还是关与postcode

转载 2007年09月23日 06:01:00
Port 80h POST Codes

POST Code Description of POST Operation

Host Processor

10 Power-on initialization of the host processor (Boot Strap Processor)
11 Host processor Cache initialization (including APs)
12 Starting Application processor initialization
13 SMM initialization

Chipset

21 Initializing a chipset component

Memory

22 Reading SPD from memory DIMMs
23 Detecting presence of memory DIMMs
24 Programming timing parameters in the memory controller and the DIMMs
25 Configuring memory
26 Optimizing memory settings
27 Initializing memory, such as ECC init
28 Testing memory

PCI Bus

50 Enumerating PCI busses
51 Allocating resources to PCI bus
52 Hot Plug PCI controller initialization
53 – 57 Reserved for PCI Bus

USB

58 Resetting USB bus
59 Reserved for USB

ATA/ATAPI/SATA

5A Resetting PATA/SATA bus and all devices
5B Reserved for ATA

SMBus

5C Resetting SMBUS
5D Reserved for SMBUS

Local Console

70 Resetting the VGA controller
71 Disabling the VGA controller
72 Enabling the VGA controller

Remote Console

78 Resetting the console controller
79 Disabling the console controller
7A Enabling the console controller

Keyboard (PS2 or USB)

90 Resetting keyboard
91 Disabling keyboard
92 Detecting presence of keyboard
93 Enabling the keyboard
94 Clearing keyboard input buffer
95 Instructing keyboard controller to run Self Test (PS2 only)

Mouse (PS2 or USB)

98 Resetting mouse
99 Disabling mouse
9A Detecting presence of mouse
9B Enabling mouse

Fixed Media

B0 Resetting fixed media
B1 Disabling fixed media
B2 Detecting presence of a fixed media (IDE hard drive detection etc.)
B3 Enabling/configuring a fixed media

Removable media

B8 Resetting removable media
B9 Disabling removable media
BA Detecting presence of a removable media (IDE, CD-ROM detection, etc.)
BC Enabling/configuring a removable media
BDS
Dy Trying boot selection y (y=0 to 15)

PEI Core

E0 Started dispatching PEIMs (emitted on first report of EFI_SW_PC_INIT_BEGIN EFI_SW_PEI_PC_HANDOFF_TO_NEXT)
E2 Permanent memory found
E1, E3 Reserved for PEI/PEIMs

DXE Core

E4 Entered DXE phase
E5 Started dispatching drivers
E6 Started connecting drivers

DXE Drivers

E7 Waiting for user input
E8 Checking password
E9 Entering BIOS setup
EB Calling Legacy Option ROMs

Runtime Phase/EFI OS Boot

F4 Entering Sleep state
F5 Exiting Sleep state
F8 EFI boot service ExitBootServices ( ) has been called
F9 EFI runtime service SetVirtualAddressMap ( ) has been called
FA EFI runtime service ResetSystem ( ) has been called

PEIMs/Recovery

30 Crisis Recovery has initiated per User request
31 Crisis Recovery has initiated by software (corrupt flash)
34 Loading recovery capsule
35 Handing off control to the recovery capsule
3F Unable to recover


Typical Port 80h POST Sequence
Port 80h code values will typically increase during the boot process. The early codes are for subsystems closer to the processor and the later codes are for peripherals. Typically, the order of initialization is Processor -> Memory -> Busses -> Output/Input Devices -> Boot Devices. The sequence of POST is system-specific.

POST Code Description
21 Initializing a chipset component
22 Reading SPD from memory DIMMs
23 Detecting presence of memory DIMMs
25 Configuring memory
28 Testing memory
34 Loading recovery capsule
E4 Entered DXE phase
12 Starting Application processor initialization
13 SMM initialization
50 Enumerating PCI busses
51 Allocating resourced to PCI bus
92 Detecting the presence of the keyboard
90 Resetting keyboard
94 Clearing keyboard input buffer
95 Keyboard Self Test
EB Calling Video BIOS
58 Resetting USB bus
5A Resetting PATA/SATA bus and all devices
92 Detecting the presence of the keyboard
90 Resetting keyboard
94 Clearing keyboard input buffer
5A Resetting PATA/SATA bus and all devices
28 Testing memory
90 Resetting keyboard
94 Clearing keyboard input buffer
E7 Waiting for user input
01 INT 19
00 Ready to boot
 

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