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本教程介绍了如何使用JDBC应用程序表中选择记录的一个例子。这将使用WHERE子句,而从表中选择记录添加附加条件。执行下面的示例之前,请确保如下:

  • 执行下面的例子中,使用实际的用户名和密码代替username和password。

  • MySQL或者其他数据库,正在使用:启动和运行。

所需的步骤:






创建使用JDBC应用程序一个新的数据库需要执行以下步骤:

  • 导入包:要求包括含有需要进行数据库编程的JDBC类的包。大多数情况下,使用 import java.sql.* 。

  • 注册JDBC驱动程序:要求初始化驱动程序,使可以与数据库打开一个通信通道。

  • 打开一个连接:要求使用DriverManager.getConnection()方法创建一个Connection对象,它代表与数据库服务器的物理连接。

  • 执行一个查询:需要使用类型声明的对象建立并提交一个SQL语句从符合给定条件的表获取记录。查询使用WHERE子句来查询记录。

  • 清理环境:需要明确地关闭所有的数据库资源相对于依靠JVM的垃圾收集。

示例代码:











复制过去的下面的例子中JDBCExample.java,编译并运行,如下所示:

//STEP 1. Import required packages
import java.sql.*;

public class JDBCExample {
   // JDBC driver name and database URL
   static final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";  
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/STUDENTS";

   //  Database credentials
   static final String USER = "username";
   static final String PASS = "password";
   
   public static void main(String[] args) {
   Connection conn = null;
   Statement stmt = null;
   try{
      //STEP 2: Register JDBC driver
      Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");

      //STEP 3: Open a connection
      System.out.println("Connecting to a selected database...");
      conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);
      System.out.println("Connected database successfully...");
      
      //STEP 4: Execute a query
      System.out.println("Creating statement...");
      stmt = conn.createStatement();

      // Extract records without any condition.
      System.out.println("Fetching records without condition...");
      String sql = "SELECT id, first, last, age FROM Registration";
      ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);

      while(rs.next()){
         //Retrieve by column name
         int id  = rs.getInt("id");
         int age = rs.getInt("age");
         String first = rs.getString("first");
         String last = rs.getString("last");

         //Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + id);
         System.out.print(", Age: " + age);
         System.out.print(", First: " + first);
         System.out.println(", Last: " + last);
      }

      // Select all records having ID equal or greater than 101
      System.out.println("Fetching records with condition...");
      sql = "SELECT id, first, last, age FROM Registration" +
                   " WHERE id >= 101 ";
      rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);

      while(rs.next()){
         //Retrieve by column name
         int id  = rs.getInt("id");
         int age = rs.getInt("age");
         String first = rs.getString("first");
         String last = rs.getString("last");

         //Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + id);
         System.out.print(", Age: " + age);
         System.out.print(", First: " + first);
         System.out.println(", Last: " + last);
      }
      rs.close();
   }catch(SQLException se){
      //Handle errors for JDBC
      se.printStackTrace();
   }catch(Exception e){
      //Handle errors for Class.forName
      e.printStackTrace();
   }finally{
      //finally block used to close resources
      try{
         if(stmt!=null)
            conn.close();
      }catch(SQLException se){
      }// do nothing
      try{
         if(conn!=null)
            conn.close();
      }catch(SQLException se){
         se.printStackTrace();
      }//end finally try
   }//end try
   System.out.println("Goodbye!");
}//end main
}//end JDBCExample

现在让我们来编译上面的例子如下:

C:>javac JDBCExample.java
C:>

当运行JDBCExample,它会产生以下结果:

C:>java JDBCExample
Connecting to a selected database...
Connected database successfully...
Creating statement...
Fetching records without condition...
ID: 100, Age: 30, First: Zara, Last: Ali
ID: 102, Age: 30, First: Zaid, Last: Khan
ID: 103, Age: 28, First: Sumit, Last: Mittal
Fetching records with condition...
ID: 102, Age: 30, First: Zaid, Last: Khan
ID: 103, Age: 28, First: Sumit, Last: Mittal
Goodbye!
C:>

本教程介绍了如何使用JDBC应用程序表中选择记录的一个例子。这里使用LIKE子句,而从表中选择记录添加附加条件。执行下面的示例之前,请确保如下:

  • 执行下面的例子中,请使用实际的用户名和密码代替username和password。

  • MySQL或者其他数据库,正在使用:启动和运行。

所需步骤:






使用JDBC应用程序创建一个新的数据库需要执行以下步骤:

  • 导入包:要求包括含有需要进行数据库编程的JDBC类的包。大多数情况下,使用 import java.sql.* 。

  • 注册JDBC驱动程序:要求初始化驱动程序,使它可以与数据库打开一个通信通道。

  • 打开一个连接:要求使用DriverManager.getConnection()方法创建一个Connection对象,它代表与数据库服务器的物理连接。

  • 执行一个查询:需要使用类型Statement对象建立并提交一个SQL语句从符合给定条件的表获取记录。这使得查询使用LIKE子句来选择记录选择所有名字以 "za" 开始的学生。

  • 清理环境:需要明确地关闭所有的数据库资源相对于依靠JVM的垃圾收集。

示例代码:











复制过去的下面的例子中JDBCExample.java,编译并运行,如下所示:

//STEP 1. Import required packages
import java.sql.*;

public class JDBCExample {
   // JDBC driver name and database URL
   static final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";  
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/STUDENTS";

   //  Database credentials
   static final String USER = "username";
   static final String PASS = "password";
   
   public static void main(String[] args) {
   Connection conn = null;
   Statement stmt = null;
   try{
      //STEP 2: Register JDBC driver
      Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");

      //STEP 3: Open a connection
      System.out.println("Connecting to a selected database...");
      conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);
      System.out.println("Connected database successfully...");
      
      //STEP 4: Execute a query
      System.out.println("Creating statement...");
      stmt = conn.createStatement();

      // Extract records without any condition.
      System.out.println("Fetching records without condition...");
      String sql = "SELECT id, first, last, age FROM Registration";
      ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);

      while(rs.next()){
         //Retrieve by column name
         int id  = rs.getInt("id");
         int age = rs.getInt("age");
         String first = rs.getString("first");
         String last = rs.getString("last");

         //Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + id);
         System.out.print(", Age: " + age);
         System.out.print(", First: " + first);
         System.out.println(", Last: " + last);
      }

      // Select all records having ID equal or greater than 101
      System.out.println("Fetching records with condition...");
      sql = "SELECT id, first, last, age FROM Registration" +
                   " WHERE first LIKE '%za%' ";
      rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);

      while(rs.next()){
         //Retrieve by column name
         int id  = rs.getInt("id");
         int age = rs.getInt("age");
         String first = rs.getString("first");
         String last = rs.getString("last");

         //Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + id);
         System.out.print(", Age: " + age);
         System.out.print(", First: " + first);
         System.out.println(", Last: " + last);
      }
      rs.close();
   }catch(SQLException se){
      //Handle errors for JDBC
      se.printStackTrace();
   }catch(Exception e){
      //Handle errors for Class.forName
      e.printStackTrace();
   }finally{
      //finally block used to close resources
      try{
         if(stmt!=null)
            conn.close();
      }catch(SQLException se){
      }// do nothing
      try{
         if(conn!=null)
            conn.close();
      }catch(SQLException se){
         se.printStackTrace();
      }//end finally try
   }//end try
   System.out.println("Goodbye!");
}//end main
}//end JDBCExample

现在来编译上面的例子如下:

C:>javac JDBCExample.java
C:>

当运行JDBCExample,它会产生以下结果:

C:>java JDBCExample
Connecting to a selected database...
Connected database successfully...
Creating statement...
Fetching records without condition...
ID: 100, Age: 30, First: Zara, Last: Ali
ID: 102, Age: 30, First: Zaid, Last: Khan
ID: 103, Age: 28, First: Sumit, Last: Mittal
Fetching records with condition...
ID: 100, Age: 30, First: Zara, Last: Ali
ID: 102, Age: 30, First: Zaid, Last: Khan
Goodbye!
C:>


本教程介绍了如何使用JDBC应用程序的对表中的数据进行排序的例子。这将使用asc和desc关键字的记录按升序或降序排序。执行下面的示例之前,请确保如下:

  • 执行下面的例子中,请使用实际的用户名和密码代替username和password。

  • MySQL或者其他数据库,正在使用:启动和运行。

所需步骤:






使用JDBC应用程序创建一个新的数据库需要执行以下步骤:

  • 导入包:要求包括含有需要进行数据库编程的JDBC类的包。大多数情况下,使用 import java.sql.* 。

  • 注册JDBC驱动程序:要求初始化驱动程序,使它可以与数据库打开一个通信通道。

  • 打开一个连接:要求使用DriverManager.getConnection()方法创建一个Connection对象,它代表与数据库服务器的物理连接。

  • 执行一个查询:需要使用类型语句的对象建立并提交一个SQL语句的记录从表中进行排序。查询利用ASC和DESC子句来按升序和降序顺序排序数据。

  • 清理环境:需要明确地关闭所有的数据库资源相对于依靠JVM的垃圾收集。

示例代码:











复制过去的下面的例子中JDBCExample.java,编译并运行,如下所示:

//STEP 1. Import required packages
import java.sql.*;

public class JDBCExample {
   // JDBC driver name and database URL
   static final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";  
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/STUDENTS";

   //  Database credentials
   static final String USER = "username";
   static final String PASS = "password";
   
   public static void main(String[] args) {
   Connection conn = null;
   Statement stmt = null;
   try{
      //STEP 2: Register JDBC driver
      Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");

      //STEP 3: Open a connection
      System.out.println("Connecting to a selected database...");
      conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);
      System.out.println("Connected database successfully...");
      
      //STEP 4: Execute a query
      System.out.println("Creating statement...");
      stmt = conn.createStatement();

      // Extract records in ascending order by first name.
      System.out.println("Fetching records in ascending order...");
      String sql = "SELECT id, first, last, age FROM Registration" +
                   " ORDER BY first ASC";
      ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);

      while(rs.next()){
         //Retrieve by column name
         int id  = rs.getInt("id");
         int age = rs.getInt("age");
         String first = rs.getString("first");
         String last = rs.getString("last");

         //Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + id);
         System.out.print(", Age: " + age);
         System.out.print(", First: " + first);
         System.out.println(", Last: " + last);
      }

      // Extract records in descending order by first name.
      System.out.println("Fetching records in descending order...");
      sql = "SELECT id, first, last, age FROM Registration" +
                   " ORDER BY first DESC";
      rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);

      while(rs.next()){
         //Retrieve by column name
         int id  = rs.getInt("id");
         int age = rs.getInt("age");
         String first = rs.getString("first");
         String last = rs.getString("last");

         //Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + id);
         System.out.print(", Age: " + age);
         System.out.print(", First: " + first);
         System.out.println(", Last: " + last);
      }
      rs.close();
   }catch(SQLException se){
      //Handle errors for JDBC
      se.printStackTrace();
   }catch(Exception e){
      //Handle errors for Class.forName
      e.printStackTrace();
   }finally{
      //finally block used to close resources
      try{
         if(stmt!=null)
            conn.close();
      }catch(SQLException se){
      }// do nothing
      try{
         if(conn!=null)
            conn.close();
      }catch(SQLException se){
         se.printStackTrace();
      }//end finally try
   }//end try
   System.out.println("Goodbye!");
}//end main
}//end JDBCExample

现在编译上面的例子如下:

C:>javac JDBCExample.java
C:>

当运行JDBCExample,它会产生以下结果:

C:>java JDBCExample
Connecting to a selected database...
Connected database successfully...
Creating statement...
Fetching records in ascending order...
ID: 103, Age: 28, First: Sumit, Last: Mittal
ID: 102, Age: 30, First: Zaid, Last: Khan
ID: 100, Age: 30, First: Zara, Last: Ali
Fetching records in descending order...
ID: 100, Age: 30, First: Zara, Last: Ali
ID: 102, Age: 30, First: Zaid, Last: Khan
ID: 103, Age: 28, First: Sumit, Last: Mittal
Goodbye!
C:>
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