Android 自定义星星可滑动评分控件

此控件通过线性布局结合ImageView来实现。

具有展示分数,滑动评分功能,可设置0-10分,自行设置星星图片,是否可点击与滑动,星星间距。

效果如下:
图片为一个仅展示评分的小图片,和一个可滑动评分的大图标

需准备好下面三张图片
这里写图片描述

先看自定义属性:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <declare-styleable name="StarRatingView">
        <!--星星点亮-->
        <attr name="stat_on" format="reference"></attr>
        <!--星星关闭-->
        <attr name="stat_off" format="reference"></attr>
        <!--半颗星星-->
        <attr name="stat_half" format="reference"></attr>
        <!--是否可以点击滑动评分-->
        <attr name="ratable" format="boolean"></attr>
        <!--星星之间间距-->
        <attr name="star_padding" format="dimension"></attr>
    </declare-styleable>

</resources>

布局文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:star="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/com.le.star"
    android:id="@+id/activity_main"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:gravity="center_horizontal">
    <com.le.star.StarRatingView
        android:id="@+id/srv"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
        star:stat_on="@drawable/frodo_rate_star_small_on_holo_light"
        star:stat_off="@drawable/frodo_rate_star_small_off_holo_light"
        star:stat_half="@drawable/frodo_rate_star_small_half_holo_light"
        star:star_padding="10dp"
        star:ratable="false"
        >
    </com.le.star.StarRatingView>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
        android:layout_below="@id/srv"
        android:text="click"
        />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="50dp"
        android:layout_below="@id/btn"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        />
    <com.le.star.StarRatingView
        android:id="@+id/srv_ratable"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_below="@id/tv"
        android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
        star:stat_on="@drawable/frodo_rate_star_big_on_holo_light"
        star:stat_off="@drawable/frodo_rate_star_big_off_holo_light"
        star:stat_half="@drawable/frodo_rate_star_big_half_holo_light"
        star:star_padding="10dp"
        star:ratable="true"
        >
    </com.le.star.StarRatingView>


</RelativeLayout>

第一个控件star:ratable设置为false,只具备展示功能。第二个为true,可进行滑动评分并把分数显示到TextView上。

下面是控件代码

public class StarRatingView extends LinearLayout{
    private Drawable on,off,half;   //星星三种图片
    private boolean ratable;    //是否点击滑动
    private float padding;  //星星之间间距
    private List<ImageView> list;   //存放五颗星星
    private float  points[] = new float[11];    //0-10分点的x坐标,index为分数,值为此分数为坐标
    private float starWidth;    //设置的星星图片宽度
    private float halfStarWidth;    //半个星星宽度
    private int paddingLeft;       //控件左padding
    private OnRateChangeListener onRateChangeListener;

    public StarRatingView(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    public StarRatingView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        TypedArray array = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,R.styleable.StarRatingView);
        on = array.getDrawable(R.styleable.StarRatingView_stat_on);
        off = array.getDrawable(R.styleable.StarRatingView_stat_off);
        half = array.getDrawable(R.styleable.StarRatingView_stat_half);
        ratable = array.getBoolean(R.styleable.StarRatingView_ratable, false);
        halfStarWidth = on.getIntrinsicWidth() / 2;
        starWidth = on.getIntrinsicWidth();
        padding = array.getDimension(R.styleable.StarRatingView_star_padding, starWidth / 3);
        paddingLeft = getPaddingLeft();
        list = new ArrayList<>();
        ImageView imageView;
        //初始化五个星星,并通过points数组把分数与坐标对应起来
        for(int i=0;i<5;i++){
            imageView = new ImageView(context);
            LinearLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
            if(i!=0&&i!=4) {
                //设置间距
                layoutParams.setMargins((int) padding / 2, 0, (int) padding / 2, 0);
                //分数点所在的x坐标
                points[i*2] = i*starWidth+i*padding;
                points[i*2+1] = points[i*2]+halfStarWidth/2;
            }
            //第一个左边和最后一个右边不设置间距
            if(i==0){
                layoutParams.setMargins(0, 0, (int) padding / 2, 0);
                points[0] = 0;
                points[1] = halfStarWidth;
            }
            if(i==4){
                layoutParams.setMargins((int) padding / 2, 0, 0, 0);
                points[i*2] = i*starWidth+i*padding;
                points[i*2+1] = points[i*2]+halfStarWidth/2;
                points[10] = points[9]+halfStarWidth/2;
            }
            imageView.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);
            imageView.setImageDrawable(off);
            list.add(imageView);
            addView(list.get(i));
        }
        setOrientation(LinearLayout.HORIZONTAL);
        array.recycle();
    }

    /**
     *根据分数显示星星
     * @param rate
     */
    public void setRate(int rate){
        removeAllViews();
        int count = rate/2;
        boolean isOdd;
        if(rate%2==0){
            isOdd = false;
        }else{
            isOdd = true;
        }
        for(int i=0;i<list.size();i++){
            if(i<count){
                list.get(i).setImageDrawable(on);
            }else{
                list.get(i).setImageDrawable(off);
            }
            if(isOdd&&i==count){
                list.get(i).setImageDrawable(half);
            }
            addView(list.get(i));
        }
        if(ratable&&onRateChangeListener!=null){
            onRateChangeListener.onRateChange(rate);
        }
    }

    public void setOnRateChangeListener(OnRateChangeListener l){
        onRateChangeListener = l;

    }

    @Override
    public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {
        //设置不可以滑动则不处理事件
        if(!ratable){
            return super.onTouchEvent(event);
        }
        setRate(calculateStar(event.getX()));
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * 根据坐标计算分数
     * @param x
     * @return
     */
    private int calculateStar(float x) {
        //减去控件左padding
        float realPosition = x-paddingLeft;
        for(int i = 0;i<points.length;i++){
            if(points[i]>realPosition){
                return i;
            }
        }
        //如果循环结束即为右滑超出最大值,返回10分
        return 10;
    }

    /**
     * 评分改变的回调
     */
    public interface OnRateChangeListener{
        void onRateChange(int rate);
    }
}

基本实现原理是通过坐标计算分数,然后根据分数设置每个ImageView显示不同三张星星图片,根据ratable变量判断是否处理触摸事件,通过触摸位置在坐标数组point[]的位置,确定index,即为分数。并通过OnRateChangeListener通知分数的改变。

最后为Activity代码

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private int count;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        final StarRatingView srv = (StarRatingView) findViewById(R.id.srv);
        findViewById(R.id.btn).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                count++;
                srv.setRate(count);
            }
        });
        final TextView tv = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv);
        StarRatingView srv_ratable = (StarRatingView) findViewById(R.id.srv_ratable);
        srv_ratable.setOnRateChangeListener(new StarRatingView.OnRateChangeListener() {
            @Override
            public void onRateChange(int rate) {
                tv.setText(rate+"分");
            }
        });
    }

}

GitHub地址StarRatingView

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