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hdu 1078 fatmouse and cheese 记忆化搜索

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FatMouse and Cheese

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others) Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 2394 Accepted Submission(s): 913


Problem Description
FatMouse has stored some cheese in a city. The city can be considered as a square grid of dimension n: each grid location is labelled (p,q) where 0 <= p < n and 0 <= q < n. At each grid location Fatmouse has hid between 0 and 100 blocks of cheese in a hole. Now he's going to enjoy his favorite food.

FatMouse begins by standing at location (0,0). He eats up the cheese where he stands and then runs either horizontally or vertically to another location. The problem is that there is a super Cat named Top Killer sitting near his hole, so each time he can run at most k locations to get into the hole before being caught by Top Killer. What is worse -- after eating up the cheese at one location, FatMouse gets fatter. So in order to gain enough energy for his next run, he has to run to a location which have more blocks of cheese than those that were at the current hole.

Given n, k, and the number of blocks of cheese at each grid location, compute the maximum amount of cheese FatMouse can eat before being unable to move.

Input
There are several test cases. Each test case consists of

a line containing two integers between 1 and 100: n and k
n lines, each with n numbers: the first line contains the number of blocks of cheese at locations (0,0) (0,1) ... (0,n-1); the next line contains the number of blocks of cheese at locations (1,0), (1,1), ... (1,n-1), and so on.
The input ends with a pair of -1's.

Output
For each test case output in a line the single integer giving the number of blocks of cheese collected.

Sample Input
3 1 1 2 5 10 11 6 12 12 7 -1 -1

Sample Output
37


/*
记忆化搜索,实质是滑雪问题的加强版,因为这里可以走多步
想了好久是因为没有读出即使走K步也必须走直线,即
“He eats up the cheese where he stands and then
runs either horizontally or vertically to another location. ”
不过是多加个循环罢了
*/
#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
#define N 101
#define max(a,b) (a)>(b)?(a):(b)
int n,k,maze[N][N],ch[N][N];
int move[][2]={0,1,1,0,0,-1,-1,0};
bool ok(int x,int y)
{
    return (x>=0&&x<n&&y>=0&&y<n);
}
int dfs(int x,int y)
{
    if(ch[x][y])
        return ch[x][y];
    int i,j,a,b;
    int num=0;
    for(i=1;i<=k;++i)
    {
        for(j=0;j<4;++j)
        {
            a=x+move[j][0]*i;
            b=y+move[j][1]*i;
            if(ok(a,b)&&maze[a][b]>maze[x][y])
                num=max(num,dfs(a,b));
        }
    }
    return ch[x][y]=num+maze[x][y];
}
int main()
{
    while(scanf("%d%d",&n,&k)==2&&(n!=-1))
    {
        int i,j;
        for(i=0;i<n;++i)
            for(j=0;j<n;++j)
                scanf("%d",&maze[i][j]);
        memset(ch,0,sizeof(ch));
        dfs(0,0);
        int sum=0;
        for(i=0;i<n;++i)
            for(j=0;j<n;++j)
                sum=max(sum,ch[i][j]);
        printf("%d\n",sum);
    }
    return 0;
}


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