Linux系统下通过PPP拨号上网

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Linux/Android系统通过PPP拨号上网


  嵌入式系统经常需要具备无线上网的功能,但在有的应用场景中无法使用wifi,这时可以通过GPRS模块上网。GPRS模块是基于AT命令进行控制的。对于单片机这类没有复杂操作系统的平台来说,往往要通过应用程序,直接发送AT命令给GPRS模块,以使GPRS模块连接到网络并建立TCP连接,进而完成通信。对于具有LinuxAndroid等系统的平台而言,则不需要自己编写程序发送AT命令,可以使用ppp服务进行拨号上网。

  在Linux系统下,执行man ppp,可以看到PPP的介绍。

  PPPPoint to Point Protocol,是一种用于建立通过拨号调制解调器的网络连接、DSL连接或者其它类型的点对点连接的协议。

    RIL:Radio Interface Layer。

  在网上可以下载ppp源码,并编译出ppp拨号上网所必需的可执行文件,pppdchat。除了这两个可执行程序外,还需要一些脚本,具体的脚本如下所示:

[root@Neolix /]# ls /etc/ppp/  -R
/etc/ppp/:
chap-secrets       ioptions           options            resolv.conf
connect-errors     ip-down            pap-secrets
gprs-connect-chat  ip-up              peers

/etc/ppp/peers:
gprsdial  

       

        ip-up:ppp拨号成功后,会调用这个脚本进行一些设置;

        ip-down:连接断开后,会调用这个脚本;

        执行pppd call gpradial即可实现拨号,gprs-connect-chat里是chatgprs模块之间聊天所需的AT命令及应答。

  问题一:同样的脚本可以使3G模块正常拨号,但是2G模块拨号失败,拨号过程的信息如下:

pppd call gprsdial
timeout set to 15 seconds
abort on (DELAYED)
abort on (BUSY)
abort on (NO DIALTONE)
abort on (NO CARRIER)
timeout set to 40 seconds
send (AT^M)
expect (OK)
^M
OK
 -- got it

send (ATE0^M)
expect (OK)
^M
^M
OK
 -- got it

send (AT+CGDCONT=1,"IP","CMNET"^M)
expect (OK)
^M
^M
OK
 -- got it

send (AT+CGEQREQ=1,2,128,384,,,0,,,,,,^M)
expect (OK)
^M
^M
OK
 -- got it

send (ATDT*98*1#^M)
expect (CONNECT)
^M
^M
CONNECT
 -- got it

send (^M)
Script /sbin/chat -s -v -f /etc/ppp/gprs-connect-chat finished (pid 131), status
 = 0x0
Serial connection established.
using channel 2
Using interface ppp0
Connect: ppp0 <--> /dev/ttyS3
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
Warning - secret file /etc/ppp/pap-secrets has world and/or group access
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x7ae02b5a> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x7ae02b5a> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x7ae02b5a> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x7ae02b5a> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x7ae02b5a> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x7ae02b5a> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x7ae02b5a> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x7ae02b5a> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x7ae02b5a> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x7ae02b5a> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0xa0000> <auth pap> <pcomp> <accomp>]
No auth is possible
sent [LCP ConfRej id=0x1 <auth pap>]
LCP: timeout sending Config-Requests
Connection terminated.
Modem hangup

  解决方案是在pppd的脚本gprsdial中加上local选项,local的意思是不使用调制解调器的控制线路,pppd将会忽略载波检测。修改后的脚本内容如下:

# Usage:   root>pppd call gprs
/dev/ttyS3
115200
#crtscts
modem
noauth
debug
nodetach
local
#hide-password
usepeerdns
noipdefault
defaultroute
user "cmnet"
0.0.0.0:0.0.0.0

        问题二:通过AT命令“ATD10001;”拨打电话时,模块返回“NO DIALTONE”,通过AT命令“ATD*99#”拨号进行数据连接时,模块返回“NO CARRIER”

        原因:此问题是由于没有插天线,信号不好导致的。

       

        问题三:2G的模块(sim800),用3G的SIM卡,能正常通信和拨打电话吗?

        答案:可以。


        问题四:ip-up:ppp拨号成功会,会调用这个脚本;

        联网后,DNS不起作用!
        可以在ip-up文件中添加设置DNS的命令,如下所示:  

/system/bin/ndc resolver setifdns "$NAME" "$DNS1" "$DNS2"
/system/bin/ndc resolver setdefaultif "$NAME"

       

        调试过程中几个常用的AT命令:

AT+CSMINS?    //查询是否插入SIM卡
AT+CSQ        //查询信号质量
ATDxxxxxx;    //拨打电话,命令尾一定要要分号
<pre class="plain" name="code">AT+CIMI      //查询国际移动用户标识
AT+COPS?     //查询运营商
这两条命令均可以用于查询SIM卡是移动的还是联通的。
 

        Android系统下增加自启动服务

   首先,在init.rc脚本中增加pppd服务,实现开机自动拨号上网(但通常这一动作是由Android的RIL层触发的,函数为requestSetupDataCall())。Android中有专门的脚本init.gprs-pppd用于启动pppd,当然也可以自己写一个类似的脚本用于启动pppd服务。

service pppd /system/etc/ppp/init.gprs-pppd call gprsdial
    class main
    user root
    group radio cache inet misc
service ril-daemon /system/bin/rild
    class main
    socket rild stream 660 root radio
    socket rild-debug stream 660 radio system
    user root
    group radio cache inet misc audio log
service ril-daemon3 /system/bin/rild3
    class main
    socket rild3 stream 660 root radio
    socket rild-debug stream 660 radio system
    user root
    group radio cache inet misc audio log

        此步骤需要注意的是,pppd服务的class需要和rild服务的class保持一致。init.gprs-pppd脚本的内容如下:

#!/system/bin/sh
# An unforunate wrapper script 
# so that the exit code of pppd may be retrieved
# this is a workaround for issue #651747
#trap "/system/bin/sleep 1;exit 0" TERM

PPPD_PID=
/system/bin/setprop "net.gprs.ppp-exit" ""
/system/bin/log -t pppd "Starting pppd"
/system/bin/pppd $*

PPPD_EXIT=$?
PPPD_PID=$!

/system/bin/log -t pppd "pppd exited with $PPPD_EXIT"
/system/bin/setprop "net.gprs.ppp-exit" "$PPPD_EXIT"










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