Android_Okhttp上传与下载文件

一:使用okhttp下载与上传文件

依赖

compile 'com.squareup.okhttp3:okhttp:3.9.1'
compile 'com.google.code.gson:gson:2.8.1'
上传下载用到了网络与SD权限

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.MOUNT_UNMOUNT_FILESYSTEMS"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>

二:MainActivity代码

package com.example.view;

import android.os.Environment;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.example.R;
import com.example.bean.MsgBean;
import com.example.presenter.Presenter;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements View.OnClickListener,IView{

    private Button uploadfile;
    private Button downloadfile;
    private Presenter presenter;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        //获取id
        uploadfile = (Button)findViewById(R.id.uploadFile);
        downloadfile = (Button)findViewById(R.id.downloadFile);
        //点击监听
        uploadfile.setOnClickListener(this);
        downloadfile.setOnClickListener(this);
        //创建presenter层
        presenter = new Presenter(this);
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View view) {
        switch (view.getId()){
            case R.id.uploadFile :
                //要上传的图片路径
                File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getPath()+"/123.jpg");
                if(file.exists()){//判断是否有此文件
                    Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<>();
                    map.put("uid", "1653");
                    map.put("file",file);
                    presenter.uploadFile("http://120.27.23.105/file/upload",map);
                }else{
                    Toast.makeText(this,"文件不存在",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }
                break;
            case R.id.downloadFile :
                //http://g.hiphotos.baidu.com/image/pic/item/908fa0ec08fa513d08b6a0ab376d55fbb2fbd9a3.jpg   图片地址
                //设置下载的地址
                String sdcardPath = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getPath()+"/123.jpg";
                File file2 = new File(sdcardPath);
                presenter.downloadFile(file2,"http://g.hiphotos.baidu.com/image/pic/item/908fa0ec08fa513d08b6a0ab376d55fbb2fbd9a3.jpg");
                break;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onSuccess(Object o,int tag) {
        if(tag==1){
            MsgBean msg = (MsgBean) o;
            Toast.makeText(this,msg.getMsg(),Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }else{
            //吐司文件下载路径
            Toast.makeText(this,o+"",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onFailed(Exception e,int tag) {
        Toast.makeText(this,e.getMessage(),Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        if(presenter!=null){
            presenter.detatch();
        }
    }
}

三:Presenter

public class Presenter{
    private IView iv;

    public Presenter(IView iv) {
        this.iv = iv;
    }


    public void uploadFile(String url, Map<String, Object> paramsMap) {
        OkHttpUtils.getInstance().uploadFile(url, paramsMap, new CallBack() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Object o) {
                iv.onSuccess(o,1);
            }

            @Override
            public void onFailed(Exception e) {
                iv.onFailed(e,1);
            }
        });
    }

    public void downloadFile(File file,String url) {
        OkHttpUtils.getInstance().downloadFile(file , url , new CallBack() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Object o) {
                iv.onSuccess(o,2);
            }

            @Override
            public void onFailed(Exception e) {
                iv.onFailed(e,2);
            }
        });
    }

    //防止内存泄漏
    public void detatch(){
        if (iv != null) {
            iv = null;
        }
    }

}


四:接口

public interface CallBack {
    void onSuccess(Object o);
    void onFailed(Exception e);
}

public interface CallBackPro {
    void onSuccess(Object o);
    void onFailed(Exception e);
    void onProgressBar(Long i);//用来显示下载进度
}


五:Okhttp封装上传下载  presenter调用

package com.example.net;

import android.os.Handler;

import com.example.bean.MsgBean;
import com.example.presenter.CallBack;
import com.example.presenter.CallBackPro;
import com.google.gson.Gson;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import okhttp3.Call;
import okhttp3.Callback;
import okhttp3.MediaType;
import okhttp3.MultipartBody;
import okhttp3.OkHttpClient;
import okhttp3.Request;
import okhttp3.RequestBody;
import okhttp3.Response;
import okhttp3.ResponseBody;

/**
 * Created by Administrator on 2017/12/25 0025.
 */

public class OkHttpUtils {

    public static volatile OkHttpUtils instance;
    Handler handler = new Handler();

    private OkHttpUtils() {

    }
    public static OkHttpUtils getInstance() {
        if (instance == null) {
            synchronized (OkHttpUtils.class) {
                if (instance == null) {
                    instance = new OkHttpUtils();
                }
            }
        }
        return instance;
    }

    public void uploadFile(String url, Map<String,Object> paramsMap, final CallBack callBack) {
        MultipartBody.Builder multipartBody = new MultipartBody.Builder();
        //form 表单上传
        multipartBody.setType(MultipartBody.FORM);
        //拼接参数
        for (String key : paramsMap.keySet()) {
            Object object = paramsMap.get(key);
            if(object instanceof String){
                multipartBody.addFormDataPart(key,object.toString());
            }else if(object instanceof File){
                File file = (File) object;
                multipartBody.addFormDataPart(key,file.getName(),MultipartBody.create(MediaType.parse("multipart/form-data"),file));
            }
        }
        RequestBody requestBody=multipartBody.build();
        //创建Request对象
        Request request=new Request.Builder().url(url).post(requestBody).build();
        new OkHttpClient.Builder()
                //设置最长读写时间
                .readTimeout(100000, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                .writeTimeout(100000, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                .connectTimeout(100000, TimeUnit.SECONDS).build()
                .newCall(request)
                .enqueue(new Callback() {
                    @Override
                    public void onFailure(Call call, final IOException e) {
                         handler.post(new Runnable() {
                          @Override
                          public void run() {
                          callBack.onSuccess(e.getMessage());
                    }
                });
            }

            @Override
            public void onResponse(Call call, final Response response) throws IOException {
                final String str = response.body().string();
                //解析
                final MsgBean msgBean = new Gson().fromJson(str, MsgBean.class);
                handler.post(new Runnable() {
                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        callBack.onSuccess(msgBean);
                    }
                });
            }
        });
    }

    public void downloadFile(final File file, String url, final CallBackPro callBack) {
        // 父目录是否存在
        File parent = file.getParentFile();
        if (!parent.exists()) {
            parent.mkdir();
        }
        // 文件是否存在
        if (!file.exists()) {
            try {
                file.createNewFile();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        Request request=new Request.Builder().url(url).get().build();
        new OkHttpClient.Builder()
                .readTimeout(100000, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                .writeTimeout(100000, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                .connectTimeout(100000, TimeUnit.SECONDS).build()
                .newCall(request)
                .enqueue(new Callback() {
                    @Override
                    public void onFailure(Call call, final IOException e) {
                        handler.post(new Runnable() {
                            @Override
                            public void run() {
                                callBack.onFailed(e);
                            }
                        });
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onResponse(Call call, Response response) throws IOException {
                        if (response.isSuccessful()) {
                            ResponseBody body = response.body();
                            // 获取文件总长度
                            final long totalLength = body.contentLength();
                            //以流的方式进行读取
                            InputStream inputStream = body.byteStream();
                            FileOutputStream outputStream = new FileOutputStream(file);
                            byte[] buffer = new byte[2048];
                            int len = 0;
                            int num = 0;
                            while ((len = inputStream.read(buffer)) != -1){
                                num+=len;
                                outputStream.write(buffer,0,len);
                                final int finalNum = num;
                                handler.post(new Runnable() {
                                    @Override
                                    public void run() {
                                        callBack.onProgressBar( finalNum *100/totalLength);
                                    }
                                });
                            }
                            //读取完关闭流
                            outputStream.flush();
                            outputStream.close();
                            inputStream.close();
                            handler.post(new Runnable() {
                                @Override
                                public void run() {
                                    if(file.exists()){
                                        //返回下载文件路径
                                        callBack.onSuccess(file.getPath());
                                    }
                                }
                            });
                        }
                    }
                });
    }


    //get请求
    public void get(String url, Map<String,String> map, final CallBack callBack, final Class c){
        //对url和参数做拼接处理
        StringBuffer stringBuffer = new StringBuffer();
        stringBuffer.append(url);
        //判断是否存在?   if中是存在
        if(stringBuffer.indexOf("?")!=-1 ){
            //判断?是否在最后一位    if中是不在最后一位
            if(stringBuffer.indexOf("?")!=stringBuffer.length()-1){
                stringBuffer.append("&");
            }
        }else{
            stringBuffer.append("?");
        }
        for(Map.Entry<String,String> entry:map.entrySet()){
            stringBuffer.append(entry.getKey())
                    .append("=")
                    .append(entry.getValue())
                    .append("&");
        }
        //判断是否存在&   if中是存在
        if(stringBuffer.indexOf("&")!=-1){
            stringBuffer.deleteCharAt(stringBuffer.lastIndexOf("&"));
        }


        //1:创建OkHttpClient对象
        OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient();
        //2:创建Request对象
        final Request request = new Request.Builder()
                .get()
                .url(stringBuffer.toString())
                .build();
        //3:创建Call对象
        Call call = okHttpClient.newCall(request);
        //4:请求网络
        call.enqueue(new Callback() {
            //请求失败
            @Override
            public void onFailure(Call call, final IOException e) {
                handler.post(new Runnable() {
                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        callBack.onFailed(e);
                    }
                });
            }
            //请求成功
            @Override
            public void onResponse(Call call, Response response) throws IOException {
                String result = response.body().string();
                //拿到数据解析
                final Object o = new Gson().fromJson(result, c);
                //当前是在子线程,回到主线程中
                handler.post(new Runnable() {
                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        //回调
                        callBack.onSuccess(o);
                    }
                });
            }
        });

    }
}






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