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iOS之使用MapKit通过经纬度坐标画线

标签: mapkit
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在使用iOS sdk自带的mapkit 需要引入mapkit头文件

#import <MapKit/MapKit.h>

首先定义几个全局的变量,包含map视图、线及线视图,并包含map的委托

@property (retain, nonatomic) MKPolyline* routeLine;
@property (retain, nonatomic) MKMapView* mapView;
@property (retain, nonatomic) MKPolylineView* routeLineView;

初始化mapView

    MKMapView* mapView = [[MKMapView alloc]initWithFrame:self.view.bounds];
    mapView.delegate = self;
    [self.view addSubview:mapView];

    self.mapView = mapView;

通过经纬度坐标画线及添加大头针

- (void)drawLineWithLocationArray:(NSArray *)locationArray
{
    NSInteger pointCount = [locationArray count];
    CLLocationCoordinate2D *coordinateArray = (CLLocationCoordinate2D *)malloc(pointCount * sizeof(CLLocationCoordinate2D));

    for (int i = 0; i < pointCount; ++i) {
        CLLocation *location = [locationArray objectAtIndex:i];
        coordinateArray[i] = [location coordinate];
        // 添加大头针
        MKPointAnnotation *ann = [[MKPointAnnotation alloc] init];
        ann.coordinate = [location coordinate];
        [ann setTitle:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%i",i]];
        [ann setSubtitle:@""];
        [_mapView addAnnotation:ann];

    }

    self.routeLine = [MKPolyline polylineWithCoordinates:coordinateArray count:pointCount];
    [self.mapView setVisibleMapRect:[self.routeLine boundingMapRect]];
    [self.mapView addOverlay:self.routeLine];

    free(coordinateArray);
    coordinateArray = NULL;
}

实现 mapView delegate的两个方法

// 画线的委托实现方法
- (MKOverlayView *)mapView:(MKMapView *)mapView viewForOverlay:(id)overlay
{
    if(overlay == self.routeLine) {
        if(nil == self.routeLineView) {
            self.routeLineView = [[MKPolylineView alloc] initWithPolyline:self.routeLine];
            self.routeLineView.fillColor = [UIColor blueColor];
            self.routeLineView.strokeColor = [UIColor redColor];
            self.routeLineView.lineWidth = 5;
        }
        return self.routeLineView;
    }
    return nil;
}
// 添加大头针的委托实现方法
- (MKAnnotationView *)mapView:(MKMapView *)mV viewForAnnotation:(id <MKAnnotation>)annotation
{
    MKPinAnnotationView *pinView = nil;

    static NSString *defaultPinID = @"pinId";
    pinView = (MKPinAnnotationView *)[_mapView dequeueReusableAnnotationViewWithIdentifier:defaultPinID];
    if ( pinView == nil ) pinView = [[MKPinAnnotationView alloc]
                                      initWithAnnotation:annotation reuseIdentifier:defaultPinID];
    pinView.pinTintColor = [UIColor redColor];
    pinView.canShowCallout = YES;
    pinView.animatesDrop = YES;
    return pinView;
}

下面写一个测试的方法:

- (void)drawLine
{

// 如果存在线,移除
    if (self.mapView.annotations.count > 0) {
        [self.mapView removeAnnotations:_mapView.annotations];
        [self.mapView removeOverlays:_mapView.overlays];
        return;
    }

    // 模拟经纬度坐标点
    CLLocation *location0 = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:39.954245 longitude:116.312455];
    CLLocation *location1 = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:38.954245 longitude:116.512455];
    CLLocation *location2 = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:37.954245 longitude:116.612455];
    CLLocation *location3 = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:36.954245 longitude:116.712455];
    CLLocation *location4 = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:35.954245 longitude:116.812455];
    CLLocation *location5 = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:34.954245 longitude:117.312455];
    CLLocation *location6 = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:33.954245 longitude:118.312455];
    CLLocation *location7 = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:32.954245 longitude:119.312455];
    CLLocation *location8 = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:31.954245 longitude:119.612455];
    CLLocation *location9 = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:30.247871 longitude:120.127683];

    NSArray *array = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:location0, location1,location2,location3,location4,location5,location6,location7,location8,location9, nil];
    [self drawLineWithLocationArray:array];
}

最终的效果图如下:
这里写图片描述

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