# Light OJ-1082 Array Queries(线段树最值查询)

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Given an array with N elements, indexed from 1 to N. Now you will be given some queries in the form I J, your task is to find the minimum value from index I to J.

Input

Input starts with an integer T (≤ 5), denoting the number of test cases.

The first line of a case is a blank line. The next line contains two integers N (1 ≤ N ≤ 105)q (1 ≤ q ≤ 50000). The next line contains N space separated integers forming the array. There integers range in [0, 105].

The next q lines will contain a query which is in the form I J (1 ≤ I ≤ J ≤ N).

Output

For each test case, print the case number in a single line. Then for each query you have to print a line containing the minimum value between index I and J.

Sample Input

2

5 3

78 1 22 12 3

1 2

3 5

4 4

1 1

10

1 1

Sample Output

Case 1:

1

3

12

Case 2:

10

Hint

Dataset is huge. Use faster I/O methods.

#include<algorithm>
#include<iostream>
#include<cstring>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<math.h>
#include<string>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<queue>
#include<stack>
#include<map>
#include<deque>
using namespace std;
struct node
{
int l,r;
int minn;
}t[100005*4];
void Build(int l,int r,int k)
{
t[k].l=l;
t[k].r=r;
if(l==r)
{
scanf("%d",&t[k].minn);
return;
}
int mid=(l+r)/2;
Build(l,mid,k*2);
Build(mid+1,r,k*2+1);
t[k].minn=min(t[k*2].minn,t[k*2+1].minn);
}
int query(int l,int r,int k)
{
if(t[k].l==l&&t[k].r==r)
{
return t[k].minn;
}
int mid=(t[k].l+t[k].r)/2;
if(r<=mid)
return query(l,r,k*2);
else if(l>mid)
return query(l,r,k*2+1);
else
{
return min(query(l,mid,k*2),query(mid+1,r,k*2+1));
}
}
int main()
{
int i,j,k,test,n,m,x,y,q;
scanf("%d",&test);
for(q=1;q<=test;q++)
{
scanf("%d%d",&n,&m);
Build(1,n,1);
printf("Case %d:\n",q);
for(i=0;i<m;i++)
{
scanf("%d%d",&x,&y);
printf("%d\n",query(x,y,1));
}
}
return 0;
}

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