左偏树

</pre><pre name="code" class="cpp">#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
typedef struct node
{
	int key,dist;
	struct node *Left,*Right;
}LeftistTree;
void Swap(LeftistTree** a,LeftistTree** b)
{
	LeftistTree *tmp;
	tmp = *a;
	*a = *b;
	*b = tmp;
}
LeftistTree* Merge(LeftistTree *A,LeftistTree *B)
{
	if(A == NULL) 
		return B;
	if(B == NULL)
		return A;
	if(A->key < B->key)
	{
		Swap(&A,&B);
	}
	A->Right = Merge(A->Right,B);
	if(A->Left == NULL)
	{
		A->Left = A->Right;
		A->Right = NULL;
	}
	else 
		if(A->Right)
			if(A->Right->dist > A->Left->dist)
				Swap(&A->Left,&A->Right);
	if(A->Right == NULL)     
		A->dist = 0;
	else                
		A->dist = A->Right->dist + 1;
	return A;
}
LeftistTree* MakeIntoTree(int x)
{
	LeftistTree *T;
	T = (LeftistTree*)malloc(sizeof(LeftistTree));
	T->key = x;
	T->dist = 0;
	T->Left = T->Right = NULL;
	return T;
}
LeftistTree* Insert(LeftistTree* A,int x)
{
	LeftistTree *B;
	B = MakeIntoTree(x);
	A = Merge(A,B);
	return A;
}

/*删除最大节点*/
int DeleteMax(LeftistTree** A)
{
	int t = (*A)->key;
	*A = Merge((*A)->Left,(*A)->Right);
	return t;
}
/*中序输出*/
void InOrder(LeftistTree* T)
{
	if(T->Left)
		InOrder(T->Left);
	printf("%d %d\n",T->key,T->dist);
	if(T->Right)
		InOrder(T->Right);
}
int main(void)
{
	LeftistTree* T = NULL;
	int n,a;
	scanf("%d",&n);
	while(n --)
	{
		scanf("%d",&a);
		T = Insert(T,a);
		InOrder(T);
	}
	DeleteMax(&T);
	printf("\n");
	InOrder(T);
}


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