在idea中一键部署项目到Docker及CA认证

环境:IntelliJ IDEA 2018.1.6 x64、CentOS 7

一、无CA认证

1、修改服务器配置,开放Docker的远程连接访问

[root@localhost ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service 

ExecStart属性value值改为

/usr/bin/dockerd -H tcp://0.0.0.0:2375 -H unix://var/run/docker.sock

2、重启docker

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl daemon-reload 
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl restart docker

3、开放防火墙2375端口

[root@localhost ~]# /sbin/iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 2375 -j ACCEPT
[root@localhost ~]# iptables-save
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Wed Oct 17 09:33:07 2018
*nat
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [31:5206]
:INPUT ACCEPT [31:5206]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [4:304]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [4:304]
:DOCKER - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -m addrtype --dst-type LOCAL -j DOCKER
-A OUTPUT ! -d 127.0.0.0/8 -m addrtype --dst-type LOCAL -j DOCKER
-A POSTROUTING -s 172.17.0.0/16 ! -o docker0 -j MASQUERADE
-A DOCKER -i docker0 -j RETURN
COMMIT
# Completed on Wed Oct 17 09:33:07 2018
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Wed Oct 17 09:33:07 2018
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [24:4973]
:FORWARD DROP [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [3:340]
:DOCKER - [0:0]
:DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-1 - [0:0]
:DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-2 - [0:0]
:DOCKER-USER - [0:0]
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 2375 -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -j DOCKER-USER
-A FORWARD -j DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-1
-A FORWARD -o docker0 -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -o docker0 -j DOCKER
-A FORWARD -i docker0 ! -o docker0 -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -i docker0 -o docker0 -j ACCEPT
-A DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-1 -i docker0 ! -o docker0 -j DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-2
-A DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-1 -j RETURN
-A DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-2 -o docker0 -j DROP
-A DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-2 -j RETURN
-A DOCKER-USER -j RETURN
COMMIT
# Completed on Wed Oct 17 09:33:07 2018

4、随便写个接口,等会进行测试

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5、idea安装docker integration插件

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插件安装完成重启idea后可以看到底部多了个docker标志

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5、接下来给项目打成jar包

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6、然后编写DockerFile

我这里找了个相对比较小的jdk,是在官方镜像库找到的

也可以在国内的镜像库里找,如:FROM hub.c.163.com/library/java:8-jre

FROM 99taxis/mini-java8

ADD target/*.jar idea-docker-deploy.jar

EXPOSE 8765

ENTRYPOINT ["java", "-jar", "idea-docker-deploy.jar"]

项目右键新建一个没有后缀的File

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7、接下来配置idea一键部署

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选中第一个

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如图进行填写

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8、运行容器

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可以看到相应的日志

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9、访问接口

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成功

也可以在服务器上打命令查看

[root@localhost ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY                                             TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
idea-docker-deploy                                     latest              0b9861752b28        11 minutes ago      210MB
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/zhaoyoung/mycentos   1.1                 de8fc9f45769        26 hours ago        455MB
mycentos                                               1.1                 de8fc9f45769        26 hours ago        455MB
zhaoyoungtomcat9                                       latest              124517434916        45 hours ago        751MB
myip_son                                               latest              6c9507aea358        3 days ago          398MB
myip_father                                            latest              2c22e721607a        3 days ago          299MB
myip2                                                  latest              dcbb4656e640        3 days ago          299MB
myip                                                   latest              9e3c14f76b1d        3 days ago          299MB
mycentos                                               1.0                 c2d4f6acb9af        4 days ago          455MB
zhaoyoung/nodocstomcat                                 1.0                 84498728984a        6 days ago          463MB
centos                                                 latest              75835a67d134        7 days ago          200MB
redis                                                  3.2                 a17eb18b1c62        2 weeks ago         76MB
tomcat                                                 latest              41a54fe1f79d        4 weeks ago         463MB
hello-world                                            latest              4ab4c602aa5e        5 weeks ago         1.84kB
mysql                                                  5.6                 1f47fade220d        6 weeks ago         256MB
99taxis/mini-java8                                     latest              45f8a8f0a77a        16 months ago       194MB

[root@localhost ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                    NAMES
3f9cc9e975bb        0b9861752b28        "java -jar idea-dock…"   11 minutes ago      Up 11 minutes       0.0.0.0:8765->8765/tcp   idea-docker-deploy



二、Docker CA认证

前面提到的配置是允许所有人都可以访问的,因为docker默认是root权限的,你把2375端口暴露在外面,意味着别人随时都可以提取到你服务器的root权限,是很容易被黑客黑的,因此,docker官方推荐使用加密的tcp连接,以Https的方式与客户端建立连接

官方demo

1、创建ca文件夹,存放CA私钥和公钥

[root@localhost ~]# mkdir -p /usr/local/ca
[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/local/ca/

2、创建密码

需要连续输入两次相同的密码

[root@localhost ca]# openssl genrsa -aes256 -out ca-key.pem 4096
Generating RSA private key, 4096 bit long modulus
...................++
..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
Enter pass phrase for ca-key.pem:
Verifying - Enter pass phrase for ca-key.pem:

3、依次输入密码、国家、省、市、组织名称等

[root@localhost ca]# openssl req -new -x509 -days 365 -key ca-key.pem -sha256 -out ca.pem
Enter pass phrase for ca-key.pem:
Enter pass phrase for ca-key.pem:
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [XX]:CN
State or Province Name (full name) []:zj
Locality Name (eg, city) [Default City]:hz
Organization Name (eg, company) [Default Company Ltd]:qdsg
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:qdsg
Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:qdsg
Email Address []:1@qq.com
[root@localhost ca]# openssl genrsa -out server-key.pem 4096
Generating RSA private key, 4096 bit long modulus
...........................++
................++
e is 65537 (0x10001)

4、生成server-key.pem

[root@localhost ca]# openssl genrsa -out server-key.pem 4096
Generating RSA private key, 4096 bit long modulus
.................................................................................................................................................++
.................................................++
e is 65537 (0x10001)

5、把下面的$Host换成你自己服务器外网的IP或者域名

openssl req -subj "/CN=$HOST" -sha256 -new -key server-key.pem -out server.csr
比如
openssl req -subj "/CN=192.168.1.106" -sha256 -new -key server-key.pem -out server.csr

openssl req -subj "/CN=www.baidu.com" -sha256 -new -key server-key.pem -out server.csr

我这里使用局域网进行测试

[root@localhost ca]# openssl req -subj "/CN=192.168.1.106" -sha256 -new -key server-key.pem -out server.csr

6、配置白名单

也就是你接下来要允许那些ip可以连接到服务器的docker,因为已经是ssl连接,所以我推荐配置0.0.0.0,也就是所有ip都可以连接(但只有拥有证书的才可以连接成功),这样配置好之后公司其他人也可以使用。如果你不想这样,那你可以配置ip,用逗号分隔开。下面的$Host依旧是你服务器外网的IP或者域名,请自行替换。

注意!!!!这里我踩了坑

如果你填写的是ip地址的话命令如下echo subjectAltName = IP:$HOST,IP:0.0.0.0 >> extfile.cnf

如果你填写的是域名的话命令如下 echo subjectAltName = DNS:$HOST,IP:0.0.0.0 >> extfile.cnf

我这里使用局域网进行测试

[root@localhost ca]# echo subjectAltName = IP:192.168.1.106,IP:0.0.0.0 >> extfile.cnf

7、执行命令,将Docker守护程序密钥的扩展使用属性设置为仅用于服务器身份验证

[root@localhost ca]# echo extendedKeyUsage = serverAuth >> extfile.cnf

8、执行命令,并输入之前设置的密码,生成签名证书

[root@localhost ca]# openssl x509 -req -days 365 -sha256 -in server.csr -CA ca.pem -CAkey ca-key.pem \-CAcreateserial -out server-cert.pem -extfile extfile.cnf
Signature ok
subject=/CN=192.168.1.106
Getting CA Private Key
Enter pass phrase for ca-key.pem:

9、生成客户端的key.pem,到时候把生成好的几个公钥私钥拷出去即可

[root@localhost ca]# openssl genrsa -out key.pem 4096
Generating RSA private key, 4096 bit long modulus
...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................++
......................................................................................................................................++
e is 65537 (0x10001)

10、执行命令

[root@localhost ca]# openssl req -subj '/CN=client' -new -key key.pem -out client.csr

11、执行命令,要使密钥适合客户端身份验证,请创建扩展配置文件

[root@localhost ca]# echo extendedKeyUsage = clientAuth >> extfile.cnf

12、生成cert.pem,需要输入前面设置的密码,生成签名证书

[root@localhost ca]# openssl x509 -req -days 365 -sha256 -in client.csr -CA ca.pem -CAkey ca-key.pem \-CAcreateserial -out cert.pem -extfile extfile.cnf
Signature ok
subject=/CN=client
Getting CA Private Key
Enter pass phrase for ca-key.pem:

13、删除不需要的文件,两个证书签名请求

[root@localhost ca]# rm -v client.csr server.csr
rm:是否删除普通文件 "client.csr"?y
已删除"client.csr"

14、修改权限,要保护您的密钥免受意外损坏,请删除其写入权限。要使它们只能被您读取,更改文件模式

[root@localhost ca]# chmod -v 0400 ca-key.pem key.pem server-key.pem
mode of "ca-key.pem" changed from 0644 (rw-r--r--) to 0400 (r--------)
mode of "key.pem" changed from 0644 (rw-r--r--) to 0400 (r--------)
mode of "server-key.pem" changed from 0644 (rw-r--r--) to 0400 (r--------)

证书可以是对外可读的,删除写入权限以防止意外损坏

[root@localhost ca]# chmod -v 0444 ca.pem server-cert.pem cert.pem
mode of "ca.pem" changed from 0644 (rw-r--r--) to 0444 (r--r--r--)
mode of "server-cert.pem" changed from 0644 (rw-r--r--) to 0444 (r--r--r--)
mode of "cert.pem" changed from 0644 (rw-r--r--) to 0444 (r--r--r--)

15、归集服务器证书

[root@localhost ca]# cp server-*.pem  /etc/docker/
[root@localhost ca]# cp ca.pem /etc/docker/

16、修改Docker配置,使Docker守护程序仅接受来自提供CA信任的证书的客户端的连接

[root@localhost ca]# vim /lib/systemd/system/docker.service


ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd
替换为:

ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd --tlsverify --tlscacert=/etc/docker/ca.pem --tlscert=/etc/docker/server-cert.pem --tlskey=/etc/docker/server-key.pem -H tcp://0.0.0.0:2376 -H unix:///var/run/docker.sock

17、重新加载daemon并重启docker

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl daemon-reload 
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl restart docker

18、开放2376端口

[root@localhost ca]# /sbin/iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 2376 -j ACCEPT
[root@localhost ca]# iptables-save
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Wed Oct 17 14:47:38 2018
*nat
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [225:14836]
:INPUT ACCEPT [225:14836]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [1:76]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [1:76]
:DOCKER - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -m addrtype --dst-type LOCAL -j DOCKER
-A OUTPUT ! -d 127.0.0.0/8 -m addrtype --dst-type LOCAL -j DOCKER
-A POSTROUTING -s 172.17.0.0/16 ! -o docker0 -j MASQUERADE
-A DOCKER -i docker0 -j RETURN
COMMIT
# Completed on Wed Oct 17 14:47:38 2018
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Wed Oct 17 14:47:38 2018
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [8:2858]
:FORWARD DROP [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [39:30400]
:DOCKER - [0:0]
:DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-1 - [0:0]
:DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-2 - [0:0]
:DOCKER-USER - [0:0]
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 2376 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 2375 -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -j DOCKER-USER
-A FORWARD -j DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-1
-A FORWARD -o docker0 -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -o docker0 -j DOCKER
-A FORWARD -i docker0 ! -o docker0 -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -i docker0 -o docker0 -j ACCEPT
-A DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-1 -i docker0 ! -o docker0 -j DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-2
-A DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-1 -j RETURN
-A DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-2 -o docker0 -j DROP
-A DOCKER-ISOLATION-STAGE-2 -j RETURN
-A DOCKER-USER -j RETURN
COMMIT
# Completed on Wed Oct 17 14:47:38 2018

19、重启docker

[root@localhost ca]# service docker restart

20、保存相关客户端的pem文件到本地

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21、idea的配置

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22、若出现以下错误,请查看前面的步骤是否遗漏或出错

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本文借鉴同事的博客,并以自己的实践进行记录,感谢同事~

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