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oracle存储过程入门

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1、创建存储过程

  create or replace procedure test(var_name_1 in type,var_name_2 out type) as

  --声明变量(变量名 变量类型)

  begin

  --存储过程的执行体

  end test;

  2、变量赋值

  变量名 := 值;

  E.g:

  create or replace procedure test(workDate in Date) is

  x number(4,2);

  begin

  x := 1;

  end test;

  3、判断语句:

  if 比较式 then begin end; end if;

  E.g

  create or replace procedure test(x in number) is

  begin

  if x >0 then

  begin

  x := 0 - x;

  end;

  end if;

  if x = 0 then

  begin

  x: = 1;

  end;

  end if;

  end test;

  4、For 循环

  For ... in ... LOOP

  --执行语句

  end LOOP;

  (1)循环遍历游标

  create or replace procedure test() as

  Cursor cursor is select name from student; name varchar(20);

  begin

  for name in cursor LOOP

  begin

  dbms_output.putline(name);

  end;

  end LOOP;

  end test;

  第一次写oracle存储过程,在此记录,以当查看,代码如下:

  ------------------------------------------------------

  create or replace procedure p_data_send is

  Cursor sendList is

  SELECT e.state, s.privilege, s.timeOut,e.equipId ,s.sendInterval  FROM t_equip e, t_data_send s

  WHERE e.equipId=s.equipId AND s.prevId=0 AND s.state=1 AND s.timeOut< sysdate;

  v_equipState t_equip.state%type;

  v_privilege  t_data_send.privilege%type;

  v_timeOut    t_data_send.timeout%type;

  v_equipId    t_equip.equipid%type;

  v_sendInterval t_data_send.sendinterval%type;

  i           number;

  begin

  open sendList;

  for i in (select count(1) from t_equip e, t_data_send s WHERE e.equipId=s.equipId AND s.prevId=0 AND s.state=1 AND s.timeOut< sysdate) loop

  begin

  fetch sendList into v_equipState,

  v_privilege,

  v_timeOut,

  v_equipId,

  v_sendInterval;

  if v_equipState = 0 then

  UPDATE t_data_send s SET s.state=0,s.privilege=(v_privilege+20),

  s.timeout=sysdate+ v_sendInterval/24/60/60 WHERE s.equipid=v_equipId;

  else

  DELETE   FROM t_data_send s   WHERE s.equipid=v_equipId;

  end if;

  Dbms_Output.put_line(v_equipId);

  commit;

  exit when sendList%notfound;

  if sendList%isopen then

  close sendList;

  end if;

  end;

  end loop;

  end p_data_send;

  --------------------------------------------------------

  create or replace procedure p_online is

  v_intervalVale number;

  v_equipmentIDValue varchar2(16);

  i           number;

  totalNum    number;

  Cursor onlineList is

  select (ROUND(TO_NUMBER(sysdate - e.updateTime) * 24 * 60 * 60)-1800),e.equipId from t_equip e;

  begin

  select count(1) into totalNum from t_equip;

  open onlineList;

  for i in 1..totalNum loop

  begin

  fetch onlineList into v_intervalVale,v_equipmentIDValue;

  if v_intervalVale<0 then

  update t_equip e SET e.st_online = '1' where e.equipId = v_equipmentIDValue;

  else

  update t_equip e SET e.st_online = '0' where e.equipId = v_equipmentIDValue;

  end if;

  commit;

  exit when onlineList%notfound;

  end;

  end loop;

  close onlineList;

  end p_online;

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