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RPM方式安装MySQL5.6

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RPM方式安装MySQL5.6

a. 检查MySQL及相关RPM包,是否安装,如果有安装,则移除(rpm –e 名称)

1 [root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep -i mysql
2 mysql-libs-5.1.66-2.el6_3.x86_64
3 [root@localhost ~]# yum -y remove mysql-libs*

b. 下载Linux对应的RPM包,如:CentOS6.4_64对应的RPM包,如下:

1 [root@localhost rpm]# ll
2 total 74364
3 -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 18442536 Dec 11 20:19 MySQL-client-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
4 -rw-r--r--. 1 root root  3340660 Dec 11 20:06 MySQL-devel-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
5 -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 54360600 Dec 11 20:03 MySQL-server-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

c. 安装MySQL

1 [root@localhost rpm]# rpm -ivh MySQL-server-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
2 [root@localhost rpm]# rpm -ivh MySQL-devel-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
3 [root@localhost rpm]# rpm -ivh MySQL-client-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
4 #修改配置文件位置
5 [root@localhost rpm]# cp /usr/share/mysql/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf

d. 初始化MySQL及设置密码

1 [root@localhost rpm]# /usr/bin/mysql_install_db
2 [root@localhost rpm]# service mysql start
3 [root@localhost rpm]# cat /root/.mysql_secret  #查看root账号密码
4 # The random password set for the root user at Wed Dec 11 23:32:50 2013 (local time): qKTaFZnl
5 [root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot –pqKTaFZnl
6 mysql> SET PASSWORD = PASSWORD('123456');    #设置密码为123456
7 mysql> exit
8 [root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot -p123456

e. 允许远程登陆

01 mysql> use mysql;
02 mysql> select host,user,password from user;
03 +-----------------------+------+-------------------------------------------+
04 | host                  | user | password                                  |
05 +-----------------------+------+-------------------------------------------+
06 | localhost             | root | *6BB4837EB74329105EE4568DDA7DC67ED2CA2AD9 |
07 | localhost.localdomain | root | *1237E2CE819C427B0D8174456DD83C47480D37E8 |
08 | 127.0.0.1             | root | *1237E2CE819C427B0D8174456DD83C47480D37E8 |
09 | ::1                   | root | *1237E2CE819C427B0D8174456DD83C47480D37E8 |
10 +-----------------------+------+-------------------------------------------+
11  
12 mysql> update user