【LeetCode解题报告】75. Sort Colors

题目来源:https://leetcode.com/problems/sort-colors/description/

题目:

Given an array with n objects colored red, white or blue, sort them in-place so that objects of the same color are adjacent, with the colors in the order red, white and blue.

Here, we will use the integers 0, 1, and 2 to represent the color red, white, and blue respectively.

Note: You are not suppose to use the library's sort function for this problem.

Example:

Input: [2,0,2,1,1,0]
Output: [0,0,1,1,2,2]

Follow up:

  • A rather straight forward solution is a two-pass algorithm using counting sort.
    First, iterate the array counting number of 0's, 1's, and 2's, then overwrite array with total number of 0's, then 1's and followed by 2's.
  • Could you come up with a one-pass algorithm using only constant space? 

题意分析:

        现在有红色,白色,蓝色三种,分别用0,1,2表示,现在有一个表示这样的数组,然后请把它进行排序,使得相同颜色的在一起,并且整体按照0 1 2排序。

思路分析:

        申请两枚指针,分别为头指针head和尾指针tail。

       用 i 开始遍历数组,当 num[i] == 0时,交换当前位置和头指针处值,当 nums[i] == 2时,交换当前位置和尾指针处值,当 nums[i] == 1时,不进行交换。

代码:

class Solution(object):  
    def sortColors(self, nums):  
        """ 
        :type nums: List[int] 
        :rtype: void Do not return anything, modify nums in-place instead. 
        """   
        head = 0
        tail = len(nums) - 1
        i = 0 

        while i <= tail :  
            if nums[i] == 0 :  
                nums[i], nums[head] = nums[head], nums[i]  
                head += 1  
                i += 1  
            elif nums[i] == 1 : 
                i += 1  
            elif nums[i] == 2 :   
                nums[i], nums[tail] = nums[tail], nums[i]  
                tail -= 1  

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