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CRC16/CRC32/CRC16F算法和代码

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CRC16/CRC32/CRC16F算法和代码

以下是转载自http://bbs.chinaunix.net/archiver/?tid-239630.html

CRC的基础概念:

http://140.134.26.93:3719/course/92S-Networking/www.netbook.cs.purdue.edu/cs363/lecture_notes/chap07/crc/crc.html

http://www.ahetc.gov.cn/cit/200209/23.doc

CRC算法经常用到,如下总结了常用的三种。有兴趣的copy回家用。
呵呵

CRC16算法和代码如下
[code]
unsigned short crc16(char *data_p, unsigned short length)
{
      unsigned char i;
      unsigned int data;
      unsigned int crc = 0xffff;

      if (length == 0)
            return (~crc);

      do
      {
            for (i=0, data=(unsigned int)0xff & *data_p++;
                 i < 8;
                 i++, data >;>;= 1)
            {
                  if ((crc & 0x0001) ^ (data & 0x0001))
                        crc = (crc >;>; 1) ^ POLY;
                  else  crc >;>;= 1;
            }
      } while (--length);

      crc = ~crc;
      data = crc;
      crc = (crc << 8) | (data >;>; 8 & 0xff);

      return (crc);
}
[/code]

CRC16F算法和代码
[code]
#define   P    0x1021

#define W 16

#define B 8

static unsigned short crctab[1<<B] = { /* as calculated by initcrctab() */
    0x0000,  0x1021,  0x2042,  0x3063,  0x4084,  0x50a5,  0x60c6,  0x70e7,
    0x8108,  0x9129,  0xa14a,  0xb16b,  0xc18c,  0xd1ad,  0xe1ce,  0xf1ef,
    0x1231,  0x0210,  0x3273,  0x2252,  0x52b5,  0x4294,  0x72f7,  0x62d6,
    0x9339,  0x8318,  0xb37b,  0xa35a,  0xd3bd,  0xc39c,  0xf3ff,  0xe3de,
    0x2462,  0x3443,  0x0420,  0x1401,  0x64e6,  0x74c7,  0x44a4,  0x5485,
    0xa56a,  0xb54b,  0x8528,  0x9509,  0xe5ee,  0xf5cf,  0xc5ac,  0xd58d,
    0x3653,  0x2672,  0x1611,  0x0630,  0x76d7,  0x66f6,  0x5695,  0x46b4,
    0xb75b,  0xa77a,  0x9719,  0x8738,  0xf7df,  0xe7fe,  0xd79d,  0xc7bc,
    0x48c4,  0x58e5,  0x6886,  0x78a7,  0x0840,  0x1861,  0x2802,  0x3823,
    0xc9cc,  0xd9ed,  0xe98e,  0xf9af,  0x8948,  0x9969,  0xa90a,  0xb92b,
    0x5af5,  0x4ad4,  0x7ab7,  0x6a96,  0x1a71,  0x0a50,  0x3a33,  0x2a12,
    0xdbfd,  0xcbdc,  0xfbbf,  0xeb9e,  0x9b79,  0x8b58,  0xbb3b,  0xab1a,
    0x6ca6,  0x7c87,  0x4ce4,  0x5cc5,  0x2c22,  0x3c03,  0x0c60,  0x1c41,
    0xedae,  0xfd8f,  0xcdec,  0xddcd,  0xad2a,  0xbd0b,  0x8d68,  0x9d49,
    0x7e97,  0x6eb6,  0x5ed5,  0x4ef4,  0x3e13,  0x2e32,  0x1e51,  0x0e70,
    0xff9f,  0xefbe,  0xdfdd,  0xcffc,  0xbf1b,  0xaf3a,  0x9f59,  0x8f78,
    0x9188,  0x81a9,  0xb1ca,  0xa1eb,  0xd10c,  0xc12d,  0xf14e,  0xe16f,
    0x1080,  0x00a1,  0x30c2,  0x20e3,  0x5004,  0x4025,  0x7046,  0x6067,
    0x83b9,  0x9398,  0xa3fb,  0xb3da,  0xc33d,  0xd31c,  0xe37f,  0xf35e,
    0x02b1,  0x1290,  0x22f3,  0x32d2,  0x4235,  0x5214,  0x6277,  0x7256,
    0xb5ea,  0xa5cb,  0x95a8,  0x8589,  0xf56e,  0xe54f,  0xd52c,  0xc50d,
    0x34e2,  0x24c3,  0x14a0,  0x0481,  0x7466,  0x6447,  0x5424,  0x4405,
    0xa7db,  0xb7fa,  0x8799,  0x97b8,  0xe75f,  0xf77e,  0xc71d,  0xd73c,
    0x26d3,  0x36f2,  0x0691,  0x16b0,  0x6657,  0x7676,  0x4615,  0x5634,
    0xd94c,  0xc96d,  0xf90e,  0xe92f,  0x99c8,  0x89e9,  0xb98a,  0xa9ab,
    0x5844,  0x4865,  0x7806,  0x6827,  0x18c0,  0x08e1,  0x3882,  0x28a3,
    0xcb7d,  0xdb5c,  0xeb3f,  0xfb1e,  0x8bf9,  0x9bd8,  0xabbb,  0xbb9a,
    0x4a75,  0x5a54,  0x6a37,  0x7a16,  0x0af1,  0x1ad0,  0x2ab3,  0x3a92,
    0xfd2e,  0xed0f,  0xdd6c,  0xcd4d,  0xbdaa,  0xad8b,  0x9de8,  0x8dc9,
    0x7c26,  0x6c07,  0x5c64,  0x4c45,  0x3ca2,  0x2c83,  0x1ce0,  0x0cc1,
    0xef1f,  0xff3e,  0xcf5d,  0xdf7c,  0xaf9b,  0xbfba,  0x8fd9,  0x9ff8,
    0x6e17,  0x7e36,  0x4e55,  0x5e74,  0x2e93,  0x3eb2,  0x0ed1,  0x1ef0
    };

unsigned short updcrc(unsigned short icrc,
                      unsigned char *icp,
                      unsigned int icnt )
{
      register unsigned short crc = icrc;
      register unsigned char *cp = icp;
      register unsigned int cnt = icnt;

      while( cnt-- )
            crc = (crc<<B) ^ crctab[(crc>;>;(W-B)) ^ *cp++];

      return( crc );
}

#ifdef MAKETAB
main()
{
      initcrctab();
}

initcrctab()
{
      register  b, v, i;

      for( b = 0; b <= (1<<B)-1; ++b )
      {
            for( v = b<<(W-B), i = B; --i >;= 0; )
                  v = v&0x8000 ? (v<<1)^P : v<<1;
            crctab[b] = v;

            printf( "0x%04x,", v & 0xFFFF );
            if( (b&7) == 7 )
                  printf("/n" );
            else  printf("  ");
      }
}
#endif

#ifdef TEST

#include <stdio.h>;
#include <fcntl.h>;

#define MAXBUF 4096

void main(int argc, char **argv)
{
      int fd = 0;
      int nr;
      char buf[MAXBUF];
      unsigned short crc;

      if( argc >; 1 )
      {
            if( (fd = open( argv[1], O_RDONLY )) < 0 )
            {
                  perror( argv[1] );
                  exit( -1 );
            }
      }
      crc = 0;
      while( (nr = read( fd, buf, MAXBUF )) >; 0 )
            crc = updcrc( crc, buf, nr );
      printf( "%04x/n", crc );
      if( nr != 0 )
            perror( "reading" );
}

#endif
[/code]

CRC32算法和代码
[code]
#include <stdio.h>;
#define OK 0
#define ERROR (-1)

static UNS_32_BITS crc_32_tab[] = { /* CRC polynomial 0xedb88320 */
0x00000000, 0x77073096, 0xee0e612c, 0x990951ba, 0x076dc419, 0x706af48f,
0xe963a535, 0x9e6495a3, 0x0edb8832, 0x79dcb8a4, 0xe0d5e91e, 0x97d2d988,
0x09b64c2b, 0x7eb17cbd, 0xe7b82d07, 0x90bf1d91, 0x1db71064, 0x6ab020f2,
0xf3b97148, 0x84be41de, 0x1adad47d, 0x6ddde4eb, 0xf4d4b551, 0x83d385c7,
0x136c9856, 0x646ba8c0, 0xfd62f97a, 0x8a65c9ec, 0x14015c4f, 0x63066cd9,
0xfa0f3d63, 0x8d080df5, 0x3b6e20c8, 0x4c69105e, 0xd56041e4, 0xa2677172,
0x3c03e4d1, 0x4b04d447, 0xd20d85fd, 0xa50ab56b, 0x35b5a8fa, 0x42b2986c,
0xdbbbc9d6, 0xacbcf940, 0x32d86ce3, 0x45df5c75, 0xdcd60dcf, 0xabd13d59,
0x26d930ac, 0x51de003a, 0xc8d75180, 0xbfd06116, 0x21b4f4b5, 0x56b3c423,
0xcfba9599, 0xb8bda50f, 0x2802b89e, 0x5f058808, 0xc60cd9b2, 0xb10be924,
0x2f6f7c87, 0x58684c11, 0xc1611dab, 0xb6662d3d, 0x76dc4190, 0x01db7106,
0x98d220bc, 0xefd5102a, 0x71b18589, 0x06b6b51f, 0x9fbfe4a5, 0xe8b8d433,
0x7807c9a2, 0x0f00f934, 0x9609a88e, 0xe10e9818, 0x7f6a0dbb, 0x086d3d2d,
0x91646c97, 0xe6635c01, 0x6b6b51f4, 0x1c6c6162, 0x856530d8, 0xf262004e,
0x6c0695ed, 0x1b01a57b, 0x8208f4c1, 0xf50fc457, 0x65b0d9c6, 0x12b7e950,
0x8bbeb8ea, 0xfcb9887c, 0x62dd1ddf, 0x15da2d49, 0x8cd37cf3, 0xfbd44c65,
0x4db26158, 0x3ab551ce, 0xa3bc0074, 0xd4bb30e2, 0x4adfa541, 0x3dd895d7,
0xa4d1c46d, 0xd3d6f4fb, 0x4369e96a, 0x346ed9fc, 0xad678846, 0xda60b8d0,
0x44042d73, 0x33031de5, 0xaa0a4c5f, 0xdd0d7cc9, 0x5005713c, 0x270241aa,
0xbe0b1010, 0xc90c2086, 0x5768b525, 0x206f85b3, 0xb966d409, 0xce61e49f,
0x5edef90e, 0x29d9c998, 0xb0d09822, 0xc7d7a8b4, 0x59b33d17, 0x2eb40d81,
0xb7bd5c3b, 0xc0ba6cad, 0xedb88320, 0x9abfb3b6, 0x03b6e20c, 0x74b1d29a,
0xead54739, 0x9dd277af, 0x04db2615, 0x73dc1683, 0xe3630b12, 0x94643b84,
0x0d6d6a3e, 0x7a6a5aa8, 0xe40ecf0b, 0x9309ff9d, 0x0a00ae27, 0x7d079eb1,
0xf00f9344, 0x8708a3d2, 0x1e01f268, 0x6906c2fe, 0xf762575d, 0x806567cb,
0x196c3671, 0x6e6b06e7, 0xfed41b76, 0x89d32be0, 0x10da7a5a, 0x67dd4acc,
0xf9b9df6f, 0x8ebeeff9, 0x17b7be43, 0x60b08ed5, 0xd6d6a3e8, 0xa1d1937e,
0x38d8c2c4, 0x4fdff252, 0xd1bb67f1, 0xa6bc5767, 0x3fb506dd, 0x48b2364b,
0xd80d2bda, 0xaf0a1b4c, 0x36034af6, 0x41047a60, 0xdf60efc3, 0xa867df55,
0x316e8eef, 0x4669be79, 0xcb61b38c, 0xbc66831a, 0x256fd2a0, 0x5268e236,
0xcc0c7795, 0xbb0b4703, 0x220216b9, 0x5505262f, 0xc5ba3bbe, 0xb2bd0b28,
0x2bb45a92, 0x5cb36a04, 0xc2d7ffa7, 0xb5d0cf31, 0x2cd99e8b, 0x5bdeae1d,
0x9b64c2b0, 0xec63f226, 0x756aa39c, 0x026d930a, 0x9c0906a9, 0xeb0e363f,
0x72076785, 0x05005713, 0x95bf4a82, 0xe2b87a14, 0x7bb12bae, 0x0cb61b38,
0x92d28e9b, 0xe5d5be0d, 0x7cdcefb7, 0x0bdbdf21, 0x86d3d2d4, 0xf1d4e242,
0x68ddb3f8, 0x1fda836e, 0x81be16cd, 0xf6b9265b, 0x6fb077e1, 0x18b74777,
0x88085ae6, 0xff0f6a70, 0x66063bca, 0x11010b5c, 0x8f659eff, 0xf862ae69,
0x616bffd3, 0x166ccf45, 0xa00ae278, 0xd70dd2ee, 0x4e048354, 0x3903b3c2,
0xa7672661, 0xd06016f7, 0x4969474d, 0x3e6e77db, 0xaed16a4a, 0xd9d65adc,
0x40df0b66, 0x37d83bf0, 0xa9bcae53, 0xdebb9ec5, 0x47b2cf7f, 0x30b5ffe9,
0xbdbdf21c, 0xcabac28a, 0x53b39330, 0x24b4a3a6, 0xbad03605, 0xcdd70693,
0x54de5729, 0x23d967bf, 0xb3667a2e, 0xc4614ab8, 0x5d681b02, 0x2a6f2b94,
0xb40bbe37, 0xc30c8ea1, 0x5a05df1b, 0x2d02ef8d
};

#define UPDC32(octet, crc) (crc_32_tab[((crc)/
     ^ (octet)) & 0xff] ^ ((crc) >;>; 8))

main(int argc, char *argp[])
{
      register errors = 0;

      while(--argc >; 0)
            errors |= crc32file( *++argp);
      return(errors != 0);
}

crc32file(char *name)
{
      register FILE *fin;
      register unsigned long oldcrc32;
      register unsigned long crc32;
      register unsigned long oldcrc;
      register c;
      register long charcnt;

      oldcrc32 = 0xFFFFFFFF; charcnt = 0;
#ifdef MSDOS
      if ((fin=fopen(name, "rb"))==NULL)
#else
      if ((fin=fopen(name, "r"))==NULL)
#endif
      {
            perror(name);
            return ERROR;
      }
      while ((c=getc(fin))!=EOF)
      {
            ++charcnt;
            oldcrc32 = UPDC32(c, oldcrc32);
      }

      if (ferror(fin))
      {
            perror(name);
            charcnt = -1;
      }
      fclose(fin);

      crc32 = oldcrc32;  oldcrc = oldcrc32 = ~oldcrc32;

/**/
      crc32 = UPDC32((oldcrc32 & 0377), crc32);  oldcrc32 >;>;=8;
      crc32 = UPDC32((oldcrc32 & 0377), crc32);  oldcrc32 >;>;=8;
      crc32 = UPDC32((oldcrc32 & 0377), crc32);  oldcrc32 >;>;=8;
      crc32 = UPDC32((oldcrc32 & 0377), crc32);  oldcrc32 >;>;=8;
      printf("%08lX ", crc32);
/**/

      printf("%08lX %7ld %s/n", oldcrc, charcnt, name);

      return OK;
}
[/code]

CRC16/CRC32/CRC16F算法和代码

偶也提供一个 宏定义的。 应该是16位的吧

[code]
#ifndef CRCXM_INCLUDED
#define CRCXM_INCLUDED

static unsigned int crcxm_tab[256] = {

  0x0000U, 0x1021U, 0x2042U, 0x3063U, 0x4084U, 0x50A5U, 0x60C6U, 0x70E7U,
  0x8108U, 0x9129U, 0xA14AU, 0xB16BU, 0xC18CU, 0xD1ADU, 0xE1CEU, 0xF1EFU,
  0x1231U, 0x0210U, 0x3273U, 0x2252U, 0x52B5U, 0x4294U, 0x72F7U, 0x62D6U,
  0x9339U, 0x8318U, 0xB37BU, 0xA35AU, 0xD3BDU, 0xC39CU, 0xF3FFU, 0xE3DEU,
  0x2462U, 0x3443U, 0x0420U, 0x1401U, 0x64E6U, 0x74C7U, 0x44A4U, 0x5485U,
  0xA56AU, 0xB54BU, 0x8528U, 0x9509U, 0xE5EEU, 0xF5CFU, 0xC5ACU, 0xD58DU,
  0x3653U, 0x2672U, 0x1611U, 0x0630U, 0x76D7U, 0x66F6U, 0x5695U, 0x46B4U,
  0xB75BU, 0xA77AU, 0x9719U, 0x8738U, 0xF7DFU, 0xE7FEU, 0xD79DU, 0xC7BCU,
  0x48C4U, 0x58E5U, 0x6886U, 0x78A7U, 0x0840U, 0x1861U, 0x2802U, 0x3823U,
  0xC9CCU, 0xD9EDU, 0xE98EU, 0xF9AFU, 0x8948U, 0x9969U, 0xA90AU, 0xB92BU,
  0x5AF5U, 0x4AD4U, 0x7AB7U, 0x6A96U, 0x1A71U, 0x0A50U, 0x3A33U, 0x2A12U,
  0xDBFDU, 0xCBDCU, 0xFBBFU, 0xEB9EU, 0x9B79U, 0x8B58U, 0xBB3BU, 0xAB1AU,
  0x6CA6U, 0x7C87U, 0x4CE4U, 0x5CC5U, 0x2C22U, 0x3C03U, 0x0C60U, 0x1C41U,
  0xEDAEU, 0xFD8FU, 0xCDECU, 0xDDCDU, 0xAD2AU, 0xBD0BU, 0x8D68U, 0x9D49U,
  0x7E97U, 0x6EB6U, 0x5ED5U, 0x4EF4U, 0x3E13U, 0x2E32U, 0x1E51U, 0x0E70U,
  0xFF9FU, 0xEFBEU, 0xDFDDU, 0xCFFCU, 0xBF1BU, 0xAF3AU, 0x9F59U, 0x8F78U,
  0x9188U, 0x81A9U, 0xB1CAU, 0xA1EBU, 0xD10CU, 0xC12DU, 0xF14EU, 0xE16FU,
  0x1080U, 0x00A1U, 0x30C2U, 0x20E3U, 0x5004U, 0x4025U, 0x7046U, 0x6067U,
  0x83B9U, 0x9398U, 0xA3FBU, 0xB3DAU, 0xC33DU, 0xD31CU, 0xE37FU, 0xF35EU,
  0x02B1U, 0x1290U, 0x22F3U, 0x32D2U, 0x4235U, 0x5214U, 0x6277U, 0x7256U,
  0xB5EAU, 0xA5CBU, 0x95A8U, 0x8589U, 0xF56EU, 0xE54FU, 0xD52CU, 0xC50DU,
  0x34E2U, 0x24C3U, 0x14A0U, 0x0481U, 0x7466U, 0x6447U, 0x5424U, 0x4405U,
  0xA7DBU, 0xB7FAU, 0x8799U, 0x97B8U, 0xE75FU, 0xF77EU, 0xC71DU, 0xD73CU,
  0x26D3U, 0x36F2U, 0x0691U, 0x16B0U, 0x6657U, 0x7676U, 0x4615U, 0x5634U,
  0xD94CU, 0xC96DU, 0xF90EU, 0xE92FU, 0x99C8U, 0x89E9U, 0xB98AU, 0xA9ABU,
  0x5844U, 0x4865U, 0x7806U, 0x6827U, 0x18C0U, 0x08E1U, 0x3882U, 0x28A3U,
  0xCB7DU, 0xDB5CU, 0xEB3FU, 0xFB1EU, 0x8BF9U, 0x9BD8U, 0xABBBU, 0xBB9AU,
  0x4A75U, 0x5A54U, 0x6A37U, 0x7A16U, 0x0AF1U, 0x1AD0U, 0x2AB3U, 0x3A92U,
  0xFD2EU, 0xED0FU, 0xDD6CU, 0xCD4DU, 0xBDAAU, 0xAD8BU, 0x9DE8U, 0x8DC9U,
  0x7C26U, 0x6C07U, 0x5C64U, 0x4C45U, 0x3CA2U, 0x2C83U, 0x1CE0U, 0x0CC1U,
  0xEF1FU, 0xFF3EU, 0xCF5DU, 0xDF7CU, 0xAF9BU, 0xBFBAU, 0x8FD9U, 0x9FF8U,
  0x6E17U, 0x7E36U, 0x4E55U, 0x5E74U, 0x2E93U, 0x3EB2U, 0x0ED1U, 0x1EF0U };

#define crcxmInit(crc) ((*(crc)) = 0U)

#define crcxmUpdate(crc, ch) ((*(crc)) = ((((*(crc)) & 0xffU) << 8) ^ crcxm_tab[(unsigned char)((ch) ^ ((*(crc)) >;>; 8))]))

#define crcxmValue(crc) (*(crc))

typedef unsigned short CRCXM;

#define crcxmLowbyte(crc) ((*(crc)) & 0xffU)

#define crcxmHighbyte(crc) (((*(crc)) >;>; 8) & 0xffU)

#endif
[/code]

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