AWS CLI常用命令记录

关于Cli工具的安装就不多说了,到处都可以查到,这里主要记录下工作中常用的一些命令,因为官方文档的举例有时候并不完全,得亲自尝试才知道操作效果。

EC2:

#修改实例类型,先stop
aws ec2 stop-instances --instance-ids i-1234567890abcdef0
aws ec2 modify-instance-attribute --instance-id i-1234567890abcdef0 --instance-type "{\"Value\": \"m1.medium\"}"

##创建安全组
aws ec2 create-security-group --group-name test-sg  --description "test-sg" --vpc-id vpc-abcd1234
##查看安全组
aws ec2 --profile=prod describe-security-groups --group-ids sg-12345678abcdefghi
#添加规则
##添加源安全组
aws ec2 authorize-security-group-ingress --group-id sg-12345678abcdefghi --protocol tcp --port 6379 --source-group sg-12ab34cd
##给DB加IP源
aws ec2 authorize-security-group-ingress --group-id sg-12345678abcdefghi --ip-permissions IpProtocol=tcp,FromPort=3306,ToPort=3306,IpRanges=[{CidrIp=3.210.××.××/32}]
##删除IP源
aws ec2 revoke-security-group-ingress --group-id sg-12345678abcdefghi --ip-permissions IpProtocol=tcp,FromPort=3306,ToPort=3306,IpRanges=[{CidrIp=3.210.××.××/32}]

#创建snapshot
##先找volume-id 
aws ec2 describe-instances --filters "Name=tag:Name,Values=webserver"  --query "Reservations[*].Instances[*].[Tags[?Key==`Name`].Value,BlockDeviceMappings[*].Ebs.VolumeId]" 
vol-abcd1234
##再创建snapshot 
aws ec2 create-snapshot --volume-id vol-abcd1234 --tag-specifications "ResourceType=snapshot,Tags=[{Key=Name,Value=webserver}]" 

ELB:

##ELB描述
aws elb describe-load-balancers --load-balancer-name WebELB

##查看参数配置
aws elb describe-load-balancer-attributes --load-balancer-name WebELB

##healthcheck:
aws elb describe-instance-health --load-balancer-name WebELB

##修改healthcheck参数
aws elb configure-health-check --load-balancer-name WebELB --health-check Target=HTTP:80/healthcheck,Interval=30,UnhealthyThreshold=5,HealthyThreshold=5,Timeout=8

##从ALB目标群组移除实例
aws elbv2 deregister-targets --target-group-arn arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:us-east-1:123456789101:targetgroup/TestALB/abcdef12345abcde --targets Id=i-abcd1234
##注册实例到ALB目标群组
aws elbv2 register-targets --target-group-arn arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:us-east-1:123456789101:targetgroup/TestALB/abcdef12345abcde --targets Id=i-abcd1234

 S3:

#ls
##查看默认的bucket
aws s3 ls
##查看默认环境的abert-test内容
aws s3 ls s3://abert-test
##查看目录大小,列出每个文件大小
aws s3 ls --summarize --human-readable --recursive s3://bucket-name 

#cp
##上传本地文件
aws s3 cp bstest.txt s3://abert-test 
##复制文件
aws s3 cp s3://mybucket/test.txt s3://mybucket/test2.txt 
##递归拷贝
aws s3 cp s3://mybucket . --recursive 
##排除拷贝
aws s3 cp myDir s3://mybucket/ --recursive --exclude "*.jpg"  
##拷贝并添加ACL权限控制
aws s3 cp s3://mybucket/test.txt s3://mybucket/test2.txt --acl public-read-write

#rm 
##删除对象
aws s3 rm  s3://mybucket/test.txt

#mb 
##创建bucket
aws s3 mb s3://newbucket

#rb
##删除bucket:
aws s3 rb s3://bucket-name
##删除非空:
aws s3 rb s3://bucket-name --force

DynamoDB

##创建DynamoDB表
aws dynamodb create-table --table-name bettytest --attribute-definitions AttributeName=pk,AttributeType=N AttributeName=sk,AttributeType=N --key-schema AttributeName=pk,KeyType=HASH AttributeName=sk,KeyType=RANGE --provisioned-throughput ReadCapacityUnits=1,WriteCapacityUnits=1

##修改DynamoDB表读写容量
aws dynamodb update-table --table-name bettytest --provisioned-throughput ReadCapacityUnits=10,WriteCapacityUnits=10

##删除DynamoDB表
aws dynamodb delete-table --table-name betty-test

##加stream
aws dynamodb update-table --table-name betty-test --stream-specification StreamEnabled=true,StreamViewType="NEW_AND_OLD_IMAGES"

##关闭stream
aws dynamodb update-table --table-name betty-test --stream-specification StreamEnabled=false

##查看DynamoDB表
aws dynamodb describe-table --table-name betty-test

Lambda:

#function和DynamoDB之间每创建一次映射就生成一个UUID,同一个表如果建了多次就有多个映射关系

#创建映射
##查找event-source-arn
aws dynamodb describe-table --table-name Betty-test
##先给表开启stream
aws dynamodb update-table --table-name Betty-test --stream-specification StreamEnabled=true,StreamViewType="NEW_AND_OLD_IMAGES"
##建立映射
aws lambda create-event-source-mapping --event-source-arn "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-east-1:123456780123:table/Betty-test/stream/2019-11-11T03:35:20.612" --function-name IngestDynamoDBtest --starting-position LATEST

##查看映射关系
aws lambda list-event-source-mappings --function-name IngestDynamoDBtest

##根据UUID查看
aws lambda get-event-source-mapping --uuid abcd7h2s-ab12-492c-c2d3-fd34f45ag6h1

###启动/禁用映射关系
aws lambda update-event-source-mapping --uuid abcd7h2s-ab12-492c-c2d3-fd34f45ag6h1 --function-name IngestDynamoDBtest --enabled

##删除无用的映射
aws lambda delete-event-source-mapping --uuid abcd7h2s-ab12-492c-c2d3-fd34f45ag6h1

Elasticache

#Memcache

##创建
aws elasticache create-cache-cluster --cache-cluster-id bettytest --az-mode cross-az --preferred-availability-zones us-east-1a 	us-east-1d --num-cache-nodes 2 --cache-node-type cache.m4.large --engine memcached --engine-version "1.4.24" --cache-parameter-group-name bettycacheparameter --cache-subnet-group-name test-cache-subnet-group --security-group-ids "sg-abcd1234" "sg-1234abcd" --port 11211 --notification-topic-arn arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:123456780123:test-Alarm --preferred-maintenance-window sun:08:00-sun:09:00 --auto-minor-version-upgrade

##查看memcache集群信息
aws elasticache describe-cache-clusters --cache-cluster-id bettytest

##新增节点
aws elasticache modify-cache-cluster --cache-cluster-id bettytest --num-cache-nodes 3 --new-availability-zones ap-southeast-1a --apply-immediately
##删除节点
aws elasticache modify-cache-cluster --cache-cluster-id bettytest --num-cache-nodes 1 --cache-node-ids-to-remove 0002 --apply-immediately
##删除两个节点
aws elasticache modify-cache-cluster --cache-cluster-id bettytest --num-cache-nodes 1 --cache-node-ids-to-remove 0002 0003 --apply-immediately

##删除cache
aws elasticache delete-cache-cluster --cache-cluster-id bettytest

【##修改type --不支持
aws elasticache modify-cache-cluster --cache-cluster-id bettytest --cache-node-type cache.m4.large --apply-immediately
An error occurred (InvalidParameterCombination) when calling the ModifyCacheCluster operation: Scaling is not supported for engine memcached】
#Redis

##创建redis集群
aws elasticache create-replication-group --replication-group-id betty-redis --replication-group-description "betty-redis-test" --automatic-failover-enabled --num-cache-clusters 2 --cache-node-type cache.m3.medium --engine redis --engine-version 5.0.0 --cache-parameter-group-name default.redis5.0 --cache-subnet-group-name betty-cache-subnet-group --security-group-ids sg-0123abcd4567efghi

##查看redis集群
aws elasticache describe-replication-groups --replication-group-id betty-redis

##修改备份保留期为1天
aws elasticache modify-replication-group --replication-group-id betty-redis --snapshotting-cluster-id betty-redis-002 --snapshot-retention-limit 1

Kinesis:

##放入数据
aws kinesis put-record --stream-name Betty_Stream --partition-key 123 --data testdata
##读取数据
aws kinesis get-shard-iterator --shard-id shardId-000000000000 --shard-iterator-type TRIM_HORIZON --stream-name Betty_Stream

SQS:

##读取消息
aws sqs receive-message --queue-url https://sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/123456780123/MY_SQS_TEST --attribute-names All --message-attribute-names All --max-number-of-messages 1

##删除消息
aws sqs delete-message --queue-url https://sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/123456780123/MY_SQS_TEST --receipt-handle

SNS:

##查看所有的IOS push
aws sns list-platform-applications 

SES:

##查看已验证域名
aws ses list-identities

IAM:

##为Application Auto Scaling创建服务角色
aws iam create-role --role-name MyIAMAutoscalingServiceRole --assume-role-policy-document file://trust-relationship.json

##为服务角色创建 IAM 策略
aws iam create-policy --policy-name MyIAMAutoscalingServicePolicy --policy-document file://service-role-policy.json
arn:aws:iam::123456780123:policy/MyIAMAutoscalingServicePolicy

##将策略附加到服务角色
aws iam attach-role-policy --role-name MyIAMAutoscalingServiceRole --policy-arn arn:aws:iam::123456780123:policy/MyIAMAutoscalingServicePolicy

持续更新。

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