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hdu1150(二分图最小顶点覆盖)

标签: acm大二二分图
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Machine Schedule

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 7792    Accepted Submission(s): 3895


Problem Description
As we all know, machine scheduling is a very classical problem in computer science and has been studied for a very long history. Scheduling problems differ widely in the nature of the constraints that must be satisfied and the type of schedule desired. Here we consider a 2-machine scheduling problem.

There are two machines A and B. Machine A has n kinds of working modes, which is called mode_0, mode_1, …, mode_n-1, likewise machine B has m kinds of working modes, mode_0, mode_1, … , mode_m-1. At the beginning they are both work at mode_0.

For k jobs given, each of them can be processed in either one of the two machines in particular mode. For example, job 0 can either be processed in machine A at mode_3 or in machine B at mode_4, job 1 can either be processed in machine A at mode_2 or in machine B at mode_4, and so on. Thus, for job i, the constraint can be represent as a triple (i, x, y), which means it can be processed either in machine A at mode_x, or in machine B at mode_y.

Obviously, to accomplish all the jobs, we need to change the machine's working mode from time to time, but unfortunately, the machine's working mode can only be changed by restarting it manually. By changing the sequence of the jobs and assigning each job to a suitable machine, please write a program to minimize the times of restarting machines. 
 

Input
The input file for this program consists of several configurations. The first line of one configuration contains three positive integers: n, m (n, m < 100) and k (k < 1000). The following k lines give the constrains of the k jobs, each line is a triple: i, x, y.

The input will be terminated by a line containing a single zero.
 

Output
The output should be one integer per line, which means the minimal times of restarting machine.
 

Sample Input
5 5 10 0 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 3 3 1 4 4 2 1 5 2 2 6 2 3 7 2 4 8 3 3 9 4 3 0
 

Sample Output
3


题目大意;有两台机器A和B以及N个需要运行的任务。每台机器有M种不同的模式,而每个任务都恰好在一台机器上运行。如果它在机器A上运行,则机器A需要设置为模式xi,如果它在机器B上运行,则机器A需要设置为模式yi。每台机器上的任务可以按照任意顺序执行,但是每台机器每转换一次模式需要重启一次。请合理为每个任务安排一台机器并合理安排顺序,使得机器重启次数尽量少。

二分图的最小顶点覆盖数=最大匹配数

本题就是求最小顶点覆盖数的。


#include <iostream>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<algorithm>
#include<math.h>
#include<queue>
#include<stack>
using namespace std;
typedef long long ll;
const int N=555;///两边的最大数量
bool tu[N][N];
int from[N];///记录右边的点如果配对好了它来自哪里
bool use[N];///记录右边的点是否已经完成了配对
int n,m;///m,n分别表示两边的各自数量,n是左边,m是右边
bool dfs(int x)
{
    for(int i=1; i<=m; i++) ///m是右边,所以这里上界是m
        if(!use[i]&&tu[x][i])
        {
            use[i]=1;
            if(from[i]==-1||dfs(from[i]))
            {
                from[i]=x;
                return 1;
            }
        }
    return 0;
}
int hungary()
{
    int tot=0;
    memset(from,-1,sizeof(from));
    for(int i=1; i<=n; i++) ///n是左边,所以这里上界是n
    {
        memset(use,0,sizeof(use));
        if(dfs(i))
            tot++;
    }
    return tot;
}

int main()
{
    while(scanf("%d",&n)&&n)
    {
        int k;
        scanf("%d%d",&m,&k);
        memset(tu,0,sizeof(tu));
        while(k--)
        {
            int a,b,c;
            scanf("%d%d%d",&a,&b,&c);
            tu[b][c]=1;
        }
        printf("%d\n",hungary());
    }
    return 0;
}


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