Windows 8实例教程系列 - 数据绑定高级实例

标签: Windows 8实例教程绑定
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上篇Windows 8实例教程系列 - 数据绑定基础实例中,介绍Windows 8应用开发数据绑定基础,其中包括一些简单的数据绑定控件的使用。

本篇将介绍较为复杂的数据绑定控件实例, 其中包括ListView, GridView,以及GridView分组,GridView分组缩放等绑定功能。

了解ListView和GridView数据绑定控件

两个控件都是继承自ItemsControl类,在功能上类似,都是在应用中显示数据集合,但是显示方式不同。

ListView显示方式为垂直堆栈形式,以列表的形式显示数据;常用于显示简洁数据列表,选中选项后显示详细数据。

GridView显示方式是平行堆栈形式,经常会用于显示较为丰富的数据集合,例如,相册列表应用,显示照片在每个选项。

 

ListView控件实例

前台代码:

<ListView x:Name="lvMainListView" Margin="5"  VerticalAlignment="Top" MaxWidth="400" HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                  ItemTemplate="{StaticResource ContactTemplate}" ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" BorderBrush="White" BorderThickness="2" 
                  ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Disabled" SelectionMode="Single"
                  SelectionChanged="lvMainListView_SelectionChanged_1"/>


在ListView中使用了自定义ItemTemplate,自定义设置选项布局,

<Page.Resources>

        <x:String x:Key="AppName">Windows 8实例教程 - ListView</x:String>

        <Style x:Key="ContactEmailStyle" TargetType="TextBlock">
            <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="Segoe UI Light"/>
            <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="18"/>
        </Style>

        <Style x:Key="ContactAuthorStyle" TargetType="TextBlock">
            <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="Segoe UI Light"/>
            <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="14"/>
        </Style>

        <DataTemplate x:Key="ContactTemplate">
            <Grid Margin="10">
                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <Image Source="{Binding Thumbnail}" Height="60" Width="60" Margin="0,0,10,0"/>
                    <StackPanel Margin="0,0,0,0" Orientation="Vertical">
                        <TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Style="{StaticResource ContactEmailStyle}" 
                                   Text="{Binding Email}" />
                        <TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Style="{StaticResource ContactAuthorStyle}" Text="{Binding Author}" />
                    </StackPanel>
                </StackPanel>
            </Grid>
        </DataTemplate>

    </Page.Resources>

后台代码:

public sealed partial class MainPage : Page
    {
        private ObservableCollection<Contact> Contacts = new ObservableCollection<Contact>();

        public MainPage()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
            LoadContacts();
        }

        private void LoadContacts()
        {
            Contacts.Add(new Contact
            {
                Email = "qq34506@hotmail.com",
                Author = "Kevin Fan",
                Thumbnail = new BitmapImage(new Uri("ms-appx:///Assets/60Mail01.png", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute))
            });

            Contacts.Add(new Contact
            {
                Email = "admin@silverlightchina.net",
                Author = "银光中国",
                Thumbnail = new BitmapImage(new Uri("ms-appx:///Assets/60Mail02.png", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute))
            });

            Contacts.Add(new Contact
            {
                Email = "SandyY@yahoo.ca",
                Author = "Sandy Yang",
                Thumbnail = new BitmapImage(new Uri("ms-appx:///Assets/60Mail03.png", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute))
            });

            lvMainListView.ItemsSource = Contacts;
        }

        private void lvMainListView_SelectionChanged_1(object sender, SelectionChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            SelectedListItem.Text = String.Format("Selected Contact's Email: {0}", ((Contact)e.AddedItems[0]).Email);
        }
    }


 

GridView控件

前台代码:

<GridView x:Name="gvMainGridView" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="45,30,0,0" Grid.Row="1" VerticalAlignment="Top" MinWidth="200" MinHeight="200"
            ItemTemplate="{StaticResource ContactTemplate}" ItemsPanel="{StaticResource GridViewItemsPanel}"           
            BorderBrush="White" BorderThickness="2" ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Auto"
            ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" SelectionMode="Single" Width="800"
            SelectionChanged="gvMainGridView_SelectionChanged_1" />


GridView控件使用两个自定义Template,分别为ItemTemplate和ItemsPanel,

<Page.Resources>

        <x:String x:Key="AppName">Windows 8实例教程 - GridView</x:String>
        
        <Style x:Key="ContactEmailStyle" TargetType="TextBlock">
            <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="Segoe UI Light"/>
            <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="18"/>
        </Style>

        <Style x:Key="ContactAuthorStyle" TargetType="TextBlock">
            <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="Segoe UI Light"/>
            <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="14"/>
        </Style>

        <DataTemplate x:Key="ContactTemplate">
            <Grid Margin="10">
                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <Image Source="{Binding Thumbnail}" Height="60" Width="60" Margin="0,0,10,0"/>
                    <StackPanel Margin="0,0,0,0" Orientation="Vertical">
                        <TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Style="{StaticResource ContactEmailStyle}" 
                                   Text="{Binding Email}" />
                        <TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Style="{StaticResource ContactAuthorStyle}" Text="{Binding Author}" />
                    </StackPanel>
                </StackPanel>
            </Grid>
        </DataTemplate>

        <ItemsPanelTemplate x:Key="GridViewItemsPanel">
            <WrapGrid MaximumRowsOrColumns="2" />
        </ItemsPanelTemplate>

    </Page.Resources>


后台代码:

public sealed partial class MainPage : Page
    {
        private ObservableCollection<Contact> Contacts = new ObservableCollection<Contact>();
        private CollectionViewSource GroupedItems = new CollectionViewSource { IsSourceGrouped = true };

        public MainPage()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
            LoadContacts();
        }

        private void gvMainGridView_SelectionChanged_1(object sender, SelectionChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            SelectedGridItem.Text = String.Format("Selected Contact's Email: {0}", ((Contact)e.AddedItems[0]).Email);
        }

        private void LoadContacts()
        {
            Contacts.Add(new Contact
            {
                Email = "qq34506@hotmail.com",
                Author = "Kevin Fan",
                Thumbnail = new BitmapImage(new Uri("ms-appx:///Assets/60Mail01.png", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute))
            });

            Contacts.Add(new Contact
            {
                Email = "admin@silverlightchina.net",
                Author = "银光中国",
                Thumbnail = new BitmapImage(new Uri("ms-appx:///Assets/60Mail02.png", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute))
            });

            Contacts.Add(new Contact
            {
                Email = "SandyY@yahoo.ca",
                Author = "Sandy Yang",
                Thumbnail = new BitmapImage(new Uri("ms-appx:///Assets/60Mail03.png", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute))
            });


            gvMainGridView.ItemsSource = Contacts;
        }
    }

Windows store应用中,对于GridView控件使用较为频繁,下面两个实例是从GridView扩展而来。

GridView分组 

GridView控件分组,通过对于相同对象属性绑定实现分组功能。该实例分为Developer,Designer和Manager三组,

前台代码:

该实例使用GridView实例中相同模板代码,这里不再重复赘述,

<GridView x:Name="gvMainGridView" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="45,30,0,0" Grid.Row="1" VerticalAlignment="Top" MinWidth="200" MinHeight="200"
            ItemTemplate="{StaticResource ContactTemplate}" ItemsPanel="{StaticResource GridViewItemsPanel}"           
            BorderBrush="White" BorderThickness="2" ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Auto"
            ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" SelectionMode="Single" MaxWidth="1000" 
            SelectionChanged="gvMainGridView_SelectionChanged_1">
                <GridView.GroupStyle>
                    <GroupStyle>
                        <GroupStyle.HeaderTemplate>
                            <DataTemplate>
                                <TextBlock Text='{Binding Role}' Foreground="White" FontSize="25" Margin="5" />
                            </DataTemplate>
                        </GroupStyle.HeaderTemplate>
                    </GroupStyle>
                </GridView.GroupStyle>
            </GridView>

 

后台代码:

后台代码数据源代码与GridView实例类似,只是在页面载入时需要对数据源进行分组操作。代码如下:

private List<Contact> AllContacts = new List<Contact>();
        private CollectionViewSource ContactCollection = new CollectionViewSource { IsSourceGrouped = true, ItemsPath = new PropertyPath("Contacts") };

        public MainPage()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
            LoadContacts();
            var groupedContacts = AllContacts.GroupBy(x => x.Role).Select(x => new GroupContactList { Role = x.Key, Contacts = x.ToList() });
            ContactCollection.Source = groupedContacts.ToList();
            gvMainGridView.ItemsSource = ContactCollection.View;
        }


 

GridView Zoom分组

该实例根据GridView分组功能使用SemanticZoom控件实现数据分组以及缩放功能。

前台代码:

<SemanticZoom x:Name="MainZoomControl" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="45,30,0,0" Grid.Row="1" VerticalAlignment="Top">
                <SemanticZoom.ZoomedOutView>
                    <GridView x:Name="gvZoomedOutGridView" MinWidth="200" MinHeight="200"
                    ItemTemplate="{StaticResource ZoomedOutBookTemplate}"
                    BorderBrush="White" BorderThickness="2" ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Auto"
                    ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" SelectionMode="Single" MaxWidth="1000" >
                        <GridView.ItemsPanel>
                            <ItemsPanelTemplate>
                                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" VerticalAlignment="Center" HorizontalAlignment="Center" />
                            </ItemsPanelTemplate>
                        </GridView.ItemsPanel>
                    </GridView>
                </SemanticZoom.ZoomedOutView>
                <SemanticZoom.ZoomedInView>
                    <GridView x:Name="gvZoomedInGridView" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="45,30,0,0" Grid.Row="1" VerticalAlignment="Top" MinWidth="200" MinHeight="200"
                    ItemTemplate="{StaticResource ContactTemplate}" ItemsPanel="{StaticResource GridViewItemsPanel}"           
                    BorderBrush="White" BorderThickness="2" ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Auto"
                    ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" SelectionMode="Single" MaxWidth="1000"
                              ItemsSource="{Binding Source={StaticResource ContactCollection}}">
                        <GridView.GroupStyle>
                            <GroupStyle>
                                <GroupStyle.HeaderTemplate>
                                    <DataTemplate>
                                        <TextBlock Text='{Binding Role}' Foreground="White" FontSize="25" Margin="5" />
                                    </DataTemplate>
                                </GroupStyle.HeaderTemplate>

                                <GroupStyle.Panel>
                                    <ItemsPanelTemplate>
                                        <VariableSizedWrapGrid Orientation="Vertical" Height="400" />
                                    </ItemsPanelTemplate>
                                </GroupStyle.Panel>
                            </GroupStyle>
                        </GridView.GroupStyle>
                    </GridView>
                </SemanticZoom.ZoomedInView>
            </SemanticZoom>


后代代码:

private List<GroupContactList> GroupedContacts = new List<GroupContactList>();
        private List<Contact> AllContacts = new List<Contact>();

        public MainPage()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
            LoadContacts();

            var groupedContacts = AllContacts.GroupBy(x => x.Role).Select(x => new GroupContactList { Role = x.Key, Contacts = x.ToList() });
            GroupedContacts = groupedContacts.ToList();
            ContactCollection.Source = groupedContacts.ToList();
            gvZoomedOutGridView.ItemsSource = ContactCollection.View.CollectionGroups;

        }


 

本篇介绍一些较为复杂的数据绑定控件实例,欢迎留言讨论学习。 

本篇源代码

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