Quality Assurance (QA) & Quality Control (QC)

原创 2007年09月14日 13:03:00
 
Quality Control (QC) is a system of routine technical activities, to measure and control the quality
of the inventory as it is being developed. The QC system is designed to:
(i)
Provide routine and consistent checks to ensure data integrity, correctness, and
completeness;
(ii)
Identify and address errors and omissions;
(iii) Document and archive inventory material and record all QC activities.
QC activities include general methods such as accuracy checks on data acquisition and
calculations and the use of approved standardised procedures for emission calculations,
measurements, estimating uncertainties, archiving information and reporting. Higher tier QC
activities include technical reviews of source categories, activity and emission factor data, and
methods.
Quality Assurance (QA) activities include a planned system of review procedures conducted by
personnel not directly involved in the inventory compilation/development process. Reviews,
preferably by independent third parties, should be performed upon a finalised inventory following
the implementation of QC procedures. Reviews verify that data quality objectives were met,
ensure that the inventory represents the best possible estimates of emissions and sinks given the
current state of scientific knowledge and data available, and support the effectiveness of the QC
programme 
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