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练习三 Problem T

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Problem Description
Whuacmers use coins.They have coins of value A1,A2,A3...An Silverland dollar. One day Hibix opened purse and found there were some coins. He decided to buy a very nice watch in a nearby shop. He wanted to pay the exact price(without change) and he known the price would not more than m.But he didn't know the exact price of the watch.<br><br>You are to write a program which reads n,m,A1,A2,A3...An and C1,C2,C3...Cn corresponding to the number of Tony's coins of value A1,A2,A3...An then calculate how many prices(form 1 to m) Tony can pay use these coins.

Input
The input contains several test cases. The first line of each test case contains two integers n(1 ≤ n ≤ 100),m(m ≤ 100000).The second line contains 2n integers, denoting A1,A2,A3...An,C1,C2,C3...Cn (1 ≤ Ai ≤ 100000,1 ≤ Ci ≤ 1000). The last test case is followed by two zeros.

Output
For each test case output the answer on a single line.

Sample Input
3 10 1 2 4 2 1 1 2 5 1 4 2 1 0 0

Sample Output
8 4

题意:有N种物品和一个容量为V的背包。第i种物品最多有n[i]件可用,每件费用是c[i],价值是w[i]。求解将哪些物品装入背包可使这些物品的费用总和不超过背包容量,且价值总和最大。


思路:把多重背包转化为简单的01背包处理,减少复杂程度。


感想:简单多重背包,没啥好说的。。。


代码:

<span style="font-size:14px;color:#996633;">#include<iostream>
#include<string>
#include<cmath>
#include<iomanip>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
int dp[100100],w[100100],num[10010],val[10010];
int main()
{
    int i,j,k,n,m;
    while(cin>>n>>m&&n+m)
    {
        for(i=0;i<n;i++)
            cin>>w[i];
        for(i=0;i<n;i++)
            cin>>num[i];
        k=0;
        for(i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            j=1;
            while(j<=num[i])
            {
                num[i]-=j;
                val[k++]=j*w[i];
                j*=2;
            }
            if(num[i])
                val[k++]=num[i]*w[i];
        }
        memset(dp,0,sizeof(dp));
        dp[0]=1;
        for(i=0;i<k;i++)
            for(j=m;j>=val[i];j--)
                if(dp[j-val[i]])
                   dp[j]=1;
        int ans=0;
        for(i=1;i<=m;i++)
            if(dp[i])
                ans++;
        printf("%d\n",ans);
      
    }  
    return 0;
}</span>



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