servlet版本与tomcat版本对应关系,各版本web.xml头信息写法

Apache官方对各版本的解释:http://tomcat.apache.org/whichversion.html

The mapping between the specifications and the respective Apache Tomcat versions is:

Servlet Spec JSP Spec EL Spec WebSocket Spec JASPIC Spec Apache Tomcat version Actual release revision Supported Java Versions
4.0 TBD (2.4?) TBD (3.1?) TBD (1.2?) 1.1 9.0.x 9.0.0.M9 (alpha) 8 and later
3.1 2.3 3.0 1.1 1.1 8.5.x 8.5.4 7 and later
3.1 2.3 3.0 1.1 N/A 8.0.x (superseded) 8.0.35 (superseded) 7 and later
3.0 2.2 2.2 1.1 N/A 7.0.x 7.0.70 6 and later
(7 and later for WebSocket)
2.5 2.1 2.1 N/A N/A 6.0.x 6.0.45 5 and later
2.4 2.0 N/A N/A N/A 5.5.x (archived) 5.5.36 (archived) 1.4 and later
2.3 1.2 N/A N/A N/A 4.1.x (archived) 4.1.40 (archived) 1.3 and later
2.2 1.1 N/A N/A N/A 3.3.x (archived) 3.3.2 (archived) 1.1 and later

web.xml v2.3

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1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>  
2 <!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN" "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd">  
3    
4 <web-app>  
5    
6 </web-app>
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web.xml v2.4

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1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
2 <web-app id="WebApp_9" version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"   
3     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
4     xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">  
5    
6 </web-app>
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web.xml v2.5

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 1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
 2    
 3 <web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"  
 4    
 5 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
 6    
 7 xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"  
 8    
 9 version="2.5">  
10    
11 </web-app>
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web.xml v3.0

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1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
2    
3 <web-app  
4         version="3.0"  
5         xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"  
6         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
7         xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd">  
8    
9 </web-app>

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