检查及升级oracle数据库补丁版本

 

第一部分:检查oracle数据库补丁版本

1. 查看所有版本信息:
oracle@NDMCDB03:~/product/11g/db/OPatch> ./opatch lsinventory
Invoking OPatch 11.1.0.8.2

Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.1.0.8.2
Copyright (c) 2010, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home       : /opt/oracle/product/11g/db
Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory
   from           : /etc/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 11.1.0.8.2
OUI version       : 11.1.0.7.0
OUI location      : /opt/oracle/product/11g/db/oui
Log file location : /opt/oracle/product/11g/db/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2011-09-13_15-34-15PM.log

Patch history file: /opt/oracle/product/11g/db/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch_history.txt

Lsinventory Output file location : /opt/oracle/product/11g/db/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2011-09-13_15-34-15PM.txt

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Installed Top-level Products (2):

Oracle Database 11g                                                  11.1.0.6.0
Oracle Database 11g Patch Set 1                                      11.1.0.7.0
There are 2 products installed in this Oracle Home.

Interim patches (1) :

Patch  9352179      : applied on Tue Aug 09 12:09:19 CST 2011
Unique Patch ID:  12289084
   Created on 1 Apr 2010, 01:07:34 hrs PST8PDT
   Bugs fixed:
     7378322, 9068088, 8348481, 9054253, 6851110, 7206858, 7497788, 8974548
     7331867, 8251486, 8851675, 8211920, 9352179, 7013124, 7643188, 7135702
     7529174, 7196532, 7515779, 7705669, 8402548, 8608377, 7119382, 7510766
     9001453, 8364676, 9066130, 7424804, 7628387, 7408621, 7426336, 7553884
     8856696, 6843972, 7694979, 8565708, 6972189, 6598432, 6768362, 6501490
     8836375, 8216875, 7527650, 7719143, 8402551, 7454752, 8290478, 7412296
     8402555, 7719148, 8284633, 8318050, 7639602, 8539335, 8613137, 7650993
     8940197, 6970731, 7589862, 9170608, 7131291, 9109536, 7586451, 7446163
     8199266, 7460818, 9114072, 6618461, 7451927, 7373196, 8230457, 7336031
     7420394, 8413059, 8402562, 8914979, 8402637, 7393804, 8876094, 6196748
     7627743, 7348847, 8408887, 7183523, 8531282, 7441663, 7720494, 7719668
     8645846, 8539923, 9458811, 8534338, 8339404, 8236851, 9458814, 7602341
     9458816, 7036453, 7610362, 8855553, 7384419, 7690421, 9458819, 8419383
     8855559, 8543737, 7447559, 6772911, 7175513, 7341598, 7706138, 8243648
     8367827, 8365141, 7350127, 9027691, 8549480, 8462173, 7356443, 7593835
     8483871, 8242410, 7044551, 7572069, 7639121, 9458829, 8855565, 8825048
     7253531, 8328853, 8341623, 8409848, 6851669, 7318276, 8257122, 7013817
     8860821, 7309458, 8450529, 8306933, 8306934, 6840740, 9458831, 6981690
     8304329, 8281906, 7480809, 8855570, 8339352, 7340448, 8499600, 7393258
     8588540, 8790767, 8855575, 6599920, 7630416, 7426959, 8855577, 6980601
     8342506, 8717461, 6452375, 8607693, 6407486, 7653579, 7416901, 7281382
     8599477, 7535429, 8582594, 7475055, 8217795, 7409110, 7432514, 8362693
     7436152, 7680907, 7013835, 7708340, 8499043, 8361398, 6784747, 7524944
     7496908, 7662620, 8224083, 7385253, 9189647, 7225720, 6941717, 7122161
     8898852, 8363210, 7477246, 7377810, 7299153, 9118620, 8213302, 8909984
     9118622, 9209238, 8702276, 7497640, 6991626, 7630874, 7311909, 7432601
     7213937, 7462112, 7352414, 7516867, 8199107, 7296258, 6812439, 6870937
     7219752, 7263842, 8287680, 6900214, 8870559, 6882739, 8813366, 8990527
     8352304, 7500792, 8352309, 7538000, 8834636, 8324760, 7652888, 7330434
     7113299, 7307972, 8487273, 7462709, 7486595, 8650661, 9032717, 8658581
     8244217, 7515145, 7499911, 7411865, 7276960, 8890026, 7432556, 7613481
     7522002, 8674263, 7452373, 8221425, 9188010, 7438445, 7334226, 9197917
     8284438, 7494333, 7318049, 8250643, 7834195, 8214576, 6679303, 8815639
     8277580, 7715244, 7675269, 7516536, 8490879, 6980597, 8301559, 7499353
     8496830, 7357609, 7462589, 6647480, 8416414, 7830065, 7189645, 7203349
     8702535, 7436280, 6955744, 7506785, 7366290, 6977167, 8570572, 7702085
     8348464, 7185872, 8625762, 6059178, 7257038, 8542307, 8833297, 8578132
     7606362, 7330611, 8226397, 7628866, 6903819, 8391256, 7676737, 7258928
     7829321, 7311601, 8433270, 7511040, 7434194, 8369094, 8563941, 8563942
     8563943, 8563944, 8563945, 8563946, 7716219, 8563947, 7345904, 8563948
     7556778, 8220734, 6870994, 7597354, 9135679, 7523787
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OPatch succeeded.

2. 查询指定某个补丁号
oracle@NDMCDB03:~/product/11g/db/OPatch> ./opatch lsinventory | grep 9352179
Patch  9352179      : applied on Tue Aug 09 15:19:13 CST 2011
     7331867, 8251486, 8851675, 8211920, 9352179, 7013124, 7643188, 7135702

补充:如果执行 ./opatch lsinventory 时报错:
oracle@bmsuitedba:/opt/oracle/product/11/OPatch> ./opatch lsinventory
Invoking OPatch 11.1.0.6.2

Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.1.0.6.2
Copyright (c) 2007, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home       : /opt/oracle/product/11
Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory
   from           : /etc/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 11.1.0.6.2
OUI version       : 11.1.0.7.0
OUI location      : /opt/oracle/product/11/oui
Log file location : /opt/oracle/product/11/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2011-09-13_16-24-45PM.log

Inventory load failed... OPatch cannot load inventory for the given Oracle Home.

LsInventorySession failed: Unable to create patchObject

OPatch failed with error code 73

那么极有可能是因为opatch版本过低的原因,需要下载更高版本的opatch使用,如:p6880880_111000_Linux-x86-64.zip,直接解压后就可以使用了。


第二部分:给oracle打补丁

若数据库版本是11.1.0.6.0,现在要将数据库升级为11.1.0.7.3,那么要进行下面的操作:

1. 11.1.0.6.0版本的oracle在官方网站上有zip包可以直接下载得到,安装后的版本就是11.1.0.6.0;

2. 11.1.0.7.0版本是在11.1.0.6.0的基础之上,通过打一大补丁才可以得到,这个大补丁需要有oracle的账号方可以下载,当然网上可能有网友共享出来的。比如为:p6890831_111070_Linux-x86-64.zip,解压后得到Disk1目录,然后进行如下操作:
oracle@bmsuitedba:~/setup> cd Disk1/
oracle@bmsuitedba:~/setup/Disk1> ls
11107_buglist.htm  install  patch_note.htm  response  runInstaller  stage
oracle@bmsuitedba:~/setup/Disk1> ./runInstaller     --这一步需要图形界面

3. 11.1.0.7.3版本是在11.1.0.7.0的基础之上,通过打小补丁才可以得到。比如补丁号为:9352179,补丁包为:p9352179_111070_Linux-x86-64db.zip
解压后得到9352179目录:
oracle@bmsuitedba:~/setup> cd 9352179/
oracle@bmsuitedba:~/setup/9352179> /opt/oracle/product/11/OPatch/opatch apply   -- 注意,执行这一步,必须要进入到刚才解压出来的补丁包的目录中,然后通过使用完整的opatch路径来执行opatch,否则会报错

附:如果使用oracle安装时的opatch版本过低,就会在执行opatch打版本过程中出错,此时需要另外下载一个高版本的opatch包,比如在上面的操作中就会报错,需要使用这个版本的opatch包:p6880880_111000_Linux-x86-64.zip,直接解压就可以使用了。

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版权声明:本文为博主hw_libo原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/HW_LiBo/article/details/6872060
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