布局文件.xml中引入另一个布局文件.xml方法

主布局文件activity_main.xml(FrameLayout布局可以根据组件顺序设定显示优先级,即前后覆盖关系,后覆盖前):

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<FrameLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <com.baidu.mapapi.map.MapView
        android:id="@+id/mmapview"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent"
        android:clickable="true">
    </com.baidu.mapapi.map.MapView>

    <include
        android:id="@+id/smallcomponentsview"
        layout="@layout/activity_main_smallcomponents"/>

    <include
        android:id="@+id/bottomsheetview"
        layout="@layout/activity_main_bottomsheet" />
    
</FrameLayout>

其中include标签内部引入activity_main_smallcomponents.xml和activity_main_bottomsheet.xml文件内容:

activity_main_smallcomponents.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">


    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/locationicon"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginBottom="50dp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:srcCompat="@drawable/location_icon_40_40" />

</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

activity_main_bottomsheet.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <android.support.v4.widget.NestedScrollView
        android:id="@+id/bottomsheet"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        app:layout_behavior="android.support.design.widget.BottomSheetBehavior"
        app:behavior_peekHeight="100dp"
        app:behavior_hideable="true">

        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:background="@color/colorAccent"
            android:orientation="vertical">

            <TextView
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:padding="50dp"
                android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
                android:text="人不会死在绝境,却往往栽在十字路口"
                android:textColor="@android:color/white"/>
            
        </LinearLayout>

    </android.support.v4.widget.NestedScrollView>

</android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>

 

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