【操蛋的“a+”】file access permission 文件写入权限
first blood！kill the fucking bug。
FOPEN(3) Linux Programmer's Manual FOPEN(3)
fopen, fdopen, freopen - stream open functions
FILE *fopen(const char *path, const char *mode);
FILE *fdopen(int fd, const char *mode);
FILE *freopen(const char *path, const char *mode, FILE *stream);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
fdopen(): _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 1 || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _POSIX_SOURCE
The fopen() function opens the file whose name is the string pointed to by path and associates a stream with it.
The argument mode points to a string beginning with one of the following sequences (possibly followed by additional characters, as
r Open text file for reading. The stream is positioned at the beginning of the file.
r+ Open for reading and writing. The stream is positioned at the beginning of the file.
w Truncate file to zero length or create text file for writing. The stream is positioned at the beginning of the file.
w+ Open for reading and writing. The file is created if it does not exist, otherwise it is truncated. The stream is positioned
at the beginning of the file.
a Open for appending (writing at end of file). The file is created if it does not exist. The stream is positioned at the end
of the file.
a+ Open for reading and appending (writing at end of file). The file is created if it does not exist. The initial file position
for reading is at the beginning of the file, but output is always appended to the end of the file.
The mode string can also include the letter 'b' either as a last character or as a character between the characters in any of the
two-character strings described above. This is strictly for compatibility with C89 and has no effect; the 'b' is ignored on all
POSIX conforming systems, including Linux. (Other systems may treat text files and binary files differently, and adding the 'b' may
be a good idea if you do I/O to a binary file and expect that your program may be ported to non-UNIX environments.)
See NOTES below for details of glibc extensions for mode.
Any created files will have mode S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR | S_IRGRP | S_IWGRP | S_IROTH | S_IWOTH (0666), as modified by the process's umask
value (see umask(2)).
Reads and writes may be intermixed on read/write streams in any order. Note that ANSI C requires that a file positioning function
intervene between output and input, unless an input operation encounters end-of-file. (If this condition is not met, then a read is
allowed to return the result of writes other than the most recent.) Therefore it is good practice (and indeed sometimes necessary
under Linux) to put an fseek(3) or fgetpos(3) operation between write and read operations on such a stream. This operation may be an
apparent no-op (as in fseek(..., 0L, SEEK_CUR) called for its synchronizing side effect.
Opening a file in append mode (a as the first character of mode) causes all subsequent write operations to this stream to occur at
end-of-file, as if preceded the call:
The fdopen() function associates a stream with the existing file descriptor, fd. The mode of the stream (one of the values "r",
"r+", "w", "w+", "a", "a+") must be compatible with the mode of the file descriptor. The file position indicator of the new stream
is set to that belonging to fd, and the error and end-of-file indicators are cleared. Modes "w" or "w+" do not cause truncation of
the file. The file descriptor is not dup'ed, and will be closed when the stream created by fdopen() is closed. The result of apply‐
ing fdopen() to a shared memory object is undefined.
The freopen() function opens the file whose name is the string pointed to by path and associates the stream pointed to by stream with
it. The original stream (if it exists) is closed. The mode argument is used just as in the fopen() function. The primary use of
the freopen() function is to change the file associated with a standard text stream (stderr, stdin, or stdout).
Upon successful completion fopen(), fdopen() and freopen() return a FILE pointer. Otherwise, NULL is returned and errno is set to
indicate the error.
EINVAL The mode provided to fopen(), fdopen(), or freopen() was invalid.
The fopen(), fdopen() and freopen() functions may also fail and set errno for any of the errors specified for the routine malloc(3).
The fopen() function may also fail and set errno for any of the errors specified for the routine open(2).
Manual page fopen(3) line 43 (press h for help or q to quit)
The file is created if it does not exist, otherwise it is truncated.
otherwise it is truncated、、、、、、、
嗯，a+，all 嘛。我想怎么办就怎么办。最高权限模式。就像root一样，这样就不存在file access permission的问题了
but output is always appended to the end of the file. 其实我觉得这个写说明文档的人应该注意下，不是output always append to eof
而是data to be writed。。。。。。。。。。。