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1009. Product of Polynomials (25)

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1009. Product of Polynomials (25)

时间限制
400 ms
内存限制
65536 kB
代码长度限制
16000 B
判题程序
Standard
作者
CHEN, Yue

This time, you are supposed to find A*B where A and B are two polynomials.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case occupies 2 lines, and each line contains the information of a polynomial: K N1 aN1 N2 aN2 ... NK aNK, where K is the number of nonzero terms in the polynomial, Ni and aNi (i=1, 2, ..., K) are the exponents and coefficients, respectively. It is given that 1 <= K <= 10, 0 <= NK < ... < N2 < N1 <=1000.

Output Specification:

For each test case you should output the product of A and B in one line, with the same format as the input. Notice that there must be NO extra space at the end of each line. Please be accurate up to 1 decimal place.

Sample Input
2 1 2.4 0 3.2
2 2 1.5 1 0.5
Sample Output

3 3 3.6 2 6.0 1 1.6

这题确实不难,思路也很简单,类似前面求多项式的和。但是题意一定要理解清楚,想要过所有的测试用例不容易啊,并且每个测试用例都是五分,如果真的是考试,一点小差错丢掉五分很不值得。下面是我的代码,用的思路是用浮点型数组存多项式,数组下标是指数,对应的值的系数。里面有很多要注意的小点,在程序中有标出:

#include<vector>
#include <sstream>
#include<cmath>
#include<iomanip>
#include<iostream>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <algorithm>

using namespace std;

int main()
{	
	int n, m;
	float numa[1001] = {0.0};//存放A中的各项信息,下标是指数,数组的值是对应的系数
	float numb[1001] = {0.0};
	float product[2005] = {0.0};//存入乘积的结果

	cin >> n;
	for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
	{
		int temp;
		cin >> temp;
		cin >> numa[temp];
	}

	cin >> m;
	for (int i = 0; i < m; i++)
	{
		int temp;
		cin >> temp;
		cin >> numb[temp];
	}
	
	for (int i = 0; i <1001; i++)//i,j的取值尤其注意,一开始没考虑周全,导致两个测试用例出错
	{		 
		for (int j = 0; j <1001; j++)
		{
			float coeff = numa[i] * numb[j];
			int exp = i + j;
			product[exp] = product[exp]+ coeff;//注意这里的逻辑不要写错了
		}
	}

	int count = 0;
	float t = 0.05;
	for (int i = 0; i < 2005; i++)//特别注意取值范围
	{
		if (abs(product[i])>=t)//这里要特别注意,四舍五入后为0的项,也不能显示,并且要加绝对值才能通过最后一个测试用例,但是我其实不是很明白,他们都是大于0的数,为何要加绝对值,但是不加真的就是通不过第一个测试用例,减5分
			count++;
	}
	cout << count;
	
	for (int i = 2004; i >=0; i--)//特别注意取值范围
	{
		if (abs(product[i])>= t)
		{
			cout << " " << i << " " << setiosflags(ios::fixed) << setprecision(1) << product[i];
		}			
	}

	return 0;
}



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