)Returns true if the next token matches the pattern constructed from the specified string. The scanner does not advance past any input. An invocation of this method of the form hasNext(pattern) behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation hasNext(Pattern.compile(pattern)). Parameters:pattern - a string specifying the pattern to scan Returns:true if and only if this scanner has another token matching the specified pattern Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextpublic String next(String pattern)Returns the next token if it matches the pattern constructed from the specified string. If the match is successful, the scanner advances past the input that matched the pattern. An invocation of this method of the form next(pattern) behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation next(Pattern.compile(pattern)). Parameters:pattern - a string specifying the pattern to scan Returns:the next token Throws: NoSuchElementException - if no such tokens are available IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextpublic boolean hasNext(Pattern pattern)Returns true if the next complete token matches the specified pattern. A complete token is prefixed and postfixed by input that matches the delimiter pattern. This method may block while waiting for input. The scanner does not advance past any input. Parameters:pattern - the pattern to scan for Returns:true if and only if this scanner has another token matching the specified pattern Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextpublic String next(Pattern pattern)Returns the next token if it matches the specified pattern. This method may block while waiting for input to scan, even if a previous invocation of hasNext(Pattern) returned true. If the match is successful, the scanner advances past the input that matched the pattern. Parameters:pattern - the pattern to scan for Returns:the next token Throws: NoSuchElementException - if no more tokens are available IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextLinepublic boolean hasNextLine()Returns true if there is another line in the input of this scanner. This method may block while waiting for input. The scanner does not advance past any input. Returns:true if and only if this scanner has another line of input Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextLinepublic String nextLine()Advances this scanner past the current line and returns the input that was skipped. This method returns the rest of the current line, excluding any line separator at the end. The position is set to the beginning of the next line. Since this method continues to search through the input looking for a line separator, it may buffer all of the input searching for the line to skip if no line separators are present. Returns:the line that was skipped Throws: NoSuchElementException - if no line was found IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedfindInLinepublic String findInLine(String pattern)Attempts to find the next occurrence of a pattern constructed from the specified string, ignoring delimiters. An invocation of this method of the form findInLine(pattern) behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation findInLine(Pattern.compile(pattern)). Parameters:pattern - a string specifying the pattern to search for Returns:the text that matched the specified pattern Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedfindInLinepublic String findInLine(Pattern pattern)Attempts to find the next occurrence of the specified pattern ignoring delimiters. If the pattern is found before the next line separator, the scanner advances past the input that matched and returns the string that matched the pattern. If no such pattern is detected in the input up to the next line separator, then null is returned and the scanner's position is unchanged. This method may block waiting for input that matches the pattern. Since this method continues to search through the input looking for the specified pattern, it may buffer all of the input searching for the desired token if no line separators are present. Parameters:pattern - the pattern to scan for Returns:the text that matched the specified pattern Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedfindWithinHorizonpublic String findWithinHorizon(String pattern,
int horizon)Attempts to find the next occurrence of a pattern constructed from the specified string, ignoring delimiters. An invocation of this method of the form findWithinHorizon(pattern) behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation findWithinHorizon(Pattern.compile(pattern, horizon)). Parameters:pattern - a string specifying the pattern to search for Returns:the text that matched the specified pattern Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closed IllegalArgumentException - if horizon is negativefindWithinHorizonpublic String findWithinHorizon(Pattern pattern,
int horizon)Attempts to find the next occurrence of the specified pattern. This method searches through the input up to the specified search horizon, ignoring delimiters. If the pattern is found the scanner advances past the input that matched and returns the string that matched the pattern. If no such pattern is detected then the null is returned and the scanner's position remains unchanged. This method may block waiting for input that matches the pattern. A scanner will never search more than horizon code points beyond its current position. Note that a match may be clipped by the horizon; that is, an arbitrary match result may have been different if the horizon had been larger. The scanner treats the horizon as a transparent, non-anchoring bound (see Matcher.useTransparentBounds(boolean) and Matcher.useAnchoringBounds(boolean)). If horizon is 0, then the horizon is ignored and this method continues to search through the input looking for the specified pattern without bound. In this case it may buffer all of the input searching for the pattern. If horizon is negative, then an IllegalArgumentException is thrown. Parameters:pattern - the pattern to scan for Returns:the text that matched the specified pattern Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closed IllegalArgumentException - if horizon is negativeskippublic Scanner skip(Pattern pattern)Skips input that matches the specified pattern, ignoring delimiters. This method will skip input if an anchored match of the specified pattern succeeds. If a match to the specified pattern is not found at the current position, then no input is skipped and a NoSuchElementException is thrown. Since this method seeks to match the specified pattern starting at the scanner's current position, patterns that can match a lot of input (".*", for example) may cause the scanner to buffer a large amount of input. Note that it is possible to skip something without risking a NoSuchElementException by using a pattern that can match nothing, e.g., sc.skip("[ \t]*"). Parameters:pattern - a string specifying the pattern to skip over Returns:this scanner Throws: NoSuchElementException - if the specified pattern is not found IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedskippublic Scanner skip(String pattern)Skips input that matches a pattern constructed from the specified string. An invocation of this method of the form skip(pattern) behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation skip(Pattern.compile(pattern)). Parameters:pattern - a string specifying the pattern to skip over Returns:this scanner Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextBooleanpublic boolean hasNextBoolean()Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a boolean value using a case insensitive pattern created from the string "true|false". The scanner does not advance past the input that matched. Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid boolean value Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextBooleanpublic boolean nextBoolean()Scans the next token of the input into a boolean value and returns that value. This method will throw InputMismatchException if the next token cannot be translated into a valid boolean value. If the match is successful, the scanner advances past the input that matched. Returns:the boolean scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token is not a valid boolean NoSuchElementException - if input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextBytepublic boolean hasNextByte()Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a byte value in the default radix using the nextByte() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid byte value Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextBytepublic boolean hasNextByte(int radix)Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a byte value in the specified radix using the nextByte() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Parameters:radix - the radix used to interpret the token as a byte value Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid byte value Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextBytepublic byte nextByte()Scans the next token of the input as a byte. An invocation of this method of the form nextByte() behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation nextByte(radix), where radix is the default radix of this scanner. Returns:the byte scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Integer regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextBytepublic byte nextByte(int radix)Scans the next token of the input as a byte. This method will throw InputMismatchException if the next token cannot be translated into a valid byte value as described below. If the translation is successful, the scanner advances past the input that matched. If the next token matches the Integer regular expression defined above then the token is converted into a byte value as if by removing all locale specific prefixes, group separators, and locale specific suffixes, then mapping non-ASCII digits into ASCII digits via Character.digit, prepending a negative sign (-) if the locale specific negative prefixes and suffixes were present, and passing the resulting string to Byte.parseByte with the specified radix. Parameters:radix - the radix used to interpret the token as a byte value Returns:the byte scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Integer regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextShortpublic boolean hasNextShort()Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a short value in the default radix using the nextShort() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid short value in the default radix Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextShortpublic boolean hasNextShort(int radix)Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a short value in the specified radix using the nextShort() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Parameters:radix - the radix used to interpret the token as a short value Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid short value in the specified radix Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextShortpublic short nextShort()Scans the next token of the input as a short. An invocation of this method of the form nextShort() behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation nextShort(radix), where radix is the default radix of this scanner. Returns:the short scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Integer regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextShortpublic short nextShort(int radix)Scans the next token of the input as a short. This method will throw InputMismatchException if the next token cannot be translated into a valid short value as described below. If the translation is successful, the scanner advances past the input that matched. If the next token matches the Integer regular expression defined above then the token is converted into a short value as if by removing all locale specific prefixes, group separators, and locale specific suffixes, then mapping non-ASCII digits into ASCII digits via Character.digit, prepending a negative sign (-) if the locale specific negative prefixes and suffixes were present, and passing the resulting string to Short.parseShort with the specified radix. Parameters:radix - the radix used to interpret the token as a short value Returns:the short scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Integer regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextIntpublic boolean hasNextInt()Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as an int value in the default radix using the nextInt() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid int value Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextIntpublic boolean hasNextInt(int radix)Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as an int value in the specified radix using the nextInt() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Parameters:radix - the radix used to interpret the token as an int value Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid int value Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextIntpublic int nextInt()Scans the next token of the input as an int. An invocation of this method of the form nextInt() behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation nextInt(radix), where radix is the default radix of this scanner. Returns:the int scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Integer regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextIntpublic int nextInt(int radix)Scans the next token of the input as an int. This method will throw InputMismatchException if the next token cannot be translated into a valid int value as described below. If the translation is successful, the scanner advances past the input that matched. If the next token matches the Integer regular expression defined above then the token is converted into an int value as if by removing all locale specific prefixes, group separators, and locale specific suffixes, then mapping non-ASCII digits into ASCII digits via Character.digit, prepending a negative sign (-) if the locale specific negative prefixes and suffixes were present, and passing the resulting string to Integer.parseInt with the specified radix. Parameters:radix - the radix used to interpret the token as an int value Returns:the int scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Integer regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextLongpublic boolean hasNextLong()Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a long value in the default radix using the nextLong() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid long value Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextLongpublic boolean hasNextLong(int radix)Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a long value in the specified radix using the nextLong() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Parameters:radix - the radix used to interpret the token as a long value Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid long value Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextLongpublic long nextLong()Scans the next token of the input as a long. An invocation of this method of the form nextLong() behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation nextLong(radix), where radix is the default radix of this scanner. Returns:the long scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Integer regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextLongpublic long nextLong(int radix)Scans the next token of the input as a long. This method will throw InputMismatchException if the next token cannot be translated into a valid long value as described below. If the translation is successful, the scanner advances past the input that matched. If the next token matches the Integer regular expression defined above then the token is converted into a long value as if by removing all locale specific prefixes, group separators, and locale specific suffixes, then mapping non-ASCII digits into ASCII digits via Character.digit, prepending a negative sign (-) if the locale specific negative prefixes and suffixes were present, and passing the resulting string to Long.parseLong with the specified radix. Parameters:radix - the radix used to interpret the token as an int value Returns:the long scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Integer regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextFloatpublic boolean hasNextFloat()Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a float value using the nextFloat() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid float value Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextFloatpublic float nextFloat()Scans the next token of the input as a float. This method will throw InputMismatchException if the next token cannot be translated into a valid float value as described below. If the translation is successful, the scanner advances past the input that matched. If the next token matches the Float regular expression defined above then the token is converted into a float value as if by removing all locale specific prefixes, group separators, and locale specific suffixes, then mapping non-ASCII digits into ASCII digits via Character.digit, prepending a negative sign (-) if the locale specific negative prefixes and suffixes were present, and passing the resulting string to Float.parseFloat. If the token matches the localized NaN or infinity strings, then either "Nan" or "Infinity" is passed to Float.parseFloat as appropriate. Returns:the float scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Float regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextDoublepublic boolean hasNextDouble()Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a double value using the nextDouble() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid double value Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextDoublepublic double nextDouble()Scans the next token of the input as a double. This method will throw InputMismatchException if the next token cannot be translated into a valid double value. If the translation is successful, the scanner advances past the input that matched. If the next token matches the Float regular expression defined above then the token is converted into a double value as if by removing all locale specific prefixes, group separators, and locale specific suffixes, then mapping non-ASCII digits into ASCII digits via Character.digit, prepending a negative sign (-) if the locale specific negative prefixes and suffixes were present, and passing the resulting string to Double.parseDouble. If the token matches the localized NaN or infinity strings, then either "Nan" or "Infinity" is passed to Double.parseDouble as appropriate. Returns:the double scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Float regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if the input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextBigIntegerpublic boolean hasNextBigInteger()Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a BigInteger in the default radix using the nextBigInteger() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid BigInteger Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextBigIntegerpublic boolean hasNextBigInteger(int radix)Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a BigInteger in the specified radix using the nextBigInteger() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Parameters:radix - the radix used to interpret the token as an integer Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid BigInteger Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextBigIntegerpublic BigInteger nextBigInteger()Scans the next token of the input as a BigInteger. An invocation of this method of the form nextBigInteger() behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation nextBigInteger(radix), where radix is the default radix of this scanner. Returns:the BigInteger scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Integer regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if the input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextBigIntegerpublic BigInteger nextBigInteger(int radix)Scans the next token of the input as a BigInteger. If the next token matches the Integer regular expression defined above then the token is converted into a BigInteger value as if by removing all group separators, mapping non-ASCII digits into ASCII digits via the Character.digit, and passing the resulting string to the BigInteger(String, int) constructor with the specified radix. Parameters:radix - the radix used to interpret the token Returns:the BigInteger scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Integer regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if the input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedhasNextBigDecimalpublic boolean hasNextBigDecimal()Returns true if the next token in this scanner's input can be interpreted as a BigDecimal using the nextBigDecimal() method. The scanner does not advance past any input. Returns:true if and only if this scanner's next token is a valid BigDecimal Throws: IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closednextBigDecimalpublic BigDecimal nextBigDecimal()Scans the next token of the input as a BigDecimal. If the next token matches the Decimal regular expression defined above then the token is converted into a BigDecimal value as if by removing all group separators, mapping non-ASCII digits into ASCII digits via the Character.digit, and passing the resulting string to the BigDecimal(String) constructor. Returns:the BigDecimal scanned from the input Throws: InputMismatchException - if the next token does not match the Decimal regular expression, or is out of range NoSuchElementException - if the input is exhausted IllegalStateException - if this scanner is closedresetpublic Scanner reset()Resets this scanner. Resetting a scanner discards all of its explicit state information which may have been changed by invocations of useDelimiter(java.util.regex.Pattern), useLocale(java.util.Locale), or useRadix(int). An invocation of this method of the form scanner.reset() behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation    scanner.useDelimiter("\\p{javaWhitespace}+")
.useLocale(Locale.getDefault())
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