[Think in Java 笔记] 构造顺序

下面是 << Think in Java >>中的一个例子,展现在继承关系地类(Class)中的构造顺序:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// From 'Thinking in Java, 2nd ed.' by Bruce Eckel
// www.BruceEckel.com. See copyright notice in CopyRight.txt.
// Order of constructor calls.

class Meal {
  Meal() { System.out.println("Meal()"); }
}

class Bread {
  Bread() { System.out.println("Bread()"); }
}

class Cheese {
  Cheese() { System.out.println("Cheese()"); }
}

class Lettuce {
  Lettuce() { System.out.println("Lettuce()"); }
}

class Lunch extends Meal {
  Lunch() { System.out.println("Lunch()");}
}

class PortableLunch extends Lunch {
  PortableLunch() {
    System.out.println("PortableLunch()");
  }
}

class Sandwich extends PortableLunch {
  Bread b = new Bread();
  Cheese c = new Cheese();
  Lettuce l = new Lettuce();
  Sandwich() {
    System.out.println("Sandwich()");
  }
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    new Sandwich();
  }
}

运行结果:

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Meal()
Lunch()
PortableLunch()
Bread()
Cheese()
Lettuce()
Sandwich()

由此可知构造函数调用顺序如下:

1.反复第归调用base class的构造函数,确保根源Class最先被建构;

2.根据成员的声明顺序,初始化个成员;

3.调用derived class构造函数本体;

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