嵌入式 make-menuconfig错误

原创 2013年12月02日 14:44:37

起始
执行 make menuconfig 有错误发生
错误:
*** Unable to find the ncurses libraries or the
*** required header files.
*** 'make menuconfig' requires the ncurses libraries.
***
*** Install ncurses (ncurses-devel) and try again.
***
make[1]: *** [scripts/kconfig/dochecklxdialog] 错误 1
make: *** [menuconfig] 错误2

可以看出,是因为找不到 ncurses 导致的错误。那么尝试安装 ncurses
$sudo apt-get install ncurses
信息:
正在读取软件包列表... 完成
正在分析软件包的依赖关系树
读取状态信息... 完成
现在没有可用的软件包 ncurses , 但是它被其他的软件包引用了。
这可能意味着这个缺失的软件包可能已被废弃,
或者只能在其他发布源中找到
E: 软件包 ncurses 还没有可供安装的候选者


根据http://www.linuxquestions.org/qu ...nfig-archum-311781/
再试:
$sudo apt-get install libncurses*
信息:
正在读取软件包列表... 完成
正在分析软件包的依赖关系树
读取状态信息... 完成
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncurses4
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncurses5
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncurses-ruby1.8
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncurses-ryby1.9
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncurses-dev
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncursesw5-dbg
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncursesw5-dev
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncurses-ruby
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncurses5-dbg
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncurses5-dev
注意,根据正则表达式“libncurses*” 选中了 libncursesw5
已经不需要下列自动安装的软件包:
libchewing3-data ttf-wqy-zenhei scim-chewingthunderbird-locale-zh-tw language-support-translations-zh
libchewing3 xfonts-wqy openoffice.org-l10n-zh-cnopenoffice.org-l10n-zh-tw openoffice.org-help-zh-cn
openoffice.org-help-zh-tw language-support-fonts-zh
使用‘apt-get autoremove’ 来删除它们。
将会安装下列额外的软件包:
libncurses-ruby libncurses-ruby1.8 libncurses-ruby1.9 libncurses4libncurses5-dbg libncurses5-dev
libncursesw5-dbg libncursesw5-dev libruby1.8 libruby1.9 ruby1.8ruby1.9
建议安装的软件包:
rdoc1.8 ri1.8 ruby1.8-examples rdoc1.9 ri1.9ruby1.9-examples
下列【新】软件包将被安装:
libncurses-ruby libncurses-ruby1.8 libncurses-ruby1.9 libncurses4libncurses5-dbg libncurses5-dev
libncursesw5-dbg libncursesw5-dev libruby1.8 libruby1.9 ruby1.8ruby1.9
共升级了0个软件包,新安装了12个软件包,要卸载0个软件包,有60个软件未被升级。
需要下载8868kB的软件包。
操作完成后,会消耗掉33.9MB的额外磁盘空间。
您希望继续执行吗?[Y/n]

选择Y继续执行,完成后,执行sudo make menuconfig,OK!!

不过make xconfig还是不行
$ sudo make xconfig
HOSTCC scripts/basic/fixdep
HOSTCC scripts/basic/docproc
CHECK qt
*
* Unable to find the QT3 installation. Please make surethat
* the QT3 development package is correctly installed and
* either install pkg-config or set the QTDIR environment
* variable to the correct location.
*
HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/conf.o
sed < scripts/kconfig/lkc_proto.h >scripts/kconfig/lkc_defs.h 's/P(\([^,]*\),.*/#define \1(\*\1_p)/'
HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/kconfig_load.o
HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/kxgettext.o
SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c
SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/lex.zconf.c
SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.hash.c
HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.o
make[1]: *** 没有规则可以创建“scripts/kconfig/qconf.o”需要的目标“scripts/kconfig/.tmp_qtcheck” 。 停止。
make: ***[xconfig] 错误2

根据http://forum.ubuntu.org.cn/viewtopic.php?t=110461&highlight=
知道在正常步骤下,除了安装ncurses外,还要安装build-essential 和kernel-package
好吧,先开始查询一下,从kernel-package开始吧,毕竟带着kernel,估计比较重要

查询kernel-package信息
$ apt-cache show kernel-package
Package: kernel-package
Priority: optional
Section: misc
Installed-Size: 2192
Maintainer: Ubuntu Core Developers <<A style="COLOR:rgb(107,75,12); LINE-HEIGHT: 25px; TEXT-DECORATION: none"href="mailto:ubuntu-devel-discuss@lists.ubuntu.com"rel=nofollow>ubuntu-devel-discuss@lists.ubuntu.com>
Original-Maintainer: Manoj Srivastava <<A style="COLOR:rgb(107,75,12); LINE-HEIGHT: 25px; TEXT-DECORATION: none"href="mailto:srivasta@debian.org"rel=nofollow>srivasta@debian.org>
Architecture: all
Version: 11.001
Depends: perl, dpkg (>= 1.4), dpkg-dev (>= 1.4.0.9), gcc |c-compiler, make (>= 3.80-10), po-debconf, gettext,file
Recommends: libc6-dev | libc-dev, bzip2
Suggests: linux-source | kernel-source, libdb3-dev, libncurses-dev,docbook-utils
Filename:pool/main/k/kernel-package/kernel-package_11.001_all.deb
Size: 510452
MD5sum: fd820c2e3970fc8d300aef4a2b9e15ca
SHA1: 34924f84fe4cd604869bf4717d4c0230b3117291
SHA256:3ff71a3e2e69d5073310e8e83fc982baefec983af7139ed7cc7a4ce6cf42c38a
Description: A utility for building Linux kernel related Debianpackages.
This package provides the capability to create a debiankernel-image
package by just running make-kpkg kernel_image in a kernelsource
directory tree. It can also package the relevant kernel headersinto
a kernel-headers package. In general, this package is very usefulif
you need to create a custom kernel, if, for example, thedefault
kernel does not support some of your hardware, or you wish aleaner,
meaner kernel. It also scripts the steps that need be takento
compile the kernel, which is quite convenient (forgetting acrucial
step once was the initial motivation for this package). Please lookat
/usr/share/doc/kernel-package/Rationale.gz for a full list ofadvantages
of this package.
Bugs: mailto:ubuntu-users@lists.ubuntu.com
Origin: Ubuntu

Package: kernel-package
Priority: optional
Section: misc
Installed-Size: 1316
Maintainer: Manoj Srivastava <<A style="COLOR:rgb(107,75,12); LINE-HEIGHT: 25px; TEXT-DECORATION: none"href="mailto:srivasta@debian.org"rel=nofollow>srivasta@debian.org>
Architecture: all
Version: 9.001ubuntu15
Depends: perl, dpkg (>= 1.4), dpkg-dev (>= 1.4.0.9), gcc |c-compiler, make
Recommends: libc6-dev | libc-dev, bzip2
Suggests: linux-source, libdb3-dev, libncurses-dev,docbook-utils
Filename:pool/main/k/kernel-package/kernel-package_9.001ubuntu15_all.deb
Size: 362410
MD5sum: dc01de7ad43dcb769eadfd4f018c2a78
Description: A utility for building Linux kernel related Debianpackages.
This package provides the capability to create a debiankernel-image
package by just running make-kpkg kernel_image in a kernelsource
directory tree. It can also package the relevant kernel headersinto
a kernel-headers package. In general, this package is very usefulif
you need to create a custom kernel, if, for example, thedefault
kernel does not support some of your hardware, or you wish aleaner,
meaner kernel. It also scripts the steps that need be takento
compile the kernel, which is quite convenient (forgetting acrucial
step once was the initial motivation for this package). Please lookat
/usr/share/doc/kernel-package/Rationale.gz for a full list ofadvantages
of this package.
.
If you are running on an intel x86 platform, and you wish tocompile a
custom kernel (why else are you considering this package?), thenyou may
need the package bin86 as well. (This is not required on otherplatforms).
Bugs: mailto:ubuntu-users@lists.ubuntu.com
Origin: Ubuntu

好多信息,不知道能不能看得懂,算了,看一下安装好了没
$ apt-cache policy kernel-package
kernel-package:
已安装: (无)
候选的软件包:11.001
版本列表:
11.001 0
500 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com hardy/mainPackages
9.001ubuntu15 0
500 http://ubuntu.cn99.com dapper/main Packages

这个信息就简单多了,没有安装!那么开始安装吧
$ sudo apt-get install kernel-package
正在读取软件包列表... 完成
正在分析软件包的依赖关系树
读取状态信息... 完成
已经不需要下列自动安装的软件包:
libchewing3-data ttf-wqy-zenhei scim-chewingthunderbird-locale-zh-tw language-support-translations-zh
libchewing3 xfonts-wqy openoffice.org-l10n-zh-cnopenoffice.org-l10n-zh-tw openoffice.org-help-zh-cn
openoffice.org-help-zh-tw language-support-fonts-zh
使用‘apt-get autoremove’ 来删除它们。
将会安装下列额外的软件包:
dpkg-dev gettext intltool-debian libtimedate-perl patchpo-debconf
建议安装的软件包:
debian-keyring cvs gettext-doc linux-source kernel-sourcelibdb3-dev docbook-utils diff-doc
推荐安装的软件包:
build-essential libmail-sendmail-perl libcompress-zlib-perllibmail-box-perl
下列【新】软件包将被安装:
dpkg-dev gettext intltool-debian kernel-package libtimedate-perlpatch po-debconf
共升级了0个软件包,新安装了7个软件包,要卸载0个软件包,有60个软件未被升级。
需要下载3436kB的软件包。
操作完成后,会消耗掉12.8MB的额外磁盘空间。
您希望继续执行吗?[Y/n]

然后轮到build-essential
查询build-essential信息
$ apt-cache show build-essential
Package: build-essential
Priority: optional
Section: devel
Installed-Size: 48
Maintainer: Ubuntu Core Developers <<A style="COLOR:rgb(107,75,12); LINE-HEIGHT: 25px; TEXT-DECORATION: none"href="mailto:ubuntu-devel-discuss@lists.ubuntu.com"rel=nofollow>ubuntu-devel-discuss@lists.ubuntu.com>
Original-Maintainer: Matthias Klose <<A style="COLOR:rgb(107,75,12); LINE-HEIGHT: 25px; TEXT-DECORATION: none"href="mailto:doko@debian.org"rel=nofollow>doko@debian.org>
Architecture: i386
Version: 11.3ubuntu1
Depends: libc6-dev | libc-dev, gcc (>= 4:4.1.1), g++ (>=4:4.1.1), make, dpkg-dev (>= 1.13.5)
Filename:pool/main/b/build-essential/build-essential_11.3ubuntu1_i386.deb
Size: 7066
MD5sum: dbf21241506cb04fc6f67a93aaaf991b
SHA1: aef5b9f76a05ea23c0370eab53ef0d20b4dac1f5
SHA256:7d3b5efbd44c8e8186e33e3b0e9585fc8a86f4b1cd328f10e3c4a594e50f9da5
Description-zh_CN: 编译程序必须软件包的列表信息
如果您 不打算编译Debian软件包,就不需要安装此软件包。而且要编译Debian软件包,此软件包也不是必须的。
本软件包包含一个列表,表中列出了在编译Debian软件包时所必须的软件包。本软件包依赖于列表中的软件,这样,安装编译程序必须的软件包就会很简单。
如果安装了此软件包,在编译软件包时,你只需要安装其特别要求的编译时依赖关系。反过来说,在确定软件包的依赖关系的时候,您完全可以忽略此软件包所依赖的这些包。
本软件包并不是定义那些软件包是编译必须的;真正的定义在Debian策略手册中。本软件包仅包含一个大家都需要的列表。然而,如果此软件包和手册发生冲突,以手册为准。
Bugs: mailto:ubuntu-users@lists.ubuntu.com
Origin: Ubuntu

查询安装状态
$ apt-cache policy build-essential
build-essential:
已安装:(无)
候选的软件包:11.3ubuntu1
版本列表:
11.3ubuntu1 0
500 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com hardy/mainPackages
11.1 0
500 http://ubuntu.cn99.com dapper/main Packages

没有安装,那装上吧
$ sudo apt-get install build-essential
正在读取软件包列表... 完成
正在分析软件包的依赖关系树
读取状态信息... 完成
已经不需要下列自动安装的软件包:
libchewing3-data ttf-wqy-zenhei scim-chewingthunderbird-locale-zh-tw language-support-translations-zh
libchewing3 xfonts-wqy openoffice.org-l10n-zh-cnopenoffice.org-l10n-zh-tw openoffice.org-help-zh-cn
openoffice.org-help-zh-tw language-support-fonts-zh
使用‘apt-get autoremove’ 来删除它们。
将会安装下列额外的软件包:
g++ g++-4.2 libstdc++6-4.2-dev
建议安装的软件包:
g++-multilib g++-4.2-multilib gcc-4.2-doc libstdc++6-4.2-dbglibstdc++6-4.2-doc
下列【新】软件包将被安装:
build-essential g++ g++-4.2 libstdc++6-4.2-dev
共升级了0个软件包,新安装了4个软件包,要卸载0个软件包,有60个软件未被升级。
需要下载3979kB的软件包。
操作完成后,会消耗掉15.0MB的额外磁盘空间。
您希望继续执行吗?[Y/n]

运行make xconfig,错误提示还是一样,
HOSTCC scripts/basic/fixdep
HOSTCC scripts/basic/docproc
CHECK qt
*
* Unable to find the QT3 installation. Please make surethat
* the QT3 development package is correctly installed and
* either install pkg-config or set the QTDIR environment
* variable to the correct location.
*
HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/conf.o
sed < scripts/kconfig/lkc_proto.h >scripts/kconfig/lkc_defs.h 's/P(\([^,]*\),.*/#define \1(\*\1_p)/'
HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/kconfig_load.o
HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/kxgettext.o
SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c
SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/lex.zconf.c
SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.hash.c
HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.o
make[1]: *** 没有规则可以创建“scripts/kconfig/qconf.o”需要的目标“scripts/kconfig/.tmp_qtcheck” 。 停止。
make: ***[xconfig] 错误2

安装QT库
$ sudo apt-get install libqt3-headers libqt3-mt-dev
正在读取软件包列表... 完成
正在分析软件包的依赖关系树
读取状态信息... 完成
已经不需要下列自动安装的软件包:
libchewing3-data ttf-wqy-zenhei scim-chewingthunderbird-locale-zh-tw language-support-translations-zh
libchewing3 xfonts-wqy openoffice.org-l10n-zh-cnopenoffice.org-l10n-zh-tw openoffice.org-help-zh-cn
openoffice.org-help-zh-tw language-support-fonts-zh
使用‘apt-get autoremove’ 来删除它们。
将会安装下列额外的软件包:
comerr-dev libaudio-dev libcupsys2-dev libexpat1-devlibfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgcrypt11-dev
libgl1-mesa-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libgnutls-dev libgnutlsxx13libgpg-error-dev libice-dev libjpeg62-dev
libkadm55 libkrb5-dev liblcms1-dev liblzo2-dev libmng-devlibopencdk10-dev libpng12-dev libpthread-stubs0
libpthread-stubs0-dev libsm-dev libtasn1-3-dev libx11-devlibxau-dev libxcb-xlib0-dev libxcb1-dev
libxcursor-dev libxdmcp-dev libxext-dev libxfixes-dev libxft-devlibxi-dev libxinerama-dev libxmu-dev
libxmu-headers libxrandr-dev libxrender-dev libxt-devmesa-common-dev x11proto-core-dev x11proto-fixes-dev
x11proto-input-dev x11proto-kb-dev x11proto-randr-devx11proto-render-dev x11proto-xext-dev
x11proto-xinerama-dev xtrans-dev
建议安装的软件包:
doc-base libgcrypt11-doc gnutls-bin gnutls-doc krb5-doc libqt3-i18nqt3-doc
推荐安装的软件包:
libqt3-compat-headers
下列【新】软件包将被安装:
comerr-dev libaudio-dev libcupsys2-dev libexpat1-devlibfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgcrypt11-dev
libgl1-mesa-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libgnutls-dev libgnutlsxx13libgpg-error-dev libice-dev libjpeg62-dev
libkadm55 libkrb5-dev liblcms1-dev liblzo2-dev libmng-devlibopencdk10-dev libpng12-dev libpthread-stubs0
libpthread-stubs0-dev libqt3-headers libqt3-mt-dev libsm-devlibtasn1-3-dev libx11-dev libxau-dev
libxcb-xlib0-dev libxcb1-dev libxcursor-dev libxdmcp-devlibxext-dev libxfixes-dev libxft-dev libxi-dev
libxinerama-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxrandr-devlibxrender-dev libxt-dev mesa-common-dev
x11proto-core-dev x11proto-fixes-dev x11proto-input-devx11proto-kb-dev x11proto-randr-dev x11proto-render-dev
x11proto-xext-dev x11proto-xinerama-dev xtrans-dev
共升级了0个软件包,新安装了53个软件包,要卸载0个软件包,有60个软件未被升级。
需要下载8933kB的软件包。
操作完成后,会消耗掉33.0MB的额外磁盘空间。
您希望继续执行吗?[Y/n]

选Y安装后,再安装建议软件包
$ sudo apt-get install libqt3-compat-headers

执行
$sudo make xconfig
OK!

1.安装内核 make menuconfig 错误
   
   错误描述:make menuconfig之后出现
   
   *** Unable to find the ncurseslibraries or the
   
   *** required headerfiles.
   
   *** 'make menuconfig' requiresthe ncurses libraries.
   
   *** Install ncurses(ncurses-devel) and try again.
   
   解决方法:sudo apt-get installlibncurses5-dev
   
   通过使用 cp config_mini2440_w35.config  可以发现:下面的命令(make menuconfig)是使用 .config文件进行内核的编译的。

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