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LeetCode Edit Distance DP

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思路:

方法一:DP。时间复杂度O(N*M),空间复杂度 O(N*M)。

设 f[i][j] 表示 word1[0…i] 与 word2[0…j] 的最小编辑距离,则有:
(1)如果 word1[i] == word2[j],f[i][j] = f[i-1][j-1] ;
(2)如果 word1[i] != word2[j],
如果在word1[i] 后面添加一个字符等于word2[j],则f[i][j] = f[i][j-1] + 1 ;
如果将word1[i]删除,则f[i][j] = f[i-1][j] +1 ;
如果将word1[i]替换为word2[j],则f[i][j] = f[i-1][j-1] + 1 ;

c++:

class Solution {
public:
    int minDistance(string word1, string word2) {
        int n1 = word1.size();
        int n2 = word2.size();
        vector<vector<int>> f = vector<vector<int>>(n1 + 1, vector<int>(n2 + 1, 0));
        for(int i = 0; i <= n1; ++i) {
            f[i][0] = i;
        }
        for(int i = 0; i <= n2; ++i) {
            f[0][i] = i;
        }
        for(int i = 1; i <= n1; ++i) {
            for(int j = 1; j <= n2; ++j) {
                if(word1[i - 1] == word2[j - 1]) {
                    f[i][j] = f[i-1][j-1];
                }else {
                    int tmp = min(f[i][j-1] + 1, f[i-1][j] + 1);
                    f[i][j] = min(tmp, f[i-1][j-1] + 1);
                }
            }
        }
        return f[n1][n2];
    }
};

java:

public class Solution {
    public int minDistance(String word1, String word2) {
        int m = word1.length();
        int n = word2.length();

        int[][] cost = new int[m + 1][n + 1];
        for(int i = 0; i <= m; ++i) {
            cost[i][0] = i;
        }
        for(int i = 0; i <= n; ++i) {
            cost[0][i] = i;
        }

        for(int i = 1; i <= m; ++i) {
            for(int j = 1; j <= n; ++j) {
                if(word1.charAt(i - 1) == word2.charAt(j - 1)) {
                    cost[i][j] = cost[i - 1][j - 1];
                }else {
                    int tmp = cost[i - 1][j] + 1 < cost[i][j - 1] + 1 ? cost[i - 1][j] + 1 : cost[i][j - 1] + 1;
                    cost[i][j] = tmp < cost[i - 1][j - 1] + 1 ? tmp : cost[i - 1][j - 1] + 1;
                }
            }
        }

        return cost[m][n];
    }
}

方法二:DP+滚动数组。时间复杂度O(N*M),空间复杂度O(N)。

row1: A B
row2: A’ B’

B’ = min(A, A’, B);

要有个变量保存A。

class Solution {
public:
    int minDistance(string word1, string word2) {
        int n = word1.size();
        int m = word2.size();
        if(n < m) {
            minDistance(word2, word1);
        }

        vector<int> f = vector<int>(m + 1, 0);
        for(int i = 0; i <= m; ++i) {
            f[i] = i;
        }

        for(int i = 1; i <= n; ++i) {
            int upper_left = f[0];
            f[0] = i;
            for(int j = 1; j <= m; ++j) {
                int upper = f[j];
                if(word1[i-1] == word2[j-1]) {
                    f[j] = upper_left;
                }else {
                    f[j] = 1 + min(upper_left, min(f[j], f[j-1]));
                }
                upper_left = upper;
            }
        }
        return f[m];
    }
};
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