爬取网易云音乐下面的热门评论

  一、运行环境

   (1) win10

   (2) python 2.7

   (3) pycharm

   (4) 安装依赖   pip install  PyCrypto 等

 二、运行源程序

(1)原始版

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# <a href="http://www.jobbole.com/members/dai745726163">@Time</a>
'''
@Description:
网易云音乐评论爬虫,可以完整爬取整个评论
部分参考了@平胸小仙女的文章(地址:https://www.zhihu.com/question/36081767)
post加密部分也给出了,可以参考原帖:
作者:平胸小仙女
链接:https://www.zhihu.com/question/36081767/answer/140287795
来源:知乎
'''
from Crypto.Cipher import AES
import base64
import requests
import json
import codecs
import time

# 头部信息
headers = {
    'Host': "music.163.com",
    'Accept-Language': "zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,en-US;q=0.5,en;q=0.3",
    'Accept-Encoding': "gzip, deflate",
    'Content-Type': "application/x-www-form-urlencoded",
    'Cookie': "_ntes_nnid=754361b04b121e078dee797cdb30e0fd,1486026808627; _ntes_nuid=754361b04b121e078dee797cdb30e0fd; JSESSIONID-WYYY=yfqt9ofhY%5CIYNkXW71TqY5OtSZyjE%2FoswGgtl4dMv3Oa7%5CQ50T%2FVaee%2FMSsCifHE0TGtRMYhSPpr20i%5CRO%2BO%2B9pbbJnrUvGzkibhNqw3Tlgn%5Coil%2FrW7zFZZWSA3K9gD77MPSVH6fnv5hIT8ms70MNB3CxK5r3ecj3tFMlWFbFOZmGw%5C%3A1490677541180; _iuqxldmzr_=32; vjuids=c8ca7976.15a029d006a.0.51373751e63af8; vjlast=1486102528.1490172479.21; __gads=ID=a9eed5e3cae4d252:T=1486102537:S=ALNI_Mb5XX2vlkjsiU5cIy91-ToUDoFxIw; vinfo_n_f_l_n3=411a2def7f75a62e.1.1.1486349441669.1486349607905.1490173828142; P_INFO=m15527594439@163.com|1489375076|1|study|00&99|null&null&null#hub&420100#10#0#0|155439&1|study_client|15527594439@163.com; NTES_CMT_USER_INFO=84794134%7Cm155****4439%7Chttps%3A%2F%2Fsimg.ws.126.net%2Fe%2Fimg5.cache.netease.com%2Ftie%2Fimages%2Fyun%2Fphoto_default_62.png.39x39.100.jpg%7Cfalse%7CbTE1NTI3NTk0NDM5QDE2My5jb20%3D; usertrack=c+5+hljHgU0T1FDmA66MAg==; Province=027; City=027; _ga=GA1.2.1549851014.1489469781; __utma=94650624.1549851014.1489469781.1490664577.1490672820.8; __utmc=94650624; __utmz=94650624.1490661822.6.2.utmcsr=baidu|utmccn=(organic)|utmcmd=organic; playerid=81568911; __utmb=94650624.23.10.1490672820",
    'Connection': "keep-alive",
    'Referer': 'http://music.163.com/'
}
# 设置代理服务器
proxies = {
    'http:': 'http://121.232.146.184',
    'https:': 'https://144.255.48.197'
}

# offset的取值为:(评论页数-1)*20,total第一页为true,其余页为false
# first_param = '{rid:"", offset:"0", total:"true", limit:"20", csrf_token:""}' # 第一个参数
second_param = "010001"  # 第二个参数
# 第三个参数
third_param = "00e0b509f6259df8642dbc35662901477df22677ec152b5ff68ace615bb7b725152b3ab17a876aea8a5aa76d2e417629ec4ee341f56135fccf695280104e0312ecbda92557c93870114af6c9d05c4f7f0c3685b7a46bee255932575cce10b424d813cfe4875d3e82047b97ddef52741d546b8e289dc6935b3ece0462db0a22b8e7"
# 第四个参数
forth_param = "0CoJUm6Qyw8W8jud"


# 获取参数
def get_params(page):  # page为传入页数
    iv = "0102030405060708"
    first_key = forth_param
    second_key = 16 * 'F'
    if (page == 1):  # 如果为第一页
        first_param = '{rid:"", offset:"0", total:"true", limit:"20", csrf_token:""}'
        h_encText = AES_encrypt(first_param, first_key, iv)
    else:
        offset = str((page - 1) * 20)
        first_param = '{rid:"", offset:"%s", total:"%s", limit:"20", csrf_token:""}' % (offset, 'false')
        h_encText = AES_encrypt(first_param, first_key, iv)
    h_encText = AES_encrypt(h_encText, second_key, iv)
    return h_encText


# 获取 encSecKey
def get_encSecKey():
    encSecKey = "257348aecb5e556c066de214e531faadd1c55d814f9be95fd06d6bff9f4c7a41f831f6394d5a3fd2e3881736d94a02ca919d952872e7d0a50ebfa1769a7a62d512f5f1ca21aec60bc3819a9c3ffca5eca9a0dba6d6f7249b06f5965ecfff3695b54e1c28f3f624750ed39e7de08fc8493242e26dbc4484a01c76f739e135637c"
    return encSecKey


# 解密过程
def AES_encrypt(text, key, iv):
    pad = 16 - len(text) % 16
    text = text + pad * chr(pad)
    encryptor = AES.new(key, AES.MODE_CBC, iv)
    encrypt_text = encryptor.encrypt(text)
    encrypt_text = base64.b64encode(encrypt_text)
    return encrypt_text


# 获得评论json数据
def get_json(url, params, encSecKey):
    data = {
        "params": params,
        "encSecKey": encSecKey
    }
    response = requests.post(url, headers=headers, data=data, proxies=proxies)
    return response.content


# 抓取热门评论,返回热评列表
def get_hot_comments(url):
    hot_comments_list = []
    hot_comments_list.append(u"用户ID 用户昵称 用户头像地址 评论时间 点赞总数 评论内容\n")
    params = get_params(1)  # 第一页
    encSecKey = get_encSecKey()
    json_text = get_json(url, params, encSecKey)
    json_dict = json.loads(json_text)
    hot_comments = json_dict['hotComments']  # 热门评论
    print("共有%d条热门评论!" % len(hot_comments))
    for item in hot_comments:
        comment = item['content']  # 评论内容
        likedCount = item['likedCount']  # 点赞总数
        comment_time = item['time']  # 评论时间(时间戳)
        userID = item['user']['userID']  # 评论者id
        nickname = item['user']['nickname']  # 昵称
        avatarUrl = item['user']['avatarUrl']  # 头像地址
        comment_info = userID + " " + nickname + " " + avatarUrl + " " + comment_time + " " + likedCount + " " + comment + u"\n"
        hot_comments_list.append(comment_info)
    return hot_comments_list


# 抓取某一首歌的全部评论
def get_all_comments(url):
    all_comments_list = []  # 存放所有评论
    all_comments_list.append(u"用户ID 用户昵称 用户头像地址 评论时间 点赞总数 评论内容\n")  # 头部信息
    params = get_params(1)
    encSecKey = get_encSecKey()
    json_text = get_json(url, params, encSecKey)
    json_dict = json.loads(json_text)
    comments_num = int(json_dict['total'])
    if (comments_num % 20 == 0):
        page = comments_num / 20
    else:
        page = int(comments_num / 20) + 1
    print("共有%d页评论!" % page)
    for i in range(page-87000):  # 逐页抓取
        params = get_params(i + 1)
        encSecKey = get_encSecKey()
        json_text = get_json(url, params, encSecKey)
        json_dict = json.loads(json_text)
        if i == 0:
            print("共有%d条评论!" % comments_num)  # 全部评论总数
        for item in json_dict['comments']:
            comment = item['content']  # 评论内容
            likedCount = item['likedCount']  # 点赞总数
            comment_time = item['time']  # 评论时间(时间戳)
            userID = item['user']['userId']  # 评论者id
            nickname = item['user']['nickname']  # 昵称
            avatarUrl = item['user']['avatarUrl']  # 头像地址
            comment_info = unicode(userID) + u" " + nickname + u" " + avatarUrl + u" " + unicode(
                comment_time) + u" " + unicode(likedCount) + u" " + comment + u"\n"
            all_comments_list.append(comment_info)
        print("第%d页抓取完毕!" % (i + 1))
    return all_comments_list


# 将评论写入文本文件
def save_to_file(list, filename):
    with codecs.open(filename, 'a', encoding='utf-8') as f:
        f.writelines(list)
    print("写入文件成功!")


if __name__ == "__main__":
    start_time = time.time()  # 开始时间
    url = "http://music.163.com/weapi/v1/resource/comments/R_SO_4_186016/?csrf_token="
    filename = u"晴天.txt"
    all_comments_list = get_all_comments(url)
    save_to_file(all_comments_list, filename)
    end_time = time.time()  # 结束时间
    print("程序耗时%f秒." % (end_time - start_time))

(2)改进版

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
'''
@Description:
网易云音乐评论爬虫,可以完整爬取整个评论
'''
from Crypto.Cipher import AES
import base64
import requests
import json
import codecs
import time

# 头部信息
headers = {
    'Host': "music.163.com",
    'Accept-Language': "zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,en-US;q=0.5,en;q=0.3",
    'Accept-Encoding': "gzip, deflate",
    'Content-Type': "application/x-www-form-urlencoded",
    'Cookie': "_ntes_nnid=754361b04b121e078dee797cdb30e0fd,1486026808627; _ntes_nuid=754361b04b121e078dee797cdb30e0fd; JSESSIONID-WYYY=yfqt9ofhY%5CIYNkXW71TqY5OtSZyjE%2FoswGgtl4dMv3Oa7%5CQ50T%2FVaee%2FMSsCifHE0TGtRMYhSPpr20i%5CRO%2BO%2B9pbbJnrUvGzkibhNqw3Tlgn%5Coil%2FrW7zFZZWSA3K9gD77MPSVH6fnv5hIT8ms70MNB3CxK5r3ecj3tFMlWFbFOZmGw%5C%3A1490677541180; _iuqxldmzr_=32; vjuids=c8ca7976.15a029d006a.0.51373751e63af8; vjlast=1486102528.1490172479.21; __gads=ID=a9eed5e3cae4d252:T=1486102537:S=ALNI_Mb5XX2vlkjsiU5cIy91-ToUDoFxIw; vinfo_n_f_l_n3=411a2def7f75a62e.1.1.1486349441669.1486349607905.1490173828142; P_INFO=m15527594439@163.com|1489375076|1|study|00&99|null&null&null#hub&420100#10#0#0|155439&1|study_client|15527594439@163.com; NTES_CMT_USER_INFO=84794134%7Cm155****4439%7Chttps%3A%2F%2Fsimg.ws.126.net%2Fe%2Fimg5.cache.netease.com%2Ftie%2Fimages%2Fyun%2Fphoto_default_62.png.39x39.100.jpg%7Cfalse%7CbTE1NTI3NTk0NDM5QDE2My5jb20%3D; usertrack=c+5+hljHgU0T1FDmA66MAg==; Province=027; City=027; _ga=GA1.2.1549851014.1489469781; __utma=94650624.1549851014.1489469781.1490664577.1490672820.8; __utmc=94650624; __utmz=94650624.1490661822.6.2.utmcsr=baidu|utmccn=(organic)|utmcmd=organic; playerid=81568911; __utmb=94650624.23.10.1490672820",
    'Connection': "keep-alive",
    'Referer': 'http://music.163.com/'
}
# 设置代理服务器
proxies = {
    'http:': 'http://121.232.146.184',
    'https:': 'https://144.255.48.197'
}

# offset的取值为:(评论页数-1)*20,total第一页为true,其余页为false
# first_param = '{rid:"", offset:"0", total:"true", limit:"20", csrf_token:""}' # 第一个参数
second_param = "010001"  # 第二个参数
# 第三个参数
third_param = "00e0b509f6259df8642dbc35662901477df22677ec152b5ff68ace615bb7b725152b3ab17a876aea8a5aa76d2e417629ec4ee341f56135fccf695280104e0312ecbda92557c93870114af6c9d05c4f7f0c3685b7a46bee255932575cce10b424d813cfe4875d3e82047b97ddef52741d546b8e289dc6935b3ece0462db0a22b8e7"
# 第四个参数
forth_param = "0CoJUm6Qyw8W8jud"


# 获取参数
def get_params(page):  # page为传入页数
    iv = "0102030405060708"
    first_key = forth_param
    second_key = 16 * 'F'
    if (page == 1):  # 如果为第一页
        first_param = '{rid:"", offset:"0", total:"true", limit:"20", csrf_token:""}'
        h_encText = AES_encrypt(first_param, first_key, iv)
    else:
        offset = str((page - 1) * 20)
        first_param = '{rid:"", offset:"%s", total:"%s", limit:"20", csrf_token:""}' % (offset, 'false')
        h_encText = AES_encrypt(first_param, first_key, iv)
    h_encText = AES_encrypt(h_encText, second_key, iv)
    return h_encText


# 获取 encSecKey
def get_encSecKey():
    encSecKey = "257348aecb5e556c066de214e531faadd1c55d814f9be95fd06d6bff9f4c7a41f831f6394d5a3fd2e3881736d94a02ca919d952872e7d0a50ebfa1769a7a62d512f5f1ca21aec60bc3819a9c3ffca5eca9a0dba6d6f7249b06f5965ecfff3695b54e1c28f3f624750ed39e7de08fc8493242e26dbc4484a01c76f739e135637c"
    return encSecKey


# 解密过程
def AES_encrypt(text, key, iv):
    pad = 16 - len(text) % 16
    text = text + pad * chr(pad)
    encryptor = AES.new(key, AES.MODE_CBC, iv)
    encrypt_text = encryptor.encrypt(text)
    encrypt_text = base64.b64encode(encrypt_text)
    return encrypt_text


# 获得评论json数据
def get_json(url, params, encSecKey):
    data = {
        "params": params,
        "encSecKey": encSecKey
    }
    response = requests.post(url, headers=headers, data=data, proxies=proxies)
    return response.content


# 抓取热门评论,返回热评列表
def get_hot_comments(url):
    hot_comments_list = []
    hot_comments_list.append(u"用户ID 用户昵称 用户头像地址 评论时间 点赞总数 评论内容\n")
    params = get_params(1)  # 第一页
    encSecKey = get_encSecKey()
    json_text = get_json(url, params, encSecKey)
    json_dict = json.loads(json_text)
    hot_comments = json_dict['hotComments']  # 热门评论
    print("共有%d条热门评论!" % len(hot_comments))
    for item in hot_comments:
        comment = item['content']  # 评论内容
        likedCount = item['likedCount']  # 点赞总数
        comment_time = item['time']  # 评论时间(时间戳)
        userID = item['user']['userID']  # 评论者id
        nickname = item['user']['nickname']  # 昵称
        avatarUrl = item['user']['avatarUrl']  # 头像地址
        comment_info = userID + " " + nickname + " " + avatarUrl + " " + comment_time + " " + likedCount + " " + comment + u"\n"
        hot_comments_list.append(comment_info)
    return hot_comments_list


# 抓取某一首歌的全部评论
def get_all_comments(url):
    all_comments_list = []  # 存放所有评论
    all_comments_list.append(u"用户ID 用户昵称 用户头像地址 评论时间 点赞总数 评论内容\n")  # 头部信息
    params = get_params(1)
    encSecKey = get_encSecKey()
    json_text = get_json(url, params, encSecKey)
    json_dict = json.loads(json_text)
    comments_num = int(json_dict['total'])
    if (comments_num % 20 == 0):
        page = comments_num / 20
    else:
        page = int(comments_num / 20) + 1
    print("共有%d页评论!" % page)
    for i in range(page):  # 逐页抓取,但是由于页数太多了导致连接中断,所以取了部分页数的评论作为参考
        params = get_params(i + 1)
        encSecKey = get_encSecKey()
        json_text = get_json(url, params, encSecKey)
        json_dict = json.loads(json_text)
        if i == 0:
            print("共有%d条评论!" % comments_num)  # 全部评论总数
        for item in json_dict['comments']:
            comment = item['content']  # 评论内容
            likedCount = item['likedCount']  # 点赞总数
            comment_time = item['time']  # 评论时间(时间戳)
            userID = item['user']['userId']  # 评论者id
            nickname = item['user']['nickname']  # 昵称
            avatarUrl = item['user']['avatarUrl']  # 头像地址
            comment_info = unicode(userID) + u" " + nickname + u" " + avatarUrl + u" " + unicode(
                comment_time) + u" " + unicode(likedCount) + u" " + comment + u"\n"
            all_comments_list.append(comment_info)
        print("第%d页抓取完毕!" % (i + 1))
    return all_comments_list


# 将评论写入文本文件
def save_to_file(list, filename):
    with codecs.open(filename, 'a', encoding='utf-8') as f:
        f.writelines(list)
    print("写入文件成功!")


if __name__ == "__main__":
 while True:
    start_time = time.time()  # 开始时间
    #song_id=418603077           #每个歌曲都有一个id
    song_id = input('please input song_id:')
    url = "http://music.163.com/weapi/v1/resource/comments/R_SO_4_%s/?csrf_token="%(song_id,)
    filename = u"%s.txt"%(song_id)
    all_comments_list = get_all_comments(url)
    save_to_file(all_comments_list, filename)
    end_time = time.time()  # 结束时间
    print("程序耗时%f秒." % (end_time - start_time))
三、运行结果



阅读更多
个人分类: python爬虫
想对作者说点什么? 我来说一句

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

关闭
关闭
关闭