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Android中读取短信信息

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android会把短信信息保存在数据库中,可查看/dbdata/databases/com.android.providers.telephony/mmssms.db。但是我们不能直接访问数据库,只能通过ContentProvider来访问它。

以下是访问短信数据库的uri

content://sms/               所有短信
content://sms/inbox        收件箱
content://sms/sent        已发送
content://sms/draft        草稿
content://sms/outbox        发件箱
content://sms/failed        发送失败
content://sms/queued        待发送列表

Android中读取的短信文件有

01 /**
02  * 所有的短信
03  */
04 public static final String SMS_URI_ALL = "content://sms/";
05 /**
06  * 收件箱短信
07  */
08 public static final String SMS_URI_INBOX = "content://sms/inbox";
09 /**
10  * 已发送短信
11  */
12 public static final String SMS_URI_SEND = "content://sms/sent";
13 /**
14  * 草稿箱短信
15  */
16 public static final String SMS_URI_DRAFT = "content://sms/draft";

读取的短信信息有:

 

*      _id:短信序号,如100   
*   thread_id:对话的序号,如100,与同一个手机号互发的短信,其序号是相同的   
*   address:发件人地址,即手机号,如+8613811810000   
*   person:发件人,如果发件人在通讯录中则为具体姓名,陌生人为null   
*   date:日期,long型,如1256539465022,可以对日期显示格式进行设置   
*   protocol:协议0SMS_RPOTO短信,1MMS_PROTO彩信
*   read:是否阅读0未读,1已读   
*   status:短信状态-1接收,0complete,64pending,128failed   
*   type:短信类型1是接收到的,2是已发出      
*   body:短信具体内容   
*   service_center:短信服务中心号码编号,如+8613800755500

下面我们可以先建立一个SmsInfo来提取各种信息如下:

01 package com.pei.info;
02  
03 /**
04  * class name:SmsInfo<BR>
05  * class description:获取短信各种信息的类<BR>
06  * PS: <BR>
07  * Date:2012-3-19<BR>
08  *
09  * @version 1.00
10  * @author CODYY)peijiangping
11  */
12 public class SmsInfo {
13     /**
14      * 短信内容
15      */
16     private String smsbody;
17     /**
18      * 发送短信的电话号码
19      */
20     private String phoneNumber;
21     /**
22      * 发送短信的日期和时间
23      */
24     private String date;
25     /**
26      * 发送短信人的姓名
27      */
28     private String name;
29     /**
30      * 短信类型1是接收到的,2是已发出
31      */
32     private String type;
33  
34     public String getSmsbody() {
35         return smsbody;
36     }
37  
38     public void setSmsbody(String smsbody) {
39         this.smsbody = smsbody;
40     }
41  
42     public String getPhoneNumber() {
43         return phoneNumber;
44     }
45  
46     public void setPhoneNumber(String phoneNumber) {
47         this.phoneNumber = phoneNumber;
48     }
49  
50     public String getDate() {
51         return date;
52     }
53  
54     public void setDate(String date) {
55         this.date = date;
56     }
57  
58     public String getName() {
59         return name;
60     }
61  
62     public void setName(String name) {
63         this.name = name;
64     }
65  
66     public String getType() {
67         return type;
68     }
69  
70     public void setType(String type) {
71         this.type = type;
72     }
73 }

然后就是封装类,读取信息内容SmsContent.java

01 package com.pei.util;
02  
03 import java.util.ArrayList;
04 import java.util.List;
05  
06 import com.pei.info.SmsInfo;
07  
08 import android.app.Activity;
09 import android.database.Cursor;
10 import android.net.Uri;
11  
12 /**
13  * class name:SmsChoose<BR>
14  * class description:获取手机中的各种短信信息<BR>
15  * PS: 需要权限 <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_SMS" /><BR>
16  * Date:2012-3-19<BR>
17  *
18  * @version 1.00
19  * @author CODYY)peijiangping
20  */
21 public class SmsContent {
22     private Activity activity;//这里有个activity对象,不知道为啥以前好像不要,现在就要了。自己试试吧。
23     private Uri uri;
24     List<SmsInfo> infos;
25  
26     public SmsContent(Activity activity, Uri uri) {
27         infos = new ArrayList<SmsInfo>();
28         this.activity = activity;
29         this.uri = uri;
30     }
31  
32     /**
33      * Role:获取短信的各种信息 <BR>
34      * Date:2012-3-19 <BR>
35      *
36      * @author CODYY)peijiangping
37      */
38     public List<SmsInfo> getSmsInfo() {
39         String[] projection = new String[] { "_id""address""person",
40                 "body""date""type" };
41         Cursor cusor = activity.managedQuery(uri, projection, nullnull,
42                 "date desc");
43         int nameColumn = cusor.getColumnIndex("person");
44         int phoneNumberColumn = cusor.getColumnIndex("address");
45         int smsbodyColumn = cusor.getColumnIndex("body");
46         int dateColumn = cusor.getColumnIndex("date");
47         int typeColumn = cusor.getColumnIndex("type");
48         if (cusor != null) {
49             while (cusor.moveToNext()) {
50                 SmsInfo smsinfo = new SmsInfo();
51                 smsinfo.setName(cusor.getString(nameColumn));
52                 smsinfo.setDate(cusor.getString(dateColumn));
53                 smsinfo.setPhoneNumber(cusor.getString(phoneNumberColumn));
54                 smsinfo.setSmsbody(cusor.getString(smsbodyColumn));
55                 smsinfo.setType(cusor.getString(typeColumn));
56                 infos.add(smsinfo);
57             }
58             cusor.close();
59         }
60         return infos;
61     }
62 }

在提供一个listview来显示短信内容:

01 package com.pei.activity;
02  
03 import java.util.List;
04  
05 import com.pei.fixed.AllFinalInfo;
06 import com.pei.info.SmsInfo;
07 import com.pei.util.SmsContent;
08 import android.app.Activity;
09 import android.content.Context;
10 import android.net.Uri;
11 import android.os.Bundle;
12 import android.view.LayoutInflater;
13 import android.view.View;
14 import android.view.ViewGroup;
15 import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
16 import android.widget.ListView;
17 import android.widget.TextView;
18  
19 /**
20  * class name:SmsListActivity<BR>
21  * class description:显示短信的列表<BR>
22  * PS: <BR>
23  * Date:2012-3-19<BR>
24  *
25  * @version 1.00
26  * @author CODYY)peijiangping
27  */
28 public class SmsListActivity extends Activity {
29     private ListView listview;
30     private List<SmsInfo> infos;
31  
32     @Override
33     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
34         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
35         setContentView(R.layout.sms);
36         Uri uri = Uri.parse(AllFinalInfo.SMS_URI_INBOX);
37         SmsContent sc = new SmsContent(this, uri);
38         infos = sc.getSmsInfo();