android中Sip音频通话调研结果

     首先简单介绍一下sip协议,sip是会话启动协议,主要用于网络多媒体通话。必须是android2.3或其以上版本才可以调用Sip api,并且设备必须支持sip才可以进行sip通话。

SIP使用的api主要放在android.net.sip中,其中最核心的类为SipManager.java,关系图如下所示:


        本地的SipProfile存放在一个xml文件中,主要用于保存sip的username,domain和password,SharedPreference配置文件如下所示:

<PreferenceScreen xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <EditTextPreference
        android:name="SIP Username"
        android:summary="Username for your SIP Account"
        android:defaultValue=""
        android:title="Enter Username"
        android:key="namePref" />
    <EditTextPreference
        android:name="SIP Domain"
        android:summary="Domain for your SIP Account"
        android:defaultValue=""
        android:title="Enter Domain"
        android:key="domainPref" />
    <EditTextPreference
        android:name="SIP Password"
        android:summary="Password for your SIP Account"
        android:defaultValue=""
        android:title="Enter Password"
        android:key="passPref"
        android:password="true" 
        />
</PreferenceScreen>
更新SharedPreference的代码如下:

public void updatePreferences() {
        Intent settingsActivity = new Intent(getBaseContext(),
                SipSettings.class);
        startActivity(settingsActivity);
    }
调用updatePreferences()方法会有如下的效果图显示:

通过此界面可以修改本地的SipProfile帐号信息。

接打电话时需要更新对方SipProfile的信息,代码如下:

/**
     * Updates the status box at the top of the UI with a messege of your choice.
     * @param status The String to display in the status box.
     */
    public void updateStatus(final String status) {
        // Be a good citizen.  Make sure UI changes fire on the UI thread.
        this.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                TextView labelView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.sipLabel);
                labelView.setText(status);
            }
        });
    }

    /**
     * Updates the status box with the SIP address of the current call.
     * @param call The current, active call.
     */
    public void updateStatus(SipAudioCall call) {
        String useName = call.getPeerProfile().getDisplayName();
        if(useName == null) {
          useName = call.getPeerProfile().getUserName();
        }
        updateStatus(useName + "@" + call.getPeerProfile().getSipDomain());
    }
拨电话代码如下:

/**
     * Make an outgoing call.
     */
    public void initiateCall() {

        updateStatus(sipAddress);

        try {
            SipAudioCall.Listener listener = new SipAudioCall.Listener() {
                // Much of the client's interaction with the SIP Stack will
                // happen via listeners.  Even making an outgoing call, don't
                // forget to set up a listener to set things up once the call is established.
                @Override
                public void onCallEstablished(SipAudioCall call) {
                    call.startAudio();
                    call.setSpeakerMode(true);
                    call.toggleMute();
                    updateStatus(call);
                }

                @Override
                public void onCallEnded(SipAudioCall call) {
                    updateStatus("Ready.");
                }
            };

            call = manager.makeAudioCall(me.getUriString(), sipAddress, listener, 30);

        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            Log.i("WalkieTalkieActivity/InitiateCall", "Error when trying to close manager.", e);
            if (me != null) {
                try {
                    manager.close(me.getUriString());
                } catch (Exception ee) {
                    Log.i("WalkieTalkieActivity/InitiateCall",
                            "Error when trying to close manager.", ee);
                    ee.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (call != null) {
                call.close();
            }
        }
    }

接电话代码如下:

// Set up the intent filter.  This will be used to fire an
        // IncomingCallReceiver when someone calls the SIP address used by this
        // application.
        IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter();
        filter.addAction("android.SipDemo.INCOMING_CALL");
        callReceiver = new IncomingCallReceiver();
        this.registerReceiver(callReceiver, filter);


package com.example.android.sip;

import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.net.sip.*;

/**
 * Listens for incoming SIP calls, intercepts and hands them off to WalkieTalkieActivity.
 */
public class IncomingCallReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
    /**
     * Processes the incoming call, answers it, and hands it over to the
     * WalkieTalkieActivity.
     * @param context The context under which the receiver is running.
     * @param intent The intent being received.
     */
    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
    	System.out.println("IncomingCallReceiver::::::");
        SipAudioCall incomingCall = null;
        try {
            SipAudioCall.Listener listener = new SipAudioCall.Listener() {
                @Override
                public void onRinging(SipAudioCall call, SipProfile caller) {
                    try {
                        call.answerCall(30);
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            };

            WalkieTalkieActivity wtActivity = (WalkieTalkieActivity) context;

            incomingCall = wtActivity.manager.takeAudioCall(intent, listener);
            incomingCall.answerCall(30);
            incomingCall.startAudio();
            incomingCall.setSpeakerMode(true);
            if(incomingCall.isMuted()) {
                incomingCall.toggleMute();
            }

            wtActivity.call = incomingCall;

            wtActivity.updateStatus(incomingCall);

        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (incomingCall != null) {
                incomingCall.close();
            }
        }
    }
}


设置本地sip:

/**
 * Handles SIP authentication settings for the Walkie Talkie app.
 */
public class SipSettings extends PreferenceActivity {


    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        // Note that none of the preferences are actually defined here.
        // They're all in the XML file res/xml/preferences.xml.
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        addPreferencesFromResource(R.xml.preferences);
        System.out.println("SipSettings::::::::::");
    }
}







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