pyhton微博爬虫(2)——获取微博用户关注列表

本文的主要目标是获取微博用户关注列表以及关注列表中各微博用户的ID昵称详情链接粉丝数关注数等关键信息。

实现代码如下所示:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
Created on Thu Aug  3 20:59:53 2017

@author: Administrator
"""

import requests
import json
import time
import random
import pymysql.cursors


def crawlDetailPage(url,page):
    #读取微博网页的JSON信息
    req = requests.get(url)
    jsondata = req.text
    data = json.loads(jsondata)

    #获取每一条页的数据
    content = data['cards']
    #print(content)

    #循环输出每一页的关注者各项信息
    for i in content:
        followingId = i['user']['id']
        followingName = i['user']['screen_name']
        followingUrl = i['user']['profile_url']
        followersCount = i['user']['followers_count']
        followCount = i['user']['follow_count']

        print("---------------------------------")
        print("用户ID为:{}".format(followingId))
        print("用户昵称为:{}".format(followingName))
        print("用户详情链接为:{}".format(followingUrl))
        print("用户粉丝数:{}".format(followersCount))
        print("用户关注数:{}".format(followCount))



        '''
        数据库操作
        '''

        #获取数据库链接
        connection  = pymysql.connect(host = 'localhost',
                                  user = 'root',
                                  password = '123456',
                                  db = 'weibo',
                                  charset = 'utf8mb4')
        try:
            #获取会话指针
            with connection.cursor() as cursor:
                #创建sql语句
                sql = "insert into `following` (`followingId`,`followingName`,`followingUrl`,`followersCount`,`followCount`) values (%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)"

                #执行sql语句
                cursor.execute(sql,(followingId,followingName,followingUrl,followersCount,followCount))

                #提交数据库
                connection.commit()
        finally:
            connection.close()


for i in range(1,11):
    print("正在获取第{}页的关注列表:".format(i))
    #微博用户关注列表JSON链接
    url = "https://m.weibo.cn/api/container/getSecond?containerid=1005052164843961_-_FOLLOWERS&page=" + str(i)
    crawlDetailPage(url,i)
    #设置休眠时间
    t = random.randint(31,33)
    print("休眠时间为:{}s".format(t))
    time.sleep(t)

运行结果如下图所示:

这里写图片描述

mysql数据库中的数据存储如下图所示:

这里写图片描述

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