Spring源码分析总结(三)-JDK动态代理和CGLIB代理以及拦截器

版权声明:原创文章,转载请注明出处,来自https://blog.csdn.net/Jacabe https://blog.csdn.net/Jacabe/article/details/80112914

   一、JDK动态代理和CGLIB代理方式:

     1、如果目标对象实现了接口,默认会采用JDK代理实现AOP,也可以通过配置强制使用CGLIB实现

      2、如果目标对象没有实现接口,必须采用CGLIB库,Spring会自动在JDK方式和CGLIB方式之前转换。

   强制使用CGLIB实现:

       1.添加CGLIB库,home目录下/cglib/*.jar

       2.在spring applicationContext.xml 配置文件中添加<aop:aspectj-autoproxy proxy-target-class="true"/>

     JDK动态代理和CGLIB字节码生成的区别:

            jdk方式只能针对实现了接口的类,而不能针对类  

            cglib方式是针对类实现代理,主要是对指定的类生成一个子类,覆盖其中的方法,因为会用到继承,所有目标类和方法不要声明为final

         CGLIB包底层通过使用一个小而快的字节码处理框架ASM,来转换字节码并生成新的类,如Groovy和BeanShell,都是使用ASM来生成字节码的。

 

接着上一节的 spring aop

ProxyFactory类

/**
	 * Create a new proxy according to the settings in this factory.
	 * <p>Can be called repeatedly. Effect will vary if we've added
	 * or removed interfaces. Can add and remove interceptors.
	 * <p>Uses a default class loader: Usually, the thread context class loader
	 * (if necessary for proxy creation).
	 * @return the proxy object
	 */
	public Object getProxy() {
		return createAopProxy().getProxy();
	}

 

JdkDynamicAopProxy类

JdkDynamicAopProxy 类getProxy 追溯到在父类AbstractAutoProxyCreator的postProcessAfterInitialization方法

然后追溯 到refresh方法的doCreate方法 然后再到getBean()方法,也就是BeanFactory接口获取bean的时候就会先查找这个bean里面的所有增强advice,并创建好aop代理Proxy,然后调用的时候就可以调用invoke方法。

@Override
	public Object getProxy() {
		return getProxy(ClassUtils.getDefaultClassLoader());
	}

	@Override
	public Object getProxy(@Nullable ClassLoader classLoader) {
		if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
			logger.debug("Creating JDK dynamic proxy: target source is " + this.advised.getTargetSource());
		}
		Class<?>[] proxiedInterfaces = AopProxyUtils.completeProxiedInterfaces(this.advised, true);
		findDefinedEqualsAndHashCodeMethods(proxiedInterfaces);
		return Proxy.newProxyInstance(classLoader, proxiedInterfaces, this);	}
/**
	 * Implementation of {@code InvocationHandler.invoke}.
	 * <p>Callers will see exactly the exception thrown by the target,
	 * unless a hook method throws an exception.
	 */
	@Override
	@Nullable
	public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
		MethodInvocation invocation;
		Object oldProxy = null;
		boolean setProxyContext = false;

		TargetSource targetSource = this.advised.targetSource;
		Object target = null;

		try {
			if (!this.equalsDefined && AopUtils.isEqualsMethod(method)) {
				// The target does not implement the equals(Object) method itself.
				return equals(args[0]);
			}
			else if (!this.hashCodeDefined && AopUtils.isHashCodeMethod(method)) {
				// The target does not implement the hashCode() method itself.
				return hashCode();
			}
			else if (method.getDeclaringClass() == DecoratingProxy.class) {
				// There is only getDecoratedClass() declared -> dispatch to proxy config.
				return AopProxyUtils.ultimateTargetClass(this.advised);
			}
			else if (!this.advised.opaque && method.getDeclaringClass().isInterface() &&
					method.getDeclaringClass().isAssignableFrom(Advised.class)) {
				// Service invocations on ProxyConfig with the proxy config...
				return AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection(this.advised, method, args);
			}

			Object retVal;

			if (this.advised.exposeProxy) {
				// Make invocation available if necessary.
				oldProxy = AopContext.setCurrentProxy(proxy);
				setProxyContext = true;
			}

			// Get as late as possible to minimize the time we "own" the target,
			// in case it comes from a pool.
			target = targetSource.getTarget();
			Class<?> targetClass = (target != null ? target.getClass() : null);

			// Get the interception chain for this method. //获取拦截器链
			List<Object> chain = this.advised.getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(method, targetClass);

			// Check whether we have any advice. If we don't, we can fallback on direct
			// reflective invocation of the target, and avoid creating a MethodInvocation.
			if (chain.isEmpty()) { //如果没有拦截器直接调用切点方法
				// We can skip creating a MethodInvocation: just invoke the target directly
				// Note that the final invoker must be an InvokerInterceptor so we know it does
				// nothing but a reflective operation on the target, and no hot swapping or fancy proxying.
				Object[] argsToUse = AopProxyUtils.adaptArgumentsIfNecessary(method, args);
				retVal = AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection(target, method, argsToUse);
			}
			else {   //ReflectiveMethodInvocation把拦截器链chain传给了interceptorsAndDynamicMethodMatchers
				// We need to create a method invocation... 将拦截器封装到ReflectiveMethodInvocation类
				invocation = new ReflectiveMethodInvocation(proxy, target, method, args, targetClass, chain);
				// Proceed to the joinpoint through the interceptor chain.
				retVal = invocation.proceed(); //执行拦截器链
			}

			// Massage return value if necessary.
			Class<?> returnType = method.getReturnType();
			if (retVal != null && retVal == target &&
					returnType != Object.class && returnType.isInstance(proxy) &&
					!RawTargetAccess.class.isAssignableFrom(method.getDeclaringClass())) {
				// Special case: it returned "this" and the return type of the method
				// is type-compatible. Note that we can't help if the target sets
				// a reference to itself in another returned object.
				retVal = proxy;
			}
			else if (retVal == null && returnType != Void.TYPE && returnType.isPrimitive()) {
				throw new AopInvocationException(
						"Null return value from advice does not match primitive return type for: " + method);
			}
			return retVal;
		}
		finally {
			if (target != null && !targetSource.isStatic()) {
				// Must have come from TargetSource.
				targetSource.releaseTarget(target);
			}
			if (setProxyContext) {
				// Restore old proxy.
				AopContext.setCurrentProxy(oldProxy);
			}
		}
	}

//获取拦截器链
			List<Object> chain = this.advised.getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(method, targetClass);

			// Check whether we have any advice. If we don't, we can fallback on direct
			// reflective invocation of the target, and avoid creating a MethodInvocation.
			if (chain.isEmpty()) { //如果没有拦截器直接调用切点方法
				// We can skip creating a MethodInvocation: just invoke the target directly
				// Note that the final invoker must be an InvokerInterceptor so we know it does
				// nothing but a reflective operation on the target, and no hot swapping or fancy proxying.
				Object[] argsToUse = AopProxyUtils.adaptArgumentsIfNecessary(method, args);
				retVal = AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection(target, method, argsToUse);
			}
			else {   //ReflectiveMethodInvocation把拦截器链chain传给了interceptorsAndDynamicMethodMatchers
				// We need to create a method invocation... 将拦截器封装到ReflectiveMethodInvocation类
				invocation = new ReflectiveMethodInvocation(proxy, target, method, args, targetClass, chain);
				// Proceed to the joinpoint through the interceptor chain.
				retVal = invocation.proceed(); //执行拦截器链
			}

			// Massage return value if necessary.
			Class<?> returnType = method.getReturnType();
			if (retVal != null && retVal == target &&
					returnType != Object.class && returnType.isInstance(proxy) &&
					!RawTargetAccess.class.isAssignableFrom(method.getDeclaringClass())) {
				// Special case: it returned "this" and the return type of the method
				// is type-compatible. Note that we can't help if the target sets
				// a reference to itself in another returned object.
				retVal = proxy;
			}
			else if (retVal == null && returnType != Void.TYPE && returnType.isPrimitive()) {
				throw new AopInvocationException(
						"Null return value from advice does not match primitive return type for: " + method);
			}
			return retVal;
		}
		finally {
			if (target != null && !targetSource.isStatic()) {
				// Must have come from TargetSource.
				targetSource.releaseTarget(target);
			}
			if (setProxyContext) {
				// Restore old proxy.
				AopContext.setCurrentProxy(oldProxy);
			}
		}
	}

isAssignableFrom:

 

class1.isAssignableFrom(class2) 判定此 Class 对象所表示的类或接口与指定的 Class 参数所表示的类或接口是否相同,或是否是其超类或超接口。如果是则返回 true;否则返回 false

 

JDK动态代理的关键是创建InvocationHandler,

主要是 构造函数,invoke方法,getProxy方法

例子:

public class Tests {
	
	public interface AService{
		void test();
	}
	
	public class AServiceImpl implements AService{
		public void test(){
			System.out.println("---test---");
		}
		
	}
	
	public class MyInvocationHandler implements InvocationHandler{
		private Object target;//目标对象
		
		
		public MyInvocationHandler(Object target) {
			super();
			this.target = target;
		}

		@Override //执行目标对象的方法
		public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] arg2) throws Throwable {
			
			Object result = method.invoke(target, arg2);
			return result;
		}
		
		public Object getProxy(){ //获取目标对象的代理对象  classLoader指定一个类加载器来加载所生成的代理类的字节码
			ClassLoader classLoader = target.getClass().getClassLoader(); //用这个classLoader和Thread.currentThread().getContextClassLoader()的classLoader都能正确代理
			//return Proxy.newProxyInstance(Thread.currentThread().getContextClassLoader(), target.getClass().getInterfaces(), this);
			return Proxy.newProxyInstance(classLoader, target.getClass().getInterfaces(), this);
		}
		
	}
	
	@Test
	public void testProxy(){
		AService a = new AServiceImpl();
		MyInvocationHandler in = new MyInvocationHandler(a);
		AService proxy = (AService)in.getProxy();
		proxy.test();
	}
	
}

输出:---test---;

 

 

ReflectiveMethodInvocation类

@Override
	@Nullable
	public Object proceed() throws Throwable {
		//	We start with an index of -1 and increment early.
		if (this.currentInterceptorIndex == this.interceptorsAndDynamicMethodMatchers.size() - 1) {
			return invokeJoinpoint();
		}
                //获取下一个要执行的拦截器
		Object interceptorOrInterceptionAdvice =
				this.interceptorsAndDynamicMethodMatchers.get(++this.currentInterceptorIndex);
		if (interceptorOrInterceptionAdvice instanceof InterceptorAndDynamicMethodMatcher) {
			// Evaluate dynamic method matcher here: static part will already have
			// been evaluated and found to match.
			InterceptorAndDynamicMethodMatcher dm =
					(InterceptorAndDynamicMethodMatcher) interceptorOrInterceptionAdvice;
			if (dm.methodMatcher.matches(this.method, this.targetClass, this.arguments)) {
				return dm.interceptor.invoke(this);
			}
			else {
				// Dynamic matching failed.
				// Skip this interceptor and invoke the next in the chain.
				return proceed();
			}
		}
		else {
			// It's an interceptor, so we just invoke it: The pointcut will have
			// been evaluated statically before this object was constructed.//普通拦截器,直接调用
			return ((MethodInterceptor) interceptorOrInterceptionAdvice).invoke(this);
		}
	}

 

 

 

二、拦截器

     

@FunctionalInterface
public interface MethodInterceptor extends Interceptor {
	
	/**
	 * Implement this method to perform extra treatments before and
	 * after the invocation. Polite implementations would certainly
	 * like to invoke {@link Joinpoint#proceed()}.
	 * @param invocation the method invocation joinpoint
	 * @return the result of the call to {@link Joinpoint#proceed()};
	 * might be intercepted by the interceptor
	 * @throws Throwable if the interceptors or the target object
	 * throws an exception
	 */
	Object invoke(MethodInvocation invocation) throws Throwable;

}

 

 1、MethodBeforeAdviceInterceptor

 

     

/**
 * Interceptor to wrap am {@link org.springframework.aop.MethodBeforeAdvice}.
 * Used internally by the AOP framework; application developers should not need
 * to use this class directly.
 *
 * @author Rod Johnson
 */
@SuppressWarnings("serial")
public class MethodBeforeAdviceInterceptor implements MethodInterceptor, Serializable {

	private MethodBeforeAdvice advice; //代表了前置增强AspectMethodBeforeAdvice


	/**
	 * Create a new MethodBeforeAdviceInterceptor for the given advice.
	 * @param advice the MethodBeforeAdvice to wrap
	 */
	public MethodBeforeAdviceInterceptor(MethodBeforeAdvice advice) {
		Assert.notNull(advice, "Advice must not be null");
		this.advice = advice;
	}

	@Override
	public Object invoke(MethodInvocation mi) throws Throwable {
		this.advice.before(mi.getMethod(), mi.getArguments(), mi.getThis() );
		return mi.proceed();
	}

}MethodBeforeAdvice advice; //代表了前置增强AspectMethodBeforeAdvice


	/**
	 * Create a new MethodBeforeAdviceInterceptor for the given advice.
	 * @param advice the MethodBeforeAdvice to wrap
	 */
	public MethodBeforeAdviceInterceptor(MethodBeforeAdvice advice) {
		Assert.notNull(advice, "Advice must not be null");
		this.advice = advice;
	}

	@Override
	public Object invoke(MethodInvocation mi) throws Throwable {
		this.advice.before(mi.getMethod(), mi.getArguments(), mi.getThis() );
		return mi.proceed();
	}

}

 
@SuppressWarnings("serial")
public class AspectJMethodBeforeAdvice extends AbstractAspectJAdvice implements MethodBeforeAdvice, Serializable {

	public AspectJMethodBeforeAdvice(
			Method aspectJBeforeAdviceMethod, AspectJExpressionPointcut pointcut, AspectInstanceFactory aif) {

		super(aspectJBeforeAdviceMethod, pointcut, aif);
	}

	@Override
	public void before(Method method, Object[] args, @Nullable Object target) throws Throwable {
		invokeAdviceMethod(getJoinPointMatch(), null, null);
	}

	@Override
	public boolean isBeforeAdvice() {
		return true;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean isAfterAdvice() {
		return false;
	}

}invokeAdviceMethod(getJoinPointMatch(), null, null);
	}

	@Override
	public boolean isBeforeAdvice() {
		return true;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean isAfterAdvice() {
		return false;
	}

}

AbstractAspectJAdvice类实现了 invokeAdviceMethod方法

/**
	 * Invoke the advice method.
	 * @param jpMatch the JoinPointMatch that matched this execution join point
	 * @param returnValue the return value from the method execution (may be null)
	 * @param ex the exception thrown by the method execution (may be null)
	 * @return the invocation result
	 * @throws Throwable in case of invocation failure
	 */
	protected Object invokeAdviceMethod(
			@Nullable JoinPointMatch jpMatch, @Nullable Object returnValue, @Nullable Throwable ex)
			throws Throwable {

		return invokeAdviceMethodWithGivenArgs(argBinding(getJoinPoint(), jpMatch, returnValue, ex));
	}

	// As above, but in this case we are given the join point.
	protected Object invokeAdviceMethod(JoinPoint jp, @Nullable JoinPointMatch jpMatch,
			@Nullable Object returnValue, @Nullable Throwable t) throws Throwable {

		return invokeAdviceMethodWithGivenArgs(argBinding(jp, jpMatch, returnValue, t));
	}

	protected Object invokeAdviceMethodWithGivenArgs(Object[] args) throws Throwable {
		Object[] actualArgs = args;
		if (this.aspectJAdviceMethod.getParameterCount() == 0) {
			actualArgs = null;
		}
		try {
			ReflectionUtils.makeAccessible(this.aspectJAdviceMethod);
			// TODO AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection
			return this.aspectJAdviceMethod.invoke(this.aspectInstanceFactory.getAspectInstance(), actualArgs);
		}
		catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
			throw new AopInvocationException("Mismatch on arguments to advice method [" +
					this.aspectJAdviceMethod + "]; pointcut expression [" +
					this.pointcut.getPointcutExpression() + "]", ex);
		}
		catch (InvocationTargetException ex) {
			throw ex.getTargetException();
		}
	}invokeAdviceMethodWithGivenArgs(Object[] args) throws Throwable {
		Object[] actualArgs = args;
		if (this.aspectJAdviceMethod.getParameterCount() == 0) {
			actualArgs = null;
		}
		try {
			ReflectionUtils.makeAccessible(this.aspectJAdviceMethod);
			// TODO AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection
			return this.aspectJAdviceMethod.invoke(this.aspectInstanceFactory.getAspectInstance(), actualArgs);
		}
		catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
			throw new AopInvocationException("Mismatch on arguments to advice method [" +
					this.aspectJAdviceMethod + "]; pointcut expression [" +
					this.pointcut.getPointcutExpression() + "]", ex);
		}
		catch (InvocationTargetException ex) {
			throw ex.getTargetException();
		}
	}

invokeAdviceMethodWithGivenArgs方法里面 对apectJAdviceMethod 

this.aspectJAdviceMethod.invoke方法  对上面的前置方法进行了调用

 

 2、AspectJAfterAdvice  后置增强

 

      前置增强大致结构是 在拦截器链中防止 MethodBeforeAdviceInterceptor,而在MethodBeforeAdviceInterceptor中又防止了AspectJMethodBeforeAdvice,然后调用invoke(相当于用了中间的MethodBeforeAdviceInterceptor 适配器)

 

       而后置增强 没有提供中间的类,直接在拦截器链中使用中间的AspectJAfterAdvice类

/**
 * Spring AOP advice wrapping an AspectJ after advice method.
 *
 * @author Rod Johnson
 * @since 2.0
 */
@SuppressWarnings("serial")
public class AspectJAfterAdvice extends AbstractAspectJAdvice
		implements MethodInterceptor, AfterAdvice, Serializable {

	public AspectJAfterAdvice(
			Method aspectJBeforeAdviceMethod, AspectJExpressionPointcut pointcut, AspectInstanceFactory aif) {

		super(aspectJBeforeAdviceMethod, pointcut, aif);
	}


	@Override
	public Object invoke(MethodInvocation mi) throws Throwable {
		try {
			return mi.proceed();
		}
		finally {
			invokeAdviceMethod(getJoinPointMatch(), null, null);
		}
	}

	@Override
	public boolean isBeforeAdvice() {
		return false;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean isAfterAdvice() {
		return true;
	}

}

 

项目中 调用目标方法时

  大致流程是:

  1、 调用 JdkDynamicAopProxy类的invoke方法

 

   2、获取拦截器链 

    List<Object> chain = this.advised.getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(method, targetClass);

   3、执行ReflectiveMethodInvocation中的proceed()方法

    4、执行拦截器里面的invoke()方法 如:AspectJAfterAdvice 后置通知里面的invoke 方法

 

那什么时候调用JdkDynamicAopProxy类的invoke方法呢?

 class JdkDynamicAopProxy implements AopProxy, InvocationHandler, Serializable{}

 InvocationHandler是JDK定义的反射类的一个接口,这个接口定义了invoke方法,而这个invoke方法是作为JDKProxy代理对象进行拦截的回调入口出现的,JdkDynamicAopProxy实现了InvocationHandler接口,也就是说当Proxy对象的代理方法被调用时,JdkDynamicAopProxy的invoke方法作为Proxy对象的回调函数而被触发,从而通过invoke的具体实现,来完成对目标对象方法调用的拦截或者说功能增强的工作

 

invoke方法是怎么调用的?

 

动态代理源码分析Proxy类

public class Proxy implements java.io.Serializable  类 实现 


 
Proxy.newProxyInstance(classLoader, proxiedInterfaces, this);
 @CallerSensitive
    public static Object newProxyInstance(ClassLoader loader,
                                          Class<?>[] interfaces,
                                          InvocationHandler h)
        throws IllegalArgumentException
    {
        Objects.requireNonNull(h);

        final Class<?>[] intfs = interfaces.clone();
        final SecurityManager sm = System.getSecurityManager();////获取安全管理器,安全管理器用于对外部资源的访问控制
//获取安全管理器以及检查是否具有访问权限的过程。安全管理器可能在实际中不太常用,它是为了程序在某些敏感资源的访问上做的权限控制,也就是起到保护程序的作用
        if (sm != null) {
            checkProxyAccess(Reflection.getCallerClass(), loader, intfs);获取安全管理器,安全管理器用于对外部资源的访问控制
//获取安全管理器以及检查是否具有访问权限的过程。安全管理器可能在实际中不太常用,它是为了程序在某些敏感资源的访问上做的权限控制,也就是起到保护程序的作用
        if (sm != null) {
            checkProxyAccess(Reflection.getCallerClass(), loader, intfs);
//1.2检查是否有访问权限

//例如:有的程序不允许你对类进行代理,此时加入安全管理器即可防止你对该类的代理。 } /* * Look up or generate the designated proxy class. */ Class<?> cl = getProxyClass0(loader, intfs); /* * Invoke its constructor with the designated invocation handler. */ try { if (sm != null) { checkNewProxyPermission(Reflection.getCallerClass(), cl);//

//检查的是生成的代理类型做权限检查

} final Constructor<?> cons = cl.getConstructor(constructorParams);//

//cl是代理类型其构造器的参数类型为InvocationHandler,所以参数传入InvocationHandler

//因为proxy类构造函数是protected Proxy(InvocationHandler h) {} 所以类型是

InvocationHandler

final InvocationHandler ih = h; if (!Modifier.isPublic(cl.getModifiers())) { AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Void>() { public Void run() { cons.setAccessible(true); return null; } }); }//这里是数组 return cons.newInstance(new Object[]{h}); } catch (IllegalAccessException|InstantiationException e) { throw new InternalError(e.toString(), e); } catch (InvocationTargetException e) { Throwable t = e.getCause(); if (t instanceof RuntimeException) { throw (RuntimeException) t; } else { throw new InternalError(t.toString(), t); } } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) { throw new InternalError(e.toString(), e); } }

/**
     * Generate a proxy class.  Must call the checkProxyAccess method
     * to perform permission checks before calling this.
     */
    private static Class<?> getProxyClass0(ClassLoader loader,
                                           Class<?>... interfaces) {
        if (interfaces.length > 65535) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("interface limit exceeded");
        }

        // If the proxy class defined by the given loader implementing
        // the given interfaces exists, this will simply return the cached copy;
        // otherwise, it will create the proxy class via the ProxyClassFactory
        return proxyClassCache.get(loader, interfaces); //从缓存中获取,如果缓存中没有就通过ProxyClassFactory创建
    }proxyClassCache.get(loader, interfaces); //从缓存中获取,如果缓存中没有就通过ProxyClassFactory创建
    }

 

proxyClassCache.get(loader, interfaces)实现WeakCache类

 

/**
     * Look-up the value through the cache. This always evaluates the
     * {@code subKeyFactory} function and optionally evaluates
     * {@code valueFactory} function if there is no entry in the cache for given
     * pair of (key, subKey) or the entry has already been cleared.
     *
     * @param key       possibly null key
     * @param parameter parameter used together with key to create sub-key and
     *                  value (should not be null)
     * @return the cached value (never null)
     * @throws NullPointerException if {@code parameter} passed in or
     *                              {@code sub-key} calculated by
     *                              {@code subKeyFactory} or {@code value}
     *                              calculated by {@code valueFactory} is null.
     */
    public V get(K key, P parameter) {
        Objects.requireNonNull(parameter);

        expungeStaleEntries();

        Object cacheKey = CacheKey.valueOf(key, refQueue);

        // lazily install the 2nd level valuesMap for the particular cacheKey
        ConcurrentMap<Object, Supplier<V>> valuesMap = map.get(cacheKey);
        if (valuesMap == null) {
            ConcurrentMap<Object, Supplier<V>> oldValuesMap
                = map.putIfAbsent(cacheKey,
                                  valuesMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<>());
            if (oldValuesMap != null) {
                valuesMap = oldValuesMap;
            }
        }

        // create subKey and retrieve the possible Supplier<V> stored by that
        // subKey from valuesMap
        Object subKey = Objects.requireNonNull(subKeyFactory.apply(key, parameter));
        Supplier<V> supplier = valuesMap.get(subKey);
        Factory factory = null;

        while (true) {
            if (supplier != null) {
                // supplier might be a Factory or a CacheValue<V> instance
                V value = supplier.get();
                if (value != null) {
                    return value;
                }
            }
            // else no supplier in cache
            // or a supplier that returned null (could be a cleared CacheValue
            // or a Factory that wasn't successful in installing the CacheValue)

            // lazily construct a Factory
            if (factory == null) {
                factory = new Factory(key, parameter, subKey, valuesMap);
            }

            if (supplier == null) {
                supplier = valuesMap.putIfAbsent(subKey, factory);
                if (supplier == null) {
                    // successfully installed Factory
                    supplier = factory;
                }
                // else retry with winning supplier
            } else {
                if (valuesMap.replace(subKey, supplier, factory)) {
                    // successfully replaced
                    // cleared CacheEntry / unsuccessful Factory
                    // with our Factory
                    supplier = factory;
                } else {
                    // retry with current supplier
                    supplier = valuesMap.get(subKey);
                }
            }
        }
    }supplier.get();
                if (value != null) {
                    return value;
                }
            }
            // else no supplier in cache
            // or a supplier that returned null (could be a cleared CacheValue
            // or a Factory that wasn't successful in installing the CacheValue)

            // lazily construct a Factory
            if (factory == null) {
                factory = new Factory(key, parameter, subKey, valuesMap);
            }

            if (supplier == null) {
                supplier = valuesMap.putIfAbsent(subKey, factory);
                if (supplier == null) {
                    // successfully installed Factory
                    supplier = factory;
                }
                // else retry with winning supplier
            } else {
                if (valuesMap.replace(subKey, supplier, factory)) {
                    // successfully replaced
                    // cleared CacheEntry / unsuccessful Factory
                    // with our Factory
                    supplier = factory;
                } else {
                    // retry with current supplier
                    supplier = valuesMap.get(subKey);
                }
            }
        }
    }

 

在WeakCache的内部类Factory中 完成了supplier.get()的实现

private final class Factory implements Supplier<V> {

        private final K key;
        private final P parameter;
        private final Object subKey;
        private final ConcurrentMap<Object, Supplier<V>> valuesMap;

        Factory(K key, P parameter, Object subKey,
                ConcurrentMap<Object, Supplier<V>> valuesMap) {
            this.key = key;
            this.parameter = parameter;
            this.subKey = subKey;
            this.valuesMap = valuesMap;
        }

        @Override
        public synchronized V get() { // serialize access
            // re-check
            Supplier<V> supplier = valuesMap.get(subKey);
            if (supplier != this) {
                // something changed while we were waiting:
                // might be that we were replaced by a CacheValue
                // or were removed because of failure ->
                // return null to signal WeakCache.get() to retry
                // the loop
                return null;
            }
            // else still us (supplier == this)

            // create new value
            V value = null;
            try {
                value = Objects.requireNonNull(valueFactory.apply(key, parameter));
            } finally {
                if (value == null) { // remove us on failure
                    valuesMap.remove(subKey, this);
                }
            }
            // the only path to reach here is with non-null value
            assert value != null;

            // wrap value with CacheValue (WeakReference)
            CacheValue<V> cacheValue = new CacheValue<>(value);

            // try replacing us with CacheValue (this should always succeed)
            if (valuesMap.replace(subKey, this, cacheValue)) {
                // put also in reverseMap
                reverseMap.put(cacheValue, Boolean.TRUE);
            } else {
                throw new AssertionError("Should not reach here");
            }

            // successfully replaced us with new CacheValue -> return the value
            // wrapped by it
            return value;
        }
    }valueFactory.apply(key, parameter));
            } finally {
                if (value == null) { // remove us on failure
                    valuesMap.remove(subKey, this);
                }
            }
            // the only path to reach here is with non-null value
            assert value != null;

            // wrap value with CacheValue (WeakReference)
            CacheValue<V> cacheValue = new CacheValue<>(value);

            // try replacing us with CacheValue (this should always succeed)
            if (valuesMap.replace(subKey, this, cacheValue)) {
                // put also in reverseMap
                reverseMap.put(cacheValue, Boolean.TRUE);
            } else {
                throw new AssertionError("Should not reach here");
            }

            // successfully replaced us with new CacheValue -> return the value
            // wrapped by it
            return value;
        }
    }

 

然后在实现里面有一个valueFactory.apply(key, parameter)方法,该方法的实现在Proxy的内部类ProxyClassFactory中

 

然后再到ProxyGenerator.generateProxyClass(proxyName, interfaces, accessFlags)

然后里面有一个 final byte[] classFile = gen.generateClassFile();方法用来生成字节码

最后在生成的字节码文件$Proxy0 里面就可以看到

Method m3;

public final int test(Object paramObject)  
    throws   
  {  
    try  
    {  
      return ((Integer)this.h.invoke(this, m3, new Object[] { paramObject })).intValue();  
    }  
    catch (Error|RuntimeException localError)  
    {  
      throw localError;  
    }  
    catch (Throwable localThrowable)  
    {  
      throw new UndeclaredThrowableException(localThrowable);  
    }  
  }  

我们在接口中定义的方法test通过反射得到的名字是m3,这里调用代理对象的test方法,

直接就调用了InvocationHandler中的invoke方法,并把m3传了进去。

this.h.invoke(this, m3, null);

这invoke方法是怎么调用的部分参考了https://www.jianshu.com/p/9d5ef621f2d1

 

版权声明:原创文章,转载请注明出处

展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页