JAVA英文面试题(15道)

原创 2012年03月23日 15:43:37
        Q1. How could Java classes direct program messages to the system console, but error messages, say to a file?.
  The class System has a variable out that represents the standard output, and the variable err that represents the standard error device. By default, they both point at the system console. This how the standard output could be re-directed:
  Stream st = new Stream(new FileOutputStream("output.txt")); System.setErr(st); System.setOut(st);
  Q2. What's the difference between an interface and an abstract class?
  A. An abstract class may contain code in method bodies, which is not allowed in an interface. With abstract classes, you have to inherit your class from it and Java does not allow multiple inheritance. On the other hand, you can implement multiple interfaces in your class.
  Q3. Why would you use a synchronized block vs. synchronized method?
  A. Synchronized blocks place locks for shorter periods than synchronized methods.
  Q4. Explain the usage of the keyword transient?
  A. This keyword indicates that the value of this member variable does not have to be serialized with the object. When the class will be de-serialized, this variable will be initialized with a default value of its data type (i.e. zero for integers).
  Q5. How can you force garbage collection?
  A. You can't force GC, but could request it by calling System.gc(). JVM does not guarantee that GC will be started immediately.
  Q6. How do you know if an explicit object casting is needed?
  A. If you assign a superclass object to a variable of a subclass's data type, you need to do explicit casting. For example:
  Object a; Customer b; b = (Customer) a;
  When you assign a subclass to a variable having a supeclass type, the casting is performed automatically.
  Q7. What's the difference between the methods sleep() and wait()
  A. The code sleep(1000); puts thread aside for exactly one second. The code wait(1000), causes a wait of up to one second. A thread could stop waiting earlier if it receives the notify() or notifyAll() call. The method wait() is defined in the class Object and the method sleep() is defined in the class Thread.
  Q8. Can you write a Java class that could be used both as an applet as well as an application?
  A. Yes. Add a main() method to the applet.
  Q9. What's the difference between constructors and other methods?
  A. Constructors must have the same name as the class and can not return a value. They are only called once while regular methods could be called many times.
  Q10. Can you call one constructor from another if a class has multiple constructors
  A. Yes. Use this() syntax.
  Q11. Explain the usage of Java packages.
  A. This is a way to organize files when a project consists of multiple modules. It also helps resolve naming conflicts when different packages have classes with the same names. Packages access level also allows you to protect data from being used by the non-authorized classes.
  Q12. If a class is located in a package, what do you need to change in the OS environment to be able to use it?
  A. You need to add a directory or a jar file that contains the package directories to the CLASSPATH environment variable. Let's say a class Employee belongs to a package com.xyz.hr; and is located in the file c:/dev/com/xyz/hr/Employee.java. In this case, you'd need to add c:/dev to the variable CLASSPATH. If this class contains the method main(), you could test it from a command prompt window as follows:
  c:/>java com.xyz.hr.Employee
  Q13. What's the difference between J2SDK 1.5 and J2SDK 5.0?
  A.There's no difference, Sun Microsystems just re-branded this version.
  Q14. What would you use to compare two String variables - the operator == or the method equals()?
  A. I'd use the method equals() to compare the values of the Strings and the == to check if two variables point at the same instance of a String object.
  Q15. Does it matter in what order catch statements for FileNotFoundException and IOExceptipon are written?
  A. Yes, it does. The FileNoFoundException is inherited from the IOException. Exception's subclasses have to be caught first.

相关文章推荐

Java 快速、轻量级 Collection 类的集合GNU Trove

今天有幸接触到了 Trove,搜索资料后,进一步了解了Trove ,使用之后效率提升明显、内存占用量显著减少。 Trove 是一个快速、轻量级 Collection 类的集合。Trove 提...

B+/-Tree原理及mysql的索引分析

B+/-Tree原理及mysql的索引分析

嵌入式软件开发面试题15道

  • 2011年07月01日 23:50
  • 49KB
  • 下载

15道经典Java多线程面试题

1. 现在有T1、T2、T3三个线程,你怎样保证T2在T1执行完后执行,T3在T2执行完后执行?  这个线程问题通常会在第一轮或电话面试阶段被问到,目的是检测你对”join”方法是否熟悉。这个多线程...

[20111123] IBM Java英文面试题-附参考答案

1.what is oracle. 2.what is major differenece oracle8i and oracle9i. 4.tell me some thing urself. ...

115个java面试题(英文)

115 Java Interview Questions and Answers – The ULTIMATE List by Sotirios-Efstathios Maneas on A...
  • ht99582
  • ht99582
  • 2014年04月08日 10:58
  • 709

一道Java面试题 读取一篇英文文章,输出其中出现单词的次数最多的5个,写java函数

转载来自:http://www.oschina.net/code/snippet_855019_15327 package com.algorithm.interview;   import java...

Java_英文面试题_经典

  • 2013年03月12日 12:00
  • 29KB
  • 下载

java面试题有中文和英文的两种

  • 2009年01月16日 11:05
  • 159KB
  • 下载

面试题: 数字转英文 数字发音

给定一个数字,转换成英文,如:123 one hundred twenty three 本题的逻辑并不是很难,但是很麻烦,分情况很多, 要想很优雅地解决这个问题确实是不容易的事情。因为逐个数字地翻译...
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:JAVA英文面试题(15道)
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)