二进制安装Kubernetes(K8s)集群---从零安装教程

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/Dream_ya/article/details/81108939

一、K8s介绍


1、K8s简介

官网链接:https://www.kubernetes.org.cn/k8s
Kubernetes一个用于容器集群的自动化部署、扩容以及运维的开源平台。

(1)使用Kubernetes,你可以快速高效地响应客户需求:
  • 动态地对应用进行扩容。

  • 无缝地发布新特性。

  • 仅使用需要的资源以优化硬件使用。

(2)Kubernetes是:
  • 简洁的:轻量级,简单,易上手

  • 可移植的:公有,私有,混合,多重云(multi-cloud)

  • 可扩展的: 模块化, 插件化, 可挂载, 可组合

  • 可自愈的: 自动布置, 自动重启, 自动复制

2、下载地址

下载地址:https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/blob/master/CHANGELOG-1.8.md#v1813
百度网盘下载地址: https://pan.baidu.com/s/1rXo9XXi6k8GuwT7-kFKf9w 密码: 6tmc

这里写图片描述
二、实验环境


selinux iptables off

1、安装说明

注意:配置文件中的注释只是为了说明对应功能,安装时需删除,否则会报错,并且不同版本的配置文件并不兼容!!!

主机名 IP 系统版本 安装服务 功能说明
server1 10.10.10.1 rhel7.3 docker、etcd、api-server、scheduler、controller-manager、kubelet、flannel、docker-compose、harbor 作为集群的Master、服务环境控制相关模块、api网管控制相关模块、平台管理控制台模块
server2 10.10.10.2 rhel7.3 docker、etcd、kubelet、proxy、flannel 服务节点、用于容器化服务部署和运行
server3 10.10.10.3 rhel7.3 docker、etcd、kubelet、proxy、flannel 服务节点、用于容器化服务部署和运行
[root@server1 mnt]# cat /etc/hosts
10.10.10.1  server1
10.10.10.2  server2
10.10.10.3  server3

2、把swap分区关闭(3台):

swapoff -a

我们基础环境就准备好了,下面进行k8s的环境的安装!!!

三、安装Docker(3台)


由于k8s基于docker,docker版本:docker-ce-18.03.1.ce-1.el7

1、如果之前已经安装了docker:

yum remove docker \
                 docker-client \
                 docker-client-latest \
                 docker-common \
                 docker-latest \
                 docker-latest-logrotate \
                 docker-logrotate \
                 docker-selinux \
                 docker-engine-selinux \
                 docker-engine

注意:如果你使用的系统不是7.3的话(例如7.0),需要把yum源换成7.3的yum源,由于依赖的版本过高无法安装!!!

2、安装

[root@server1 mnt]# ls /mnt
container-selinux-2.21-1.el7.noarch.rpm   
libsemanage-python-2.5-8.el7.x86_64.rpm 
docker-ce-18.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos.x86_64.rpm  
pigz-2.3.4-1.el7.x86_64.rpm docker-engine-1.8.2-1.el7.rpm   
policycoreutils-2.5-17.1.el7.x86_64.rpm 
libsemanage-2.5-8.el7.x86_64.rpm              
policycoreutils-python-2.5- 17.1.el7.x86_64.rpm
[root@server1 mnt]# yum install -y /mnt/*
[root@server1 mnt]# systemctl enable docker
[root@server1 mnt]# systemctl start docker
[root@server1 mnt]# systemctl status docker            ###可以发现生成doker0网卡、172.17.0.1/16

3、测试

[root@server1 mnt]# docker version
 Client:
 Version:      18.03.1-ce
 API version:  1.37
 Go version:   go1.9.5
 Git commit:   9ee9f40
 Built:        Thu Apr 26 07:20:16 2018
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64
 Experimental: false
 Orchestrator: swarm

Server:
 Engine:
  Version:      18.03.1-ce
  API version:  1.37 (minimum version 1.12)
  Go version:   go1.9.5
  Git commit:   9ee9f40
  Built:        Thu Apr 26 07:23:58 2018
  OS/Arch:      linux/amd64
  Experimental: false

4、如果想进行IP更改(可跳过)

[root@server1 ~]# vim /etc/docker/daemon.json
{
        "bip": "172.17.0.1/24"
}
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl restart docker
[root@server1 ~]# ip addr show docker0
3: docker0: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state DOWN 
    link/ether 02:42:23:2d:56:4b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 172.17.0.1/24 brd 172.17.0.255 scope global docker0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

四、安装etcd(3台)


1、建立安装存放的目录

[root@server1 mnt]# mkdir -p /usr/local/kubernetes/{bin,config}
[root@server1 mnt]# vim /etc/profile               ###为了方便能够直接执行命令,加入声明 
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/kubernetes/bin
[root@server1 mnt]# . /etc/profile 或 source /etc/profile
[root@server1 mnt]# mkdir -p /var/lib/etcd/        ###建立工作目录--WorkingDirectory(3台)

2、解压etcd,移动命令到对应位置

[root@server1 ~]# tar xf /root/etcd-v3.1.7-linux-amd64.tar.gz
[root@server1 ~]# mv /root/etcd-v3.1.7-linux-amd64/etcd* /usr/local/kubernetes/bin/   

3、etcd systemd配置文件

[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/etcd.service
[Unit]
Description=Etcd Server
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/etcd
EnvironmentFile=-/usr/local/kubernetes/config/etcd.conf
ExecStart=/usr/local/kubernetes/bin/etcd \
        --name=${ETCD_NAME} \
        --data-dir=${ETCD_DATA_DIR} \
        --listen-peer-urls=${ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS} \
        --listen-client-urls=${ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS} \
        --advertise-client-urls=${ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS} \
        --initial-advertise-peer-urls=${ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS} \
        --initial-cluster=${ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER} \
        --initial-cluster-token=${ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN} \
        --initial-cluster-state=${ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE}
Type=notify

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

4、etcd配置文件

[root@server1 ~]# cat /usr/local/kubernetes/config/etcd.conf 
#[member]
ETCD_NAME="etcd01"                                          ###修改为本机对应的名字,etcd02,etcd03
ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="http://0.0.0.0:2380"
ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="http://0.0.0.0:2379"

#[cluster]
ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="http://10.10.10.1:2380"     ###修改为本机IP
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd01=http://10.10.10.1:2380,etcd02=http://10.10.10.2:2380,etcd03=http://10.10.10.3:2380"    ###把IP更换成集群IP
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="new"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="k8s-etcd-cluster"
ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="http://10.10.10.1:2379"           ###修改为本机IP
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl enable etcd
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl start etcd 

注意:etcd启动的话3台同时启动,否则启动会失败!!!

5、3台都安装完成我们可以进行测试:

[root@server1 ~]# etcdctl cluster-health
member 2cc6b104fe5377ef is healthy: got healthy result from http://10.10.10.3:2379
member 74565e08b84745a6 is healthy: got healthy result from http://10.10.10.2:2379
member af08b45e1ab8a099 is healthy: got healthy result from http://10.10.10.1:2379
cluster is healthy

[root@server1 kubernetes]# etcdctl member list                ###集群自己选择出leader
2cc6b104fe5377ef: name=etcd03 peerURLs=http://10.10.10.3:2380 clientURLs=http://10.10.10.3:2379 isLeader=true
74565e08b84745a6: name=etcd02 peerURLs=http://10.10.10.2:2380 clientURLs=http://10.10.10.2:2379 isLeader=false
af08b45e1ab8a099: name=etcd01 peerURLs=http://10.10.10.1:2380 clientURLs=http://10.10.10.1:2379 isLeader=false

五、安装Master节点组件


1、移动二进制到bin目录下

[root@server1 ~]# tar xf /root/kubernetes-server-linux-amd64.tar.gz
[root@server1 kubernetes]# mv /root/kubernetes/server/bin/{kube-apiserver,kube-scheduler,kube-controller-manager,kubectl,kubelet} /usr/local/kubernetes/bin

2、apiserver安装

(1)apiserver配置文件
[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/local/kubernetes/config/kube-apiserver 
#启用日志标准错误
KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"
#日志级别
KUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=4"
#Etcd服务地址
KUBE_ETCD_SERVERS="--etcd-servers=http://10.10.10.1:2379"
#API服务监听地址
KUBE_API_ADDRESS="--insecure-bind-address=0.0.0.0"
#API服务监听端口
KUBE_API_PORT="--insecure-port=8080"
#对集群中成员提供API服务地址
KUBE_ADVERTISE_ADDR="--advertise-address=10.10.10.1"
#允许容器请求特权模式,默认false
KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV="--allow-privileged=false"
#集群分配的IP范围,自定义但是要跟后面的kubelet(服务节点)的配置DNS在一个区间
KUBE_SERVICE_ADDRESSES="--service-cluster-ip-range=10.0.0.0/24" 
(2)apiserver systemd配置文件
[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-apiserver.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes API Server
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/usr/local/kubernetes/config/kube-apiserver
ExecStart=/usr/local/kubernetes/bin/kube-apiserver \
${KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR} \
${KUBE_LOG_LEVEL} \
${KUBE_ETCD_SERVERS} \
${KUBE_API_ADDRESS} \
${KUBE_API_PORT} \
${KUBE_ADVERTISE_ADDR} \
${KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV} \
${KUBE_SERVICE_ADDRESSES}
Restart=on-failure
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl enable kube-apiserver
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl start kube-apiserver

3、安装Scheduler

(1)scheduler配置文件
[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/local/kubernetes/config/kube-scheduler 
KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"
KUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=4"
KUBE_MASTER="--master=10.10.10.1:8080"
KUBE_LEADER_ELECT="--leader-elect"
(2)scheduler systemd配置文件
[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-scheduler.service 
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Scheduler
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/usr/local/kubernetes/config/kube-scheduler
ExecStart=/usr/local/kubernetes/bin/kube-scheduler \
${KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR} \
${KUBE_LOG_LEVEL} \
${KUBE_MASTER} \
${KUBE_LEADER_ELECT}
Restart=on-failure
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl enable kube-scheduler 
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl start kube-scheduler 

4、controller-manager安装

(1)controller-manage配置文件
[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/local/kubernetes/config/kube-controller-manager 
KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"
KUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=4"
KUBE_MASTER="--master=10.10.10.1:8080"
(2)controller-manage systemd配置文件
[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-controller-manager.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Controller Manager
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/usr/local/kubernetes/config/kube-controller-manager
ExecStart=/usr/local/kubernetes/bin/kube-controller-manager \
${KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR} \
${KUBE_LOG_LEVEL} \
${KUBE_MASTER} \
${KUBE_LEADER_ELECT}
Restart=on-failure
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl enable kube-controller-manager
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl start kube-controller-manager

5、安装kubelet

安装完此服务,kubectl get nodes就可以看到Master,也可以选择不安装!!!

(1)kubeconfig配置文件
[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/local/kubernetes/config/kubelet.kubeconfig
apiVersion: v1
kind: Config
clusters:
  - cluster:
      server: http://10.10.10.1:8080                ###Master的IP,即自身IP
    name: local
contexts:
  - context:
      cluster: local
    name: local
current-context: local                     
(2)kubelet配置文件
[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/local/kubernetes/config/kubelet
# 启用日志标准错误
KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"
# 日志级别
KUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=4"
# Kubelet服务IP地址
NODE_ADDRESS="--address=10.10.10.1"
# Kubelet服务端口
NODE_PORT="--port=10250"
# 自定义节点名称
NODE_HOSTNAME="--hostname-override=10.10.10.1"
# kubeconfig路径,指定连接API服务器
KUBELET_KUBECONFIG="--kubeconfig=/usr/local/kubernetes/config/kubelet.kubeconfig"
# 允许容器请求特权模式,默认false
KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV="--allow-privileged=false"
# DNS信息,DNS的IP
KUBELET_DNS_IP="--cluster-dns=10.0.0.2"
KUBELET_DNS_DOMAIN="--cluster-domain=cluster.local"
# 禁用使用Swap
KUBELET_SWAP="--fail-swap-on=false"
(3)kubelet systemd配置文件
[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kubelet
After=docker.service
Requires=docker.service
[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/usr/local/kubernetes/config/kubelet
ExecStart=/usr/local/kubernetes/bin/kubelet \
${KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR} \
${KUBE_LOG_LEVEL} \
${NODE_ADDRESS} \
${NODE_PORT} \
${NODE_HOSTNAME} \
${KUBELET_KUBECONFIG} \
${KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV} \
${KUBELET_DNS_IP} \
${KUBELET_DNS_DOMAIN} \
${KUBELET_SWAP}
Restart=on-failure
KillMode=process
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
(4)启动服务,并设置开机启动:
[root@server1 ~]# swapoff -a                 ###启动之前要先关闭swap
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl enable kubelet
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl start kubelet  

注意:服务启动先启动etcd,再启动apiserver,其他无顺序!!!

六、安装node(server2和server3)


1、移动二进制到bin目录

[root@server2 ~]# tar xf /root/kubernetes-node-linux-amd64.tar.gz 
[root@server2 ~]# mv /root/kubernetes/node/bin/{kubelet,kube-proxy} /usr/local/kubernetes/bin/

2、安装kubelet

(1)kubeconfig配置文件

注意:kubeconfig文件用于kubelet连接master apiserver

[root@server2 ~]# vim /usr/local/kubernetes/config/kubelet.kubeconfig
apiVersion: v1
kind: Config
clusters:
  - cluster:
    server: http://10.10.10.1:8080
    name: local
contexts:
  - context:
    cluster: local
    name: local
current-context: local
(2)kubelet配置文件
[root@server2 ~]# cat /usr/local/kubernetes/config/kubelet
#启用日志标准错误
KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"
#日志级别
KUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=4"
#Kubelet服务IP地址(自身IP)
NODE_ADDRESS="--address=10.10.10.2"
#Kubelet服务端口
NODE_PORT="--port=10250"
#自定义节点名称(自身IP)
NODE_HOSTNAME="--hostname-override=10.10.10.2"
#kubeconfig路径,指定连接API服务器
KUBELET_KUBECONFIG="--kubeconfig=/usr/local/kubernetes/config/kubelet.kubeconfig"
#允许容器请求特权模式,默认false
KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV="--allow-privileged=false"
#DNS信息,跟上面给的地址段对应
KUBELET_DNS_IP="--cluster-dns=10.0.0.2"
KUBELET_DNS_DOMAIN="--cluster-domain=cluster.local"
#禁用使用Swap
KUBELET_SWAP="--fail-swap-on=false"
(3)kubelet systemd配置文件
[root@server2 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kubelet
After=docker.service
Requires=docker.service
[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/usr/local/kubernetes/config/kubelet
ExecStart=/usr/local/kubernetes/bin/kubelet \
${KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR} \
${KUBE_LOG_LEVEL} \
${NODE_ADDRESS} \
${NODE_PORT} \
${NODE_HOSTNAME} \
${KUBELET_KUBECONFIG} \
${KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV} \
${KUBELET_DNS_IP} \
${KUBELET_DNS_DOMAIN} \
${KUBELET_SWAP}
Restart=on-failure
KillMode=process
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
(4)启动服务,并设置开机启动:
[root@server2 ~]# swapoff -a                 ###启动之前要先关闭swap
[root@server2 ~]# systemctl enable kubelet
[root@server2 ~]# systemctl start kubelet  

3、安装proxy

(1)proxy配置文件
[root@server2 ~]# cat /usr/local/kubernetes/config/kube-proxy
#启用日志标准错误
KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"
#日志级别
KUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=4"
#自定义节点名称(自身IP)
NODE_HOSTNAME="--hostname-override=10.10.10.2"
#API服务地址(MasterIP)
KUBE_MASTER="--master=http://10.10.10.1:8080"
(2)proxy systemd配置文件
[root@server2 ~]# cat /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-proxy.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Proxy
After=network.target
[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/usr/local/kubernetes/config/kube-proxy
ExecStart=/usr/local/kubernetes/bin/kube-proxy \
${KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR} \
${KUBE_LOG_LEVEL} \
${NODE_HOSTNAME} \
${KUBE_MASTER}
Restart=on-failure
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
[root@server2 ~]# systemctl enable kube-proxy
[root@server2 ~]# systemctl restart kube-proxy

七、安装flannel(3台)


1、移动二进制到bin目录

[root@server1 ~]# tar xf flannel-v0.7.1-linux-amd64.tar.gz 
[root@server1 ~]# mv /root/{flanneld,mk-docker-opts.sh} /usr/local/kubernetes/bin/

2、flannel配置文件

[root@server1 kubernetes]# vim /usr/local/kubernetes/config/flanneld
# Flanneld configuration options  
# etcd url location.  Point this to the server where etcd runs,自身IP
FLANNEL_ETCD="http://10.10.10.1:2379"

# etcd config key.  This is the configuration key that flannel queries
# For address range assignment,etcd-key的目录
FLANNEL_ETCD_KEY="/atomic.io/network"

# Any additional options that you want to pass,根据自己的网卡名填写
FLANNEL_OPTIONS="--iface=eth0"

3、flannel systemd配置文件

[root@server1 kubernetes]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/flanneld.service 
[Unit]
Description=Flanneld overlay address etcd agent
After=network.target
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target
After=etcd.service
Before=docker.service

[Service]
Type=notify
EnvironmentFile=/usr/local/kubernetes/config/flanneld
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/sysconfig/docker-network
ExecStart=/usr/local/kubernetes/bin/flanneld -etcd-endpoints=${FLANNEL_ETCD} -etcd-prefix=${FLANNEL_ETCD_KEY} $FLANNEL_OPTIONS
ExecStartPost=/usr/local/kubernetes/bin/mk-docker-opts.sh -k DOCKER_NETWORK_OPTIONS -d /run/flannel/docker
Restart=on-failure

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
RequiredBy=docker.service

4、设置etcd-key

注意: 在一台上设置即可,会同步过去!!!

[root@server1 ~]# etcdctl mkdir /atomic.io/network
###下面的IP跟你docker本身的IP地址一个网段
[root@server1 ~]# etcdctl mk /atomic.io/network/config  "{ \"Network\": \"172.17.0.0/16\", \"SubnetLen\": 24, \"Backend\": { \"Type\": \"vxlan\" } }" 
{ "Network": "172.17.0.0/16", "SubnetLen": 24, "Backend": { "Type": "vxlan" } }

5、设置docker配置

因为docker要使用flanneld,所以在其配置中加入EnvironmentFile=-/etc/sysconfig/flanneld,EnvironmentFile=-/run/flannel/subnet.env,--bip=${FLANNEL_SUBNET}

[root@server1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service

这里写图片描述

6、启动flannel和docker

[root@server1 ~]# systemctl enable flanneld.service
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl restart flanneld.service
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload 
[root@server1 ~]# systemctl restart docker.service 

7、测试flannel

ip addr                 ###发现flanneld生成的IP和Docker的IP在同一个网段即完成

这里写图片描述

8、集群测试

如果Master中没有装kubelet,kubectl get nodes就看不到Master!!!

[root@server1 ~]# kubectl get nodes
NAME         STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
10.10.10.1   Ready     <none>    1d        v1.8.13
10.10.10.2   Ready     <none>    1d        v1.8.13
10.10.10.3   Ready     <none>    1d        v1.8.13

[root@server1 ~]# kubectl get cs
NAME                 STATUS    MESSAGE              ERROR
controller-manager   Healthy   ok                   
scheduler            Healthy   ok                   
etcd-0               Healthy   {"health": "true"} 

这样一个简单的K8s集群就安装完成了,下面介绍下harbor安装以及插件的安装!!!

八、harbor安装


此处我是用harbor来管理我的镜像仓库,它的介绍我就不多介绍了!!!
注意:如果要使用本地镜像可以不用安装harbor,但是要安装busybox,并设置yaml配置文件imagePullPolicy: NeverimagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent在image同级下加入即可,默认方式为always使用网络的镜像。

1、安装docker-compose

(1)下载方法
https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/           ###官网下载地址
[root@server1 ~]# wget https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.22.0/docker-compose-Linux-x86_64
(2)安装
[root@server1 ~]# cp docker-compose-Linux-x86_64 /usr/local/kubernetes/bin/docker-compose
[root@server1 ~]# chmod +x /usr/local/kubernetes/bin/docker-compose
(3)查看版本
[root@server1 ~]# docker-compose -version
docker-compose version 1.22.0, build f46880fe

2、安装harbor

(1)下载方法

官网安装参考链接:https://github.com/vmware/harbor/blob/master/docs/installation_guide.md

https://github.com/vmware/harbor/releases#install            ###下载地址
[root@server1 ~]# wget http://harbor.orientsoft.cn/harbor-v1.5.0/harbor-offline-installer-v1.5.0.tgz
(2)解压tar包
[root@server1 ~]# tar xf harbor-offline-installer-v1.5.0.tgz -C /usr/local/kubernetes/
(3)配置harbor.cfg
[root@server1 ~]# grep -v "^#" /usr/local/kubernetes/harbor/harbor.cfg 
_version = 1.5.0
###修改为本机IP即可
hostname = 10.10.10.1
ui_url_protocol = http
max_job_workers = 50 
customize_crt = on
ssl_cert = /data/cert/server.crt
ssl_cert_key = /data/cert/server.key
secretkey_path = /data
admiral_url = NA
log_rotate_count = 50
log_rotate_size = 200M
http_proxy =
https_proxy =
no_proxy = 127.0.0.1,localhost,ui
email_identity = 
email_server = smtp.mydomain.com
email_server_port = 25
email_username = sample_admin@mydomain.com
email_password = abc
email_from = admin <sample_admin@mydomain.com>
email_ssl = false
email_insecure = false
harbor_admin_password = Harbor12345
auth_mode = db_auth
ldap_url = ldaps://ldap.mydomain.com
ldap_basedn = ou=people,dc=mydomain,dc=com
ldap_uid = uid 
ldap_scope = 2 
ldap_timeout = 5
ldap_verify_cert = true
ldap_group_basedn = ou=group,dc=mydomain,dc=com
ldap_group_filter = objectclass=group
ldap_group_gid = cn
ldap_group_scope = 2
self_registration = on
token_expiration = 30
project_creation_restriction = everyone
db_host = mysql
db_password = root123
db_port = 3306
db_user = root
redis_url =
clair_db_host = postgres
clair_db_password = password
clair_db_port = 5432
clair_db_username = postgres
clair_db = postgres
uaa_endpoint = uaa.mydomain.org
uaa_clientid = id
uaa_clientsecret = secret
uaa_verify_cert = true
uaa_ca_cert = /path/to/ca.pem
registry_storage_provider_name = filesystem
registry_storage_provider_config =
(4)安装
[root@server1 ~]# cd /usr/local/kubernetes/harbor/           ###一定要进入此目录,日志放在/var/log/harbor/
[root@server1 harbor]# ./prepare 
[root@server1 harbor]# ./install.sh
(5)查看生成的镜像
[root@server1 harbor]# docker ps        ###状态为up

此时你也可以通过浏览器输入http:10.10.10.1(Master的IP)进行登陆,默认账号:admin默认密码:Harbor12345!!!

(6)加入认证

<1> server1(Mster)

[root@server1 harbor]# vim /etc/sysconfig/docker 
OPTIONS='--selinux-enabled --log-driver=journald --signature-verification=false --insecure-registry=10.10.10.1'

<2> 三台都加入

[root@server1 ~]# vim /etc/docker/daemon.json 
{
  "insecure-registries": [
    "10.10.10.1"
  ]
}
(7)测试

<1> shell中登陆

[root@server1 ~]# docker login 10.10.10.1        ###账号:admin 密码:Harbor12345
Username: admin
Password: 
Login Succeeded

登陆成功后,我们便可以使用harbor仓库了!!!

<2> 浏览器中登陆
这里写图片描述
这里写图片描述

(8)登陆报错:

<1> 报错:

[root@server1 ~]# docker login 10.10.10.1 
Error response from daemon: Get http://10.10.10.1/v2/: unauthorized: authentication required

<2> 解决方法:

加入认证,上面有写,或者就是密码输入错误!!!
(9)harbor基本操作

<1> 下线

# cd /usr/local/kubernetes/harbor/
# docker-compose down -v 或 docker-compose stop

<2> 修改配置

修改harbor.cfg和docker-compose.yml

<3> 重新部署上线

# cd /usr/local/kubernetes/harbor/
# ./prepare
# docker-compose up -d 或 docker-compose start

3、harbor使用

用浏览器登陆你可以发现其默认是有个项目library,也可以自己创建,我们来使用此项目!!!

(1)对镜像进行处理
###打包及删除
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:v1.8.3 10.10.10.1/library/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:v1.8.3
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:v1.8.3
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:1.14.7 10.10.10.1/library/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:1.14.7
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:1.14.7
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:1.14.7 10.10.10.1/library/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:1.14.7
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:1.14.7
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:1.14.7 10.10.10.1/library/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:1.14.7
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:1.14.7

###推送到harbor上
docker push 10.10.10.1/library/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:v1.8.3
docker push 10.10.10.1/library/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:1.14.7
docker push 10.10.10.1/library/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:1.14.7 
docker push 10.10.10.1/library/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:1.14.7
(2)通过浏览器测试

这里写图片描述

九、kube-dns安装


下载地址:https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/tree/release-1.8/cluster/addons/dns

(1)我们需要的是这几个包:
kubedns-sa.yaml
kubedns-svc.yaml.base
kubedns-cm.yaml 
kubedns-controller.yaml.base
[root@server1 data]# unzip kubernetes-release-1.8.zip 
[root@server1 dns]# pwd
/data/kubernetes-release-1.8/cluster/addons/dns
[root@server1 dns]# cp {kubedns-svc.yaml.base,kubedns-cm.yaml,kubedns-controller.yaml.base,kubedns-sa.yaml} /root
(2)clusterIP查看
[root@server2 ~]# cat /usr/local/kubernetes/config/kubelet

这里写图片描述

(3)4个yaml可以合并成此kube-dns.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: kube-dns
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: kube-dns
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: "true"
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile
    kubernetes.io/name: "KubeDNS"
spec:
  selector:
    k8s-app: kube-dns
  clusterIP: 10.0.0.2                 ###此地址是在kubelet的DNS地址
  ports:
  - name: dns
    port: 53
    protocol: UDP
  - name: dns-tcp
    port: 53
    protocol: TCP
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: kube-dns
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: EnsureExists
---
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: kube-dns
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: kube-dns
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: "true"
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile
spec:
  strategy:
    rollingUpdate:
      maxSurge: 10%
      maxUnavailable: 0
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: kube-dns
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: kube-dns
      annotations:
        scheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/critical-pod: ''
    spec:
      tolerations:
      - key: "CriticalAddonsOnly"
        operator: "Exists"
      volumes:
      - name: kube-dns-config
        configMap:
          name: kube-dns
          optional: true
      #imagePullSecrets:
      #- name: registrykey-aliyun-vpc
      containers:
      - name: kubedns
        image: 10.10.10.1/library/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:1.14.7
        resources:
          limits:
            memory: 170Mi
          requests:
            cpu: 100m
            memory: 70Mi
        livenessProbe:
          httpGet:
            path: /healthcheck/kubedns
            port: 10054
            scheme: HTTP
          initialDelaySeconds: 60
          timeoutSeconds: 5
          successThreshold: 1
          failureThreshold: 5
        readinessProbe:
          httpGet:
            path: /readiness
            port: 8081
            scheme: HTTP
          # we poll on pod startup for the Kubernetes master service and
          # only setup the /readiness HTTP server once that's available.
          initialDelaySeconds: 3
          timeoutSeconds: 5
        args:
        - --domain=cluster.local
        - --dns-port=10053
        - --config-dir=/kube-dns-config
        - --kube-master-url=http://10.10.10.1:8080             ###修改为集群地址
        - --v=2
        env:
        - name: PROMETHEUS_PORT
          value: "10055"
        ports:
        - containerPort: 10053
          name: dns-local
          protocol: UDP
        - containerPort: 10053
          name: dns-tcp-local
          protocol: TCP
        - containerPort: 10055
          name: metrics
          protocol: TCP
        volumeMounts:
        - name: kube-dns-config
          mountPath: /kube-dns-config
      - name: dnsmasq
        image: 10.10.10.1/library/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:1.14.7
        livenessProbe:
          httpGet:
            path: /healthcheck/dnsmasq
            port: 10054
            scheme: HTTP
          initialDelaySeconds: 60
          timeoutSeconds: 5
          successThreshold: 1
          failureThreshold: 5
        args:
        - -v=2
        - -logtostderr
        - -configDir=/etc/k8s/dns/dnsmasq-nanny
        - -restartDnsmasq=true
        - --
        - -k
        - --cache-size=1000
        - --no-negcache
        - --log-facility=-
        - --server=/cluster.local/127.0.0.1#10053
        - --server=/in-addr.arpa/127.0.0.1#10053
        - --server=/ip6.arpa/127.0.0.1#10053
        ports:
        - containerPort: 53
          name: dns
          protocol: UDP
        - containerPort: 53
          name: dns-tcp
          protocol: TCP
        # see: https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/issues/29055 for details
        resources:
          requests:
            cpu: 150m
            memory: 20Mi
        volumeMounts:
        - name: kube-dns-config
          mountPath: /etc/k8s/dns/dnsmasq-nanny
      - name: sidecar
        image: 10.10.10.1/library/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:1.14.7
        livenessProbe:
          httpGet:
            path: /metrics
            port: 10054
            scheme: HTTP
          initialDelaySeconds: 60
          timeoutSeconds: 5
          successThreshold: 1
          failureThreshold: 5
        args:
        - --v=2
        - --logtostderr
        - --probe=kubedns,127.0.0.1:10053,kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local,5,SRV
        - --probe=dnsmasq,127.0.0.1:53,kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local,5,SRV
        ports:
        - containerPort: 10054
          name: metrics
          protocol: TCP
        resources:
          requests:
            memory: 20Mi
            cpu: 10m
      dnsPolicy: Default  # Don't use cluster DNS.
(4)创建及删除
# kubectl create -f kube-dns.yaml             ###创建
# kubectl delete -f kube-dns.yaml             ###删除,此步骤不用执行
(5)查看
[root@server1 ~]# kubectl get pods -n kube-system
NAME                                    READY     STATUS             RESTARTS   AGE
kube-dns-5855d8c4f7-sbb7x               3/3       Running            0   

[root@server1 ~]# kubectl describe pod -n kube-system kube-dns-5855d8c4f7-sbb7x         ###报错的话,可以查看报错信息

十、安装dashboard


1、配置kube-dashboard.yaml

kind: Deployment
apiVersion: apps/v1beta2
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  revisionHistoryLimit: 10
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: kubernetes-dashboard
        image: 10.10.10.1/library/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:v1.8.3 
        ports:
        - containerPort: 9090
          protocol: TCP
        args:
          - --apiserver-host=http://10.10.10.1:8080          ###修改为Master的IP
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /tmp
          name: tmp-volume
        livenessProbe:
          httpGet:
            path: /
            port: 9090
          initialDelaySeconds: 30
          timeoutSeconds: 30
      volumes:
      - name: tmp-volume
        emptyDir: {}
      serviceAccountName: kubernetes-dashboard
      # Comment the following tolerations if Dashboard must not be deployed on master
      tolerations:
      - key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
        effect: NoSchedule

---

kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - port: 80
    targetPort: 9090
    nodePort: 30090
  selector:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard

2、创建dashboard

# kubectl create -f kube-dashboard.yaml

3、查看node的IP

[root@server1 dashboard]# kubectl get pods -o wide --namespace kube-system
NAME                                    READY     STATUS             RESTARTS   AGE       IP            NODE
kube-dns-5855d8c4f7-sbb7x               3/3       Running            0          1h       172.17.89.3   10.10.10.1
kubernetes-dashboard-7f8b5f54f9-gqjsh   1/1       Running            0          1h       172.17.39.2   10.10.10.3

4、测试

(1)浏览器
http://10.10.10.3:30090
(2)结果

这里写图片描述

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

私密
私密原因:
请选择设置私密原因
  • 广告
  • 抄袭
  • 版权
  • 政治
  • 色情
  • 无意义
  • 其他
其他原因:
120
出错啦
系统繁忙,请稍后再试