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ASP.NET GridView 的各种用法(2)

标签: asp.netdatasetobjectstringtextboxbutton
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11.GridView一般换行与强制换行:

效果图:

首先设置<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" ItemStyle-Width="100" />
gridview里有一列绑定的数据很长,显示的时候在一行里面显示,页面拉得很宽。
原因是连续英文段为一个整体导致的,在RowDataBound中添加上了一句e.Row.Cells[2].Style.Add("word-break", "break-all")就可以。

如果要给所有的列增加此属性:
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
//正常换行
GridView1.Attributes.Add("style", "word-break:keep-all;word-wrap:normal");
//下面这行是自动换行
GridView1.Attributes.Add("style", "word-break:break-all;word-wrap:break-word");
if (!IsPostBack)
{
bind();//调用数据绑定即可
}
}
总之:善用CSS的word-break:break-all;word-wrap:break-word属性即可,这个属性是通用的对于顽固的南换行问题都可以解决,不局限于GridView。

12.GridView显示隐藏某一列:
本方案为月儿独创,不同于网上其他方式,我觉得用一个CheckBox更人性化,这样可以隐藏不必要的列,让用户自己选择需要出现的列,在处理多列时这是一个很好的解决方案!

效果图:
图1-开始

图2-点击显示的CheckBox后

解决方案:
public void bind()
{
string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
DataSet myds = new DataSet();
sqlcon.Open();
myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
GridView1.DataSource = myds;
GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
GridView1.DataBind();
sqlcon.Close();
GridView1.Columns[3].Visible = false;//一开始隐藏
CheckBox1.Checked = false;//如果不这样后面的代码会把他True

}

双击CheckBox1,在CheckedChanged方法里写上代码,最后代码如下:
protected void CheckBox1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
GridView1.Columns[3].Visible=! GridView1.Columns[3].Visible;
Response.Write("GridView1的第4列现在的显示隐藏状态是:"+GridView1.Columns[3].Visible.ToString());
}

注意:CheckBox1的AutoPostBack要True

后台全部代码如下:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
SqlConnection sqlcon;
SqlCommand sqlcom;
string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
if (!IsPostBack)
{
ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
bind();
}
}
protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
{
GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
bind();
}
protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
{
string sqlstr = "delete from 飞狐工作室 where 身份证号码='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
sqlcon.Open();
sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
sqlcon.Close();
bind();
}
protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
{
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
+ ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
+ ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='"
+ GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
sqlcon.Open();
sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
sqlcon.Close();
GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
bind();
}
protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
{
GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
bind();
}
public void bind()
{
string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
DataSet myds = new DataSet();
sqlcon.Open();
myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
GridView1.DataSource = myds;
GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
GridView1.DataBind();
sqlcon.Close();
GridView1.Columns[3].Visible = false;
CheckBox1.Checked = false;
}
protected void CheckBox1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
GridView1.Columns[3].Visible=! GridView1.Columns[3].Visible;
Response.Write("GridView1的第4列现在的显示隐藏状态是:"+GridView1.Columns[3].Visible.ToString());
}
}

前台代码:
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
<title>GridView显示隐藏列 清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet </title>
</head>
<body style="font-size=12px">
<form id="form1" runat="server">
<div>
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" >
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
</Columns>
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
</asp:GridView>
<asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox1" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" Font-Size="12px"
OnCheckedChanged="CheckBox1_CheckedChanged" Text="显示隐藏家庭住址" /></div>
</form>
</body>
</html>

13.GridView弹出新页面/弹出制定大小位置新窗口:

效果图:

方案一:简单的方法,新窗口不固定大小
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" >
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
<asp:HyperLinkField HeaderText="姓名" Text="姓名" DataNavigateUrlFields="姓名" DataNavigateUrlFormatString="Default6.aspx?GoodsID={0}" Target="mainframe" NavigateUrl="~/Default6.aspx" DataTextField="姓名" >
</asp:HyperLinkField>
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
</Columns>
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
</asp:GridView>
DataNavigateUrlFields是链接的字段名,DataNavigateUrlFormatString是路径。

方案二:精确控制弹出窗口大小位置
<asp:HyperLinkColumn DataNavigateUrlField="EmployeeID" DataNavigateUrlFormatString="javascript:varwin=window.open('detail.aspx?ID={0}',null,'width=300,height=200');window.Close();"
DataTextField="LastName" HeaderText="LastName"></asp:HyperLinkColumn>

使用的是结合javascript的window.open方法,关于window.open的参数网上有很多帖子,本站也有许多参考
弹出窗口大全 http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet/archive/2004/10/25/150231.aspx 即可!

14.GridView固定表头(不用javascript只用CSS!,很好用)

效果图:

代码:
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
<title>GridView固定表头 清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet </title>
<style>
.Freezing
{

position:relative ;
table-layout:fixed;
top:expression(this.offsetParent.scrollTop);
z-index: 10;
}

.Freezing th{text-overflow:ellipsis;overflow:hidden;white-space: nowrap;padding:2px;}
</style>
</head>
<body style="font-size=12px">
<form id="form1" runat="server">
<div style="overflow-y: scroll; height: 200px;width:300px" id="dvBody">
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" OnRowCreated="GridView1_RowCreated" >
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" />

</Columns>
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" CssClass="ms-formlabel DataGridFixedHeader"/>
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" CssClass="Freezing"/>
</asp:GridView>
</div>

</form>
</body>
</html>

用法:CSS设如上的样式,HeaderStyle加CssClass="Freezing,套住GridView的Div设置高度宽度 <div style="overflow-y: scroll; height: 200px;width:200px" >


using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Drawing;

public partial class Default7 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
SqlConnection sqlcon;
SqlCommand sqlcom;
string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
if (!IsPostBack)
{
bind();

}
}
protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
{
GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
bind();
}
protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
{
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
+ ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
+ ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='"
+ GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
sqlcon.Open();
sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
sqlcon.Close();
GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
bind();
}
protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
{
GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
bind();
}
public void bind()
{
string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
DataSet myds = new DataSet();
sqlcon.Open();
myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
GridView1.DataSource = myds;
GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
GridView1.DataBind();
sqlcon.Close();
}
private double sum = 0;//取指定列的数据和
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
{

if (e.Row.RowIndex >= 0)
{
sum += Convert.ToDouble(e.Row.Cells[6].Text);
}
else if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.Footer)
{
e.Row.Cells[5].Text = "总薪水为:";
e.Row.Cells[6].Text = sum.ToString();
e.Row.Cells[3].Text = "平均薪水为:";
e.Row.Cells[4].Text = ((int)(sum / GridView1.Rows.Count)).ToString();

}
}
}
前台:唯一的花头就是设置ShowFooter="True" ,否则默认表头为隐藏的!
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound" ShowFooter="True" >
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<Columns>
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="邮政编码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪" />

</Columns>
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" CssClass="ms-formlabel DataGridFixedHeader"/>
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
</asp:GridView>

 

18.GridView数据导入Excel/Excel数据读入GridView

效果图:

解决方案:
页面增加一个按钮,单击事件添加如下方法:
protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
Export("application/ms-excel", "学生成绩报表.xls");
}

private void Export(string FileType, string FileName)
{
Response.Charset = "GB2312";
Response.ContentEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF7;
Response.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment;filename=" + HttpUtility.UrlEncode(FileName, Encoding.UTF8).ToString());
Response.ContentType = FileType;
this.EnableViewState = false;
StringWriter tw = new StringWriter();
HtmlTextWriter hw = new HtmlTextWriter(tw);
GridView1.RenderControl(hw);
Response.Write(tw.ToString());
Response.End();
}
//如果没有下面方法会报错类型“GridView”的控件“GridView1”必须放在具有 runat=server 的窗体标记内
public override void VerifyRenderingInServerForm(Control control)
{
}
还有由于是文件操作所以要引入名称空间IO和Text

后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
public partial class Default7 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
SqlConnection sqlcon;
SqlCommand sqlcom;
string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
if (!IsPostBack)
{
bind();

}
}

public void bind()
{
string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
DataSet myds = new DataSet();
sqlcon.Open();
myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
GridView1.DataSource = myds;
GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
GridView1.DataBind();
sqlcon.Close();
}

protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
Export("application/ms-excel", "学生成绩报表.xls");
}

private void Export(string FileType, string FileName)
{
Response.Charset = "GB2312";
Response.ContentEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF7;
Response.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment;filename=" + HttpUtility.UrlEncode(FileName, Encoding.UTF8).ToString());
Response.ContentType = FileType;
this.EnableViewState = false;
StringWriter tw = new StringWriter();
HtmlTextWriter hw = new HtmlTextWriter(tw);
GridView1.RenderControl(hw);
Response.Write(tw.ToString());
Response.End();
}
public override void VerifyRenderingInServerForm(Control control)
{
}

}

前台
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3"
BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" >
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="邮政编码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪" />

</Columns>
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" CssClass="ms-formlabel DataGridFixedHeader"/>
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
</asp:GridView>
<asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" onClick="Button1_Click" Text="导出" />

读取Excel数据的代码:这个很简单的
private DataSet CreateDataSource()
{
string strCon;
strCon = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + Server.MapPath("excel.xls") + "; Extended Properties=Excel 8.0;";
OleDbConnection olecon = new OleDbConnection(strCon);
OleDbDataAdapter myda = new OleDbDataAdapter("SELECT * FROM [Sheet1]", strCon);
DataSet myds = new DataSet();
myda.Fill(myds);
return myds;
}
protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
GridView1.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
GridView1.DataBind();
}
 



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