js,jq如何捕获用户按下了Ctrl+d键?

当用户添加一个网站到收藏夹时(按下Ctrl+d键)时触发一个事件,如下代码是网上摘抄的一段用Ctrl+Enter键发送内容的js代码,稍微修改了一下,将“Enter”键ASCII码13改为“d”键ASCII码100,为什么一直没有反应?

<script>
$(document).keypress(function(e){ 
if(e.ctrlKey && e.which == 100 || e.which == 10) 
    { 
        triggerSomething();
    }
})
function triggerSomething()
    {
        document.write('add bookmark successfully!');
    }
</script>

解决方案:

$.ctrl = function(key, callback, args) {
    var isCtrl = false;
    $(document).keydown(function(e) {
        if(!args) args=[];

        if(e.ctrlKey) isCtrl = true;
        if(e.keyCode == key.charCodeAt(0) && isCtrl) {
            callback.apply(this, args);
            return false;//you can remove this line if you need bookamrk
        }
    }).keyup(function(e) {
        if(e.ctrlKey) isCtrl = false;
    });        
};

$.ctrl('D', function() {
   triggerSomething();
});

function triggerSomething() {
    document.write('add bookmark successfully!');
}

其实你是弄错了 D 的 ASCII 码和事件类型,你先用alert()测试下:

$(document).keydown(function(e) {
    alert(e.which);
})

此时你点击 D 键,你会发现是以大写 D 的值为准,为68。所以你这么写:

$(document).keydown(function(e){ 
    if(e.ctrlKey && e.which == 68) 
    { 
        triggerSomething();
    }
})
function triggerSomething()
{
    document.write('add bookmark successfully!');
}

上面那段代码可以 handle 更多的 ctrl + key 事件,如果在你的项目里有很多地方会出现 ctrl + key,那么可以把第一段代码当做一个 plugin 来用,如果只有这一处用到的话,就用下面这段吧。

注意:键盘上的 ASCII 码以大写为准, 所以 D 的 SACII 码并不是 100 而是 68.!

keyCode:

keycode    8 = BackSpace BackSpace
keycode    9 = Tab Tab
keycode   12 = Clear
keycode   13 = Enter
keycode   16 = Shift_L
keycode   17 = Control_L
keycode   18 = Alt_L
keycode   19 = Pause
keycode   20 = Caps_Lock
keycode   27 = Escape Escape
keycode   32 = space space
keycode   33 = Prior
keycode   34 = Next
keycode   35 = End
keycode   36 = Home
keycode   37 = Left
keycode   38 = Up
keycode   39 = Right
keycode   40 = Down
keycode   41 = Select
keycode   42 = Print
keycode   43 = Execute
keycode   45 = Insert
keycode   46 = Delete
keycode   47 = Help
keycode   48 = 0 equal braceright
keycode 49 = 1 exclam onesuperior
keycode   50 = 2 quotedbl twosuperior
keycode 51 = 3 section threesuperior
keycode   52 = 4 dollar
keycode   53 = 5 percent
keycode   54 = 6 ampersand
keycode   55 = 7 slash braceleft
keycode   56 = 8 parenleft bracketleft
keycode   57 = 9 parenright bracketright
keycode   65 = a A
keycode   66 = b B
keycode   67 = c C
keycode   68 = d D
keycode   69 = e E EuroSign
keycode   70 = f F
keycode   71 = g G
keycode   72 = h H
keycode   73 = i I
keycode   74 = j J
keycode   75 = k K
keycode   76 = l L
keycode   77 = m M mu
keycode   78 = n N
keycode   79 = o O
keycode   80 = p P
keycode   81 = q Q at
keycode   82 = r R
keycode   83 = s S
keycode   84 = t T
keycode   85 = u U
keycode   86 = v V
keycode   87 = w W
keycode   88 = x X
keycode   89 = y Y
keycode   90 = z Z
keycode   96 = KP_0 KP_0
keycode   97 = KP_1 KP_1
keycode   98 = KP_2 KP_2
keycode   99 = KP_3 KP_3
keycode 100 = KP_4 KP_4
keycode 101 = KP_5 KP_5
keycode 102 = KP_6 KP_6
keycode 103 = KP_7 KP_7
keycode 104 = KP_8 KP_8
keycode 105 = KP_9 KP_9
keycode 106 = KP_Multiply KP_Multiply
keycode 107 = KP_Add KP_Add
keycode 108 = KP_Separator KP_Separator
keycode 109 = KP_Subtract KP_Subtract
keycode 110 = KP_Decimal KP_Decimal
keycode 111 = KP_Divide KP_Divide
keycode 112 = F1
keycode 113 = F2
keycode 114 = F3
keycode 115 = F4
keycode 116 = F5
keycode 117 = F6
keycode 118 = F7
keycode 119 = F8
keycode 120 = F9
keycode 121 = F10
keycode 122 = F11
keycode 123 = F12
keycode 124 = F13
keycode 125 = F14
keycode 126 = F15
keycode 127 = F16
keycode 128 = F17
keycode 129 = F18
keycode 130 = F19
keycode 131 = F20
keycode 132 = F21
keycode 133 = F22
keycode 134 = F23
keycode 135 = F24
keycode 136 = Num_Lock
keycode 137 = Scroll_Lock
keycode 187 = acute grave
keycode 188 = comma semicolon
keycode 189 = minus underscore
keycode 190 = period colon
keycode 192 = numbersign apostrophe
keycode 210 = plusminus hyphen macron
keycode 211 =
keycode 212 = copyright registered
keycode 213 = guillemotleft guillemotright
keycode 214 = masculine ordfeminine
keycode 215 = ae AE
keycode 216 = cent yen
keycode 217 = questiondown exclamdown
keycode 218 = onequarter onehalf threequarters
keycode 220 = less greater bar
keycode 221 = plus asterisk asciitilde
keycode 227 = multiply division
keycode 228 = acircumflex Acircumflex
keycode 229 = ecircumflex Ecircumflex
keycode 230 = icircumflex Icircumflex
keycode 231 = ocircumflex Ocircumflex
keycode 232 = ucircumflex Ucircumflex
keycode 233 = ntilde Ntilde
keycode 234 = yacute Yacute
keycode 235 = oslash Ooblique
keycode 236 = aring Aring
keycode 237 = ccedilla Ccedilla
keycode 238 = thorn THORN
keycode 239 = eth ETH
keycode 240 = diaeresis cedilla currency
keycode 241 = agrave Agrave atilde Atilde
keycode 242 = egrave Egrave
keycode 243 = igrave Igrave
keycode 244 = ograve Ograve otilde Otilde
keycode 245 = ugrave Ugrave
keycode 246 = adiaeresis Adiaeresis
keycode 247 = ediaeresis Ediaeresis
keycode 248 = idiaeresis Idiaeresis
keycode 249 = odiaeresis Odiaeresis
keycode 250 = udiaeresis Udiaeresis
keycode 251 = ssharp question backslash
keycode 252 = asciicircum degree
keycode 253 = 3 sterling
keycode 254 = Mode_switch 


 case 8: keyName = "[退格]"; break;
          case 9: keyName = "[制表]"; break;
          case 13:keyName = "[回车]"; break;
          case 32:keyName = "[空格]"; break;
          case 33:keyName = "[PageUp]";   break;
          case 34:keyName = "[PageDown]";   break;
          case 35:keyName = "[End]";   break;
          case 36:keyName = "[Home]";   break;
          case 37:keyName = "[方向键左]";   break;
          case 38:keyName = "[方向键上]";   break;
          case 39:keyName = "[方向键右]";   break;
           case 40:keyName = "[方向键下]";   break;
          case 46:keyName = "[删除]";   break;
          default:keyName = "";    break;



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