C# Linq 交集、并集、差集、去重

其实只要明白 LINQ查询操作符的

Distinct、Union、Concat、Intersect、Except、Skip、Take、SkipWhile、TakeWhile、Single、SingleOrDefault、Reverse、SelectMany,Aggregate()(这个挺偏的,具体意思有空再写,可以百度一下)

的使用,一些简单的操作就可以了。
合并两个数组,并去掉重复元素,然后排序(C#)

 List<int> numbers1 = new List<int>() { 5, 4, 1, 3, 9, 8, 6, 7, 12, 10 };
            List<int> numbers2 = new List<int>() { 15, 14, 11, 13, 19, 18, 16, 17, 12, 10 };
            var newQuerty = numbers1.Concat(
            from n in numbers2
            where !numbers1.Contains(n)
            select n
            ).OrderBy(n => n);
            string count = "";
            foreach (int i in newQuerty)
            {
                count += i + ",";
            }
            MessageBox.Show(count);

在这简单的介绍几个关键字,Distinct、Union、Concat、Intersect、Except、Skip、Take
Distinct - 过滤集合中的相同项;

   List<int> list= new List<int>() {1,2,3,4,4,5,6,6 };
  var newlist=list.Distinct();

得到的结果就是;1,2,3,4,5,6

Union - 连接不同集合,自动过滤相同项

 List<int> list= new List<int>() {1,2,3,4,4,5,6,6 };
List<int> list1= new List<int>() {5,6,6,7,8,9};
  var newlist=list.Union (list1);

得到的结果就是;1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9

Concat - 连接不同集合,不会自动过滤相同项;

 List<int> list= new List<int>() {1,2,3,4,4,5,6,6 };
List<int> list1= new List<int>() {5,6,6,7,8,9};
  var newlist=list.Union (list1);

得到的结果就是;1,2,3,4,4,5,6,6,5,6,6,7,8,9

Intersect - 获取不同集合的相同项(交集);

List<int> list= new List<int>() {1,2,3,4,4,5,6,6 };
List<int> list1= new List<int>() {5,6,6,7,8,9};
  var newlist=list.Intersect (list1);

得到的结果就是;5,6

Except - 从某集合中删除其与另一个集合中相同的项;其实这个说简单点就是某集合中独有的元素

List<int> list= new List<int>() {1,2,3,4,4,5,6,6 };
List<int> list1= new List<int>() {5,6,6,7,8,9};
  var newlist=list.Except (list1);

得到的结果就是;1,2,3,4

Skip - 跳过集合的前n个元素;

List<int> list= new List<int>() {1,2,3,4,4,5,6,6 };
  var newlist=list.Skip (3);

得到的结果就是;4,4,5,6,6

Take - 获取集合的前n个元素;延迟

List<int> list= new List<int>() {1,2,2,3,4,4,5,6,6 };
  var newlist=list.Take (3);

得到的结果就是;1,2,2

List<string> ListA = new List<string>();
List<string> ListB = new List<string>();
List<string> ListResult = new List<string>();

ListResult = ListA.Distinct().ToList();//去重
ListResult = ListA.Except(ListB).ToList();//差集
ListResult= ListA.Union(ListB).ToList();  //并集
ListResult = ListA.Intersect(ListB).ToList();//交集

重写比较方法

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data; 
namespace test
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            IList<Student> oneStudents = new List<Student>();
            oneStudents.Add(new Student(1,false,"小新1","徐汇"));
            oneStudents.Add(new Student(2,false,"小新2","闵行"));
            oneStudents.Add(new Student(3, false, "小新3", "嘉定"));
            oneStudents.Add(new Student(4, false, "小新4", "闸北"));

            IList<Student> twoStudents = new List<Student>();
            twoStudents.Add(new Student(5, false, "小新5", "贵州"));
            twoStudents.Add(new Student(6, false, "小新6", "湖北"));
            twoStudents.Add(new Student(7, false, "小新7", "山东"));
            twoStudents.Add(new Student(8, false, "小新8", "西藏"));

            IList<Student> threeStudents = new List<Student>();
            threeStudents.Add(new Student(1, false, "小新1", "徐汇"));
            threeStudents.Add(new Student(2, false, "小新2", "闵行"));
            var bingji = oneStudents.Union(twoStudents, new StudentListEquality()).ToList();//并(全)集 
              var jiaoji = oneStudents.Intersect(threeStudents, new StudentListEquality()).ToList();//交集 
              var chaji = oneStudents.Except(threeStudents, new StudentListEquality()).ToList();//差集

              Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("以下是并集的结果");            
            bingji.ForEach(x =>
            {
                Console.WriteLine(x.StudentId.ToString() + "    " + x.Sex.ToString() + "   " + x.Name.ToString()+" "+x.Address.ToString());

            });
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("以下是交集的结果");           
            jiaoji.ForEach(x =>
            {
                Console.WriteLine(x.StudentId.ToString() + "    " + x.Sex.ToString() + "   " + x.Name.ToString() + " " + x.Address.ToString());

            });

            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("以下是差集的结果");            
            chaji.ForEach(x =>
            {
                Console.WriteLine(x.StudentId.ToString() + "    " + x.Sex.ToString() + "   " + x.Name.ToString() + " " + x.Address.ToString());

            });
        }

    }
    public class Student
    {
        public Student(int studentId, bool sex, String name, String address)
        {
            this.StudentId = studentId;
            this.Sex = sex;
            this.Name = name;
            this.Address = address;
        }
        public int StudentId { get; set; }
        public bool Sex { get; set; }
        public String Name { get; set; }
        public String Address { get; set; }

    }
    public class StudentListEquality : IEqualityComparer<Student>
    {
        public bool Equals(Student x, Student y)
        {
            return x.StudentId == y.StudentId;
        }

        public int GetHashCode(Student obj)
        {
            if (obj == null)
            {
                return 0;
            }
            else
            {
                return obj.ToString().GetHashCode();
            }
        }
    }
}

这里写图片描述

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