rman list 用法

转载 2013年12月03日 23:18:57

List command example

可以用于查看對應物,backup,copy,archivelog等


01 list incarnation
==========================
01.01  list incarnation;
 list incarnation of database;
 list incarnation of database 'ORA9I';

===================================================
02 list backup example
===========================
02.01 list backup;
02.02 list backup of database;
02.03 list backup of tablespace 'SYSTEM','USERS';
02.04 list backup of datafile 1,3,7;
 list backup of datafile 'e:oracleoradataora9isystem01.dbf',
    'e:oracleoradataora9iusers01.dbf';
02.05 list backup of controlfile;
02.06 list backup of spfile;
02.07 list backup of archivelog all;
 list backup of archivelog like '%.log';
 list backup of archivelog from time 'sysdate-14';
 list backup of archivelog until time 'sysdate-7';
 list backup of archivelog from time 'sysdate-14' until time 'sysdate-7';
 list backup of archivelog from scn 10000;
 list backup of archivelog until scn 11000;
 list backup of archivelog from scn 10000 until scn 11000;
 list backup of archivelog from logseq 135;
 list backup of archivelog until logseq 139;
 list backup of archivelog from logseq 135 until logseq 139;
02.08 list backup completed after 'sysdate -14';
 list backup completed before 'sysdate -7';
 list backup completed between 'sysdate -14' and 'sysdate-7';
02.09 list backup tag=WHOLE_COLDBACK;
02.10 list backup recoverable;
02.11 list backup device type disk;
02.12 list backup completed after 'sysdate-14'
   tag=WHOLE_COLDBACK
   device type disk
   recoverable;
    
===================================================
03 list copy example
===========================
03.01 list copy;
03.02 list copy of database;
03.03 list copy of tablespace 'SYSTEM','USERS';
03.04 list copy of datafile 1,3,7;
 list copy of datafile
   'e:oracleoradataora9isystem01.dbf',
   'e:oracleoradataora9iusers01.dbf';
03.05 list copy of controlfile;
03.06 list copy of spfile;
03.07 list copy of archivelog all;
 list copy of archivelog like '%.log';
 list copy of archivelog from time 'sysdate-14';
 list copy of archivelog from time "to_date('07-11-2004','mm-dd-yyyy')";
 list copy of archivelog until time 'sysdate-7';
 list copy of archivelog from time 'sysdate-14' until time 'sysdate-7';
 list copy of archivelog from scn 10000;
 list copy of archivelog until scn 11000;
 list copy of archivelog from scn 10000 until scn 11000;
 list copy of archivelog from logseq 135;
 list copy of archivelog until logseq 139;
 list copy of archivelog from logseq 135 until logseq 139;
03.08 list copy completed after 'sysdate -14';
 list copy completed before 'sysdate -7';
 list copy completed between 'sysdate -14' and 'sysdate-7';
03.09 list copy tag=WHOLE_COLDBACK;
03.10 list copy recoverable;
03.11 list copy device type disk;
03.12 list copy completed after 'sysdate-14'
   tag=WHOLE_COLDBACK
   device type disk
   recoverable;

================================================
04. list backup summary
===========================
04.01 list backup summary;    概述可用的備份
04.02 list backup of database summary;
04.03 list backup of tablespace users summary;
04.04 list backup of datafile 9 summary;
04.05 list backup of archivelog all summary;
04.06 list backup of controlfile summary;
04.07 list backup of spfile summary;

=======================================================
05. list others
===========================
05.01 list expired backup;
05.02 list expired backup of archivelog all summary;
05.03 list backup by file;
05.04 list archivelog all;
05.05 list backupset;

 

1、SHOW命令:

   显示rman配置: RMAN> show all;

2、REPORT命令:

   2.1、RMAN> report schema                        报告目标数据库的物理结构;

   2.2、RMAN>report need backup days=3;            报告最近3天没有被备份的数据文件;

   2.3、RMAN> report need backup days 3 tablespace users;   在USERS表空间上3天未备份的数据文件;

   2.4、RMAN> report need backup incremental 3;    报告恢复数据文件需要的增量备份个数超过3次的数据文件;

   2.5、RMAN> report need backup redundancy 2 database;           报告备份文件低于2份的所有数据文件;

        RMAN>report need backup redundancy=2;

   2.6、RMAN> report need backup recovery window of 6 days;    报告文件报表的恢复需要超过6天的归档日志的数据文件;

   2.7、RMAN> report unrecoverable;      报告数据库所有不可恢复的数据文件;

   2.8、RMAN> report obsolete redunndancy 2; 报告备份次数超过2次的陈旧备份;

   2.9、RMAN>report obsolete;          报告多余的备份;

3、LIST命令:列出备份信息

   3.1、列出数据文件备份集

        RMAN>list backup         列出详细备份;

        RMAN>list expired backup     列出过期备份;

        RMAN> list backup of database;     列出所有数据文件的备份集;

        RMAN> list backup of tablespace user01; 列出特定表空间的所有数据文件备份集;

   3.2、RMAN> list backup of controlfile     列出控制文件备份集;

   3.3、RMAN> list backup of archivelog all      列出归档日志备份集详细信息;

        RMAN>list archivelog all;      列出归档日志备份集简要信息

   3.4、RMAN> list backup of spfile              列出SPFILE备份集;

   3.5、RMAN> list copy of datafile 5        列出数据文件映像副本;

   3.6、RMAN> list copy of controlfile           列出控制文件映像副本;

   3.7、RMAN> list copy of archivelog all    列出归档日志映像副本;

   3.8、RMAN> list incarnation of database       列出对应物/列出数据库副本;

   3.9、RMAN>list backup summary;    概述可用的备份;

                B表示backup

                F表示FULL

                A表示archive log

                0 1表示incremental backup

                S说明备份状态(A AVAILABLE   X EXPIRED )

    

   3.10、RMAN>list backup by file    按备份类型列出备份;

                    按照数据文件备份,归档日志备份,控制文件备份,服务器参数文件备份 列出

4、CROSSCHECK命令:校验备份信息

   4.1、RMAN> crosscheck backup             核对所有备份集;  

   4.2、RMAN> crosscheck backup of database      核对所有数据文件的备份集;  

   4.3、RMAN> crosscheck backup of tablespace users      核对特定表空间的备份集;  

   4.4、RMAN> crosscheck backup of datafile 4    核对特定数据文件的备份集;  

   4.5、RMAN> crosscheck backup of controlfile   核对控制文件的备份集;  

   4.6、RMAN> crosscheck backup of spfile    核对SPFILE的备份集;  

   4.7、RMAN> crosscheck backup of archivelog sequence 3 核对归档日志的备份集;  

   4.8、RMAN> crosscheck copy               核对所有映像副本;  

   4.9、RMAN> crosscheck copy of database       核对所有数据文件的映像副本;  

   4.10、RMAN> crosscheck copy of tablespace users       核对特定表空间的映像副本;  

   4.11、RMAN> crosscheck copy of datafile 6        核对特定数据文件的映像副本;  

   4.12、RMAN> crosscheck copy of archivelog sequence 4  核对归档日志的映像副本;  

   4.13、RMAN> crosscheck copy of controlfile       核对控制文件的映像副本; 

   4.14、RMAN> crosscheck backup tag='SAT_BACKUP';

   4.15、RMAN> crosscheck backup completed after 'sysdate - 2'

   4.16、RMAN> crosscheck backup completed between 'sysdate - 5' and 'sysdate -2 '

   4.17、RMAN> crosscheck backup device type sBT;

   4.18、RMAN> crosscheck archivelog all;

   4.19、RMAN> crosscheck archivelog like '%ARC00012.001'

   4.20、RMAN> crosscheck archivelog from sequence 12;

   4.21、RMAN> crosscheck archivelog until sequence 522;

5、DELETE:删除备份

   5.1、RMAN> delete obsolete;      删除陈旧备份;

   5.2、RMAN> delete expired backup; 删除EXPIRED备份    

   5.3、RMAN> delete expired copy;   删除EXPIRED副本;

   5.4、RMAN> delete backupset 19;   删除特定备份集;

   5.5、RMAN> delete backuppiece ''d:\backup\DEMO_19.bak''   删除特定备份片;

   5.6、RMAN> delete backup      删除所有备份集;

   5.7、RMAN> delete datafilecopy ''d:\backup\DEMO_19.bak''  删除特定映像副本;

   5.8、RMAN> delete copy   删除所有映像副本;

   5.9、RMAN> delete archivelog all delete input;

        RMAN> delete backupset 22 format = ''d:\backup\%u.bak'' delete input 在备份后删除输入对象;

   5.10、RMAN> delete backupset id;

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