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Android 高通平台Camera录制--MPEG4Writer.cpp 简单跟读

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       首先在前面申明一点,本人接触Android的时间并不长,只是因为喜欢 Android开发,并且项目有需要,才会去看Android framework 层MPEG4Writer.cpp 的代码。在这里也只是想简单的记录下自己这几天跟读代码的结果,也好给自己个交代。其中有些知识还是感谢网上其它大神的指点,这里给出我参考的博文的链接点击打开链接 http://m.blog.csdn.net/blog/liwendovo/8478259

    下面的一些内容和图片,我就不自己总结了,直接粘贴上面链接博文的内容:

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Android系统录像封装流程主要有三个步骤:

1)       录制开始时,写入文件头部。

2)       录制进行时,实时写入音视频轨迹的数据块。

3)       录制结束时,写入索引信息并更新头部参数。

  索引负责描述音视频轨迹的特征,会随着音视频轨迹的存储而变化,所以通常做法会将录像文件索引信息放在音视频轨迹流后面,在媒体流数据写完(录像结束)后才能写入。可以看到,存放音视频数据的mdat box是位于第二位的,而负责检索音视频的moov box是位于最后的,这与通常的MP4封装的排列顺序不同,当然这是为了符合录制而产生的结果。因为 moov的大小是随着 mdat 变化的,而我们录制视频的时间预先是不知道的,所以需要先将mdat 数据写入,最后再写入moov,完成封装。 

  现有Android系统上录像都是录制是MP4或3GP格式,底层就是使用MPEG4Writer组合器类来完成的,它将编码后的音视频轨迹按照MPEG4规范进行封装,填入各个参数,就组合成完整的MP4格式文件。MPEG4Writer的组合功能主要由两种线程完成,一种是负责音视频数据写入封装文件的写线程(WriterThread),一种是音视频数据读取处理的轨迹线程(TrackThread)。轨迹线程一般有两个:视频轨迹数据读取线程和音频轨迹数据读取线程,而写线程只有一个,负责将轨迹线程中打包成Chunk的数据写入封装文件。

  如图3所示,轨迹线程是以帧为单位获取数据帧(Sample),并将每帧中的信息及系统环境信息提取汇总存储在内存的trak表中,其中需要维持的信息有Chunk写入文件的偏移地址Stco(Chunk Offset)、Sample与Chunk的映射关系Stsc(Sample-to-Chunk)、关键帧Stss(Sync Sample)、每一帧的持续时间Stts(Time-to-Sample)等,这些信息是跟每一帧的信息密切相关的,由图可以看出trak表由各自的线程维护,当录像结束时trak表会就会写入封装文件。而每一帧的数据流会先存入一个链表缓存中,当帧的数量达到一定值时,轨迹线程会将这些帧数据打包成块(Chunk)并通知写线程写入到封装文件。写线程接到Chunk已准备好的通知后就马上搜索Chunk链表(链表个数与轨迹线程个数相关,一般有两个,音视频轨迹线程各有一个),将找到的第一个Chunk后便写入封装文件,并会将写入的偏移地址更新到相应的trak表的Stco项(但trak表中其它数据是由轨迹线程更新)。音视频的Chunk数据是存储于同一mdat box中,按添加到Chunk链表时间先后顺序排列。等到录像结束时,录像应用会调用MPEG4Writer的stop方法,此时就会将音视频的trak表分别写入moov。

 

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     其实看完上面的内容,应该对Android录制视频过程中,录制的视频的封装过程有一个大体了解,我们平时所说的视频后缀名.mp4/.mkv等等就是视频封装的各种格式。

     下面将给出MPEG4Writer.cpp 的跟读过程:

      MPEG4Writer.cpp 的构造函数,在这里将实现一些参数的初始化,fd是传进来的录制文件的文件描述符。

 MPEG4Writer::MPEG4Writer(int fd)
       mFd(dup(fd)),
      ifReRecording(false),
      mInitCheck(mFd < 0? NO_INIT: OK),
      mIsRealTimeRecording(true),
      mUse4ByteNalLength(true),
      mUse32BitOffset(true),
      mIsFileSizeLimitExplicitlyRequested(false),
      mPaused(false),
      mStarted(false),
      mWriterThreadStarted(false),
      mOffset(0),
      mMdatOffset(0),
      mEstimatedMoovBoxSize(0),
      mInterleaveDurationUs(1000000),
      mLatitudex10000(0),
      mLongitudex10000(0),
      mAreGeoTagsAvailable(false),
      mStartTimeOffsetMs(-1),
      mHFRRatio(1) {
      
      ALOGD("*** MPEG4Writer(int fd):mFd is:%d",mFd);
	  
}

     应用层 MediaRecorder.start();时,往framework层调用时,将会调用到MPEG4Writer.cpp 中的 start部分,在start部分,我们看到在这一部分,writeFtypBox(param) 将实现录制文件文件头部信息的相关信息的写入操作;startWriterThread() 开启封装视频文件的写线程;startTracks(param) 开启视频数据的读线程,也就是前面文件部分所说的轨迹线程。

status_t MPEG4Writer::start(MetaData *param) {
          ......

	//暂停后,再次start时,mStarted = true;mPaused = false;
    if (mStarted) {
        if (mPaused) {
            mPaused = false;
            return startTracks(param); 
        }
        return OK;
    }

      ......

    writeFtypBox(param); //写入封装文件头部信息

    mFreeBoxOffset = mOffset;

      ......

    mOffset = mMdatOffset; 
   lseek64(mFd, mMdatOffset, SEEK_SET);//将文件指针移动到mMdatOffset的位置
 
       status_t err = startWriterThread(); //开启写线程
          if (err != OK) { return err; }
        err = startTracks(param);//开启轨迹线程
         if (err != OK) { return err; }
         mStarted = true; return OK;}



   继续看下 startWriterThread()部分,在startWriterThread()函数中,将真正建立新的子线程,并在子线程中执行ThreadWrappe函数中的操作。

status_t MPEG4Writer::startWriterThread() {
    ALOGV("****** startWriterThread");

    mDone = false;
    mIsFirstChunk = true;
    mDriftTimeUs = 0;
    for (List<Track *>::iterator it = mTracks.begin();
         it != mTracks.end(); ++it) {
        ChunkInfo info;
        info.mTrack = *it;
        info.mPrevChunkTimestampUs = 0;
        info.mMaxInterChunkDurUs = 0;
        mChunkInfos.push_back(info);  //
    }

    pthread_attr_t attr;
    pthread_attr_init(&attr);
    pthread_attr_setdetachstate(&attr, PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE);
    pthread_create(&mThread, &attr,ThreadWrapper, this);
    pthread_attr_destroy(&attr);
    mWriterThreadStarted = true;
    return OK;
}
    接着继续看 ThreadWrapper()函数,在这里new 了一个MPEGWriter对象,真正的操作在threadFunc()中体现

void *MPEG4Writer::ThreadWrapper(void *me) {
    MPEG4Writer *writer = static_cast<MPEG4Writer *>(me);
    writer->threadFunc();
    return NULL;
}
   下面看下threadFun()。在这个函数中,将根据变量mDone 进行while循环,一直检测是否有数据块Chunk可写。轨迹线程是一直将读数据的数据往buffer中写入,buffer到了一定量后,就是chunk,这时就会通过信号量 mChunkReadyCondition来通知封装文件的写线程去检测链表,然后将检索到的Chunk数据写入文件的数据区,当然写之前,肯定会去判断下是否真的有数据可写。

void MPEG4Writer::threadFunc() {

    prctl(PR_SET_NAME, (unsigned long)"MPEG4Writer", 0, 0, 0);

    Mutex::Autolock autoLock(mLock);
    while (!mDone) {  
        Chunk chunk;
        bool chunkFound = false;

        while (!mDone && !(chunkFound = findChunkToWrite(&chunk))) {
            mChunkReadyCondition.wait(mLock);
        }

        // In real time recording mode, write without holding the lock in order
        // to reduce the blocking time for media track threads.
        // Otherwise, hold the lock until the existing chunks get written to the
        // file.
        if (chunkFound) {
            if (mIsRealTimeRecording) {
                mLock.unlock();
            }
            writeChunkToFile(&chunk);
            if (mIsRealTimeRecording) {
                mLock.lock();
            }
        }
    }

     writeAllChunks();//这个是在while(!mDone)之后了,应用层MediaRecorder.stop()时,mDone的值将为true,这里应该是录制文件结束时,将剩下的所有数据都写入封装文件,具体也没有跟读。
}
    下面看下writerChunkToFile(&chunk);轨迹线程读数据时是以数据帧Sample为单位,所以这里将Chunk写入封装文件,也是以Sample为单位,遍历整个链表,将数据写入封装文件,真正的写入操作是addSamole_l(*it);

void MPEG4Writer::writeChunkToFile(Chunk* chunk) {
    ALOGV("******writeChunkToFile: %lld from %s track",
        chunk->mTimeStampUs, chunk->mTrack->isAudio()? "audio": "video");

    int32_t isFirstSample = true;
    while (!chunk->mSamples.empty()) {
        List<MediaBuffer *>::iterator it = chunk->mSamples.begin();

        off64_t offset = chunk->mTrack->isAvc()
                                ? addLengthPrefixedSample_l(*it)
                                :addSample_l(*it);

        if (isFirstSample) {
            chunk->mTrack->addChunkOffset(offset);
            isFirstSample = false;
        }

        (*it)->release();
        (*it) = NULL;
        chunk->mSamples.erase(it);
    }
    chunk->mSamples.clear();
}
   下面看下addSamole_l(*it) 函数,wirte写入操作,mFd 是上层设置录制的文件路径传下来的文件描述符

off64_t MPEG4Writer::addSample_l(MediaBuffer *buffer) {
	
    off64_t old_offset = mOffset;

    ::write(mFd,
          (const uint8_t *)buffer->data() + buffer->range_offset(),
          buffer->range_length());

    mOffset += buffer->range_length();

    return old_offset;
}
     到此,封装文件的写入线程的操作大体走完,下面看轨迹线程的操作。

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   startTracks(param) 轨迹线程的开启。文件的录制过程中是有2条轨迹线程,一个是视频的轨迹线程,另一条则是音频的轨迹线程,在starTrack(param)中是在for 循环中start了两条轨迹线程。

status_t MPEG4Writer::startTracks(MetaData *params) {

    if (mTracks.empty()) {
        ALOGE("No source added");
        return INVALID_OPERATION;
    }

    for (List<Track *>::iterator it = mTracks.begin();
         it != mTracks.end(); ++it) {
        status_t err =(*it)->start(params);

        if (err != OK) {
            for (List<Track *>::iterator it2 = mTracks.begin();
                 it2 != it; ++it2) {
                (*it2)->stop();
            }

            return err;
        }
    }
    return OK;
}
   (*it)->start(params) 将会执行status_t MPEG4Writer::Track::start(MetaData *params) {} 。在这边也是同样新建子线程,在子线程中执行轨迹线程的相应操作。

status_t MPEG4Writer::Track::start(MetaData *params) {
  
    ......
    pthread_attr_t attr;
    pthread_attr_init(&attr);
    pthread_attr_setdetachstate(&attr, PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE);

    mDone = false;
    mStarted = true;
    mTrackDurationUs = 0;
    mReachedEOS = false;
    mEstimatedTrackSizeBytes = 0;
    mMdatSizeBytes = 0;
    mMaxChunkDurationUs = 0;

    pthread_create(&mThread, &attr,ThreadWrapper, this);//在子线程中执行ThreadWrapper函数
    pthread_attr_destroy(&attr);

    mHFRRatio = ExtendedUtils::HFR::getHFRRatio(mMeta);

    return OK;
}
   下面看下上面ThreadWrapper函数,真正的操作又是放到了threadEntry()中去执行
void *MPEG4Writer::Track::ThreadWrapper(void *me) {

    Track *track = static_cast<Track *>(me);

    status_t err = track->threadEntry();
    return (void *) err;
}
    下面看thrck->threadEntry(),算是比较重要的一个函数了。有些具体的我自己也没看懂,只是知道到大概。

status_t MPEG4Writer::Track::threadEntry() {
    ......
    int64_t lastTimestampUs = 0;      // Previous sample time stamp
    int64_t lastDurationUs = 0;       // Between the previous two samples
    int64_t currDurationTicks = 0;    // Timescale based ticks
    int64_t lastDurationTicks = 0;    // Timescale based ticks
    int32_t sampleCount = 1;          // Sample count in the current stts table entry
    uint32_t previousSampleSize = 0;  // Size of the previous sample
    int64_t previousPausedDurationUs = 0;
    int64_t timestampUs = 0;
    int64_t cttsOffsetTimeUs = 0;
    int64_t currCttsOffsetTimeTicks = 0;   // Timescale based ticks
    int64_t lastCttsOffsetTimeTicks = -1;  // Timescale based ticks
    int32_t cttsSampleCount = 0;           // Sample count in the current ctts table entry
    uint32_t lastSamplesPerChunk = 0;

 
    sp<MetaData> meta_data;

    status_t err = OK;
    MediaBuffer *buffer;     
    while (!mDone && (err = mSource->read(&buffer)) == OK) { 
     //mSource->read(&buffer) 将会调用CameraSource.cpp中的相应接口,进行视频数据的读取
    if (buffer->range_length() == 0) {
            buffer->release();
            buffer = NULL;
            ++nZeroLengthFrames;
            continue;
        }

        // If the codec specific data has not been received yet, delay pause.
        // After the codec specific data is received, discard what we received
        // when the track is to be paused.
        if (mPaused && !mResumed) {
            buffer->release();
            buffer = NULL;
            continue;
        }

        ++count;

        int32_t isCodecConfig;  //???
        
        if (buffer->meta_data()->findInt32(kKeyIsCodecConfig, &isCodecConfig)
                && isCodecConfig) {
            CHECK(!mGotAllCodecSpecificData);

            if (mIsAvc) {
                status_t err = makeAVCCodecSpecificData(
                        (const uint8_t *)buffer->data()
                            + buffer->range_offset(),
                        buffer->range_length());
                CHECK_EQ((status_t)OK, err);
            } else if (mIsMPEG4) {
                mCodecSpecificDataSize = buffer->range_length();
                mCodecSpecificData = malloc(mCodecSpecificDataSize);
                memcpy(mCodecSpecificData,
                        (const uint8_t *)buffer->data()
                            + buffer->range_offset(),
                       buffer->range_length());
            }

            buffer->release();
            buffer = NULL;

            mGotAllCodecSpecificData = true;
            continue;
        }

        // Make a deep copy of the MediaBuffer and Metadata and release
        // the original as soon as we can
        MediaBuffer *copy = new MediaBuffer(buffer->range_length());
        memcpy(copy->data(), (uint8_t *)buffer->data() + buffer->range_offset(),
                buffer->range_length());
        copy->set_range(0, buffer->range_length());
        meta_data = new MetaData(*buffer->meta_data().get());
        buffer->release();
        buffer = NULL;

        if (mIsAvc) StripStartcode(copy);

        size_t sampleSize = copy->range_length();
        if (mIsAvc) {
            if (mOwner->useNalLengthFour()) {
                sampleSize += 4;
            } else {
                sampleSize += 2;
            }
        }

        // Max file size or duration handling
        mMdatSizeBytes += sampleSize;
        updateTrackSizeEstimate();

        /*写过视频录制的同学应该比较清楚,在上层应用,初始化MediaRecorder时,设置了录制文件录制的大小或者录制录制的段长时,为了实现循环录制,就需要监听底层的回调接口。而底层的回调就是在下面实现的。
exceedsFileSizeLimit()函数将会判断录制的文件的大小是否已经达到设置的大小,从而决定是否向上层回馈信息。同理exceedsFileDurationLimit()函数则是判断是否到达设置的段长。
        */
        if (mOwner->exceedsFileSizeLimit()) {
            mOwner->notify(MEDIA_RECORDER_EVENT_INFO,MEDIA_RECORDER_INFO_MAX_FILESIZE_REACHED, 0);
            break;
        }
		
        if (mOwner->exceedsFileDurationLimit()) {
            mOwner->notify(MEDIA_RECORDER_EVENT_INFO, MEDIA_RECORDER_INFO_MAX_DURATION_REACHED, 0);
            
			break;
        }

        int32_t isSync = false;
        meta_data->findInt32(kKeyIsSyncFrame, &isSync);
        CHECK(meta_data->findInt64(kKeyTime, ×tampUs));

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        if (mStszTableEntries->count() == 0) {
            mFirstSampleTimeRealUs = systemTime() / 1000;
            mStartTimestampUs = timestampUs;
            mOwner->setStartTimestampUs(mStartTimestampUs);
            previousPausedDurationUs = mStartTimestampUs;
        }

        if (mResumed) {
            mResumed = false;
        }

        timestampUs -= previousPausedDurationUs;
        CHECK_GE(timestampUs, 0ll);
        if (!mIsAudio) {
            /*
             * Composition time: timestampUs
             * Decoding time: decodingTimeUs
             * Composition time offset = composition time - decoding time
             */
            int64_t decodingTimeUs;
            CHECK(meta_data->findInt64(kKeyDecodingTime, &decodingTimeUs));
            decodingTimeUs -= previousPausedDurationUs;
            cttsOffsetTimeUs =
                    timestampUs - decodingTimeUs;
            CHECK_GE(kMaxCttsOffsetTimeUs, decodingTimeUs - timestampUs);
            timestampUs = decodingTimeUs;
            ALOGV("decoding time: %lld and ctts offset time: %lld",
                timestampUs, cttsOffsetTimeUs);

            // Update ctts box table if necessary
            currCttsOffsetTimeTicks =
                    (cttsOffsetTimeUs * mTimeScale + 500000LL) / 1000000LL;
            CHECK_LE(currCttsOffsetTimeTicks, 0x0FFFFFFFFLL);
            if (mStszTableEntries->count() == 0) {
                // Force the first ctts table entry to have one single entry
                // so that we can do adjustment for the initial track start
                // time offset easily in writeCttsBox().
                lastCttsOffsetTimeTicks = currCttsOffsetTimeTicks;
                addOneCttsTableEntry(1, currCttsOffsetTimeTicks);
                cttsSampleCount = 0;      // No sample in ctts box is pending
            } else {
                if (currCttsOffsetTimeTicks != lastCttsOffsetTimeTicks) {
                    addOneCttsTableEntry(cttsSampleCount, lastCttsOffsetTimeTicks);
                    lastCttsOffsetTimeTicks = currCttsOffsetTimeTicks;
                    cttsSampleCount = 1;  // One sample in ctts box is pending
                } else {
                    ++cttsSampleCount;
                }
            }

            // Update ctts time offset range
            if (mStszTableEntries->count() == 0) {
                mMinCttsOffsetTimeUs = currCttsOffsetTimeTicks;
                mMaxCttsOffsetTimeUs = currCttsOffsetTimeTicks;
            } else {
                if (currCttsOffsetTimeTicks > mMaxCttsOffsetTimeUs) {
                    mMaxCttsOffsetTimeUs = currCttsOffsetTimeTicks;
                } else if (currCttsOffsetTimeTicks < mMinCttsOffsetTimeUs) {
                    mMinCttsOffsetTimeUs = currCttsOffsetTimeTicks;
                }
            }

        }

        if (mOwner->isRealTimeRecording()) {
            if (mIsAudio) {
                updateDriftTime(meta_data);
            }
        }

        CHECK_GE(timestampUs, 0ll);
        ALOGV("%s media time stamp: %lld and previous paused duration %lld",
                mIsAudio? "Audio": "Video", timestampUs, previousPausedDurationUs);
        if (timestampUs > mTrackDurationUs) {
            mTrackDurationUs = timestampUs;
        }

        // We need to use the time scale based ticks, rather than the
        // timestamp itself to determine whether we have to use a new
        // stts entry, since we may have rounding errors.
        // The calculation is intended to reduce the accumulated
        // rounding errors.
        currDurationTicks =
            ((timestampUs * mTimeScale + 500000LL) / 1000000LL -
                (lastTimestampUs * mTimeScale + 500000LL) / 1000000LL);
        if (currDurationTicks < 0ll) {
            ALOGE("timestampUs %lld < lastTimestampUs %lld for %s track",
                timestampUs, lastTimestampUs, mIsAudio? "Audio": "Video");
            err = UNKNOWN_ERROR;
            mSource->notifyError(err);
            return err;
        }

        mStszTableEntries->add(htonl(sampleSize));
        if (mStszTableEntries->count() > 2) {

            // Force the first sample to have its own stts entry so that
            // we can adjust its value later to maintain the A/V sync.
            if (mStszTableEntries->count() == 3 || currDurationTicks != lastDurationTicks) {
                addOneSttsTableEntry(sampleCount, lastDurationTicks);
                sampleCount = 1;
            } else {
                ++sampleCount;
            }

        }
        if (mSamplesHaveSameSize) {
            if (mStszTableEntries->count() >= 2 && previousSampleSize != sampleSize) {
                mSamplesHaveSameSize = false;
            }
            previousSampleSize = sampleSize;
        }
        ALOGV("%s timestampUs/lastTimestampUs: %lld/%lld",
                mIsAudio? "Audio": "Video", timestampUs, lastTimestampUs);
        lastDurationUs = timestampUs - lastTimestampUs;
        lastDurationTicks = currDurationTicks;
        lastTimestampUs = timestampUs;

        if (isSync != 0) {
            addOneStssTableEntry(mStszTableEntries->count());
        }

        if (mTrackingProgressStatus) {
            if (mPreviousTrackTimeUs <= 0) {
                mPreviousTrackTimeUs = mStartTimestampUs;
            }
            trackProgressStatus(timestampUs);
        }

        // use File write in seperate thread for video only recording
        if (!hasMultipleTracks && mIsAudio) {
            off64_t offset = mIsAvc? mOwner->addLengthPrefixedSample_l(copy)
                                 : mOwner->addSample_l(copy);

            uint32_t count = (mOwner->use32BitFileOffset()
                        ? mStcoTableEntries->count()
                        : mCo64TableEntries->count());

            if (count == 0) {
                addChunkOffset(offset);
            }
            copy->release();
            copy = NULL;
            continue;
        }

     mChunkSamples.push_back(copy);//push_back 是将读取到的数据添加到数据块链表的尾部
		
       ......

    }

    if (isTrackMalFormed()) {
        err = ERROR_MALFORMED;
    }

    mOwner->trackProgressStatus(mTrackId, -1, err);

    // Last chunk
    if (!hasMultipleTracks && mIsAudio) {
        addOneStscTableEntry(1, mStszTableEntries->count());
    } else if (!mChunkSamples.empty()) {
        addOneStscTableEntry(++nChunks, mChunkSamples.size());
        bufferChunk(timestampUs);
    }

    // We don't really know how long the last frame lasts, since
    // there is no frame time after it, just repeat the previous
    // frame's duration.
    if (mStszTableEntries->count() == 1) {
        lastDurationUs = 0;  // A single sample's duration
        lastDurationTicks = 0;
    } else {
        ++sampleCount;  // Count for the last sample
    }

    if (mStszTableEntries->count() <= 2) {
        addOneSttsTableEntry(1, lastDurationTicks);
        if (sampleCount - 1 > 0) {
            addOneSttsTableEntry(sampleCount - 1, lastDurationTicks);
        }
    } else {
        addOneSttsTableEntry(sampleCount, lastDurationTicks);
    }

    // The last ctts box may not have been written yet, and this
    // is to make sure that we write out the last ctts box.
    if (currCttsOffsetTimeTicks == lastCttsOffsetTimeTicks) {
        if (cttsSampleCount > 0) {
            addOneCttsTableEntry(cttsSampleCount, lastCttsOffsetTimeTicks);
        }
    }

    mTrackDurationUs += lastDurationUs;
    mReachedEOS = true;

    sendTrackSummary(hasMultipleTracks);

    ALOGI("Received total/0-length (%d/%d) buffers and encoded %d frames. - %s",
            count, nZeroLengthFrames, mStszTableEntries->count(), mIsAudio? "audio": "video");
    if (mIsAudio) {
        ALOGI("Audio track drift time: %lld us", mOwner->getDriftTimeUs());
    }

    if (err == ERROR_END_OF_STREAM) {
        return OK;
    }
    return err;
}
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     下面看下,录制文件结束时的一些操作。录制文件结束时,上层应用分别是调用 MediaRecorder的stop()、reset()release()方法,下面看下MPEG4Writer.cpp中相对应的操作。

status_t MPEG4Writer::Track::stop() {
    if (!mStarted) {
        ALOGE("Stop() called but track is not started");
        return ERROR_END_OF_STREAM;
    }

    if (mDone) {
        return OK;
    }
    mDone = true;

    void *dummy;
    pthread_join(mThread, &dummy);//等待mThread 的结束

    status_t err = (status_t) dummy;

    ALOGD("Stopping %s track source", mIsAudio? "Audio": "Video");
    {
        status_t status = mSource->stop();
        if (err == OK && status != OK && status != ERROR_END_OF_STREAM) {
            err = status;
        }
    }

    ALOGD("%s track stopped", mIsAudio? "Audio": "Video");
    return err;
}

  reset()函数中将完成轨迹线程、写入线程的停止、封装文件尾部信息的写入等操作

status_t MPEG4Writer::reset() {

    if (mInitCheck != OK) {
        return OK;
    } else {
        if (!mWriterThreadStarted ||
            !mStarted) {
            if (mWriterThreadStarted) {
                stopWriterThread();
            }
            release();
            return OK;
        }
    }

    status_t err = OK;
    int64_t maxDurationUs = 0;
    int64_t minDurationUs = 0x7fffffffffffffffLL;
    for (List<Track *>::iterator it = mTracks.begin();
         it != mTracks.end(); ++it) {
        status_t status = (*it)->stop();//停止轨迹线程
        if (err == OK && status != OK) {
            err = status;
        }

        int64_t durationUs = (*it)->getDurationUs();
        if (durationUs > maxDurationUs) {
            maxDurationUs = durationUs;
        }
        if (durationUs < minDurationUs) {
            minDurationUs = durationUs;
        }
    }

    if (mTracks.size() > 1) {
        ALOGD("Duration from tracks range is [%lld, %lld] us",
            minDurationUs, maxDurationUs);
    }

   
   stopWriterThread(); //停止封装文件的写线程
	

    // Do not write out movie header on error.
    if (err != OK) {
        release();
        return err;
    }

    // Fix up the size of the 'mdat' chunk.
    if (mUse32BitOffset) {
        lseek64(mFd, mMdatOffset, SEEK_SET);
        uint32_t size = htonl(static_cast<uint32_t>(mOffset - mMdatOffset));
        ::write(mFd, &size, 4);
    } else {
        lseek64(mFd, mMdatOffset + 8, SEEK_SET);
        uint64_t size = mOffset - mMdatOffset;
        size = hton64(size);
        ::write(mFd, &size, 8);
    }
    lseek64(mFd, mOffset, SEEK_SET);

    // Construct moov box now
    mMoovBoxBufferOffset = 0;
    mWriteMoovBoxToMemory = mStreamableFile;
    if (mWriteMoovBoxToMemory) {
        // There is no need to allocate in-memory cache
        // for moov box if the file is not streamable.

        mMoovBoxBuffer = (uint8_t *) malloc(mEstimatedMoovBoxSize);
        CHECK(mMoovBoxBuffer != NULL);
    }
    writeMoovBox(maxDurationUs);//封装文件尾部相应信息的写入

    // mWriteMoovBoxToMemory could be set to false in
    // MPEG4Writer::write() method
    if (mWriteMoovBoxToMemory) {
        mWriteMoovBoxToMemory = false;
        // Content of the moov box is saved in the cache, and the in-memory
        // moov box needs to be written to the file in a single shot.

        CHECK_LE(mMoovBoxBufferOffset + 8, mEstimatedMoovBoxSize);

        // Moov box
        lseek64(mFd, mFreeBoxOffset, SEEK_SET);
        mOffset = mFreeBoxOffset;
        write(mMoovBoxBuffer, 1, mMoovBoxBufferOffset);

        // Free box
        lseek64(mFd, mOffset, SEEK_SET);
        writeInt32(mEstimatedMoovBoxSize - mMoovBoxBufferOffset);
        write("free", 4);
    } else {
        ALOGI("The mp4 file will not be streamable.");
    }

    // Free in-memory cache for moov box
    if (mMoovBoxBuffer != NULL) {
        free(mMoovBoxBuffer);
        mMoovBoxBuffer = NULL;
        mMoovBoxBufferOffset = 0;
    }

    CHECK(mBoxes.empty());

    release();
    return err;
}

  release()中关闭文件描述符

void MPEG4Writer::release() {
	ALOGD("***** release()!!!");
    close(mFd);
    mFd = -1;
    mInitCheck = NO_INIT;
    mStarted = false;
}
    至此,整个录制文件的封装过程,大体流程走完,就是有轨迹线程不停的读取数据,然后读取的数据达到一定的大小时,也就是成chunk(块)时,将会通知写入线程去检测是否有chunk可写,有的话,将进行数据的写入操作。整个封装文件必须有相应的头部信息和尾部信息。

  由于能力有限,只是进行了简单的跟读,对整个流程有大体的了解。其中不免有说错的地方,还望指教。











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