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hdu 1102 Constructing Roads

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Problem Description
There are N villages, which are numbered from 1 to N, and you should build some roads such that every two villages can connect to each other. We say two village A and B are connected, if and only if there is a road between A and B, or there exists a village C such that there is a road between A and C, and C and B are connected.

We know that there are already some roads between some villages and your job is the build some roads such that all the villages are connect and the length of all the roads built is minimum.


Input
The first line is an integer N (3 <= N <= 100), which is the number of villages. Then come N lines, the i-th of which contains N integers, and the j-th of these N integers is the distance (the distance should be an integer within [1, 1000]) between village i and village j.

Then there is an integer Q (0 <= Q <= N * (N + 1) / 2). Then come Q lines, each line contains two integers a and b (1 <= a < b <= N), which means the road between village a and village b has been built.


Output
You should output a line contains an integer, which is the length of all the roads to be built such that all the villages are connected, and this value is minimum.


Sample Input
3
0 990 692
990 0 179
692 179 0
1
1 2


Sample Output

179

对于两个城镇之间修好道路的,使他们的建造费用为0,然后prim

#include<iostream>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
#define inf 0x7f7f7f7f

int dis[200],n,m,map[200][200];bool vis[200];
void init()
{
	memset(vis,false,sizeof(vis));
	memset(map,inf,sizeof(map));
	memset(dis,inf,sizeof(dis));
}
int prim()
{
	dis[1]=0;int minn,mark,i,j,ans=0;
	for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
	{
		minn=inf;
		for(j=1;j<=n;j++)
		{
			if(minn>dis[j]&&!vis[j])
			{
				minn=dis[j];mark=j;
			}
		}
		vis[mark]=true;ans+=dis[mark];
		for(j=1;j<=n;j++)
		{
			if(map[mark][j]<dis[j]&&!vis[j])
			dis[j]=map[mark][j];
		}
	}
	return ans;
}
int main()
{
	int i,j,q;
	while(cin>>n)
	{
		init();
		for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
		{
			for(j=1;j<=n;j++)
			{
				cin>>map[i][j];
			}
		}
		cin>>q;
		while(q--)
		{
			cin>>i>>j;map[i][j]=map[j][i]=0;
		}
		int d=prim();
		cout<<d<<endl;
	}
	return 0;
}

用kruskal算法时,使两点的父亲节点相同

#include<iostream>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
struct node
{
	int st,en,len;
}E[2000*2000];
int f[20000],n,m,map[20000][20000];
bool cmp(node &a,node &b)
{
	return a.len <b.len ;
}
int find(int x)
{
	if(f[x]==x) return f[x];
	else return f[x]=find(f[x]);
}
int kruskal()
{
	int i,ans=0;
	for(i=0;i<m;i++)
	{
		int x=find(E[i].st),y=find(E[i].en);
		if(x!=y)
		{
			ans+=E[i].len ;
			f[x]=y;
		}
	}
	return ans;
}
int main()
{
	int i,j,T,q,a,b;
	while(cin>>n)
	{
		T=0;
		for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
		{
			for(j=1;j<=n;j++)
			{
				cin>>map[i][j];
				if(i<j)
				{
					E[T].st=i,E[T].en=j,E[T].len=map[i][j];
					T++;
				}
			}
			f[i]=i;
		}
		m=n*(n-1)/2;
		cin>>q;
		while(q--)
		{
			cin>>a>>b;
			int x=find(a),y=find(b);
			f[x]=y;//使两点的父亲节点相同
		}
		sort(E,E+T,cmp);
		int ans=kruskal();
		cout<<ans<<endl;
	}
	return 0;
}


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