在c#中将dataset输出成xml内容的xls文件,解决其它输出不能在excel中显示“001”的前导0的问题

原创 2007年09月14日 17:16:00
记得以前直接把gridview导出称excel,虽然很简单,但是却不能控制具体细节,尤其是字符串的“00001”到了excel中必定变为整数1,一直没找到解决办法,直到在codeproject上找到这个函数,它直接把数据写称excel可以读取的xml文档,仅仅把扩展名改为xls,但是效果却很好。

 

 

public static void DataSetExportToExcel(DataSet source, string fileName)
    
{

        System.IO.StreamWriter excelDoc;

        excelDoc 
= new System.IO.StreamWriter(fileName);
        
const string startExcelXML = "<xml version> <Workbook " +
              
"xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:spreadsheet" " +
              
" xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office"  " +
              
"xmlns:x="urn:schemas-    microsoft-com:office:" +
              
"excel"  xmlns:ss="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:" +
              
"office:spreadsheet">  <Styles>  " +
              
"<Style ss:ID="Default" ss:Name="Normal">  " +
              
"<Alignment ss:Vertical="Bottom"/>  <Borders/>" +
              
"  <Font/>  <Interior/>  <NumberFormat/>" +
              
"  <Protection/>  </Style>  " +
              
"<Style ss:ID="BoldColumn">  <Font " +
              
"x:Family="Swiss" ss:Bold="1"/>  </Style>  " +
              
"<Style     ss:ID="StringLiteral">  <NumberFormat" +
              
" ss:Format="@"/>  </Style>  <Style " +
              
"ss:ID="Decimal">  <NumberFormat " +
              
"ss:Format="0.0000"/>  </Style>  " +
              
"<Style ss:ID="Integer">  <NumberFormat " +
              
"ss:Format="0"/>  </Style>  <Style " +
              
"ss:ID="DateLiteral">  <NumberFormat " +
              
"ss:Format="mm/dd/yyyy;@"/>  </Style>  " +
              
"</Styles>  ";
        
const string endExcelXML = "</Workbook>";

        
int rowCount = 0;
        
int sheetCount = 1;
        
/*
       <xml version>
       <Workbook xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:spreadsheet"
       xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office"
       xmlns:x="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:excel"
       xmlns:ss="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:spreadsheet">
       <Styles>
       <Style ss:ID="Default" ss:Name="Normal">
         <Alignment ss:Vertical="Bottom"/>
         <Borders/>
         <Font/>
         <Interior/>
         <NumberFormat/>
         <Protection/>
       </Style>
       <Style ss:ID="BoldColumn">
         <Font x:Family="Swiss" ss:Bold="1"/>
       </Style>
       <Style ss:ID="StringLiteral">
         <NumberFormat ss:Format="@"/>
       </Style>
       <Style ss:ID="Decimal">
         <NumberFormat ss:Format="0.0000"/>
       </Style>
       <Style ss:ID="Integer">
         <NumberFormat ss:Format="0"/>
       </Style>
       <Style ss:ID="DateLiteral">
         <NumberFormat ss:Format="mm/dd/yyyy;@"/>
       </Style>
       </Styles>
       <Worksheet ss:Name="Sheet1">
       </Worksheet>
       </Workbook>
       
*/

        excelDoc.Write(startExcelXML);
        excelDoc.Write(
"<Worksheet ss:Name="Sheet" + sheetCount + "">");
        excelDoc.Write(
"<Table>");
        excelDoc.Write(
"<Row>");
        
for (int x = 0; x < source.Tables[0].Columns.Count; x++)
        
{
            excelDoc.Write(
"<Cell ss:StyleID="BoldColumn"><Data ss:Type="String">");
            excelDoc.Write(source.Tables[
0].Columns[x].ColumnName);
            excelDoc.Write(
"</Data></Cell>");
        }

        excelDoc.Write(
"</Row>");
        
foreach (DataRow x in source.Tables[0].Rows)
        
{
            rowCount
++;
            
//if the number of rows is > 64000 create a new page to continue output
            if (rowCount == 64000)
            
{
                rowCount 
= 0;
                sheetCount
++;
                excelDoc.Write(
"</Table>");
                excelDoc.Write(
" </Worksheet>");
                excelDoc.Write(
"<Worksheet ss:Name="Sheet" + sheetCount + "">");
                excelDoc.Write(
"<Table>");
            }

            excelDoc.Write(
"<Row>"); //ID=" + rowCount + "
            for (int y = 0; y < source.Tables[0].Columns.Count; y++)
            
{
                System.Type rowType;
                rowType 
= x[y].GetType();
                
switch (rowType.ToString())
                
{
                    
case "System.String":
                        
string XMLstring = x[y].ToString();
                        XMLstring 
= XMLstring.Trim();
                        XMLstring 
= XMLstring.Replace("&""&");
                        XMLstring 
= XMLstring.Replace(">"">");
                        XMLstring 
= XMLstring.Replace("<""<");
                        excelDoc.Write(
"<Cell ss:StyleID="StringLiteral">" +
                                       
"<Data ss:Type="String">");
                        excelDoc.Write(XMLstring);
                        excelDoc.Write(
"</Data></Cell>");
                        
break;
                    
case "System.DateTime":
                        
//Excel has a specific Date Format of YYYY-MM-DD followed by  
                        
//the letter 'T' then hh:mm:sss.lll Example 2005-01-31T24:01:21.000
                        
//The Following Code puts the date stored in XMLDate 
                        
//to the format above
                        DateTime XMLDate = (DateTime)x[y];
                        
string XMLDatetoString = ""//Excel Converted Date
                        XMLDatetoString = XMLDate.Year.ToString() +
                             
"-" +
                             (XMLDate.Month 
< 10 ? "0" +
                             XMLDate.Month.ToString() : XMLDate.Month.ToString()) 
+
                             
"-" +
                             (XMLDate.Day 
< 10 ? "0" +
                             XMLDate.Day.ToString() : XMLDate.Day.ToString()) 
+
                             
"T" +
                             (XMLDate.Hour 
< 10 ? "0" +
                             XMLDate.Hour.ToString() : XMLDate.Hour.ToString()) 
+
                             
":" +
                             (XMLDate.Minute 
< 10 ? "0" +
                             XMLDate.Minute.ToString() : XMLDate.Minute.ToString()) 
+
                             
":" +
                             (XMLDate.Second 
< 10 ? "0" +
                             XMLDate.Second.ToString() : XMLDate.Second.ToString()) 
+
                             
".000";
                        excelDoc.Write(
"<Cell ss:StyleID="DateLiteral">" +
                                     
"<Data ss:Type="DateTime">");
                        excelDoc.Write(XMLDatetoString);
                        excelDoc.Write(
"</Data></Cell>");
                        
break;
                    
case "System.Boolean":
                        excelDoc.Write(
"<Cell ss:StyleID="StringLiteral">" +
                                    
"<Data ss:Type="String">");
                        excelDoc.Write(x[y].ToString());
                        excelDoc.Write(
"</Data></Cell>");
                        
break;
                    
case "System.Int16":
                    
case "System.Int32":
                    
case "System.Int64":
                    
case "System.Byte":
                        excelDoc.Write(
"<Cell ss:StyleID="Integer">" +
                                
"<Data ss:Type="Number">");
                        excelDoc.Write(x[y].ToString());
                        excelDoc.Write(
"</Data></Cell>");
                        
break;
                    
case "System.Decimal":
                    
case "System.Double":
                        excelDoc.Write(
"<Cell ss:StyleID="Decimal">" +
                              
"<Data ss:Type="Number">");
                        excelDoc.Write(x[y].ToString());
                        excelDoc.Write(
"</Data></Cell>");
                        
break;
                    
case "System.DBNull":
                        excelDoc.Write(
"<Cell ss:StyleID="StringLiteral">" +
                              
"<Data ss:Type="String">");
                        excelDoc.Write(
"");
                        excelDoc.Write(
"</Data></Cell>");
                        
break;
                    
default:
                        
throw (new Exception(rowType.ToString() + " not handled."));
                }

            }

            excelDoc.Write(
"</Row>");
        }

        excelDoc.Write(
"</Table>");
        excelDoc.Write(
" </Worksheet>");
        excelDoc.Write(endExcelXML);
        excelDoc.Close();
    }


 

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