15. 3Sum

题目

Given an array S of n integers, arethere elements a, b, c in S such that a + b + c = 0? Find allunique triplets in the array which gives the sum of zero.

Note: The solution setmust not contain duplicate triplets.

For example, given array S = [-1, 0, 1, 2,-1, -4],

A solution set is:

[ [-1, 0, 1],

[-1, -1, 2]]

思路

①直接遍历暴力搜索,太暴力了,不敢想;

②考虑到和为零的三个数,必然具有以下特点:第一,全为零或包含一个正数(或负数); 因此,在最外层循环中,只需要遍历所有非负数或非正数即可。第二,如果存在对某个数A,存在[A,B,C]、[A,D,E]两组解,必然有B

C++

vector<vector<int>>threeSum(vector<int>& nums) {
    vector<vector<int>>output;
    if(nums.size() < 3) return output;
    sort(nums.begin(),nums.end());
    unsignedi = 0, K = nums.size() - 1;
    while(i < nums.size()){
        if(nums[i] > 0) break;
        unsignedj = i + 1;
        while(j < K){
        if(nums[K] > -2 * nums[i]) K--;
        else break;
        }
        autok = K;
        while(j < k){
            autosum3 = nums[i] + nums[j] + nums[k];
            if(sum3 == 0){
                output.push_back({nums[i], nums[j], nums[k] });
                j++;
                k--;
            }
            elseif (sum3 < 0){
                j++;
            }
            else{
                k--;
            }
        }
        i++;
       while (i < nums.size()){
            if(nums[i] == nums[i - 1]) {
                i++;
            }
            else{
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    vector<vector<int>>::iteratoriter = unique(output.begin(), output.end());
    output.erase(iter,output.end());
    returnoutput;
}
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