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poj 3278 Catch That Cow

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Catch That Cow
Time Limit: 2000MS   Memory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 58434   Accepted: 18161

Description

Farmer John has been informed of the location of a fugitive cow and wants to catch her immediately. He starts at a point N (0 ≤ N ≤ 100,000) on a number line and the cow is at a point K (0 ≤ K ≤ 100,000) on the same number line. Farmer John has two modes of transportation: walking and teleporting.

* Walking: FJ can move from any point X to the points - 1 or + 1 in a single minute
* Teleporting: FJ can move from any point X to the point 2 × X in a single minute.

If the cow, unaware of its pursuit, does not move at all, how long does it take for Farmer John to retrieve it?

Input

Line 1: Two space-separated integers: N and K

Output

Line 1: The least amount of time, in minutes, it takes for Farmer John to catch the fugitive cow.

Sample Input

5 17

Sample Output

4

Hint

The fastest way for Farmer John to reach the fugitive cow is to move along the following path: 5-10-9-18-17, which takes 4 minutes.

思路:
对于任意起点,只有三种操作,即*2,+1,-1;每次操作所得值若小于100000且未访问过即入队列,当该值等于终点即求出最少步数。
                                              

代码:
#include<iostream>
#include<queue>
using namespace std;
int dis[100001],vis[100001];//dis[]步数,vis[]是否访问

int main()
{
    int n,k;
    int l;
    cin>>n>>k;
    queue<int> q;
    q.push(n);
    dis[n]=0;
    while(!q.empty())
    {
        l=q.front();
        q.pop();
        vis[l]=1;
        if(l==k)
            break;
        if( l-1>=0 && vis[l-1]==0)
        {
            q.push(l-1);
            vis[l-1] = 1;
            dis[l-1] = dis[l]+1;
        }
        if( l+1<=100000 && vis[l+1]==0)
        {
            q.push(l+1);
            vis[l+1] = 1;
            dis[l+1] = dis[l]+1;
        }
        if( l*2<=100000 && vis[l*2]==0)
        {
            q.push(l*2);
            vis[l*2]=1;
            dis[l*2]=dis[l]+1;
        }
    }
    cout<<dis[l]<<endl;
    return 0;
}



还有更快的:
memory   980K  time 16Ms

#include <iostream>   
#include <cstring>   
#include <cmath>   
#include <cstdlib>   
#include <algorithm>   
#include <string>   
#include <cstdio>   
#include <climits>   
using namespace std;   
bool data[100005] = {0};   
int que[100005] = {0};   
int tnum[100005] = {0};   
void bfs(int n, int k)   
{   
   int front = 0, rear = 0;   
    que[0] = n;   
    data[n] = true;   
    tnum[0] = 0;   
    rear++;   
       
    while (front != rear)   
    {   
        int t = que[front];   
        int tn = tnum[front];   
        if (t == k)   
        {   
            printf("%d\n", tn);   
            return;   
        }   
           
        if (t > 0 && !data[t-1])   
        {   
            data[t-1] = true;   
            que[rear] = t-1;   
            tnum[rear] = tn+1;   
            rear++;   
        }   
           
        if (t < 100000 && !data[t+1])   
        {   
            data[t+1] = true;   
            que[rear] = t+1;   
            tnum[rear] = tn+1;   
            rear++;   
        }   
        if (t <= 50000 && !data[t*2])   
        {   
            data[t*2] = true;   
            que[rear] = t*2;   
            tnum[rear] = tn+1;   
            rear++;   
        }   
        front++;   
    }   
    printf("0\n");   
}   
       
int main()   
{   
    int n, k;   
    scanf("%d%d", &n, &k);   
    memset(data, 0, sizeof(data));   
    bfs(n, k);   
    return 0;   
} 



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