远程管理服务SSH配置文件说明

#Port 22
#AddressFamily any
ListenAddress 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0表示所有网卡都可以监听请求,一般指定一个本机内网网卡
#ListenAddress ::
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
#HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key
#Ciphers and keying
#RekeyLimit default none

#Logging
#SyslogFacility AUTH SyslogFacility AUTHPRIV
#LogLevel INFO

#Authentication:

#LoginGraceTime 2m
PermitRootLogin yes 是否允许root用户远程连接,一般设置为no
#StrictModes yes
#MaxAuthTries 6
#MaxSessions 10

#PubkeyAuthentication yes

#The default is to check both .ssh/authorized_keys and .ssh/authorized_keys2
#but this is overridden so installations will only check .ssh/authorized_keys AuthorizedKeysFile .ssh/authorized_keys

#AuthorizedPrincipalsFile none

#AuthorizedKeysCommand none
#AuthorizedKeysCommandUser nobody

#For this to work you will also need host keys in /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts
#HostbasedAuthentication no
#Change to yes if you don’t trust ~/.ssh/known_hosts for
#HostbasedAuthentication
#IgnoreUserKnownHosts no
#Don’t read the user’s ~/.rhosts and ~/.shosts files
#IgnoreRhosts yes

#To disable tunneled clear text passwords, change to no here!
#PasswordAuthentication yes
#PermitEmptyPasswords no
PasswordAuthentication yes

#Change to no to disable s/key passwords
#ChallengeResponseAuthentication yes
ChallengeResponseAuthentication no

#Kerberos options
#KerberosAuthentication no
#KerberosOrLocalPasswd yes
#KerberosTicketCleanup yes
#KerberosGetAFSToken no
#KerberosUseKuserok yes

#GSSAPI options
GSSAPIAuthentication no GSSAPI认证方式,一般不使用,关闭掉可以提高连接速度。
GSSAPICleanupCredentials no
#GSSAPIStrictAcceptorCheck yes
#GSSAPIKeyExchange no
#GSSAPIEnablek5users no

#Set this to ‘yes’ to enable PAM authentication, account processing,
#and session processing. If this is enabled, PAM authentication will
#be allowed through the ChallengeResponseAuthentication and
#PasswordAuthentication. Depending on your PAM configuration,
#PAM authentication via ChallengeResponseAuthentication may bypass
#the setting of “PermitRootLogin without-password”.
#If you just want the PAM account and session checks to run without
#PAM authentication, then enable this but set PasswordAuthentication
#and ChallengeResponseAuthentication to ‘no’.
#WARNING: ‘UsePAM no’ is not supported in Red Hat Enterprise Linux and may cause several
#problems. UsePAM yes

#AllowAgentForwarding yes
#AllowTcpForwarding yes
#GatewayPorts no X11Forwarding yes
#X11DisplayOffset 10
#X11UseLocalhost yes
#PermitTTY yes
#PrintMotd yes
#PrintLastLog yes
#TCPKeepAlive yes
#UseLogin no
#UsePrivilegeSeparation sandbox
#PermitUserEnvironment no
#Compression delayed
#ClientAliveInterval 0
#ClientAliveCountMax 3
#ShowPatchLevel no
UseDNS no 是否开启反向DNC解析功能(通过IP地址找主机名),建议关闭
#PidFile /var/run/sshd.pid
#MaxStartups 10:30:100
#PermitTunnel no
#ChrootDirectory none
#VersionAddendum none

#no default banner path
#Banner none

#Accept locale-related environment variables AcceptEnv LANG LC_CTYPE LC_NUMERIC LC_TIME LC_COLLATE LC_MONETARY LC_MESSAGES AcceptEnv
LC_PAPER LC_NAME LC_ADDRESS LC_TELEPHONE LC_MEASUREMENT AcceptEnv
LC_IDENTIFICATION LC_ALL LANGUAGE AcceptEnv XMODIFIERS

#override default of no subsystems Subsystem sftp /usr/libexec/openssh/sftp-server

  • SSH秘钥分发:
  • 在管理主机上执行生成秘钥文件命令:
    在这里插入图片描述
    分发秘钥:ssh-copy-id -i /root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub root@192.168.80.128
    在这里插入图片描述测试免密码登录:
    ssh root@192.168.80.128
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